Page images

most of the companies, and four of them were that cloud break out of the woods into the field, sent in from the line and paid.

it certainly looked as if the chances for going to About half-past eleven, Colonel Guppy ordered Dixie were of the first class. It was the most dinner prepared for his men, with a good cup of exciting, not to say exhilarating, race I ever got coffee for each, saying jocosely he could not ask caught in. Looking over into the field from the his regiment to fight first-class on an empty ambulance to see if there was a chance, we saw stomach. He had his own dinner also prepared, a battery gallop furiously up, and without waitand while we were partaking of it was in partic- ing to unlimber even, twice poured a storm of ularly good spirits. When nearly through, we shells into the advancing columns, and we had heard sharp picket-firing far on the right, and in the satisfaction of seeing men and horses tumble a few moments the roar of the battery, pitching in heaps. It was certain that without infantry shells into the woods. He left the table hurried- support the cavalry would ride over the battery, ly, saying there might be something serious up, and we were lost; but as the column of cavalry and went over to his men, who had just swal- dashed madly forward and came in range, the lowed their coffee.

guns vomited among them a storm of canister, As I stepped out of the tent, an orderly gal- and a regiment of infantry, which had been lying loped up to the Colonel, and the regiment imme- flat upon the ground invisible to us, jumped up diately moved off to the right. The roar of mus- and greeted them with a shower of bullets. ketry and the cannon rapidly increased in vol. They turned tail-to in a moment, what were left, ume, and the smoke drifted down upon us from and we had the consolation of seeing the tallest the battery, about one hundred rods distant. kind of a race, in which we were not partners. At this time, General Washburn and staff gal. This check saved the train. The guns we are so loped by near where I was standing, and went much indebted to were Nimms's Massachusetts into the line of fire. The battery suddenly battery. It did wonders that day. changed from shells to canister, and the mus- It was with a sense of terrible oppression about ketry broke out in great volumes of sound, com- the heart that I looked over at the little group pletely overpowering the noise of the cannon. I of the brigade, standing where they were when kept an anxious look upon the line of the Twen- we emerged from the woods, only organized and ty-third as it pushed rapidly forward along the in line -- and thought of so many frienils and acmargin of the prairie, finally breaking into a dou-quaintances in the Twenty-third that I had twenble-quick formed suddenly a terrible shout ty minutes before seen disappear in a cloud of came back-a burst of smoke, and the regiment smoke on the other side of the line of forest. disappeared from the scene.

That some had fallen was certain-while the briI turned about and instantly ordered my safe gade had dwindled down a handful. Who were and army-chest loaded into an army-wagon, with lost? I felt little consoled at the regiments of whatever else could be tumbled in, and to leave reserves hastening to their relief. It was too the field, and my ambulance to be ready for in- late. The battle was over; the firing had cease i, stant departure. My associate, Major Brigdon, and at the distance of a mile and a quarter the paying the second regiment to the right, I knew rebels were plundering the camp. As they fell must be lost unless I could get him and his clerk into line, however, they advanced into the woods, into the ambulance, and I ran up the line, and and the rebels took to their heels, not having fortunately was enabled to attract his attention time to destroy one half of what had been left on in time. As I turned to make for the ambulance, the ground. I saw a vast line of cavalry sweeping down upon We waited over an hour in the road for news the camp, which had not an armed man in it - to come in. I found it impossible to procure a saw them gobble up the pickets, and come on horse, or I should have gone back at once. First with the velocity of the wind. Our mule-team came a rumor that the brigade was all gobbler, was put to its highest speed, and fortunately though part of it was in plain sight; then that made the woods, here about eighty rods across, the Twenty-third Wisconsin, Sixtieth and Sixtybefore they could come up; but they sent their seventh Indiana, and Ninety-sixth Ohio had all compliments in the shape of a shower of bullets. I been killed or captured. Finally I met a Twen

As we emerged on the south side, the prairiety-third straggler, who reported the regiment dewas a moving spectacle of teams and stragglers, stroyed, who was soon followed by an orderly, going at the highest speed. On our left hand, who stated that the regiment — what was leit, about a hundred rods distant, stood a huddle of seventy-three in number—were in the old camp, soldiery in apparent disorganization — the débris and then came the imperturbable Dwight Tredof the brigade—all, indeed, that remained of it- way, Quartermaster of the Twenty-third, with about three hundred in number. The road we that perpetual smile on his face, looking for his had taken led round an old field having a sod trains, without the slightest trace of alarm or fence, near a mile out in the prairie, around excitement. From him we learned that about which it turned at a sharp angle toward the ninety of the boys were left, and subsequently south, compelling us to travel about a mile and a the number increased to about a hundred – that half to make half that distance in a straight line; Colonel Guppy was wounded and a prisoner, and the rebel cavalry pressing behind, struck Captain Sorenson the same; that Captain Bull across this line to head off the train, instead of was taken prisoner; that the brave and daring following us directly in rear. When we saw I soldier, Alonzo G. Jack, and some others were



In one



killed, and so of a long list of neighbors and third, nothing specific can be stated. The vote friends.

for the Union ticket was nearly unanimous; but I started at once for the field, but meeting the poll-lists of part of the companies were lost; General Washburn, was informed that the whole and of those saved, there is generally a lack of force was ordered back to Carrion-Crow Bayou, officers left to make out the certificates. and that it was useless to proceed, as they would company, one inspector was killed, one taken leave before I would reach the old camp, so we prisoner, with both clerks-leaving but one offifell back to headquarters to wait for them. It cer of the board. I advised him to append an was long after dark before they arrived. I stood affidavit of the facts, but what will be done I do upon the bridge full two hours waiting for them. not know. They came up joking and laughing, in no way Both the Thirteenth and Nineteenth Corps dispirited or depressed at the terrible ordeal they had fallen back to Vermillion Bayou, when I left had passed; and then there was such a hand- there on Saturday. It is reported that the Thirshaking with all of them as I never had before. teenth has been ordered to Memphis; it belongs They supposed us lost. They had stood on to Grant's army proper. It is reported also, and higher ground than the camp — had seen the believed, that Brownsville, Texas, is in possescavalry rush down upon it before we were aware sion of General Banks. If so, my next assignof it, and had fairly given us over to the chances ment will take me to the Rio Grande. H. A. in Dixie-and their joy was in proportion at seeing us safe, while mine was equally great at finding so many unhurt, and so comparatively few

Doc. 8. killed and wounded.

This battle opened by a sudden attack of two FIGHT AT ROGERSVILLE, TENN. thousand five hundred rebel infantry upon the Sixtieth Indiana and Ninety-sixth Ohio in the woods, which soon broke and fell back, when

BULL'S GAP, Tenn., Nov. 11, 1863. the rebel cavalry charged upon the battery, (Sev- More than a month since, the division of reenteeth Ohio,) and captured two guns, one of enforcements, under General O. B. Willcox, enwhich was retaken. The charge of the Twenty- tered East-Tennessce, and, with Shackleford's third Wisconsin was to save the balance of the division, moved immediately on the rebels at battery, and it saved it; but was itself speedily Blue Spring. After a sharp engagement, the overwhelmed, and compelled to retreat. General enemy was forced to retire, with severe loss, and Burbridge gives it this credit, and of saving what our forces moved up the East-Tennessee and was left of the brigade. It checked the advance Virginia Railroad, Willcox's division stopping at long enough to allow a retreat, and certainly it Greenville, the former home of Andy Johnson, was not in mortal power, under such a fire, to and Shackleford's occupying Jonesboro. have done more.

Every thing remained quiet until the twentyThe brigade went into the fight with one thou- eighth ult., when Shackleford was funked by sand and ten men, and came out with three hun- the enemy, and forced to fall back on Greenville. dred and sixty-one. The Twenty-third went in Next day, however, the rebels retreated, and with two hundred and six muskets and twenty Shackleford moved up to his former position. officers, and came out with ninety-eight men. The enemy's attitude remained threatening, and Being now reduced to a mere company, the au- on the morning of the sixth instant, heavy tiring thorities in Wisconsin ought, if possible, to se- was heard in the direction of Rogersville, a small cure its return to the State, to recruit up its town situated on the north bank of the Holston wasted strength. No braver men ever went upon

River. A detachment of the Third Indiana cay. a battle-field, and, although one of the later reg- alry was immediately sent out to learn the reiments, it yields to none in the service it has sult, and toward evening sent in a courier with rendered.

the intelligence that our forces at Rogersville, The rebel loss was far more severe. Green consisting of the Second Tennessee and Seventh and Taylor united their forces for the dash, and, Ohio cavalry, and Second Illinois battery, had from the best sources of information attainable, been defeated, and that the enemy was reported they brought into the field two thousand five moving on Bull's Gap, eighteen miles in our rear. hundred infantry, four thousand cavalry or Then there was mustering in hot haste, and both mounted men, and one battery. Eighty of them divisions were quickly on the road for the Gap. lay dead directly in front of our first line of bat. Lick Creek was to be crossed before reaching the tle in the woods, and how many others fell, our Gap, and it was feared the rebels would attempt forces had not counted at the time of leaving to destroy the bridge before we could reach it; Wounded prisoners were exchanged next day, and to guard against this, the detachment of the and the rebels reported their loss at about one Third cavalry that was in the advance, was orhundred and ninety killer, from four hundred dered to fall back to the bridge to hold it. No to five hundred wounded, and about one hundred enemy appeared, and at midnight our column, prisoners. As their attacking force came up led by the Sixteenth Indiana, came in sight. eight lines deep, the bullets inust have told ter- Rapidly the noble fellows moved on, and soon ribly upon them.

the Gap was reached, which secured the army Of the result of the election in the Twenty- from present danger of a rear movement.

At an early hour next morning our troops Creek; while Colonel Giltner, commanding Briwere in position, ready and anxious for the foe gadier-General Williams's brigade, was to move approaching; but none appeared, and our scouts from Kingsport and its vicinity, on the north soon ascertained that, immediately after the fight, side of the river. During the afternoon of the the enemy retreated toward Virginia, having fifth Colonel Giltner concentrated his command, burned up most of the property captured. They and went into camp at Kingsport, and ordered his also learned that our loss was not so severe as force to move at six o'clock P. X. Owing to great at first reported, and does not, I think, exceed difficulty in passing the fords, it was nearly five killed, twelve wounded, and one hundred eleven o'clock when the column had passed the and fifty prisoners. In addition to this, we lost river, with a march of twenty-one miles between four guns of the Second Illinois battery and the them and the enemy's camp. The intense darkentire train. It appears that our forces were ness of the night, with rain, made the march surprised early in the morning, and almost sur- one of great difficulty and disconfort, but it was rounded before they were aware that an enemy cheerfully encountered by officers and men, who was near. Being greatly scattered, they were seemed to have no doubt of the success which unable to fight with any show of success, while awaited them. At Lyons's Store the head of the the rebels, confident in their overpowering num-column encountered the brigade of General Jones, bers, pushed forward with a valor worthy of a who was understood to have started for Do:lson's better cause. Twice they charged the battery, and Smith's fords, in the lIolston, below Rogersand twice they were repulsed with heavy loss; ville. He, finding great obstacles in the way of but closing up their heavy ranks, they again re- his advance, had determined to cross the river at turned to the attack. This time our little band Long's ford, and take the Carter's Valley road was unable to withstand the impetuosity of their to Rogersville, in the rear of Garrard's camp. charge, and the guns that had held them at bay This transferred him to the right, instead of the for more than an hour fell into their hands. I left of the army, and brought him by the north Then ensued a scene of the wildest confusion. of the Yankee position, instead of by the south, No way of escape was opened to our men but to the rear or west of it. Colonel Giltner had the river. Into this they plunged, and, although received information of a home guard camp, on the rebels made every effort to effect their cap- the Carter's Valley road, by a citizen, whom he ture, the greater number escaped A worse sent at once to General Jones, and by means of whipped set of men are seldom seen. Many had his information he was enabled to surprise their lost their hats, coats, arms, and horses, and all camp about daylight, where he captured some were indignant that they should have been hu- thirty or forty prisoners. miliated by a defcat.

At Surgeonsville the enemy's pickets were

driven in. Owing to a failure on the part of the RICHMOND “ENQUIRER" ACCOUNT,

advance.guard to charge them promptly, and the RICHMOND, Nov. 18, 1563.

delay consequent in bringing up a company to A correspondent, likely to be well informed, pursue them, they were enabled to escape. Cansends us the following detailed account of this tain Fulkerson, of Colonel Carter's command, beoperation, which was not only creditable in iting ordered forward, pursued them some three self, but has gone far to give a new turn to con- miles, to the farm of Dr. Shields, where he was federate fortunes in East-Tennessee :

ordered to halt and hold his position. Colonel The affair at Rogersville, East-Tennessee, af- Giltner balted the head of his column at Willer's, fords some mitigation of the general ignoring of eight miles from Rogersville, and went forward the campaign there. A series of movements of to reconnoitre the enemy's position. Finding the most unfortunate and disgraceful character, them posted, apparently in force, on the hill beillustrated by the retreat of General Williams, yond Spears's, he waited for his column to close glorious to him and his command, but wholly up, and to give time to General Jones to get into shameful to those responsible for his exposed position, and rode back to observe the road and position, the only other matter of commendation, ascertain if it was covered from observation by justifies this sweeping phrase. A true relation the enemy. Finding it was so, and securing inof these will, doubtless, fill a dark page in his formation of Gonoral Jones's progress, he ordered tory. Let us turn to the brighter point, and the column to advance as soon as the artillery present to your readers the truth.

should close up, and rode to the front. Here he A few days since, information of a reliable found that the force of the enemy ha:(lisappeareil

. character was received by General Ransom of Captain Fulkerson had been sent by the right to the exact position, numbers, and condition of the turn this position, and soon ascertained the fact Yankees at Big Creek, four miles east of Rogers- that they had left this point, and that the way ville. The nearest supporting force being at was open. The advance charged down the hill, Greenville, he conceived the idca of cutting them urged to a sharp trot. A mile in arivance, findoff by a rapid night march of cavalry upon their ing thick pine woods, the advance formed as skirfront and rear. Brigadier-General Jones, ac- mishers, and advanced through the fields to the cordingly, was directed to put his brigade in right of the road, where they soon discovered the motion, so as to bring himself, on Thursday enemy's wagons crowded in the main road, while evening, within a night's march, by the south some one of the advance called out that the Yanside of Ilolston River, down the valley of Buck | kees were escaping by the ford-Russell's or

Chism's ford-in front of the enemy's position. which the greater part of the enemy got away. Colonel Giltner at once ordered Colonel Carter's This, however, was probably for good reasons. regiment to charge, which they did in the direc- The most unfortunate part of the affair was the tion of the ford. Owing to the roughness of the return of the army that night to camp, by order ground, only twelve or fifteen reached the ford, of General Jones, against the earnest remonbut the regiment was in supporting distance, and strance of Colonel Giltner. This resulted in the the Yankees, seeing their retreat cut off, made escape of many prisoners, and the loss of any mano further effort in that direction. They com- terial results beyond the captures. Subsequant menced, however, shelling the corn-field in which intelligence shows that four men, pursuing the Carter's men were. Colonel Carter ordered his retreating Yankees within a few miles of Greensmen to the cover of a precipice, whence he ad-ville, captured a wagon which had escaped by vanced, under cover of a hill, into open ground. Chism's Ford, and carried dismay into the camp Throwing down the fences, he dismounted and of the Yankees at Rheatown and Greenville ; charged the enemy's guin, near the Russell House. and that while the confederate cavalry was hastThe enemy abandonedd one gun, carrying off their ening to secure its communications, the Yankees horses and some wagons. Meanwhile, another were stampeding through Greenville — horses, small regiment dismounted and charged through cattle, artillery, wagons, men and officers blockthe fields between the gun and the retreating en- ading the streets, filling the sidewalks into the emy, who, however, turned down the river road. very doors of the houses, a dismayed and disorAnother gun now opened to the left, on a high ganized mob. On they went even to Russellhill south-west of William Lyons's house, west of ville, twenty-five miles, galloping bareheaded Big Creek. Colonel Carter's regiment started to through the streets, and crying that ten thouthe left of the Russell house, crossing the creek sand confederates were upon their heels. I to attack it. Almost as soon as they could trav- need not comment upon a result so common in erse the distance, they charged and took it; not, this war, so disgraceful to the Yankee soldiers however, until one gun of Lowry's battery had and the confederate general. been put in position and fired several shots. A small body of the enemy appearing in the fields to the right, a few shots from another gun posted

Doc. 9. in the abandoned camp of the Second Louisiana were fired, and the enemy disappeared in the

OPERATIONS IN WEST-VIRGINIA. woods, to the rear of the fields, west of Big Creek.

GENERAL KELLEY'S DESPATCH. Just then a heavy discharge of musketry was heard in the rear, which was at once recognized

CLARKSBURGH, November 8, 1863. as the attack from General Jones, and a cheer To Governor Boreman : went up from both columns. Colonel Giltner GENERAL AVERILL attacked General Jackson's had, by this time, brought up his reserves, who forces at Mill Point, Pocahontas County, on the charged down the river road, and down the lane fisth instant, and drove him from his position between the Relay and McKinney farms, where with trifling loss. Jackson fell back to the sumthe Yankees were attempting to escape by a pri- mit of Droop Mountain, when he was reënforced vate ford.

Ilere they overtook two of the guns by General Echols with Patten's brigade, and of the enemy, and took a large number of prison- one regiment from Jenkins's com:nand. The poers; a large number having previously laid down sition is naturally a strong one, and was strengtitheir arms in the woods to the right of the road, ened by breastworks coinmanding the road. and in front of the lane last mentioned. While General Averill turned the enemy's left with his this was going on in front, General Jones had infantry, and attacked him in front with cavalry moved down the Carter Valley road to the left dismounted. of the enemy's camp, to the intersection with The victory was decisive, and the enemy's rethe main road, a mile east of Rogersville, where treat became a total rout, his forces throwing he despatched a detachment of Witcher's battal- away their arms and scattering in every direcion, and perhaps Dunn's, to take the town, occu

tion. pied by a small force. These captured, perhaps,

The cavalry pursued till dark, capturing many one hundred prisoners, and killed some five or prisoners and a large quantity of arms, ammunisix Yankees and renegades. The body of the tion, etc. command turned up the main road a short dis

The enemy's wounded have all fallen into our tance, to the road leading out toward the Relay hands. Our loss in killed and wounded is about

B. F. KELLEY, and Mckinney farins, and intersecting the river one hundred. road.

Brigadier-General. The enemy being drawn from their camp by the front attack, here encountered the command in their rear, and, after several sharp vol

NEAR FALLING SPRINGS, leys, yielded themselves to their fate.

The re

WEST VIRGINIA, November 7, 1863.5 sults of this victory have been detailed with suf- Brigadier General Kelley, Commanding Depart. ficient accuracy, and need not be recapitulated. ment: The change of plans on the part of General Jones On the fifth instant I attacked Jenkins in front is considered, by those acquainted with the coun- ! of Mill Point, and drove him from his position, try, as leaving open the avenues of escape through with trifling loss on either side.


Yesterday morning he was reinforced by Gen- killed. Our camp for the night was at a place eral Echols, from Lewisburgh, with Patten's marked on the map "Travellers' Repose," forbrigade and a regiment of Jenkins's command, merly a hotel hid away in this valley. and assumed a strong position upon the summit Opposite our camp was a little grove of everof Droop Mountain, a position similar to that greens, from which the cowardly “bushwhackupon South-Mountain, in Maryland, but stronger, ers " had frequently fired on our men, and on one from natural difficulties and breastworks. occasion killed and wounded a number belonging

I stormed the enemy's left with infantry, and to an Indiana regiment, that were on the inarch, when he became disturbed made an attack direct and from which a volley had been fired into the with four regiments of dismounted cavalry. The Eighth Virginia when on an expedition last winvictory was decisive, and the enemy's retreat ter. This valley is now in utter desolation. Hu. became a total rout. His forces, throwing away man habitations and fences all gone, and left a their arms, became scattered in every direc- mournful solitude. tion. I pursued those that he kept together until Next morning resumed the march, and imme after dark. His wounded and many prisoners diately after crossing the river, came to the rebel and arms have fallen into our hands. My loss is works made by Lee during the summer of 1851, about one hundred officers and men. The troops and called “Camp Alleghany.” At this place are in excellent spirits, with plenty of ammu- we met two more families of refugees, also from nition.

WM. W. AVERILL, White Sulphur, leaving the doomed land of
Brigadier-General. “ Dixic," who had been driven off by the rebels.

From here a scouting party was sent to Fort

Baldwiu, on top of the Alleghany. At this point New-CREEK, WEST-VIRGINIA, November 20. the Beverly and Staunton pike crosses the mounThe brigade of General Averill left their camp tain. This party, when they reached the sumat Beverly, at noon, on Saturday, November first. mit, built a large number of fires, engaged all The day was clear and warm. We marched to the hay in the country, and required accommoIluttonville, where we camped for the night. At dations for some half-lozen "generals," and then seven o'clock Monday morning we resumed the made a circuit to the village of Green Bank, march. The day was fine-a delightful Indian where they scattered a company of rebel cavalry, summer morning-and a march of two miles and made two prisoners. The brigade marched brought us to the foot of Cheat Mountain. Here down the valley by the way of Green Bank. We are the remains of the rebel works made at the were now in a fine country, that, in appearance, beginning of the war ; and here are the marks had escaped “war's desolation.” In this beautiof the battle that took place at this point. On ful valley were a number of fine mansions, and, our way up the mountain we met a family of like almost all the fine houses in the South, had refugees from the White Sulphur Springs, who the appendages of negro huts—barbarism and wero escaping from the terrible persecutions civilization side by side. We passed through a of the rebels, and seeking a land of peace and magnificent forest of white-pine timber, such as plenty.

would make the fortune of it company of enterThe brigade presented an animated and pictur-prising Yankees, and encamped for the night at esque appearance as it wound its way up the Matthews's Mills, where we found abundance of mountain. We reached the summit at noon, corn and hay for our horses. It was a colil, where we halted to rest and close up the column frosty night, but with our feet to biy blazing before beginning the descent. From the summit fires, we slept soundly and awoke refreshed. of Cheat is a magnificent view of valley and moun- Next morning we started for lluntersville, ani tain, and, looking eastward, of the Alleghanies, during the morning burnt a rebel camp, and near towering in grandeur and covered with a dark the town another, and reached town at elepe forest of fir, and the valley of the Green Brier o'clock. The Fourteenth Pennsylvania, Third stretching to the south-east, while our works on Virginia, and a section of artillery were immeCheat, and Lee's works on the Alleghany, frown diately sent on to Mill Point, to cut off the redefiance at each other. The distance from the treat of Jackson, who was at Marling Boitom; bottom of Cheat to the top on the western side, and, to prevent his being alarme: too soon, the by the windings of the road, is six miles, and balance of the brigade halted in this forsaken, only one mile to the valley of Cheat River on the «lesolate place—the saddest picture of the pureastern side. After descending the mountain ishment that has overtaken the poor, ciclu le 1 and crossing the valley, we crossed another low rebels that we have met with. In the afternoon, mountain, which is the “divido" between the the Second Virginia, the Eighth, and one piece two rivers—the Cheat and Green Brier.

On the of artillery were sent to Mill Botton, where they road at the foot of this mountain, on the eastern arrived at dark; but Jackson had got the news side, is the Gum Farm, a noted place for bush- of our coming, and retreated down the river, whackers, and where a large party of guerrillas blockading the road at the narrows. We sent recently blockaded the road behind a little scout- the pioneers to remove the obstructions, and ing party of the Eighth Virginia and attempted went into camp for the night. to capture them, but the corporal, with his party Early next morning, after setting fire to the of nine men, gallantly cut his way through, with comfortable winter-quarters that the rebels had the loss of one man wounded and one horse erected, we began the pursuit, congratulating


« PreviousContinue »