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ment was going on, Wheeler's Independent Ken- right; then Geary's; then Johnson's ; then tucky battery shelled the rebels from the north Sheridan's; then Wool's; then Bairil's; ther side of the river with apparently good effect, and Schurz's; then Steinwehr's; then Ewing's; Captain Bridges's splendid Chicago battery, then John E. Smith's, with Morgan L. Smith placed on the knob taken the day before by upon the extreme left. Whitaker's and Grose's Willich's men, kept the enemy's attention occu- brigades fought with Ilooker; Jeff. C. Davis was pied by a furious shelling of Mission Ridge. in reserve on the extreme left; and Howard's
This movement, finished at half-past ten A.M., two divisions might also be considered as a reput Howard's left in communication with Sher- serve. The enemy's line of battle coincided with man's right, as I have already mentioned. the line of Mission Ridge, he occupying all of it
General Sherman's forces now continued to (with lines of rifle-pits at the foot) ercept the advance slowly over the fields toward the ridge. portion from which he had been dislodged by The Western or Atlanta Railroad was crossed, Sherman, but no enemy appeared. A belt of timber near Early in the morning, I took position upon the the foot of the range concealed no foe; and at knob held by Willich's brigade of Wood's divilast, making a bold push, the Sixth lowa and sion, known as Bald Knob, from which the entire Forty-sixth Ohio, belonging to General J. M. battle-field could be distinctly seen. Corse's brigade, reached the summit of the ridge, The morning was raw and cold, but the sun followed by the rest of the brigade, and immedi- shone brilliantly from a cloudless sky. The ately commenced throwing up intrenchments. prospect was beautiful in the extreme. The eminence is just north, and within musket. tire valley was before you, surrounded by walls shot of Tunnel Hill. The rebels opened a fire of everlasting adamant, and watered by the finest from the latter, which was replied to by our men. river on the continent. Toward the north, you Little damage was done, however ; but when looked across the low ground through which ran night came the eyes of the soldiers in other corps the railroads; feasted your eyes upon the windsparkled brightly when they learned that the ing Tennessee, glittering like silver in the sunnumerous fires upon the north side of Mission light; then looked beyond until the view was Ridge marked the bivouac of Sherman's men. bounded by the giant Cumberlands.
Westward you behold the town of ChattanooEVENTS OF WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER TWENTY-FIFTU.
ga, the nearer portion hidden, however, by the Wednesday morning came, and as soon as the frowning battlements of Fort Wood, from whose sun's rays were warm enough to disperse the guns ever and anon a puff of smoke burst forth, mists from the mountains, all eyes were turned a thundering explosion shook the earth, and a toward the summit of Lookout. A wild and screaming, shrieking missile went tearing through deafening cheer ran along our lines. The ban- the air, bent, like a destroying angel, upon the ner of beauty and of glory was floating from the work of death. very crest of the mountain froin that gigantic Beyond Chattanooga, in the same direction, pile of rock whence rebel cannon had so long the winding river, never for a mile, apparently, been hurling missiles of death toward the city. pursuing the same course, again met the ere, The enemy on Lookout had not been able to tending southward to pass between Moccasin rally after his disastrous defeat of the day before. Point and Lookout Mountain; northward again, Ile had fled during the night; and the disjointed skirting between Stringer's Ridge and a low fragments of his force, belonging to Stevenson's range in Lookout Valley, dividing itself into two division, were moved around to the right of his great arms to embrace the beautiful William's line in order to withstand the storm which it was Island, and then sweeping away majestically to perceived would soon burst from our left. the north-west around the point of Raccoon
Captain John Wilson, Eighth Kentucky, had Mountain. the honor of being the first to plant the flag upon South-west the point of the Lookout itself, althe now deserted rebel citadel.
ways the most prominent feature of this land. Thus had Hooker and the brave men under scape, rose grandly in the sunlight, while east him again established their claim to the gratitude and south the view was bounded by Mission and admiration of their countrymen.
Ridge, on which were ranged the legions with But still grander events were hurrying onward, which Bragg expected to stay the march of loyand leaving the Eighth Kentucky upon the sum- alty and uphold the cause of treason. mit of the mountain, “ Fighting Joe” descended Breckinridge's corps was on the left of the early in the morning, crossed Chattanooga Creek, enemy's line. Hardee occupied the centre, and and joined Johnson's division upon the right of part of Buckner's corps, with the Georgia State our position.
troops and other fragmentary bodies, held the Hugh Ewing's division had previously left its right. Bragg's headquarters, a small house on position upon the mountain, and passing over to Mission Ridge, in a south-east direction, was the left, had joined General Sherman, forming plainly visible, and served as a mark for many an upon his right. Thus was completed our inn- ambitious artillerist that day. Singularly enough, mense line of battle, extending from the Knox- too, as if to attract special attention, the enemy's ville road on the right to the north end of Mis- largest cannon were placed in battery near this sion Ridge upon the left, a distance of about six house, miles! Osterhaus's division was on the extreme Let us glance around now, and see who occupy
this little knob from which we are gazing upon upon their right, and instantly a massive column the animated scene we have described. Since of their forces began to move northward along Napoleon stood in the midst of his marshals, on the crest of the ridge. It was a splendid spectathat eventful morning when the sun of Austerlitz cle, as regiment after regiment, brigade after bribroke from behind the eastern walls of the world, gade, filed off toward our left; and it was well scarcely had a more distinguished group of per- for Sherman's brave men that they could not see sonages been collected together than that which these battalions, for they impressed each behold. I there beheld.
er with an idea of almost resistless power. There was General Smith, Chief of the Engi- Suddenly the storm burst upon Matthies's bri. neer Department, a useful, industrious, scientific gade and the left of Howard. The fierce flames man, concealing, under a somewhat repellent ex- from thirty pieces of artillery leaped athwart and terior, a generous, kindly nature. There was across the ravine which separated the two hills, Hunter, without command, but assisting by and a flash of lightning from ten thousand muscounsel— Hunter, honest, patriotic, conscientious, kets blinded the eyes of our men. They rose bold. There was Meigs, too, smooth, plausible, from the ground and retured the fire ; they even discreet, and wise. There was the keen, talent- endeavored to advance, but, against such overed, energetic, capable Wood. Willich, brave, whelming odds, to persevere in either was anniunselfish, and true—an old veteran, animated by hilation; General Matthies was wounded and the hopes and ardor of youth. Gordon Granger, disabled; a score of officers were shot down; brave, able, sensible, rough. Reynolds, in whom files of our soldiers were swept away at each discourtesy and courage, gallantry and prudence, charge ; and at last, unable longer to endure this firmness and moderation, wisdom and enthusi- useless slaughter, they broke and fled down the asm, are all combined. Thomas, cold, stern, hill. For a moment the heart of the beholder earnest, unbending, dignified, erect.
was filled with anguish as he saw them hastenAnd there too was the king among his com- ing in wild confusion back across the field over peers, the “giant among giants," a man whose which they had so gallantly advanced; but he placid countenance, which apparently no care felt rcässured when he saw that the moment could disturb, was lighted up by a piercing eye, they had got beyond the fire of musketry, and whose gaze nothing could escape — a mild, quiet, while still in full range of the enemy's cannon, unassuming man — the solid, sound, subtle, per- they re-formed their ranks and were ready for severing, comprehensive Grant.
another combat! But their work for the day Such was the stage--such were the actors.
The battle began upon the extreme left, Sher- And now came the great crisis of the battle. man, about ten A.M., making an attack upon The men who held in their hands the destinies Tunnel Hill, a point in Mission Ridge just south of the army, had marked from their position on of the one we had occupied the night before, and Bald Knob the movement of the rebel legions separated from it by a small ravine. General toward the left, and in an instant perceived their Corse's brigade and Colonel Jones's, supported advantage. In the face of three such leaders as by Colonel Loomis's brigade to the rear and Baird, Wood, and Sheridan, Bragg was repeatright, advanced to the assault, fought gallantly ing the old fatal error which lost the allied armies for a time, sully developed the enemy's position, Austerlitz, and the Union Chickamauga-he was and then fell back to their intrenchments. weakening his centre and making a flank move
An hour aster, the attack was resumed, Gen- ment in the presence of his enemy. eral Matthies and General Giles A. Smith's bri- In an instant Granger and Palmer hurled gades, of John E. Smith's division, reënforced Wood and Sheridan down the slope of the ridge afterward by Ranne's brigade, stepped gallantly upon which they had been posted, and Baird from behind their works, and marched as if on across the lower ground to the left. Through parade up the hill
, on the side of which was a the woods concealing the rebel rifle-pits they large cleared field, until, despite a plunging fire charged, and burst like a torrent into and over from the enemy's artillery upon the crest, they the same, scattering the terrified rebels who ocentered the timbered portion near the summit; cupied them like thistle-down or chaff. were met by showers of stones and rifle-balls, as TIere, according to original orders, our lines well as by a storm of grape; but still refused to should have halted; but the men were no longretire, and lay down within a hundred yards of er controllable. Baird had carried the rifle-pits the muzzles of the rebel cannon !
in front of his position, and the shout of triumph General IIoward's troops also became engaged rousing the blood to a very frenzy of enthusiasm, here, and though at times somewhat roughly rang all along the line. Cheering each other forhandled, behaved in a manner highly honorable ward, the three divisions began to climb the to themselves and the noble men who led them. ridge,
General Baird's division of the Fourteenth corps, was at this time marching by the flank, in front
Of living valor rolling on the foe! of Fort Wood, for the purpose of taking position between General Wood's division and Howard's The whole Ridge blazed with artillery. Direct, left. This movement of his, plainly perceived by plunging, and cross fire, from a hundred pieces the enemy, fully impressed them with the con- of cannon, was hurled upon that glorious band of viction that our grand assault was to be made heroes scaling the ridge, and when they were
A fiery mass
half-way up, a storm of musket-balls was flung blazed like a volcano in the face of the foe. In into their very faces.
vain the enemy's officers bravely stepped in front In reply to the rebel cannon upon the Ridge, of their men, waved their swords, and urged them Fort Wood, Fort Negley, and all our batteries to the charge. With their comrades falling by that could be placed in position, opened their scores around them, they could not be induced sublime music.
to advance one foot nearer that citadel of death; The storm of war was now abroad with su- and at length, seeing the day irretrievably lost, pernatural power, and as each successive volley they wavered, staggered, yielded slowly, and burst from the cloud of smoke which overspread drew off sullenly in the direction of Tunnel Hill. the contending hosts, it seemed that ten thou- With the exception of this last position, the sand mighty echoes wakened from their slum- whole of Mission Ridge was now in our hands. bers, went groaning and growling around the It was near sundown when General T. J. mountains, as if resolved to shake them from Wood, whose conduct all through the three days' their bases, then rolled away down the valleys, battle, marked him as one of the ablest leaders growing fainter and fainter, until extinguished of the national armies, rode along the lines of by echoes of succeeding volleys, as the distant his superb division. Loud shouts of enthusiasm roar of the cataract is drowned in the nearer thun- everywhere greeted his appearance, until at last ders of the cloud.
his feelings, no longer controllable, broke forth Aend still the Union troops pressed on, scaling in a speech ! unwaveringly the sides of Mission Ridge. The “Brave men !" said he, “ you were ordered to blood of their comrades renders their footsteps go forward and take the rebel rifle-pits at the slippery; the toil of the ascent almost takes foot of these hills; you did so; and then, by the away their breath; the rebel musketry and ar- Eternal! without orders, you pushed forward tillery mow down their thinned ranks—but still and took all the enemy's works on top! Here is they press on! Not once do they even seem to a fine chance for having you all court-martialled!
The color-bearers press ahead, and plant and I myself will appear as the principal witness their flags far in advance of the troops; and at against you, unless you promise me one thing." last, O moment of supremest triumph! they reach What is it? what is it?" laughingly inquired the crest, and rush like an avalanche upon the as- his men. tonished foe. Whole regiments throw down “ It is,” resumed the General, “ that as you their arms and surrender, the rebel artillerists are now in possession of these works, you will are bayoneted by their guns, and the cannon continue, against all opposition of Bragy, Johnwhich had a moment before been thundering on ston, Jeff Davis, and the devil, steadfastly to the Union ranks, are now turned about, pouring hold them!” death and terror into the midst of the mass of At the conclusion of this speech, the enthusimiserable fugitives who are rushing down the asm of the soldiers knew no bounds; they left the eastern slope of the ridge.
ranks and crowded around their General: “We Almost simultaneously with this immortal promise! we promise!” they cried, and amid such charge, Hooker threw his forces through a gap exclamations as “ Of course we'll hold them! in the ridge upon the Rossville road, and hurled “Let any one try to take them from us!” “ Bulthem upon the left flank of the enemy, while ly for you!" " 'Ihree cheers for old Wood!” the Johnson charged this portion of their line in front gallant officer rode off the field. Already demoralized by the spectacle upon their As the reports from the different portions of the right, they offered but a feeble resistance, were army came in, it is impossible to conceive the joy captured by hundreds, or ran away like fright- that filled the hearts of all. Shout answered shout ened sheep.
from every hill-top; cheer echoed cheer; until One fierce effort was made by the rebel lead- at last, the whole basin of Chattanooga, with the ers to retrieve the day. The left wing of General surrounding mountains, seemed filled with one J. B. Turchin's brigade of Baird's division, had mighty throb of exultation; and the sun went taken possession of a small work constructed by down, gilding with his last beams the scene of the enemy on that portion of Mission Ridge near- as grand a triumph as had ever yet blessed the ly opposite Fort Wood. Before he could arrange Union arms. his regiments inside, the rebels, gathering up all the yet unrouted fragments of such force as they
EVENTS OF TIIURSDAY, NOVEMBER had upon the centre, charged Turchin with a de
CHATTANOOGA, Nov. 27. termined fury excelling any thing they had dis- Early yesterday morning, I mounted my horse, played upon that part of the field during the day. and rode out to Mission Ridge. The joy of vicBut the heroic old Russian who had for two tory still lighted up the countenances of those I long years overthrown both rebels and their met, and otlicers and soldiers of the diferent sympathizers, in every field where he had met corps were congratulating each other upon the them, was not to be conquered now, while flushed brilliant success of the previous day. with his crowning victory. His left wing stood .
But it was not all triumph now. A mournful firm as a rock against the overwhelming num- procession of ambulances and men on foot with bers assailing it. The remainder of the brigade stretchers, bore back toward Chattanooga the was hurried to the rescue upon the double-quick; bleeding forms of the wounded, as well as the the rebel fortifications, manned by Union soldiers, remains of those who had heard their last call to
battle, and would never carry sword or musket and I predict now, that it will never be known. A
All through the woods between Bald dozen different regiments lay claim to the honor; Knob and Mission Ridge, and over the open and each one has, no doubt, witnesses among ground at the foot of the latter, sad sights drew the spectators, who honestly testify to the validtears, even from eyes unaccustomed to weeping ity of its claim ; for it was impossible for
any one At one place a father was walking beside the man to mark all parts of the line at once, and stretcher on which was borne the torn and man- cach naturally supposed that the flag he first gled yet still breathing body of his son. saw on the crest, was actually the first placed
At the foot of a tree, a strong man was bend- there. ing, heart-broken, over the lifeless form of his As I was riding out to the Ridge, a group of brother.
soldiers were standing near the road. As I A fragment of a shell had driven the barrel of passed, they remarked to each other, “There a musket, in a soldier's hand, with such force goes a correspondent," and then called out to against his face, that the head was nearly sev- me: “Don't forget to speak well of the First ered in twain.
Ohio boys!" A rebel officer was lying prone on his face in I will not; although their actions the day beone of the rifle-pits, still grasping in his hand fore spoke for them more loudly than can the the sword, which, I afterward learned, he had pen of the historian. But this is what I shall bravely flourished in the very faces of our men, say: as they burst with resistless valor over the rebel The First Ohio and Tirenty-third Kentucky works. I thought as I looked at him, that, as a had been consolidated before the battle, under tribute to his courage, he should be buried as he command of Colonel Langdon, of the former. lay, under the works he had so well defended, Did I not know, from the causes I have mentionwith his sword still in his hand.
ed, how easily one or a hundred spectators could On the ridge the corpses lay strewed around have been deceived in the matter, I should asmore thickly, and all along the line occupied by sert, with the utmost positiveness, that the flag Wood and Baird and Sheridan, the eye could of these consolidated regiments was the first that not gaze in any direction without beholding the floated over Mission Ridge. stiff, cold forms of the dead.
But whatever difference of opinion there may The expression upon the faces of our own men be with regard to the particular regiment to who had fallen here, was most touching and re- which this honor should be assigned, the illusmarkable, for not all the pains of dissolution had trious rivals can well afford to be generous to been able to drive from their features the smile each other; for all agree that five minutes did of victory, or the placid look of contentment not elapse from the time our first soldier stood which always rests upon the countenance of him upon the top of the ridge, until a line of Union who feels his work well done. Could those near banners was floating all along the crest. and dear to the brave men who fell at Chattanoo- Let all, in these honorable rivalries, imitate ga, have gazed upon their faces the next morn- the noble example of the Seventy-sixth Ohio ing, I am sure it would have mitigated, for all and Thirty-eighth Indiana. These regiments time to come, their emotions of grief. For it were over to the right on Wednesday, the formwas plain as the sun at noonday, that these men er on the extreme right of Osterhaus's division, had Vied, not only without mental agony, but the latter on the right of Johnson's. As Osterthat their last earthly feeling was one of calm haus swept round upon the left flank of the encontentment or triumphant joy. True this was emy-Johnson at the same time attacking them death-but it was death without its hideousness in front—the lines met, and nearly five hundred -death robbed of all its terrors---death whose rebels, inclosed between the Seventy-sixth Ohio grandeur made it preferable to life.
and the Thirty-eighth Indiana, threw down their On the summit of the ridge the captured artil- arms. Nobody could decide to which regiment lery was huddled together in groups, and here, they surrendered, and a contest commenced in spite of all my stoicism, I saw another specta- which should crown both with immortal honor ; cle, of a different nature, which affected me to for each claimed the prisoners, not for itself, but tears. Numbers of soldiers were standing around for the other. the pieces, peering into their huge throats with General Sherman's men did not make quite intense curiosity, passing their hands over every the same progress on the left as the other porportion even of the carriage-wheels, patting the tions of our army; but let no one deciile, on guns as a child pats the head of a dog, and smil- that account, that they did not fight as bravely. ing in each other's faces! As I gazed upon those Their bold attack upon Tunnel Hill drew upon men, it seemed to me as if I were carried back to them the concentrated might of half the rebol another age, and saw before me the sacrifices, army, and, although some of them gave way in the strength, the spirit, and the glories of the confusion, it was simply because they were asAmerican Revolution. God bless the soldiers sailed by overwhelming numbers. This was whose deepest and most solemn joy springs from particularly the case with General John E. the overthrow of their country's enemies ! Smith's division.
I endeavoreil, with all my power, to ascertain But they need not even this explanation at what regiment had first planted its flag upon the my hands. That the courage of the men and crest of the Ridge. It was impossible to do so, the ability of the ofiicers who bore the Americar flag in triumph at Raymond, at Jackson, at wounded. Only our pickets were engaged, the Champion Hill, and at Vicksburgh, is no longer enemy not coming within range of our line of a matter of question.
battle. Tunnel Hill had been abandoned by the rebels When this movement was going on, it was in the night; and when I left the summit of observed that the enemy threw a considerable the Ridge about noon, the right and left wings column up the river further to our right, as if he of our army were advancing, while the centre intended to overlap our line, and compel us to still held its position. No enemy was visible, stretch it out to a length that would render it but columns of smoke rising from various points very long and very weak. Can it be that he told that the enemy was burning the bridges means to threaten our dépôt of supplies at Chickover the Chickamauga, and such of his stores amauga Station, and at the same time to draw us as he could not carry away..
Sherman was away from Lookout Mountain ? The idea that throwing a shell, occasionally, into some old re- Grant desires to advance his lines in order to get bel camps, which came in sight as he advanced. more room and a further supply of firewood, as “No use beating those bushes," said old Wil- has been suggested, will not bear the test of lich, after closely inspecting these camps through reason. A movement on so large a scale looks his field-glass; “the bird has flown.''
to ulterior objects, and is intended to initiate Estimates of the losses in the last great con- operations upon a broad and comprehensive test have already been given by telegram. I scale. shall not repeat them here.
The first result of such a movement will be to In the entire three days' operations, I think compel General Bragg to weaken his forces on our own loss will reach six hundred killed, three Lookout Mountain, (his left.) to reinforce his thousand wounded, and four hundred prisoners. right, which is comparatively weak. Indeed, It cannot, certainly, exceed this; it may fall orders to this effect have already been given, and considerably below.
are now being executed. It will never do to let The rebel loss will not fall short of five hun- the enemy turn our right, and get possession of dred killed, two thousand five hundred wounded, our dépôt at Chickamauga. five thousand prisoners, seven thousand stands General Brage, therefore, must choose between of small arms, twenty stands of colors, and forty Lookout and Chickamauga. The demonstration pieces of artillery. WILLIAM S. FưRAY. to-day was intended, doubtless, to force him to
make his election between the two. If he deRICHMOND “DESPATCH" ACCOUNT,
cide to hold Chickamauga, then he must yield ARMY OF TENNESSEE, Mission Ridge, Nov. 23, nine P.x.
the mountain, and throw his army between the General Grant has made an important move enemy's encroaching left wing and the railroad. upon the military chess-board to-day, and one If he gives the preference to Lookout, then the that is likely to exert an important influence railroad and his dépôt of supplies must go. upon military operations in this quarter.
The natural effect of the aflair to-day, as has early hour this morning, when the fog had listed already been intimated, will be to force General from the valley below, it was discovered that the Bragg to weaken his left
, in order to strengthen Federal Commander was massing a heavy force his right wing, now threatened by a formiilable on his left, and opposite to our right. As the and largely superior force. This, I doubt not, morning advanced, this force grew denser and was one of the objects of the demonstration. I larger, until it covered all the slopes this side of look, therefore, for an assault upon Lookout toCemetery Fort, which is near the river above, morrow, when it will be less able to resist an atand the last work the enemy has on his left. At tack than it was to-day. Our artillery on the twelve M., these masses deployed into two lines mountain will be of no assistance after the eneof battle, with heavy reserves. This movement shall have reached the foot of the mountain, completed, the guns of the fort opened at two it being impossible to depress the guns suflicientP.M., when the heavy lines of the Federals ad- ly. The importance of the mountain ceasel vanced rapidly against our pickets, and drove with the loss of Lookout Valley. The posses. them in, alter a sharp resistance on their part. sion of the valley reduces the wagon transportaBy three o'clock, the enemy had gained Indian tion of the enemy to two or three iniles at farHill, an eminence which stands about midway thest, and gives him the use of the river besides. between Cemetery Fort and Mission Ridge, be- The voluntary abandonment of the mountain, ing between his left wing and our right. He ad. therefore, should occasion no regret, since its vanced upon no other part of our lines, and longer retention is not only of slight importance, rested after gaining possession of the hill. but will be attended with much difficulty, on
In the mean time, Major Robertson brought up account of the great length of our line. a few guns of his reserve artillery, and, with other batteries posted on Mission Ridge to the
MISSION R!DGE, November 24, miInight right, opened upon the enemy, with what effect Well, the enemy has assaulted Lookout Mounis not known. We only know that he maintain- tain to-lay, sure enough, as was intimated in my cd his new position, notwithstanding our fire. I letter of last night he probably would do. HarNo report has been received of our casualties ing accomplished a part of the object of his debeyond a surmise in official quarters, that they monstration yesterday, to wit, the transfer of a will reach from one to two hundred in killed and portion of our forces on the mountain to the es.