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tenant General Polk, and issued farewell orders, this class will be fraught with the most disastrous as follows: “Having felt great pride in this army, consequences. If more men are wanted in the the undersigned leaves it with much regret. He line, let the thousands of able-bodied men alassures his brave comrades of his full apprecia- ready in the pay of the government be placed tion of the high soldierly qualities they have ex- there, and the drones and non-producers who inhibited. Harmony of opinion and purpose has sult honest toil by their constant swagger, and existed in all ranks. Amid events tending to who have been shielded by the corruptions of produce gloom and despondency, they have pre-office-holders since the war commenced, be sented the rare spectacle of the constant improve- gathered up and compelled to fight for that liberment of all arms in efficiency and discipline. He ty for which they ever profess to be so ready to offers them his best wishes for their future suc- pour out their precious blood.
Congress, we fear, is disposed to run into ex“In leaving this command, it is a source of tremes, especially those members whose States great satisfaction to him that it devolves upon are largely or entirely in the hands of the enethe distinguished General chosen for it by the my. If this war is to be fought out to the last President-one who, on each of so many bloody man and the last dollar, if we are really battling battle-fields, has proved himself worthy of such for independence, we must husband our resourtroops as constitute this command."
We must have men to fight, and we must December 23.—A bill, prohibiting dealing in have something to feed them on. Beware of dethe currency of the United States, was passed in stroying the seed-corn.” the rebel Congress : “Any person violating the
-The Yankees made a raid on Luray, Va., and provisions of the act was subject to indictment burned P. B. Borst's large tannery, the old Bapand prosecution in the confederate court holden tist Church, and Mr. Booton's workshop; broke for the district within which the offence was com- open all the stores, and robbed them of all their mitted, and should, upon conviction, forfeit the
goods, and what they could not take off, they amount so bought, sold, circulated, or used, or a distributed among the negroes. They also broke sum equal thereto, and be moreover subject to a
open the meat-houses, and stole, carried away, fine of not more than twenty thousand dollars, and destroyed nearly all the pork and bacon in nor less than five hundred, and be imprisoned the place, besides killing nearly all the chickens not less than three months, nor more than three they could find. They also burnt the tannery years, at the discretion of the court; and it was of William R. Barbee, about six miles east of declared the duty of the judges of the several
Luray.-Richmond Despatch. confederate courts to give the act specially in
-LIEUTENANT-GENERAL LEONIDAS Polk, ascharge to the grand-jury : Provided, that the pur- suming command of the rebel army in Missischase of postage-stamps should not be considered sipppi, issued an order at Meridian, in which he a violation of the act."
recognizes the defeats and discouragements the -Tue rebel forces, under General Longstreet, confederate cause has sustained of late, but still remained in the neighborhood of Rutledge seeks to stimulate his troops to fresh efforts, and Morristown, Tenn. "General Longstreet by assuring them that there is still, in the was unable to follow up his advantage in conse South, ample material for a continued and sucquence of the large number of bare-footed men cessful prosecution of the war. "The vigorous in his command. The weather was extremely employment of our own resources,” he closed by cold, and the mountains covered with snow." saying, “ with unity, harmony, and an unflinch
-A PARTY belonging to the rebel Colonel Har- ing determination to be true cannot, under God, rison's guerrilla band, headed by James Cavalier, but crown our efforts with triumphant success.” entered Omega, La., and after capturing twelve December 24.-Yesterday a foraging party was or fourteen negroes, proceeded to murder them in sent out from the Union camp at Tullahoma, cold blood, after which they hurried away upon Tenn., under the command of Lieutenant Porter, mules captured in the town. In discussing the of the Twenty-seventh Indiana volunteer infanconscription proposed by the rebel Congress, the try. There was a guard of the Fourth TennesRaleigh Progress says: “There is not another see cavalry, and a detail from the battery, to man to spare from the farms or other industrial guard and load forage. They went to Lincoln pursuits of the country, and a further draft on County, loaded up, and were on the way to camp
for the night. The train was divided—one half ment of colored troops at Nashville, Tenn., conunder Sergeant James, of the battery, was in tinued with great success.—The ship Martaban, camp about one mile ahead; Lieutenant Porter, from Moulmein to Singapore, was captured and with the rear part of the train, was on his way to destroyed by the rebel privateer Alabama. the same place. There was one wagon consider
December 25.--Colonel Prince again advanced ably ahead of the others, accompanied by George Jacobs, driver ; John Wesley Drought and New- upon the rebel forces under Forrest, and attackell Orcutt, foragers; and James W. Foley, bat- ed them, but in a few moments discovered that
he was surrounded on all sides. He did not surtery wagon-master-when they were surprised by four guerrillas, and told to surrender or they
render, but after fighting for three hours, with would blow their brains out. They being un
terrible loss, cut his way out, and carried most
of his command safely into La Grange.-Colarmed, could make no successful resistance. Lieutenant Porter then came riding up, when he ONEL R. R. Livingston, of the First Nebraska was seized also. They were then taken through cavalry, assumed command of the district of
North-eastern Arkansas, headquarters at Batesthe woods some eight miles, and halted to camp, as the guerrillas said, for the night. They then ville, and issued a proclamation in accordance tied their hands behind their backs, asked if they
therewith.--A CORRESPONDENT of the Richmond
Sentinel were ready, and fired, when all fell except the
says: “The plate that is in our counLieutenant, who being uninjured, ran.
The try, and its value to the government, if the peobodies were then dragged to the end of the bluff ple can be induced to relinquish it, has doubtless and thrown into Elk River. Drought was killed occurred to many minds—been, perhaps, weighed instantly. His body floated down and lodged on and repudiated; but yet, I presume to think, a tree-top. Jacobs was only wounded in the arm
might be made to act, if not a principal, a valuand was drowned. Orcutt was shot through the
able subsidiary part in any well-digested scheme bowels, and managed to get out of the river, but to restore the credit of the Treasury, to give stadied next day.
bility to any system of finance, to arrest depreFoley having loosed his hands,
ciation of confederate notes and stock, by furreached shore, but being severely wounded in the groin, lay near the river all night, where he nishing that in kind, which is the basis of all was found next day by a citizen and properly and in large amount.
credits-gold and silver. I think we have it,
We have in the possession cared for.—The schooner. Fox captured the
of our people, in the form of gold and silver British schooner Edward, from Havana, off the Suwanee River, while endeavoring to run the plate, a vast and unproductive fund -- every blockade. — The United States steamer Sunflower, better time to bring it forward ?
household more or less of it. Was there ever a off Tampa Bay, Florida, captured the rebel sloop need for it?-ever stronger inducements to ten
-ever greater Hancock.
der it to the government for the common good ?" -A BATTLE took place near Bolivar, Tenn., between a party of rebel raiders belonging to the
- A BATTLE took place in Stono River, S. C., command of General Forrest, and five hundred between the gunboat Marblehead, at anchor off of the Seventh Illinois cavalry, under Colonel Legareville, and two masked rebel batteries on Edward Prince, who had been sent out to scout
shore. The fight continued until the gunboat and patrol the crossings on the Mississippi Cen- had demolished the batteries and driven out the tral Railroad. Finding himself overpowered by gunners.—(Doc
. 29.) numbers, Colonel Prince fell back on Summer- -- BRIGADIER-GENERAL B. F. KELLEY sent the ville, with a loss of three killed and eight wound following from his headquarters at Harper's Ferry, ed. (Doc. 50.)
Va. : “General Sullivan's column has returned -Tue rebel House of Representatives, by a safely, bringing in one hundred prisoners, about vote of four to one, resolved that a "person one hundred horses, equipments, etc. My differotherwise liable to military duty shall no longer ent columns are all now safely back. They have be exempt by reason of having provided a sub- captured in all over four hundred prisoners and stitute. It declared also that the substitute a large amount of property. My plans and others should not be discharged, and rejected a propo- have been promptly and faithfully executed, with sition to refund to the principal any portion of a single exception, and with but a small loss on the money paid for his substitute.”—The enlist-l our part."
December 26.--General Rosser returned to national character, shall be fined, banished, or Orange Court-House, Va., having completed an imprisoned, according to the grossness of the entire circuit of the Yankee army, starting from offence." Fredericksburgh and entering the valley at Con- December 28.—The Seventh Wisconsin regirad's Store. He burnt the bridge over Pope's ment left the army of the Potomac for home to Head Run, near Sangster's Station, just out from recruit, under the general orders lately issued.Alexandria, capturing and dispersing the troops Tue Legislature of Alabama has voted that the left as a guard. Owing to the high water and carpets that cover the floor of the Senate Chambad weather, he was prevented from doing more ber, Hall of Representatives, and all officers' and damage. Gregg's Yankee cavalry pursued, but did committee-rooms in the capitol at Montgomery, not overtake him. General Rosser was forced to be cut up and given to the soldiers of the rebel swim Bull Run. Ilis loss was very slight, if any. army for blankets.-An attempt at informal reThe enemy, while in pursuit, destroyed two tan- newal of the cartel was made by the enemy, unneries and a lot of leather at Sperryville, Rappa- der the immediate agency of General Butler, who hannock County; also, two tanneries, a flour-mill initiated bis effort by sending five hundred conand some government workshops at Luray, in federate soldiers to City Point. Commissioner Page County. They also committed many other Ould returned five hundred Federal soldiers, but excesses, including the taking away of negrocs, informed Commissioner Hitchcock that the conand shot a confederate named Smedley, at Wash- federate authorities could hold no communicaington, Kappahannock County, after he had sur- tion with General Butler, and that there must rendered.-Richmond Papers.
be no further effort at a partial exchange. If -The rebel privateer Alabama captured the the enemy desire to renew the cartel, it must be American ships Sonora and Highlander, both done upon fair terms, and through an agent not lying at anchor at a point about ten miles east outlawed and beyond the pale of military respectof the North Sands light-ship, near Singapore, ability.—Richmond Enquirer. East-Indies. Captain Semmes ordered the cap- -A SKIRMISH took place at Charlestown, Tenn., tains of both ships on board the Alabama, ex- between the rebels under General Wheeler and a amined their papers, and allowing them to take body of National troops, under the command of a small quantity of clothing, burned their ships, Colonel Laibold, of the Second regiment of Misand sent them adrift in their boats without any souri infantry, resulting in the total rout and dewater or provisions.
feat of the rebels.-(Doc. 30.) December 27. — General McPherson, from - The following memorial, signed by Generals his headquarters, Seventeenth army corps, at Hardee, Stevenson, Cheatham, Breckinridge, and Vicksburgh, Miss., issued the following circular: nearly all the other officers in command of the " The following named persons : Miss Kate Bar- army of the Tennessee, was read in the confednett, Miss Ella Barrett, Miss Laura Latham, erate House of Representatives : Miss Ellen Martin, and Mrs. Moore, having acted
“In the existing condition of affairs it is hoped disrespectfully towards the President and Gov- your honorable bodies will pardon the variance ernment of the United States, and having in- from custom of addressing you from the army. sulted officers, soldiers, and loyal citizens of the It is done in no spirit of dictation, but in the United States who had assembled at the Episco- conscientious conviction that the necessities of pal church in Vicksburgh, on Christmas-day, for the country demand the voice and labor of all, divine service, by abruptly leaving said church and that delay, even for thirty days, in enacting
at that point in the service where the President proper measures, may make present disorders pe of the United States and all others in authority incurable, and the dangers of the moment om
are prayed for, are hereby banished, and will leave nipotent for our destruction. the Federal lines within forty-eight hours, under "In our opinion, it is essential to retain, for the penalty of imprisonment.
term of during the war, without reorganization, "Hereafter all persons, male or female, who by the troops now in service; to place in service u word or deed or by implication, do insult or show immediately, for the same term, all other white # disrespect to the President, the Government, or males between eighteen and fifty years of age,
the flag of the United States, or to any officer or able to perform any military duty; to provide #soldier of the United States upon matters of al for placing in service, at the discretion of the
President, for the same term, all white males be- pairing the defence made by the United States tween fifteen and eighteen, and between fifty and forces, and when the owners have, by their works sixty years of age; to prohibit substitutes; to and not by their lips, convinced the military auprohibit exemption, except for the necessary civil thorities that they can rely upon their loyalty offices and employments of the confederate States for aiding in repelling an invasion of the rebels, and the several States; to prohibit details, except and a keeping up of the works to aid us in that for limited times, and for carrying on works es- behalf; then, and not until then, will the works sential to the army; to prohibit discharges, ex- be returned to their custody. cept in cases of permanent disability, from all “ In the mean time, accurate accounts will be duty; to prohibit leaves and furloughs, except kept of the receipts and expenditures, and the exunder uniform rules of universal application, cess of profits, which no doubt will be considerabased, as far as practicable, on length of service ble, will be paid to those who are loyal in the and meritorious conduct; to prohibit, to the sense of the word as understood by loyal men." greatest extent, the details of able-bodied officers - The battle of Mossy Creek, Tenn., was and men to posts, hospitals, or other interior fought this day, and resulted in the defeat of the duty, and to place in service as cooks, laborers, rebels, after a severe contest.-(Doc. 31.) tcamsters, and hospital attendants, with the army
December 30.-A skirmish took place in the and elsewhere, able-bodied negroes and mulat- outskirts of St. Augustine, Fla., between a detoes, bond and free.
tachment of the Tenth Connecticut regiment, de“These measures, we think, if promptly enact- tailed to guard a party of wood-choppers, and a ed as laws, so as to give time for organizing and squadron of rebel cavalry, who attempted to seize disciplining the new material, would make our the teams. The rebels were unsuccessful, but in armies invincible at the opening of the campaign the fight three privates of the Tenth were killed, of next year, and enable us to win back our lost and Lieutenant Brown, the officer commanding territory and conquer a peace before that cam- the detachment, was so badly wounded, that he paign shall be ended.
afterward died. “We beg further to suggest that, in our opin- - YESTERDAY an affair occurred, at Matagorda ion, the dissatisfaction, apprehended or existing, Bay, Texas, between the Union gunboats, a comfrom short rations, depreciated currency, and the pany of the Thirteenth Maine regiment, and a retention of old soldiers in service, might be ob- large force of rebel cavalry and a rebel gunboat. viated by allowing bounties, with discriminations The small party of Union troops, under General in favor of retained troops; an increase of pay; Herron, had landed with the object of cutting off the commutation to enlisted men of rations not the rebel pickets, but were attacked by the cavalissued; and rations, or the value thereof, to offi- ry, who were driven off by the gunboats. The cers.”—EIGHTY-Two rebel prisoners from Camp cavalry, aided by the rebel gunboat, subsequentDouglas, Chicago, went to Boston, Mass., to en-ly attacked the Nationals, and caused them to ter the United States naval service. They were vacate their position; but, this morning, a strong taken directly to the North-Carolina, receiving- gale of wind drove the steamer ashore, and she ship.
was destroyed by fire. December 29.-Tue Ninety-third New-York, - COLONEL McCHESNEY, commanding PamFirst Delaware, and Fifth Michigan regiments, lico Sub-District, N. C., while reconnoitring left the army of the Potomac for hoine to recruit, within six miles of Greenville, with about one under the general orders lately issued.—The gas hundred and forty men of the Twelfth Neiro company at Norfolk, Va., having sealed up their York cavalry, First North-Carolina volunteers works and refused, for several months, to light and Twenty-third New-York artillery, was atthe city, General Butler ordered the establish- tacked by a superior force under Major Moore, ment to be seized and “carried on efficiently and who attempted to cut off his return to Washingeconomically, so that the city of Norfolk will be ton. After a hand-to-hand conflict the enemy refully lighted, and its peace and quiet in the dark- tired, leaving one lieutenant and five men dead, ness of the night be assured, until it is made cer- with one piece of Starr's fine battery, caisson, tain, that in case of an attack upon the city of and horses. Darkness prevented further know Norfolk, the rebel proclivities of the owners will | ledge of the injury sustained by the rebels. The not leave the city in darkness, as a means of im- National loss was one killed, six slightly wound
ed, one missing, and three horses disabled. Lieut. was once competence has become poverty, popWilliam K. Adams, of company L, First North- erty has become penury, penury is lapsing into Carolina volunteers, a gallant and dashing officer, pauperism. Any mechanical occupation is more was killed while making a charge at the head of profitable than the most intellectual profession ; his command.
the most accomplished scholars in the ConfederaThe Commanding General, Peck, thanked in cy would be glad to barter their services for food general orders, Colonel McChesney, the officers, and raiment; and in the complete upturning of men, and guides, for this bold and successful af- our social relations, the only happy people are fair.
those who have black hearts or black skins. The December 31.-The following review of the cry of scarcity resounds through the land, raised year and situation, was published in the Rich- by the producers in their greed for gain, remond Examiner of this day :
echoed by consumers in their premature dread “ To-day closes the gloomiest year of our strug- of starvation and nakedness. We are all in the gle. No sanguine hope of intervention buoys up dark, and men are more or less cowards in the the spirits of the confederate public as at the end dark. We do not know what our resources are, of 1861. No brilliant victory like that of Fred- and no one can tell us whether we shall have a ericksburgh encourages us to look forward to a pound of beef to eat at the end of 1864, or a speedy and successful termination of the war, as square inch of leather to patch the last shoe in in the last weeks of 1862. Meade has been foiled, the Confederacy. Unreasoning confidence has and Longstreet has had a partial success in Ten- been succeeded by depression as unreasoning, nessee ; but Meade's advance was hardly meant and the Yankees are congratulating themselves in earnest, and Bean's Station is a poor set-off to on the result, which they hawk about as the 'bethe loss of the gallant men who fell in the mur- ginning of the end.' derous assault on Knoxville. Another daring “Theologians will tell us that the disasters of Yankee raid has been carried out with compara- the closing year are the punishment of our sins. tive impunity to the invaders, and timorous cap- This is true enough; but a cheap penitence will italists may well pause before they nibble at eli- not save us from the evil consequences. There gible investments in real estate situated far in is no forgiveness for political sins, and the rethe interior. That interior has been fearfully sults will as certainly follow as if there had been narrowed by the Federal march through Ten. no repentance. As all sins are, in a higher sense, nessee, and owing to the deficiencies of our cav- intellectual blunders, we must strain every fibre alry service, Lincoln's squadrons of horse threat of the brain and every sinew of the will if we en to be as universal a terror, as pervasive a nui- wish to repair the mischief which our folly and sance, as his squadrons of gun-boats were some our corruption have wrought. The universal months since. The advantages gained at Chancel recognition of this imperative duty is a more cerlorsville and Chickamauga have had heavy coun- tain earnest of our success than the high spirits terpoises. The one victory led to the fall of Jack- of our men in the field, or the indomitable patrison and the deposition of Hooker, the other led otism of our women at home, from which newsfirst to nothing and then to the indelible disgrace paper correspondents derive so much comfort. of Lookout Mountain. The Confederacy has been The incompetence and unfaithfulness of governcut in twain along the line of the Mississippi, and ment officials have had much to do with the our enemies are steadily pushing forward their present sad state of affairs, but the responsibility plans for bisecting the eastern moiety. No won-does not end there; the guilt does not rest there der, then, that the annual advent of the reign of alone. Every man who has suffered himself to mud is hailed by all classes with a sense of relief be tainted with the scab of speculation has done -by those who think and feel aright, as a pre- something to injure the credit of confederate secious season to prepare for trying another fall curities; every man who has withheld any newith our potent adversary.
cessary of life has done his worst to ruin the “Meanwhile the financial chaos is becoming country; every one, man or woman, who has wilder and wilder. Hoarders keep a more reso- yielded to the solicitations of vanity or appetite, lute grasp than ever on the necessaries of life. and refused to submit to any privation, however Non-producers, who are at the same time non- slight, which an expenditure, however great, speculators, are suffering more and more. What I could prevent, has contributed to the general de