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the only one on the ridge, the enemy sweeping HEADQUARTERS FIRST REGIMENT 01110 VOLUNTEER the ridge at every fire from his cannon on our INFANTRY, CAMP NEAR KNOXVILLE, Dec. 8, 1863.

right. Our men became considerably scattered Captain John Crowell, Jr., A. A. G. Second Bri- in their advance up the ridge, and it was with a garde, Third Division, Fourth Army Corps :

great deal of difficulty that a very great number I have the honor to report the part tal by of any one regiment could be gotten together. the First regiinent Ohio volunteers in the en- Hastily collecting about twenty men from my gagements of the twenty-third, twenty-fourth, own regiment, the balance having inclined to the and twenty-fifth of November, near Chattanooga, left and fighting nobly, and a few from other reTennessee.

giments, I moved to the right on the crest at a On the afternoon of the twenty-third, the regi. double-quick, driving the enemy away and capment was consolidated with the Twenty-third turing their first two pieces of artillery on our Kentucky, under the command of Lieutenant- right. They retiring over the crest to the left and Colonel Langdon, of the First Ohio, and took its opening a flanking fire upon us again, I ordered position, forming double column closed in mass, a charge, and the enemy were driven from their on the right and in rear of the front line. In

new position. They now opened four pieces of this manner the regiment advanced until the line artillery upon us about one hundred yarıls farin front became hotly engaged with the enemy. ther to the right, and also formed a line of infantAt this moment I was ordered by Colonel Lang: ry across the crest, for the purpose, no doubt, of don to take two companies from the battalion and driving us from the ridge. I now had fifteen move to the right-oblique, for the purpose of pro- men under Captain Hooker and about fifteen tecting the flank. I did so, taking company B, more from different regiments; they all seemed First Ohio, and one company of the Twenty-determined not to give a single'inch, though they third Kentucky, and pressed forward, taking were opposed by four pieces of artillery and nearpossession of the enemy's line of breastworks on ly a whole regiment of infantry. I gave the the right, being opposed only by a slim line of command “ Forward,” and all started at doubleskirmishers. A few moments after we had occu- quick. It seemed incredible, nevertheless it is pied the enemy's works, they appeared upon our true, that our thirty men went at them with a extreme right, advancing for the purpose, no right good will. The enemy broke and retreated doubt, of turning our flank. I deployed a line in every direction, leaving their four pieces of of skirmishers to cover the flank. At this mo- artillery and a great number of prisoners in our ment Colonel Langdon came up with the balance hands. This last battery was captured immediof his command, drove the enemy back, and held ately in front of General Sheridan's left regiment, the position. In this skirmish the regiment be they being about one half the way up the rilge. haved nobly, losing one man killed and three We followed the enemy up, and drove them fron wounded.

several pieces of artillery and caissons that they On the night of the twenty-third, the regiment were trying to get off with. We also captured was occupied in strengthening its position and one cannon and caisson and one wagon on the doing picket-duty. Nothing worthy of note opposite crest of the hill. I then returnel and happened on the twenty-fourth. On the morn- rejoined my battalion, now under command of ing of the twenty-fifth, two companies of the re. Lieutenant-Colonel Foy, Twenty-third Kentucky. giment being on the skirmish-line were ordered

The regiment behaved most nobly, both oflito advance along with the balance of the skir

cers and men. They all took example from our mishers of the brigade. They advanced to with-noble Colonel, who fell before the action was in about three hundred yards of the enemy's over. They vied with each other in deels of works, under a sharp fire from their infantry and heroism. I would respectfully recommend to artillery. Soon after the two companies from your favorable consideration Captains Trapp, the First rejoined their regiment, lines were then flooker, Jones, and Patterson ; Lieutenants formed preparatory to an advance on the enemy's Leonard, Thornas, Varian, Groves, Warl, Kahlworks. "The First took position on the right in man, and Young; also Doctor Barr. They are the front line deployed, the first line being under eflicient officers, and deserve the highest encanicommand of Colonel Langdon. About two o'clock ums for their noble conduct. Lieutenant Wolthe line advanced under a beavy tire from the lenhaupt, who was killed while gallantly urging enemy's artillery and infantry. Their first line his men forward, was a good officer and beloved of works was carried by storm, and, after a few by all. Ilis loss is severely felt in the reliveat. minutes' rest, the men pressed steadily forward The loss in the regiment was heavy---one oli up Missionary Ridge. About two thirds the way cer and eleven men killed, four oflicers and sixtyup, Colonel Langdon fell severely wounded whilst two men wounded, making the loss in the regibravely leading his men forward. The brave ment since the twenty-third as follows: Ollicers-Captain Trapp fell about the same time, badly killed, one; wounded, four: men-killed, eleven; wounded Still the men moved steadily on, un- wounded, sixty-five. Total, eighty-one. der a terrible fire, to the crest of the hill, driving Upon the march from Chattanooga to this the enemy out of their works, taking a great place nothing worthy of note occurred. number of prisoners and two pieces of artillery. Respectfully submitted. The crest of the hill gained, our position became

J. A. STAFFORD, very critical, Hazen's brigade being at that time

Major Commanding First Ohio Volunteer Infantry. CINCINNATI "



whom we afterward captured, declared they did

not think we were going to make an attack upon EVENTS OF MONDAY, NOVEMBER TWENTY-THIRD.

them, but had our troops out for a review or Although no soldiers were seen on Monday dress-parade. I was glad to see this splendid morning, scaling the acclivities of Mission Ridge, pageant, for I think that, as a general thing, we those of us who were in Chattanooga had not are apt to under-estimate the moral effect of milmany hours to wait before we knew that, ere itary display upon our soldiers. The masses of sundown, the ball was to be inaugurated, and men are strongly moved by pomp and glittering the day made historical. The big guns, twenty, symbols; and I am sure that even the man of twenty-four, and thirty-two pounders, upon Fort giant intellect feels himself more a hero when in Wood, Fort Negley, and a smaller work, began battle if he fights with shining banners waving at an early hour to wake the echoes of the val- above his head, and the sounds of martial music ley. From Moccasin Point, too, the music of ringing in his ears. On the eventful day of Union cannon was frequently heard. The rebels which I write, I saw an exultant and lofty pride, replied from the top of Lookout, from their for- a high and patriotic hope, a firm and deep remidable line along the summit of Mission Ridge, solve expressed in the countenance of each soland from their batteries at the foot of the same. dier, as I had never seen them expressed before; A great deal of noise was made, although I could and no one could doubt, as he looked upon them, not ascertain that any body on our side was hurt. that they would go that day wherever they were From the excellent practice of some of our own bidden, even should they be compelled to pass guns, however, I am not sure that the rebels through surges of vindictive fire. escaped so easily. The truth is, the rebels had After the troops had moved out into position, very little heavy artillery, worked inefficiently they remained in full view of the entire rebel arthat which they had, and threw shot and shell my for half an hour before they received orders from their smaller pieces, which, in almost every to advance against the enemy's lines. Just beinstance, fell short.

low the eminence on which stands Fort Wood is By eleven A.M., it was generally known that a open ground, through which runs the Western reconnoissance in force was to be made of the and Atlanta Railroad, and just upon the other enerny's position, although I feel perfectly cer- side of the latter could be plainly seen the retain that all the facts that could be ascertained bel pickets. Singular to say, these last were by the reconnoissance were known to our lead- leaning on their muskets, and quietly watching ers long ago. But the real object of the con- the spectacle presented by our magnificent battemplated movement was to assail the enemy in talions. Thinking it was a review, they did not the direction of his right centre, drive him from dream of danger, and were only awakened from a line of rifle-pits midway between Fort Wood their fancied security by the rapid advance of and Mission Ridge, and hold the knobs or series our skirmishers, and the moving forward of our of knobs upon which the rifle-pits were dug. In entire line in their support. case we did not succeed in effecting this object, It was nearly two o'clock when the advance it would do very well to call the affair a recon- began, and a dozen shots from our skirmishers noissance.

served to scatter the enemy's pickets, who fled But those who knew the commanders selected hastily through a strip of not very dense timber for this work, (Wood and Sheridan,) and the lying between the open ground and some secondtemper of their troops, had little fear with re- ary eminences, upon which was the first line of gard to our success. It is not Wood's “style” rebel rifle-pits. to be defeated in any thing he undertakes, and The reconnoissance was now fairly begun, and Sheridan, who directly supported him, is one of two brigades of General Wood's division, Ilazen the “men” of our army. The soldiers whom on the right and Willich on the left, moved rapthey command have often heretofore spoken for idly into the woods. General Samuel Beatty's themselves, by means of their great deeds, but brigade marched still further to the left and a never with a louder voice than in the battle of little to the rear, forming, with Sheridan's fine Chattanooga.

division, a second line of battle, which was at General Howard's corps was formed in rear of any moment ready to support the first. General line of battle as a reserve; and, at a given signal, Howard's corps, drawn up in order to the right the entire body moved forward into the plain of Fort Wood, and in rear of Sheridan, might open ground in front and to the right of Fort be considered a third line. Wood. The day was bright and beautiful. The Upon a knob near the centre of Sheridan's rays of the sun, reflected from ten thousand position, was placed a battery, which, together bayonets, dazzled the beholder's eyes; the men with the heavy artillery in Fort Wood, kept up were dressed as if for a holiday; proud steeds, a galling fire upon the enemy, and occasionally bearing gallant riders, galloped along the lines called forth replies from his guns on Mission Every eminence about the city was crowded with Ridge, as well as from a battery which he had spectators, and, for the first time in my expe- at the foot of the same. His missiles, however, rience, I saw the soldiers of the Union marching did but little damage. to battle to the beat of the spirit-stirring drum. Hindman's old division occupied the enemy's This was, indeed, the "pomp and circumstance" first line of rifle-pits, and from these a heavy fire of war; and it is no wonder that the rebels of musketry was poured upon our men, as they


entered the strip of woods. Willich and Hazen, that day were occupied by the enemy. A grand however, continued steadily to advance, nor was artillery duel, in which Fort Wood vied with the their progress checked until they had ascended rebel cannon upon Missionary Ridge, continued the slope of the hills, hurled the rebels from until nightfall, when all the tumult ceased, and their rifle-pits, and planted the American flag we had time to count our losses and gains. upon the summit of the ridge. The position One hundred men of the Union army had been was, however, hotly contested by the enemy, and killed and wounded. Among the former was some of our men were shot down at the very Major Wm. Burch, of the Ninety-third Ohio, who foot of the intrenchments.

is spoken of by those who knew him best as an Meantime Sam Beatty's brigade had moved as efficient officer and gallant gentleman. Captain the left of Wood's division, and, after Hazen and W. W. Munn, of the Forty-first Ohio, was also Willich had carried the heights in front of them, numbered amongst our dead. These two regibecame sharply engaged with the enemy's skir- ments, with the Fifth Kentucky, whose colonel mishers who obstinately contended for the low was slightly wounded, suffered more than any ground lying north-east of the hills we had car- others. ried. Through this low ground, indeed, a rude The rebels had, perhaps, lost as many as we in continuation of the line of rifle-pits upon the hill killed and wounded, and, besides these, a hundred extended to a little stream called Citico Creek. and fifty prisoners, among whom eight commisSheridan had also moved up on the right of Gen- sioned officers were left in our hands. One huneral Wood, driving the rebel pickets before him dred and seventeen of the captives belonged to and occupied that portion of their first line which the Twenty-eighth Alabama. "A number of delay in front of his division.

serters came into our lines, even during the At three o'clock, General Howard's corps was progress of the fight; and not one of the prisonput in motion. Wheeling to the left, it passed ers manifested the least chagrin or disappointFort Wood, between that work and the railroad, ment at having been taken. and took position upon the left of General Gran- Granger had not fallen short of expectations ger's corps, (Wood and Sheridan ;) and while based upon his conduct at Chickamanga; SherCarl Schurz's division relieved Sam Beatty, Stein- idan had sustained his excellent reputation; wehr's halted in the open ground and waited for Howard had done well; brave old Willich had orders.

won the confidence of his new brigade; and At this point, I, with hundreds of others, was Wood had exhibited, in a highly favorable lighting gazing upon the spectacle below from the battle. his great and striking abilities. ments of Fort Wood. Generals Thomas, Granger, The result of this passage at arms cannot be and Reynolds were there, watching every move measured by the casualties or the prisoners. The ment of the troops, with looks of intelligence and onemy had been driven from his first line of incarnestness. Wood and Sheridan were at the trenchments; his prestige was gone ; his demorhead of their respective divisions. General How- alization was begun; while, on the other hand, ard was also on the parapet of Fort Wood, and, a wonderful confidence was diffused throughout standing a little apart from the rest, was gazing our army, and the men lay down upon their fixedly upon his corps below. He seemed really arms, longing for the renewal of the combat, and absorbed in reverie, and motionless as a marble for the coming day. statue. Not feeling absolutely certain as to which of the two divisions of the famous Eleventh corps

EVENTS OF TUESDAY, NOVEMBER TWENTY-FOURTH. it was which was then taking position upon Gran- I have stated that, according to the original ger's right, I approached General Howard to in- plan of battle, General Hooker's entire force was quire.°Twice I spoke to him, but he did not to cross from Lookout valley to the north side hear. I touched him upon the elbow. “General,” of the Tennessee, move up between Stringer's I said, “which of your divisions is nearest Gen- Ridge and the river, to a point opposite Chattaeral Granger's left ?" He turned sharply round, nooga, and there remain, to act with Gpunger or as if suddenly waked from sleep, and asked me Sherman, as occasion might require. what I had said. I repeated my question. But afterward it was determined to have his answered politely, and immediately added : “My forces, (except Geary's,) which now included line yonder does not suit me exactly ; I must go General Osterhaus's division, recross to the Chatand rectify it.” He started off, and in a few min- tanooga side, in order to make a grand attack utes afterward Steinwehr was moving around to upon Lookout Mountain, in conjunction with the the left of Schurz, his skirmishers were driving troops left in Lookout valley. In pursuance of the enemy's pickets before them, and dislodging this plan, Howard's corps and Osterhaus's divisuch rebels as defended this part of their first sion crossed the river upon the pontoon-bridge, line of works. Fifteen minutes afterward the on Sunday evening, in full view of the rebels, rebels had abandoned the whole of their advance who could be seen diligently signalling the fact line; the battery at the foot of Mission Ridge from their station upon the top of Lookout Mounwas' hastening up to the summit; nothing re- tain, to Bragg's headquarters upon the suminit mained to them west of the ridge, except their of Mission Ridge. The Eleventh corps, Howard's, rille-pits at the foot; and thirty thousand men took such part in Monday's combat as I have reof the Union army were in line of battle, a full lated; the other portion of Hooker's force was mile in advance of the outposts which at noon | posted upon the right of our line, ready for the




assault upon Lookout Mountain, which was to they had been stationed, to protect the pontoon come off to-day.

fleet while it lay in that creek. The whole scene Sherman ras up. Pontoon-boats, one hundred was calculated to impress the beholder with a and ten in number, had been safely lodged in sense of beauty and power, and make him feel the North-Chickamauga; twenty were that, this time at least, the Union army would concealed in a ravine near Callwell's Ford, just be irresistible. General Sherman himself subelow the mouth of the South-Chickamauga; perintended the landing, as he did all the subsenumerous wagon-loads of lumber for bridging quent operations of his troops. were in the same vicinity. The Fifteenth army A quarter of a mile down the river from Caldcorps, Major-General Frank Blair commanding, well's Ford, rises a high hill, the highest in that was well massed behind the hills; the division vicinity; and on the summit of this, was one of of Jeff. C. Davis, of the Fourteenth corps, was our signal-stations. By a series of tacks, nov prepared to support it, and all things were in this way, now that, I urged my horse half-way readiness for crossing the river.

up, fastened him there, and climbed on foot to It was two o'clock on the morning of the the top. All the region around Chattanooga twenty-fourth of November, when the fleet of was visible from this eminence, and looking froin boats carrying a brigade of Morgan L. Smith's it, one might get some idea of the immensity, division, pushed carefully out of the Chicka- the grandeur, the complication, and, at the same manga, and dropped quietly down the Tennessee. time, the simplicity, of the operations going on So perfectly was the thing managed, so exquisite below. Those operations had for their theatre were the arrangements for silence and secrecy, the whole country, from Wauhatchie, in Lookout that even our own pickets along the bank of the valley, to the mouth of the North-Chickamauza, river did not know when the boats passed. Be- a distance of twelve miles ! And one masterfore daylight they had reached their destination; mind, with subordinates at once able and inteland the soldiers, jumping on shore, formed as ligent, was overseeing and directing the whole. soon as possible, and, advancing rapidly, cap- While I was on this hill, it began to rain turel the rebel pickets, who were sleeping un- gently; a thick mist overspread Lookout, rolled consciously by their fires.

in immense columns up the river. and gradually No sooner was this accomplished, than our filled the entire basin of Chattanooga. The last boys, who had landed, fell to intrenching them. object upon which my sight rested was Sherselves with the industry of beavers, while the man's men still advancing toward the north end boatz bezan to take over other troops, and work of Mission Ridge, without interruption, and exmen carried vigorously forward the building of tending their lines gradually to the right, until he puntoon-bridge.

at last they came into communication with the Just after daylight, I was over to the left of left wing of General Howard's corps. The list our line, upon the north side of the river, to sounds I heard were the crash of musketry and witness the crossing. As I passed along the thunder of artillery in the direction of Lookout river, behind Stringer's Ridge, I saw that the Mountain, which told that General Hooker had tents of Sherman's men were nearly all deserted, assailed the position from which the enemy hand paly a few invalids, sutlers' clerks, and teamsters so long insolently menaced our army. As I being left in the camps. Passing on, I finally descended the hill, I could scarcely repress an cune to a point where, from the road descending emotion of terror as the sound of battle toward the ridge, you can catch a glimpse of some open the right became more and more awful and congrounl in the vicinity of Caldwell's Ford. Flere tinuous, until it seemed as if some tremendous a spectacle of surpassing beauty met my eyes. torrent had sapped the foundations of Lookout,

Tivo score of boats were plying back and forth and the mountain itself was crumbling into ruin. across the somewhat swollen river, each one Our soldiers were storming Lookout. carrying, from the northern to the southern Let me trace the facts connected with Hookshore, from a dozen to twenty soldiers. The er's great exploit, as briefly and succinctly as splendid pontoon-bridge already stretched half-possible. way across, and the pioneers were just commenc- When General Hooker, with IIoward's corps, inz work upon its southern end. Fifty-six pieces Osterhaus's division, and a part of Hugh of artillery, some brass and glittering, some iron Ewing's, crossed the river by the pontoonanil sombre, were ranged along the shore and bridges opposite Chattanooga, on Sunday evenupon the sides of the hills, to protect the cross- ing, it was in pursuance of the bold design to ing; while ten thousand soldiers, constituting a mass his forces upon our right, carry the rebel splensiid army, with music, banners, horses, and line of rifle-pits between Lookout Mountain and equip:nents, were massed upon the level ground Mission Ridge, sever the enemy on Lookout by the river, ready and anxious to go over. Mountain from all support, and then, advancing While I was gazing at those already there, the boldly up one side of the mountain, while Geary fine brigade commanded by General John Beatty scaled the other, plant the Stars and Stripes trimarched in column across the ridge, and entered umphantly upon its summit. the plain below. About the same time, Colonel General Howard's corps was sent to our left, Daniel McCook's and General Morgan's brigades as I have described. could be seen advancing to the rendezvous down It was half-past seven in the morning when the river, from the Chickamauga, near which I Geary's division, (part of the Twelfth corps,)

supported by Whitaker's brigade of Stanley's division, came to their support. This was at (temporarily Cruft's) division of the Fourteenth half-past five P.M. corps, left its position near Wauhatchie, crossed Two days previous to the commencement of Lookout Creek, and began to work down its the battle, Colonel B. F. Scribner, of the Thirtyright bank. Whitaker's brigade had, I believe, eighth Indiana, arrived at Chattanooga. I need marched nearly all night the night before, from not speak particularly of him here. The story the neighborhood of Shell Mound, in order to of his deeds at Perryville, at Stone River, and at be present at this attack.

Chickamauga, (commanding a brigade in the last Almost from the moment our forces crossed two battles,) is familiar to his countrymen. His the creek, their advance was stubbornly resisted. regiment now forms a part of General Carlin's But Church's Michigan battery from Fort Neg. brigade, and the latter, with a nice appreciation ley, Naylor's Tenth Indiana from Moccasin Point, of real merit which does him honor, immediately and the Eighth Wisconsin from the banks of upon Colonel Scribner's arrival, requested hiin Chattanooga Creek, played upon the rebels with to take command of the right wing of his brigade. such good effect, that, although not much hurt, Scribner consented, and played well his part, they became confused and frightened, and Geary both in the night combat on the mountain, and slowly and steadily pushed forward. Forward in the battle of the succeeding day. and upward! for he now began to ascend the Far upon the mountain toward the city is a slope, and never rested until he had reached a white frame house-a prominent and noted obpoint so high that Hooker could see the flashes ject. To this, after the struggle of Tuesday and of his musketry from the other side. Then Os- Tuesday night, our wounded were conveyed. terhaus and part of Ewing suddenly crossed But there were no surgeons to wait upon them. Chattanooga Creek, and advancing in line of Colonel Scribner heard of their condition. His battle, carried the rebel rifle-pits near the foot of noble nature was moved. The toils of the day the mountain, swept like a whirlwind up the were disregarded. He entered the hospital, and eastern slope, dislodged the rebels wherever they with a faithful few to assist, he labored until far attempted to make a stand, and finally shook into the small hours of night, like an angel of hands with Geary just underneath the mighty mercy, in soothing the pains of the sufferers, mass of rocks which crowns the summit of Look- alleviating, as far as it was possible, their agony, out. The united hosts now moved on together, and binding their bleeding wounds. crushed the battalions of the enemy as they at- In my varied experience thus far, I havo tempted to make one more stand, and at mid-known no incident of the war more touching, night finished the contest by capturing or dis- more worthy of remembrance, and more honorpersing the last band of rebels to be found any able to human nature, than this of a brave man where upon the sides of the mountain.

who had led his troops unflinchingly through a That night, in front of General Thomas's head- half-dozen battles, forgetting his own somewhat quarters in Chattanooga, I stood watching the feeble health, entering the house of anguish, combat going on, away up there upon that mighty standing over the wounded, and with the tender wall of limestone; and the long line of fires ness of a woman ministering to their wants. which marked the course of our intrenchments; The nation may hereafter shower honors on his the shouts of the combatants yelling defiance at head for his heroism on the field of battle; but each other; the fierce jets of flame from the muz- the recording angel, who notes alike the good zles of a thousand muskets; the spluttering and bad actions of all, will place upon the credit sound of the discharges, muffled by distance; side of his account no worthier deeds than those the great brow of the mountain looming dark kind attentions bestowed upon the wounded in and awful through the night; the single signal- the silent watches of that Tuesday night! light upon the extreme crest, which, waving to The rebels lost in this engagement two hunand fro, revealed to the rebel leader on Mission dred killed and wounded, two pieces of artilleRidge the tale of disaster and woe--all these to- ry, and one thousand three hundred prisoners. gether formed one of the scenes, in that wonder- Our losses all told could scarcely amount to ful three days' drama, which will linger for ever three hundred men. in my memory, haunting even my dreams. The But before we have done with Thursday's battle that night upon Lookout Mountain ! story, we must return to the left. Scen from Chattanooga, it was the realization of At seven A.M., General Howard ordered Cololden traditions; and supernatural armies con-onel Orland Smith, commanding a brigade in the tended in the air !

second division of his corps, to send a regiment But after the noise of combat had ceased, after to the extreme left of his (IIoward's) line, to nearly all (save the faithful sentinel and the drive a body of rebel sharp-shooters from some wounded writhing in pain) had sunk to slumber, rifle-pits, whence they annoyed our lines considanother scene occurred which even he whose erably. The Seventy-third Ohio was selected to weary fingers trace these records at the midnight execute the command. Forming line and throwing hour dare not omit.

out skirmishers, this excellent command at once After Hooker's troops had ascended the slope charged the enemy upon the double-quick, with of the mountain, and were still engaged with the fixed bayonets, and drove them half a mile, takenemy, General Carlin's brigade, of Johnson's ing more than thirty prisoners. While this inove

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