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we find we have an army poorly clad, scant- January 4.-General Gregg's cavalry division, ily fed, indifferently equipped, badly mount- under the command of Colonel Taylor, of the ed, with insufficient trains, and with barely First Pennsylvania regiment, left the headquarenough ammunition. To remedy the evil, we ters of the army of the Potomac, on the first inare going to double, and if possible, quadruple stant, for the purpose of making a reconnoissance the number of men and horses, take away every to Front Royal, taking on their horses three days' efficient master from the agricultural districts, rations and forage. Owing to the condition of and leave the laborers, on whom both men and the roads the artillery attached to the division horses depend for existence, a prey to natural could proceed no farther than Warrenton. The idleness, and with every inducement to revolt. command returned to-day, having travelled If this be not judicial madness, the history of ninety miles during the three days' absence, and desperate measures adopted by feeble and af- encountered severe deprivations in consequence frighted councils does not present an example." of the intensely cold weather; but no enemy
was discovered. Owing to the depth of the -ANDREW J. HAMILTON, Military Governor of Shenandoah River, no attempt was made to Texas, issued an able address to the citizens of
cross it. that State, setting forth their duties to themselves
-A FIGHT occurred near Fort Sumner, New and their government.
Mexico, in which the Union troops belonging to January 3.-A large force of rebels, under | General Carlton's command, routed the Navijo General Sam Jones, made a descent upon a small Indians, killing forty and wounding twenty-five. body of Union troops stationed near Jonesville, -Forty Sioux Indians surrendered themselves Virginia, belonging to an Illinois regiment, com- to the Union forces, at Pembina, Dacotah Terrimanded by Major Beers, and eighteen men of tory.—REAR-ADMIRAL Farragut sailed from the Neill's Ohio battery. A desperate resistance was navy-yard at Brooklyn, New-York, in the flagmade, continuing from seven A.n. to three P.m., ship Hartford to assume command of the East when the Nationals surrendered. The rebels Gulf squadron.—Joint resolutions of thanks to numbered four thousand men. They lost four General Robert E. Lee and the officers and solkilled and twelve wounded. - ADMIRAL LEE, in diers under his command, by the rebel Congress. the United States gunboat Fah Kee, entered
January 5.-The Fourth Virginia rebel cavLockwood's, Folly Inlet, about ten miles to the alry surprised an infantry picket belonging to south of Wilmington, North-Carolina, hoisted the army of the Potomac, at a point near Eldoout his boats, and examined the blockade-run- rado, Culpeper County, Virginia, and captured ning steamer Bendigo, which was run ashore three of their number. by the captain a week previous, to prevent her
January 6.—Major General Foster, from his being captured by the blockaders. While mak
headquarters at Knoxville, issued the following ing these examinations, the enemy's sharp
order: “ All able-bodied colored men, between shooters appeared and opened fire upon
the ages of eighteen and forty-five, within our boats' crews, which was returned by the Fah
lines, except those employed in the several staff Kee's guns, when a rebel battery opened fire and
departments, officers' servants, and those serthe boats returned to the ship.
vants of loyal citizens who prefer remaining with The Fah Kee continued her fire until the Ben- their masters, will be sent forthwith to Knoxdigo was well-riddled, but her battery was light, | ville, Loudon, or Kingston, Tennessce, to be enand in consequence of her draft of water and the rolled under the direction of Brigadier-General shoals inside, had to be at long-range, and conse- Davis Tillson, Chief of Artillery, with a view to quently not as destructive as was desired. Night the formation of a regiment of artillery, to be coming on, the Admiral returned to the fleet.--composed of troops of African descent.” Official Report.
-BY orders from General Foster, Brigadier-The British ship Silvanus, while attempting General O. B. Wilcox was assigned to the comto run the blockade at Doboy Sound, Georgia, mand of the district of Clinch, including the was chased ashore by the National gunboat Hu- region between the Cumberland and Clinch ron.—TWENTY shells loaded with Greek fire, were Mountains, and extending from Big Creek Gap thrown into the city of Charleston, South-Caro- on the west, to the castern line of the State of lina, causing a considerable conflagration. Tennessee, on the east.
I send you
January 7.—Madisonville, La., was entered she lay so near the Fort, it was impossible to get and occupied by the National forces.-TWENTY her out. Finding the efforts to set her on fire shells were thrown into the city of Charleston, were fruitless, the fleet withdrew, after firing two S. C., from the National batteries under the com- hours.-A SQUAD of rebel cavalry entered Clevemand of General Gillmore.— CALEB B. Smith, land, Tenn., and conscripted every man able to Judge of the United States Court for the District perform service. of Indiana, and late Secretary of the Interior, January 10.-General J. C. Sullivan sent the died suddenly at Indianapolis.—The rebel schoon- following to headquarters : er John Scott, while attempting to escape from “Major Cole's camp at Loudon Heights, Va., the harbor of Mobile, Ala., was captured by the was attacked this morning. He fought gallantly Union gunboat Kennebec.
and drove the attacking party off. January 8.—David O. Dodd, charged with be- his report: ing a rebel spy, was executed this afternoon, in
««I have the honor to report that my camp front of St. John's College, at Little Rock, Ar- was attacked this morning at about four o'clock, kansas.—General John Morgan held a recep-by Mosby and his command. tion at Richmond, Va. Judge Moore, of Ken
". After a brisk fight of about one hour, they tucky, in a speech on the occasion, spoke of the were repulsed and driven from the camp. Our worth of General Morgan, and the great credit loss is two men killed and thirteen wounded. with which he had served his country. He was Among the latter is Captain Vernon, seriously, now receiving the grateful testimony of the moth- and Lieutenant Rivers, slightly. er of States. He said that Morgan and other
“« There are some missing, but it is impossiKentuckians who were battling for the liberties ble to give the exact number at present. The of the South, would not sheathe their swords un- rebels left four dead in the camp—one captain, til her liberty was achieved. Despite the thral- and one a lieutenant. dom in which Kentucky was held, the muster
"They left three prisoners in our hands, two rolls of the army showed that forty-nine thou- of them wounded, and one a lieutenant.'”. sand of her sons had joined their fortunes with (Doc. 46.) ours, and this, despite the fact that the heel of
- The United States bark Roebuck captured the tyrant was on her neck. Ile knew the the rebel sloop Marie Louise while attempting to sentiment of the people there-they would be run out of Jupiter Inlet, Florida. She was of found with the South. The Yankees have deso- about eight tons register, and laden with three lated her homes and murdered her people. Ken- thousand pounds Sea Island cotton.—EIGHTEEN tucky never will join her fortunes with the North- shells were thrown into the city of Charleston, ern Government.”—Tue rebel blockade-runner S. C., from the National defences around that Dare, while attempting to run into the harbor of city. Wilmington, N. C., was chased ashore and de- January 11.- The United States bark Roestroyed.-(Doc. 65.)
buck, off Jupiter Inlet, Florida, captured the January 9. — To-day the noted guerrilla Mc- English schooner Susan, while attempting to run Cown and three of his men were captured by the the blockade. At the same time and place the Forrester New-York cavalry regiment, reconnoi- United States steamer Honeysuckle captured the tring in the direction of Sperryville, Va.—A FIGHT
English schooner Fly, of Nassau.—The blockadetook place in Mobile Bay, between the rebels in running steamers Ranger and Vesta were beached Fort Morgan and the National gunboats stationed and burned near Lockwood's, Folly Inlet, Northon the blockade. On the discovery, this morn
Carolina. Admiral Lee reported that the latter ing, of a steamer ashore under the guns of the was the twenty-second blockade-runner destroyFort, all the gunboats of the fleet got under way;
ed within six months.-(Doc. 116.) and, while some repaired to the flag-ship for in- -THREE shells were thrown into the city of structions, the Octorara steamed in and opened Charleston, S. C., from the National defences fire on the rebel craft, which speedily drew a under the command of General Gillmore.—THE reply from the Fort. The rest of the fleet soon United States steamer Iron Age, attempting to steamed in and took up their positions, when tow off the blockade-runner Bendigo, which had the fire became quite spirited. The rebel steam- been driven ashore near the batteries at the er was struck several times, and abandoned; but I mouth of Cape Fear River, grounded, and owing to her proximity to the rebel forts, was destroy- near Brocks's Gap, on the fifth instant, and reed by fire.- Official Reports.
ported to me this morning. He informs me that January 12.-A portion of Colonel McCook's thirteen of the enemy were killed and twenty cavalry attacked the Eighth and Eleventh Texas wounded, in the skirmish. He also states that rebel regiments, at Mossy Creek, Tenn., and de- there was present under the command of General feated them, killing fourteen and capturing forty-Fitz-Hugh Lee, three companies of negro troops, one of them.-CONTRIBUTIONS were made in Geor- cavalry, armed with carbines. They were not gia to equip a new command for the rebel Gen- engaged in the attack, but stationed with the reeral John H. Morgan. Among the contributors serve. The guards, he reports, openly admitted was Governor Joseph E. Brown, who gave five to the prisoners that they were accompanied by hundred dollars.-Richmond Whig.
negro soldiers, stating, however, that the North
had shown the example." January 13.-The rebel Congress, having passed a joint resolution of thanks to General
January 14.-Major-General R. B. Vance, made Robert E. Lee, and his officers, Adjutant-General
a raid toward Terrisville, Tenn., and captured a
train of twenty-three wagons. He was pursued Cooper issued an order announcing the fact, with
by Colonel Palmer, who recaptured the wagons, the following preface : "The President, having and took one ambulance, loaded with medicines, approved the following joint resolution of Con
one hundred and fisty saddle-horses and one gress, directs its announcement in general or.
hundred stand of arms. General Vance and his ders, expressive of his gratification at the tribute
assistant adjutant-general and inspector-general awarded the patriot officers and soldiers to whom it is addressed.
are among the prisoners captured. — General
Grant's Report.—(Doc. 52.) “For the military laggard, or him, who, in the pursuits of selfish and inglorious ease, forgets
-A FORCE of about two hundred rebels made his country's need, no note of approbation is an attack on a party of National cavalry, stationsounded. His infamy is his only security from ed at Three Miles Station, near Beaiton, Va., but oblivion. But the heroic devotion of those, who, were repulsed and driven off, after several desin defence of liberty and honor, have perilled all, perate charges, leaving three dead and twelve
The National casualties were two while it confers in an approved conscience the wounded. best and highest reward, will also be cherished wounded, one severely.—The official correspondin perpetual remembrance by a grateful nation. ence between the agents of exchange of prisonLet this assurance stimulate the armies of the ers of war, together with the report of Mr. Ould Confederacy everywhere to greater exertion and was made public.—The body of a Union soldier more resolute endurance, tiil, under the guidance was found hanging at Smith Mills, Va., with the of Heaven, the blessings of peace and freedom following words placarded upon it: “ Here bangs shall finally crown their efforts. Let all press private Samuel Jones, of the Fifth Ohio regiforward in the road to independence, and for the ment, hung by order of Major-General Pickett, in security of the rights sealed to us in the blood retaliation for private David Bright, of the Sixtyof the first revolution. Honor and glory attend second Georgia regiment, hung December eightour success. Slavery and shame will attend our eenth, by order of Brigadier-General Wild.” defeat."
-The Richmond Examiner held the following -The schooner Two Sisters, a tender to the language : “Surely British-protection patriots United States flag-ship San Jacinto, captured, of the Emerald Isle here, have, we are credibly while trying to enter the Suwanee River, the informed, recently shouldered their shillalahs, British schooner William, from Nassau.-GEN- and cut stick for the land of Lincoln. Sundry ERAL BUTLER addressed a characteristic letter to others, too, born this side of the Potomac, have the Perfectionists of the city of Norfolk, Va.—wended their way in the same direction, -all The following report was made by Colonel James leaving their families behind them to sell rum A. Mulligan, from his headquarters at New-Creek, or make breeches and other garments for the Va.: "A soldier of ours, James A. Walker, com- clothing bureau. When mothers and sisters, pany H, Second Maryland regiment, captured in sweethearts and wives, thus intentionally, and the attack upon the train at the Moorfield and by a cunning arrangement, left behind, present Alleghany Junction, on the third instant, by the themselves at the clothing bureau for a job, they enemy under General Fitz-Hugh Lee, escaped when represent, with the most innocent faces imagin.
VOL. VIII.-DIARY 3
able, that their male protectors are in General - Tue Fifty-second regiment of Illinois volunLee's army, and thus enlist sympathy, and teers, under the command of Colonel J. S. Wil. sponge on the Confederacy. To poor females cox, reënlisted for the war, returned to Chicago. every kindness and aid should be extended as — The blockade-runner Isabel arrived at Havana. long as they and those belonging to them are She ran the blockade at Mobile, and had a cargo true to us; but it is past enduring that able. of four hundred aad eighty bales of cotton, and bodied fellows should go North, and leave as threw overboard one hundred and twenty-four a charge here people whom we are under no bales off Tortugas, in a gale of wind. obligations to support, and who, by false repre- January 16. -- General Sturgis's cavalry, in sentations, shut out the wives and other female pursuit of General Longstreet, reached Danrelatives of gallant fellows, who are confronting dridge, Tenn., thirty miles east of Knoxville, our ruthless enemies."
and drove the rebel videttes out of the -LIEUTENANT Gates, with a party of the town. Third Arkansas cavalry, made a reconnoissance -PRESIDENT Lincoln, in a note to the pronear Clinton, Ark., and succeeded in capturing prietors of the North-American Revier, said : twelve prisoners, whom he surprised at Cadson's " The number for this month and year was Cave. –Tue blockade-runner schooner Union, duly received, and for which please accept my with a cargo of cotton from the coast of Florida, thanks. Of course, I am not the most impartial arrived at Havana. She was chased by the judge; yet, with due allowance for this, I venUnited States gunboat De Soto.
ture to hope that the article, entitled "The PreJanuary 15.—The United States schooner sident's Policy,' will be of value to the country. Beauregard captured, near Mosquito Inlet, the I fear, I am not quite worthy of all which is British schooner Minnie, of and from Nassau. therein kindly said of me personally.
“Tue utmost nerve," said the Richmond “The sentence of twelve lines, commencing at Whig, “the firmest front, the most undaunted the top of page 252, I could wish to be not excourage, will be required during the coming actly as it is. In what is there expressed, the twelve months from all who are charged with the writer has not correctly understood me. I have management of affairs in our country, or whose never had a theory that secession could absolve position gives them any influence in forming or States or people from their obligations. Preciseguiding public sentiment." “Moral courage," ly the contrary is asserted in the inaugural adsays the Wilmington Journal, “the power to re- dress; and it was because of my belief in the sist the approaches of despondency, and the fa- continuance of these obligations, that I was culty of communicating this power to others, puzzled for a time as to denying the legal rights will need greatly to be called into exercise; for of those citizens who remained individually inwe have reached that point in our revolution nocent of treason or rebellion. But I mean no which is inevitably reached in all revolutions, more now than to merely call attention to this when gloom and depression take the place of point." * hope and enthusiasm-when despair is fatal and January 17.-This morning the rebels made despondency is even more to be dreaded than de-a desperate attack upon the Union lines near feat. In such a time we can understand the Dandridge, Tenn. They threw out no skirmishprofound wisdom of the Roman Senate, in giving ers, but pressed down upon the Nationals in thanks to the general who had suffered the great
• The sentence referred to by Mr. Lincoln is as follows : est disaster that ever overtook the Roman arms,
“ Even so long ago as when Ir. Lincoln, not yet convinced of “because he had not despaired of the Republic.' the danger and magnitude of the crisis, was endeavoring to perThere is a feeling, however, abroad in the land, suade himself of Union majorities at the South, and to carry on
a war that was half peace, in the hope of a peace that would that the great crisis of the war
r—the turning-point have been all war-while he was still enforcing the fugitive in our fate—is fast approaching. Whether a cri- slave law, under some theory that secession, however it might sis be upon us or not, there can be in the mind absolve States from their obligations, could not escheat them of of no man, who looks at the map of Georgia, and bellion had alone, among mortals, the privilege of having their
their claims under the Constitution, and that slaveholders in reconsiders her geographical relations to the rest cake and eating it at the same time--the enemies of free governof the Confederacy, a single doubt that much of ment were striving to persuade the people that the war was an
abolition crusade. To rebel without reason was proclaimed our future is involved in the result of the next
as one of the rights of man, while it was carefully kept out of spring campaign in Upper Georgia."
sight that to suppress rebellion is the first duty of government."
full force, seemingly determined to sweep them horse, equipments, revolvers, and papers in from the field. Observing their desperate deter- with him. The rebels were dressed in Federal mination, General Sturgis ordered Colonel D. M. uniforms. Hamilton is here with me.”—NEWMARMcCook, who was in command of a division of KET, Tenn., was occupied by the rebels belongElliott's cavalry, to chárge the enemy on horse. ing to the forces under the command of General This order was obeyed most gallantly. The Longstreet.—The rebel blockade-runner, A. D. charge of this division turned the fortunes of the Vance, was run ashore, under the guns of Fort day, which, up to this time, had been decidedly Caswell, in attempting to enter the port of Wilagainst the Nationals. The First Wisconsin, mington, N. C.—The steamer Laura, blockadewhich bore the brunt of the enemy's attack, lost runner, was captured in St. Mark's Bay, Florida, sixty in killed and wounded. The Union loss in by the United States steamer Stars and Stripes. all did not exceed one hundred and fifty.--A FIRE January 19.-This evening a party scouting occurred at Camp Butler, near Springfield, T11., for Colonel Williams, in command of the militadestroying the officers' quarters and quartermas
ry post at Rossville, Ark., returned to camp, ter's stores. Captain Dimon and Lieutenant Ben- having captured in the Magazine Mountains, nett, of the Thirty-eighth Illinois cavalry, were
some fisteen miles east of the post, the county burned to death, and two other lieutenants were records of Vernon and Cedar Counties, Mo. The badly injured.–Tue bombardment of Charleston, books and papers so captured and retained were S. C., by the forces under General Gillmore, was worth one million dollars to those counties. continued with great fury, several new Parrott Colonel Clayton attacked and routed Shelby's guns having been opened on the city from Bat- rebel force, twenty miles below Pine Bluff, Ark., tery Gregg.
on the Monticello Railroad. The fight lasted January 18.–At Flint Hill, Va., a party of half an hour, when the enemy fled, pursued by fifteen rebels attacked the National pickets, but Colonel Clayton, with his command, for two hours were driven off after a brief engagement.--THE and a half. The rebels were driven seven miles. rebel conscription law created great consterna- Shelby was badly beaten, and the rout was comtion and excitement in the western districts of
plete. North-Carolina, and public meetings were held to
Shelby's force was estimated at eight hundred. take into consideration a repudiation of the con- Colonel Clayton marched sixty miles in twentyfederate government and a return to the Union. four hours, and made fight and gained a victory. The Raleigh Standard openly defied the execu-- An unsuccessful attempt was made to burn the tion of the measures proposed, and said, if they residence of Jefferson Davis, at Richmond, Va.— prevail, " the people of North-Carolina will take A sale of confiscated estates took place at Beanitheir own affairs into their own hands, and will
fort, S. C. proceed, in Convention assembled, to vindicate
January 20.—Correspondence showing the optheir liberties and privileges.”—In the rebel Sen
erations of Southern agents and individuals at the ate at Richmond, Va., a resolution was passed North, in the cotton trade, and making other revapproving the action of the government with re
elations, were made public.—Major Henry H. gard to the outlawry of General Butler, and the
Cole and the Maryland cavalry under his comdetermination of the rebel authorities to hold no communication with him.— A PARTY of rebel
mand, were officially praised for their gallantry guerrillas made their appearance on the bank of in repelling the assault made upon his camp on
Loudon Heights, on the tenth instant, by the the river opposite Memphis, Tenn., but were
rebel partisan, Mosby.-General Halleck's Letdriven off by a gunboat, without effecting any
ter. damage. — LIEUTENANT-COLONEL Fuller, of the Third Arkansas cavalry, received the following
-A SQUAD of men sent from Charleston, Mo., from the major of his regiment, at Lewisburgh :
in pursuit of a band of guerrillas, killed the lead“Captain Hamilton has had a fight with a por- er of the band and wounded two or three others. tion of Wells's command, and killed six, and The remainder escaped to the swamp. Five priswounded as many more. Hamilton lost sis, and oners were carried in, charged with harboring but one or two killed; the balance missing. The guerrillas. - Thirty-two guerrillas were captured command opposing him were under Captain near Paris, Ky., and taken to Columbus. Thompson, numbering nearly one hundred. January 21.—The advance of the cavalry beHamilton killed Thompson, and brought his longing to the National forces, in their retreat