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“Their force engaged has been estimated at Niphon and Fort Jackson, under command of ten thousand, with a reserve of four or five thou- Captain Breck, of the Niphon, proceeded to withsand. Our effective force was about two thousand. in seven miles of Wilmington, N. C., where they Their killed and wounded, I suppose, is about succeeded in destroying the North-Carolina saltone thousand-some put it at one thousand five works and other property valued at over $100,hundred. General Hoke, commanding the rebel | 000, and brought away fifty-five prisoners—laforces, was heard to say that their loss was about | borers in the salt-works. one thousand five hundred, Our killed won't
April 22.—An expedition up the Rappahanexceed twenty, and wounded not eighty ; captured, including citizens, two thousand two hun- nock River, under the command of Foxhall A.
Parker, commanding the Potomac flotilla, termidred. They shot a great many blacks after the
nated this day. The following communication fight was over.”
detailing the facts connected with it, was made April 21.-Major-General Peck issued the fol
by the commander in charge : lowing general order at Newbern, N. C., this day:
“Having learned, from various sources, that the “ With feelings of the deepest sorrow, the Com
rebel government had established a ferry at Cirmanding General announces the fall of Plymouth, N. C., and the capture of its gallant commander, the Rappahannock River, and was busily engaged
cus Point, a few miles below Tappahannock, on Brigadier-General H. W. Wessells, and his com: in collecting boats at some point on the river for mand. This result, however, did not obtain until
the purpose of attacking the blockading vessels, after the most gallant and determined resistance
I proceeded thither with a portion of this flotilla, had been made. Five times the enemy stormed
on the eighteenth instant, where I remained until the lines of the General
, and as many times were this evening, visiting both banks of the river and they handsomely repulsed with great slaughter, all its various creeks, (some of which I was told and but for the powerful assistance of the rebel had not before been entered during the war,) from iron-clad ram and the floating sharp-shooter bat
Circus Point to Windmill Point, with the followtery, the Cotton Plant, Plymouth would still have
ing result: Two ferries broken up, seven large been in our hands. For their noble defence, the
lighters, (each capable of carrying one hundred gallant General Wessells and his brave band have
men, three pontoon-boats, twenty-two large and deserve the warmest thanks of the whole
skiffs and canoes, two hundred white-oak beams country, while all will sympathize with them in
and knees, (large enough for the construction their misfortune. “To the officers and men of the navy, the wood, and three hundred barrels of corn de
of a sloop-of-war,) five hundred cords of pine Commanding General renders his thanks for their
stroyed. Twenty-two fish-boats, (one of which hearty coöperation with the army, and the brav. is fitted for carrying small-arms,) one thousand ery, determination, and courage that marked their part of the unequal contest. With sorrow he wheat, a chest of carpenter's tools, and many
pounds of bacon, two horses, sixty bushels of records the death of the noble sailor and gallant other articles, (a correct list of which will be sent patriot, Lieutenant Commander C. W. Flusser, to the department at an early day,) brought off. United States navy, who in the heat of battle
Five refugees and forty-five contrabands (men, fell dead on the deck of his ship, with the lan
women, and children) were received on board of yard of his gun in his hand.
this vessel, and landed in Maryland, with the “ The Commanding General believes that these misfortunes will tend not to discourage the troops,
exception of five stout fellows whom I shipped.
“At Bohler's Rocks, on the south side of the but to nerve the army of North-Carolina to equal Rappahannock, the landing of our men was opdeeds of bravery and gallantry hereafter.
“ Until further orders, the headquarters of the posed by a large force of cavalry, (said to be five sub-district of the Albemarle will be at Roanoke the Eureka, commanded by Acting Ensign Hal
hundred,) which was kept at bay by the fire of Island. The command devolves upon Colonel lock, and a howitzer launch in charge of Acting D. W. Wardrop, of the Ninety-ninth New-York Master's Mate Eldridge. Acting Master W. T. infantry.”
Street, who had charge of this expedition, showed - The English schooner Laura was captured good judgment, and proved himself a valuable off Velasco, Texas, by the National gunboat Owas- and efficient officer. He speaks highly of Actco.-An expedition in boats, from the gunboats ling Ensign Roderick and Acting Master's Mate
Borden, who accompanied him on shore. In Par- -MAJOR-GENERAL J. G. TOTTEN died at Washrot's Creek, eight seamen, led by Acting Ensign ington City this day. Nelson, chased six of the rebel cavalry.
—“The capture of Richmond," said the Co“ Yesterday afternoon, as the Eureka got with lumbus, Ga., Times, of this day, “would prove in thirty yards of the shore, just below Urbanna, of greater importance to our enemies, in a politiwhere I had sent her to capture two boats hauled cal point of view, than any other sense. With up there, a large number of rebels, lying in am- our capital in their possession, we would find bush, most unexpectedly opened upon her with additional influence brought to bear against us rifles, and a piece of light artillery. Thus taken abroad; but as a material loss, its fall would in by surprise, Acting Ensign Hallock displayed ad- no manner compare with the disadvantages which mirable presence of mind, and I think not more would result from a defeat of General Johnston, than five seconds had elapsed before he returned and the occupation of Georgia that would follow. the fire from his light twelve-pounder, and with The first point is near our boundary lines; the small-arms; and, although the little Eureka, second is our great centre. To lose the one with officers and men, has but sixteen souls on would be as the loss of a limb; should we be board, for some ten minutes (during which time driven from the other, it would be a terrible the fight lasted) she was one sheet of flame, the blow at our most vital point. This we must adtwelve-pounder being fired about as fast as a man mit, and our enemy knows it.”-A PARTY of six would discharge a pocket-pistol. The rebels were rebel guerrillas were captured near Morrisville, well thrashed, and I think must have suffered Va. They had attacked a National picket-staconsiderably. They fortunately fired too high, tion, and killed one man a short time previous. so that their shells and bullets passed over the April 23.—This morning a party of rebels atEureka without injury to the vessel or crew. It tacked the National pickets at Nickajack Trace, was quite a gallant affair, and reflects a great deal and after compelling them to surrender, commitof credit upon both officers and men of the Eu- ted the most flagrant outrages upon them. A reka, a list of whom I herewith inclose.
correspondent at Chattanooga, Tenn., gives the “This morning, April twenty-second, observ- following particulars of the affair : “Sixty-four ing a party of cighteen men at a distance of about men, detailed from the Ninety-second Illinois, two miles from this ship, with muskets slung Lieutenant-Colonel D. F. Sheets, commanding, over their backs, crawling on their hands and were doing picket-duty near Lyle's farm, under knees to get a shot at some of our men then on command of Lieutenant Horace C. Scoville, comshore, I directed a shell to be thrown at them pany K. Eighteen of the men were placed in refrom a one-hundred pounder Parrott gun, which serve near the farm, the rest were distributed at struck and exploded right in their midst, killing seven different posts. and wounding, I think, a large number of them, "The supposition is, that a regiment of rebel as only four were seen after the explosion, who infantry crossed Taylor's Ridge during the night, were, as might be supposed, running inland at about five miles from Ringgold, and formed a the top of their speed.
line, extending from the base of the ridge to the “Lieutenant Commander Eastman, who had Alabama road. This line faced south, being in the detailing of the various expeditions, well sus- the rear of our pickets. Another regiment tained, in the performance of this duty, the repu- crossed the ridge higher up the valley, and faced tation which he had already acquired as an offi-west. A body of cavalry (probably two compacer of marked energy and ability.
nies) came on our pickets from the south, and a “I have it from the best authority that the re- smaller body advanced from the direction of bels have placed torpedoes in the Rappahannock, Leet's farm. Thus were our men nearly surjust above Bohler's Rocks, where this flotilla rounded by the wily enemy, before the attack was anchored; off Fort Lowry, off Brooks's Barn, commenced, and the assault was made simultanopposite the first house above Leedstown, and at cously upon all the posts. The enemy's cavalry Layton's, somewhat higher up. All these are on first assailed our videttes, who retired, fighting the port hand going up. Others are said to be desperately, until reënforced from the reserve, placed at various points in the river, from Fort when the rebels were temporarily repulsed. AdLowry to Fredericksburgh. They have also been vancing again in still larger numbers, they forced placed in the Piankatank River, and in many our men to fall back. But the latter soon found of the creeks emptying into Chesapeake Bay.” Itheir retreat cut off by the infantry which had
formed in their rear, and barricaded the road. proposition. This statement was taken from Such was the disposition of the rebel force, that poor Chattannach's dying lips. the reserve at Lyle's house, now reduced to nine “Reginald O'Connor, company B, was shot for men, were cut off from the remainder. Conse- the same reason, after being captured. quently, there was nothing left for our brave fel- George A. Springer and John Craddock, comlows but to surrender, or cut their way out, each pany E; George Marle, company F; and William man fighting for himself. They resolved to at- Reynolds, company I, all make similar statetempt the latter. Some desperate hand-to-hand ments with regard to themselves. contests ensued, and some chivalric daring was
“ William Hills, company K, was found dead displayed, which the historian will never record. a mile from the post where he had stood on of the sixty-four men, thirty-four escaped death picket during the night. A lady living near or capture; and with heroic determination not where he was posted, declared, that she saw him to return to camp until relieved, they reöccupied pursued by some rebel cavalrymen. On being the ground from which they had been driven, overtaken, he at once handed over his gun to although they knew not at what moment the one of the savages, who immediately fired the enemy might return to the attack, and kill or contents of the same into Hill's body, killing capture the remainder of them. Of that heroic
him instantly. band not a man came to camp without orders. “ In the case of O'Connor, three soldiers who Five were killed, four mortally wounded, three saw the murder, declare, upon oath, that it was severely wounded, and eighteen missing. Lieu- also committed by a rebel officer. tenant Scoville was wounded and captured. The
“Such are some of the details of this stupenrebel loss in killed and wounded must at least dous crime, whose atrocity is perhaps unsurhave equalled our own, and we took one prisoner. passed even by the bloody murders recently
"The men speak in high terms of Lieutenant committed by these rebel miscreants in WestScoville's conduct until he was wounded; and I Tennessee and Kentucky. am informed that Colonel Sheets speaks highly “The following list of killed and wounded is of Sergeant Strock, of company C, and Sergeant nearly complete. Killed: Garner McKeel, comHine, of company E, who saved most of their pany E; William IIills, company K; John Douns, men, and commanded the party who reöccupied company B; William Gifford, company H. the field.
“Wounded: Reginald O'Connor, company B. “ From the statements of wounded soldiers, fatally ; William Chattannach, company B, fataland of citizens living near the roads along which ly; G. A. Springer, company E, fatally ; John the enemy retired, I gather the following facts, Craddock, company E, severely, not dangerousand offer no comment.
ly; George Marle, company F, fatally; D. W. “A citizen saw a rebel officer shoot down Butler, company A, dangerously; James Rhoades one of our men, after he had surrendered and and William Reynolds, company I, both fatally. marched some distance with his captors. The
“Of these killed and wounded, two had not only excuse for the vile outrage was, that the surrendered when shot; seven were either killed poor fellow could not keep up with the fiends or wounded (all but one, mortally) after they had who had taken him prisoner. After the officer surrendered to the enemy as prisoners of war; had shot the man, the citizen heard one of the the circumstances connected with the shooting rebel scoundrels say: "That's right, Cap, give it of the other three have not been definitely ascerto him again!'
tained. Of the facts connected with these hor“William Chattannach, or Chattnach, a pri- rid outrages, there is no room to doubt. They vate in company B, after surrendering, was
are taken mostly from the affidavits of dying marched off with several others upon the double- men—the surest testimony in the world.” quick, until totally unable to go further. A rebel April 24.—The steamer John J. Roe was lieutenant then came up to him, and shot him burned by the rebels at a point below Natchez, twice, the first time inflicting a slight, the second on the Mississippi.-A SCOUTING-PARTY of the a mortal wound. He then left him, supposing First Michigan cavalry, sent out from Alexanhe had killed him. Shortly after, two rebels dria, Va., under command of Lieutenant Jackcame up to him and robbed him of his pocket- son, came across a band of rebel guerrillas, about book and boots. One of them said, 'Let's nine miles up the Occoquan road, when a brisk scalp the
Yankee !' but did not execute the skirmish ensued. Four of the rebels were
wounded and taken prisoners. Lieutenant Jack- rebels in that place, and succeeded in capturing son had two of his men slightly wounded, and the whole of them. succeeded in capturing one horse.—GOVERNOR
· April 29.-The English schooner Miriam was Brough issued an order, calling the National captured in lat. 25° 25' N. long. 84° 30', W., by Guard of Ohio into active service for one hun. the National vessel IIoneysuckle. dred days.
-An expedition, under the command of ActApril 25.–To-day a wagon-train, consisting of ing Volunteer Lieutenant Hooker, sent to Carter's two hundred and forty wagons, returning to Pine Creek from the Potomac flotilla, succeeded in deBluffs, Arkansas, together with the escort, under stroying eleven boats and canoes, a large quanthe command of Colonel Drake, comprising the tity of grain, and a number of log-huts, which Twenty-sixth Iowa regiment, the Seventy-sev-had been used as barracks by the rebel soldiers. enth Ohio regiment, and the Forty-third Indiana In approaching these, Acting Master Street, who regiment, with four pieces of artillery, was cap. had charge of the landing party, consisting of tured by the rebels.
twenty-five seamen, fell in with a company of -A PARTY of rebels, in an attempt to surprise rebel cavalry, who, mistaking his force for the the National pickets, on the King's Road, near advance-guard of a much larger one, put spurs to Jacksonville, Florida, were surrounded and cap- their horses and fled. Lieutenant Hooker well tured by the Seventy-fifth Ohio mounted in- planned the expedition, and Acting Master Street fantry.
displayed boldness and decision in carrying it April 26.—General Steele evacuated Camden, out.—Com. Parker's Report. Arkansas, and commenced his march to Little - CONSIDERABLE excitement was caused in Rock, on account of a want of supplies.—(Doc. Richmond, Va., to-day, by the presence of the 130.)
rebel government impressing agents for the colApril 27.-Acting Master Hill, commanding lection of horses for the use of General Lee's army. the United States steamer Currituck, of the Po- April 30.—A company for the establishment tomac flotilla, succeeded in destroying two thou- of a volunteer rebel navy was organized in Richsand bushels of grain, which was in process of mond, Va., with a capital of ten millions of doltransportation to Richmond. —Com. Parker's Re- lars, one million five hundred thousand of which port.
had been paid in. ---Richmond Enquirer. -The English schooner O.K. was captured by
-GENERAL STEELE, on his retreat from Camthe National vessel Union, off the coast of Flor
den, Ark., crossed the Saline River. Before ida.—The army under General Banks, including crossing, he was attacked by the rebels, under the forces of General A. J. Smith, returned to General Fagan, and lost several men, among Alexandria, La. -(Doc. 131.)
them Major Atkinson and Lieutenant Henry, April 28.—Brigadier-General Devens, with a both of whom were killed. —The schooner Judbrigade of cavalry, on a reconnoissance to Mad- son was captured off Mobile Bar, Ala., by the ison Court-House, Va., surprised a party of thirty steamer Connemaugh.
DOCUMENTS AND NARRATIVES.
tatingly announced. Even if the uncertainty of
the fate of those officers and men belonging to THE FORT PILLOW MASSACRE.
colored regiments who have heretofore been taken
prisoners by the rebels has failed to convince the April 13, 1864. The Joint Committee on the authorities of our Government of this fact, the
Conduct and Erpenditures of the War, to testimony herewith submitted must convince whom was referred the Resolution of Congress even the most skeptical that it is the intention of instructing them to inrestigate the late Massa- the rebel authorities not to recognize the officers cre at Fort Pillow, designated tro members and men of our colored regiments as entitled to of the Committee- Vessrs. Wade and Gooch— the treatment accorded by all civilized nations to to proceed forthwith to such places as they prisoners of war. The declarations of Forrest might deem necessary, and take testimony. and his officers, both before and after the capture That Sub-Committee haring discharged that of Fort Pillow, as testified to by such of our men duty, returned to this city, and submitted to as have escaped after being taken by him ; the the Joint Committee a Report, with accom- threats contained in the various demands for surpanying papers and testimony. The Report render made at Paducah, Columbus, and other was read and adopted by the Committee, whose places; the renewal of the massacre the morning Chairman was instructed to submit the same, after the capture of Fort Pillow; the statements with the testimony, to the Senate, and Mr! made by the rebel officers to the officers of our Gooch to the House, and ask that the same be gunboats who received the few survivors at Fort printed
Pillow — all this proves most conclusively the
policy they have determined to adopt. Messrs. Wade and Gooch, the sub-committee The first operation of any importance was the appointed by the Joint Committee on the Con- attack upon Union City, Tennessee, by a portion duct and Expenditures of the War, with instruc-of Forrest's command. The attack was made on tions to proceed to such points as they might the twenty-fourth of March. The post was occudeem necessary for the purpose of taking testi- pied by a force of about five hundred men, under mony in regard to the massacre at Fort Pillow, Colonel Hawkins, of the Seventh Tennessee Union submitted the following report to the Joint Com- cavalry. The attacking force was superior in mittee, together with the accompanying testimo- numbers, but was repulsed several times by our ny and papers:
forces. For the particulars of the attack, and In obedience to the instruction of this Joint the circumstances attending the surrender, your Committee adopted on the eighteenth ultimo, Committee would refer to the testimony herewith your Committee left Washington on the morning submitted. They would state, however, that it of the nineteenth, taking with them the steno- would appear from the testimony that the surgrapher of this Committee, and proceeded to Cairo render was opposed by nearly if not quite all the and Mound City, Illinois; Columbus, Kentucky; officers of Colonel Hawkins's command. Your and Fort Pillow and Memphis, Tennessee; at Committee think that the circumstances connecteach of which places they proceeded to take tesed with the surrender are such that they demand timony.
the most searching investigation by the military Although your Committee were instructed to authorities, as, at the time of the surrender, but inquire only in reference to the attack, capture, one man on our side had been injured. and massacre of Fort Pillow, they have deemed On the twenty-fifth of March, the enemy, iinit proper to take some testimony in reference to der the rebel Generals Forrest, Buford, Harris, the operations of Forrest and his command im- and Thompson, estimated at over six thousand mediately preceding and subsequent to that hor- men, made an attack on Paducah, Kentucky, rible transaction. It will appear, from the testi- which post was occupied by Colonel S. G. Hicks, mony thus taken, that the atrocities committed Fortieth Illinois regiment, with six hundred and at Fort Pillow were not the result of passions ex- fifty-five men.
Our forces retired into Fort Ancited by the heat of conflict, but were the results derson, and there made their stand-assisted by of a policy deliberately decided upon and unhesi- some gunboats belonging to the command of
VOL. VIII.- Doc. 1