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Union with joy and gladness. These valuable found but few of the enemy. The rebels proservices will be appreciated by the Government bably had only a small cavalry picket in the and the people, and this brief allusion to them town, and on the approach of the Nationals it should stimulate all to renewed energy in the final was withdrawn, and the place given up without campaign against the revolutionists."

firing a shot on either side. The town was found March 10.--A party of over one hundred entirely deserted, except by three small famicitizen guerrillas” entered Mayfield, Ky., and lies, who professed Union sentiments, and desired after pillaging the stores and severely wound- to remain at their homes.—The rebel iron-clad ing one of the citizens, left, carrying away their war steamer Ashley was successfully launched booty.

at Charleston, S. C. -GOVERNOR Josep. E. Brown's annual mes

March 11.-1 detachment of the Seventh sage was read in the Legislature of Georgia. It Tennessee cavalry, commanded by Colonel Haw. concluded as follows:

kins, captured eleven guerrillas in the vicinity of “Lincoln has declared that Georgia and other Union City, Ky.The rebel sloop Hannah, was States are in rebellion to the Federal Govern- captured by the Beauregard, off Mosquito Inlet, ment, the creature of the States, which they Ga.—Tue United States steamer Aroostook capcould destroy as well as create. In authorizing tured, in latitude twenty-eight degrees fifty minwar, he did not seek to restore the Union under utes north, longitude ninety-five degrees five minthe Constitution as it was, by confining the utes west, the British schooner M. P. Burton, Government to a sphere of limited powers, loaded with iron and shot. She cleared from HaThey hare taken one hundred thousand negroes. vana, and purported to be bound to Matamoras. which cost half a million of whites four thousand When first seen she was steering direct for Velasmillions of dollars, and now seek to repudiate co, some two hundred miles out of her course.— self-government -- subjugate Southern people, Admiral Farragut's Report. and confiscate their property. The statement -The schooner Linda, with an assorted carof Lincoln, that we offer no terms of adjust- go, was captured off Mosquito Inlet, by the Nament, is made an artful pretext that it is im- tional vessels Beauregard and Norfolk Packet. possible to say when the war will terminate, Varch 12.-President Lincoln ordered as folbut that negotiation, not the sword, will finally lows: terminate it.

I. Major-General Halleck is at his own request "We should keep before the Northern people relieved from duty as General-in-Chief of the the idea that we are ready to negotiate, when army, and Lieutenant-General U. S. Grant is they are ready, and will recognize our right assigned to the command of the armies of the to self-government, and the sovereignty of the United States. The headquarters of the army States. After each victory, our government will be in Washington, and also with Lieutenshould make a distinct offer of peace on these ant-General Grant in the field. terms, and should the course of any State be II. Major-General Halleck is assigned to duty doubted, let the armed force be withdrawn, and in Washington, as chief-of-staff of the army, unthe ballot-box decide. If this is refused even a der the direction of the Secretary of War and the dozen times, renew it, and keep before the Lieutenant-General commanding. His orders will North and the world that our ability to defend be obeyed and respected accordingly. ourselves for many years has been proved.” III. Major-General W. T. Sherman is assigned

-Pilatka, Florida, was occupied by the to the command of the military division of the Union forces under Colonel Barton. The force, Mississippi, composed of the departments of tho consisting of infantry and artillery, left Jack- Ohio, the Cumberland, the Tennessee, and the sonville on the transports General Hunter, Del- Arkansas. aware, Maple Leaf, and Charles Houghton last IV. Major-General J. B. McPherson is aserening, and, under the direction of good pilots, signed to the command of the department and reached Pilatka at about daylight this morning. army of the Tennessee. The night was densely dark, and a terrible V. In relieving Major-General Halleck from thunder-storm added not a little to the difficulty duty as General-in-Chief, the President desires of the passage of the boats up the tortuous chan- to express his approbation and thanks for the nel. The troops disembarked at sunrise, and lable and zealous manner in which the arduous

and responsible duties of that position have been ton's store, Colonel Onderdonk, commanding the performed.

First New-York Mounted Rifles, and Colonel -Tue rebel schooner Marion, bound to Ilava- Spear, of the Eleventh Pennsylvania cavalry, na, from Tampico, was captured by the steamer came upon the looked-for rebel force of cavalry Aroostook, off Rio Brazos.-The rebel sloop Per- and citizens. This was in the midst of a severe sis was captured off Wassaw Sound, Georgia, rain-storm which had been pouring all day, and by the National gunboats Massachusetts and the mud was knee-deep; yet the rebels were others.

gallantly charged, dispersed, and chased ten

miles, their March 13.-A Union meeting was held at

camp destroyed, about twenty killed, Huntsville, Alabama, at which resolutions were

and seventy wounded and taken prisoners. The

remainder made good their escape by recrossing passed deprecating the action of the South,

the river into King William County. and calling upon the Governor of the State to

The Union force comprised the Forty-fifth, convene the Legislature, that it might “call a convention to provide some mode for the re

Sixth, and Twenty-second National colored storation of peace and the rights and liberties of troops the First New-York Mounted Rifles, the

Eleventh Pennsylvania cavalry, parts of Hart's the people.” Speeches were made by Jere Clemens and D. C. Humphreys in support of and Belger's batteries, and some five hundred the resolutions.

of Kilpatrick's Richmond raiders.

The only

organized rebel force encountered were the Fifth -General BUTLER, learning that the Fifth and Ninth Virginia cavalry, having, however, and Ninth Virginia cavalry, with a large force

many mounted and armed, though ununiformed of armed citizens, were in the vicinity of King citizens in their ranks, who claimed to be nonand Queen Court-House, immediately despatch-combatants. ed an expedition from Yorktown under command

On the raid large amounts of grain, proriof General Wistar, with which General Kil- sions, arms, etc., were destroyed. One mill patrick and a portion of his command essayed filled with corn belonging to the Ninth Virginia to coöperate. This rebel force was ascertained cavalry was turned. Several of Lee's soldiers to be one thousand two hundred strong, and the at home on recruiting service were captured; same that ambushed and killed Colonel Dahlgren. two Union officers recently escaped from Libby

General Kilpatrick left Gloucester Point on Prison were rescued, and one of Longstreet's Tuesday night, March eighth, in charge of the

men captured. cavalry, and was ordered to scout Gloucester

The National forces returned to Yorktown toCounty to the north and east as far as Dragon day, without the loss of a man, and but very River, and drive the enemy up the Peninsula, few horses, and the objects of the expedition while Wistar landed his forces by transports on

were as fully accomplished as were possible. Wednesday at Shepherd's warehouse, six miles The eneny was severely punished for the death above West-Point, on the Mattapony, with the and brutalities perpetrated upon Colonel Dahlpurpose of heading off their retreat and charging gren, and General Wistar highly complimented their front and rear. Owing to a misapprehen- for the success of his expedition. sion of General Wistar's orders, General Kilpatrick marched direct to West-Point, where he ar- -PRESIDENT LINCOLN addressed the follow. rived about the same time with General Wistar. ing to Michael Hahn, the newly elected Gov.

A small cavalry force was then despatched to ernor of Louisiana : “I congratulate you on New-Market, and the infantry and artillery having fixed your name in history as the first moved out as far as Little Plymouth, while Kil- free State Governor of Louisiana : now you are patrick scouted across the Dragon River and about to have a commission which, among other tried to cross at Old and New-Bridge, but could things, will probably define the elective frannot, owing to the swollen state of the stream. chise. I barely suggest, for your private conOur forces then moved down through the coun-sideration, whether some of the colored people ties of King and Queen, Middlesex and Glouces- may not be let in, as, for instance, the very inter, making many captures and destroying large telligent, and especially those who have fought quantities of supplies. King and Queen Court- gallantly in our ranks. They would probably House was destroyed, and when near Carrol- | help in some trying time to keep the jewel of

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Liberty in the family of freedom. But this is March 15.-Owing to the disturbance of the only a suggestion, not to the public, but to you popular mind produced by the enrolment of alone."

slaves for the army in Kentucky, Governor

Bramlette issued an address to the people of -Two men belonging to the Thirty-second that State, suggesting moderation, and calling Missouri fantry, Archibald Towner, of com

upon them “to uphold and maintain the Govpany B, and Thomas Norris, of company D, ernment as constituted, and obey and enforce while beyond their picket-lines, in Mo., were taken its just demands, as the only hope of perpetuprisoners by a party of guerrillas, who took

ating free institutions.”—Fort De Rossy, on the them to the top of a mountain near by and tied Red River, below Alexandria, La., was capthem to a tree, where they were kept until tured this day by the combined military and about sundown, when they were shot, robbed naval forces of the United States, under Genof every thing valuable, and thrown from the eral A. J. Smith and Admiral D. D. Porter. — summit of the mountain down a precipice sixty (Docs. 96 and 131.) feet. Norris miraculously escaped death, which he feigned while being handled by the mur

March 16.—A party of guerrillas belonging derers, and succeeded in reaching camp very

to Roddy's command made an attack upon the much exhausted. He implicated many of the Chattanooga Railroad, at a point between Tulcitizens who received their daily rations from lahoma and Estelle Springs, and, after robbing the Government, and several in that vicinity the passengers and committing other outrages, were arrested for trial.

fled on the approach of another train loaded The body of Towner was found by the men

with soldiers. Among other atrocious acts of his regiment, while out in search of the guer- was the following: There were four colored rillas, and carried into camp. - Captain John T. bogs on the train acting in the capacity of Campbell's Report.

brakemen, and two black men who were of

ficers' servants. These six poor creatures were Harch 14.—Major-General John Pope, from placed in a row, and a squad of about forty of his headquarters, at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the robbers, under a Captain Scott, of Tennesissued an official notice to emigrants by the see, discharged their revolvers at them, actuway of the Missouri River and across the upper ally shooting the poor fellows all to pieces.—AN plains to the Idaho mines, warning them of the engagement took place at a point two miles east dangers of that route from hostile Indians, and of Fort Pillow, Tenn., between a body of Narecommending them to communicate with Gen- tionals and about one thousand rebels, who were eral Sully before attempting to pass that way.- routed with a loss of fifty killed and wounded. A COMMISSION consisting of Captain George P. Edgar, A. D. C., Captain George I. Carney, A.Q. M.,

-CAPTAINS SAWYER AND FLYny, who had been and M. Dudley Bean, of Norfolk, were ap- held at Libby Prison, under sentence of death, in pointed by Major-General Butler, for the


retaliation for the execution of two rebel spies, of caring for and supplying the needs of the poor hung in Kentucky by General Burnside, were white people in Norfolk, Elizabeth City, and Prin- released. They were exchanged for General W. cess Anne counties, Va., who were a charge upon F. Lee and Captain Winder, who were held by the United States, and employing such as were will- the United States as personal hostages for their ing to work and were without employment, etc. safety. -SKIRMISING occurred at Cheek's Cross-Roads, -The advance of General A. J. Smith's forces, Tennessee, between Colonel Garrard's National coöperating with General Banks's, and under the cavalry and Colonel Giltner's rebel troops. The command of Brigadier-General John A. Mower, rebels were repulsed.

reached Alexandria, La., accompanied by Ad

miral David D. Porter and his feet of gunboats. - PRESIDENT LINCOLN issued an order call

-(Doc. 131.) ing for two hundred thousand men, in order to supply the force required to be drafted for March 17.-Colonel William Stokes, in comthe navy, and to provide an adequate reserve mand of the Fifth Tennessee cavalry, surprised force for all contingencies, in addition to the a party of rebel guerrillas under Champ Ferfive hundred thousand men called for February suson, at a point near Manchester, Tenn., and after first.-(Doc. 111.)

a severe fight routed them, compelling them to

leave behind twenty-one in killed and wound- Reid, (" Agate,") wrote as follows concerning ed.—This morning, at a little before three the Emancipation Proclamation: “A recent alo'clock, an attempt was made on Seabrook lusion to the fact that Mr. Secretary Chase's Island by a large force of rebels, who came pen supplied the concluding sentence of the down the Chickhassee River in boats. They Emancipation Proclamation, has been received approached in two large flats, filled with men, with a surprise that indicates a less general cvidently sent forward to reconnoitre, with a knowledge on the subject than might have been numerous reserve force further back, to co- expected. operate in case any points were found to be ex- “When the final draft of the Proclamation posed. One of the boats came down to the was presented by the President to the Cabinet, mouth of Skull Creek, where they attacked a it closed with the paragraph stating that the picket-boat containing a corporal and four men slaves if liberated would be received into the of the Seventy-sixth Pennsylvania. They first armed service of the United States. Mr. Chase fired three shots and then a whole volley, and objected to the appearance of a document of succeeded in capturing the boat and those in it, such momentous importance without one word after a severe hand-to-hand fight. Whether beyond the dry phrases necessary to convey its there were any casualties could not be ascer- meaning; and finally proposed that there be tained. Further on, meeting an unexpected re-added to the President's draft the following sensistance, they retreated.

tence: -LIEUTENANT-GENERAL GRANT formally as- “And upon this act, sincerely believed to sumed the command of the armies of the United be an act of justice, warranted by the ConstiStates to-day. The following was bis order on tution, I invoke the considerate judgment of the subject :

mankind, and the gracious favor of Almighty HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMIES OF THE UNITED STATES, God.'"

NASHVILLE, TENX., March 17, 1661. GENERAL ORDERS, No. 12.

“Mr. Lincoln adopted the sentence as Ur. In pursuance of the following order of the Chase wrote it, only interlining after the world President :

Constitution' the words, “upon military ne"EXECUTIVE MANSIOS, WASHINGTON, D. C., cessity;' and in that form the Proclamation

March 10, 1861, “ Under the authority of the Act of Congress to went to the world, and history. appoint the grade of Lieutenant-General in the " The President originally resolved upon the army, of February 29, 1864, Lieutenant-General policy of issuing this Proclamation in the sumUlysses S. Grant, U. S. A., is appointed to the mer of 1862. As he has expressed it himself, command of the armies of the United States. cvery thing was going wrong ; we seemed to

“ABRAHAM LINCOLN." have put forth about our utmost efforts, and -I assume command of the armies of the United he really didn't know what more to do, unless States. Ileadquarters will be in the field, and, he did this. Accordingly, he prepared the preuntil further orders, will be with the army of liminary Proclamation, nearly in the form in the Potomac. There will be an office headquar

which it subsequently appeared, called the Cabiters in Washington, D. C., to which all oficial net together, and read it to thein. communications will be sent, except those from

"Mr. Montgomery Blair was startled. "If the army where the headquarters are at the date you issue that proclamation, Mr. President,' he of their address.

exclaimed “you will lose every one of the fall

elections.' March 18.--Colonel Stokes's Fifth Tennes

"Mr. Seward, on the other hand, said: 'I see cavalry again overtook Champ Ferguson

approve of it, Mr. President, just as it stands. and his guerrillas on a little stream called Calf


approve killer River, near where it empties into Cancy policy of issuing it. I only object to the tine.

of it in principle, and I approve the Fork, Tenn., and there killed eight of them.

Send it out now, on the heels of our late dis-The behavior of the rebel brigade under asters, and it will be construed as the convulsive General Pettigrew, at the battle of Gettysburgh, struggle of a drowning man. To give it propei was vindicated in this day's Richmond Enquirer. weight, you should reserve it until after some March 19.-The corr

orrespondent of the Cin- victory. cinnati Gazette, at Washington, Mr. Whitelaw "The President assented to Mr. Seward's

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