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From the Indian-A weir or
dam of twigs for catching fish.

From the Spanish Pascua Flor-
ida-Flowery Easter, hence Flow-
ery, or Land of Flowers.

Perhaps from an Indian word
meaning Friends.

The French form of an Indian
word applied by the Sioux to the
"Gray-snow Tribe," and meaning
the "Drowsy" or the "Sleepy
Ones."

DATE

OF AD-
MIS-
SION.

BY WHOM
SETTLED.

From the Indian Kansas (Smoky 1836 French.
Water) and the French Arc, a
bow.

1820 English. 1821 French.

Either from the Indian-
of the West, or from the Spanish
-Wild Marjoram, which grows
there in great abundance.

1837 French.

1845 Spanish.

1845 French.

1846 Americans.

From the Indian-Wild or Rush- 1848 French.
ing River (applied to the rapids of
the Wisconsin).

From the Spanish-The name
first occurs in a Spanish work of
fiction (1510); it was there given
to an imaginary island abounding
in gold.

From the Indian-Cloudy or 1858 Americans.
Whitish Water.

1850 Spanish.

FIRST SETTLE-
MENT.

Pemaquid.
Fort Orleans
(near Jeffer-
son City).
Little Rock.

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River 1859 Americans. Astoria.

DATE OF

SETTLE-
MENT.

1625

1719

SQUARE
MILES.

33,040
69,415

1690? 53,850

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POPULA-
TION IN

1790.

96,540

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From the Spanish Red or Colored (referring to the color of the rocks).

BY WHOM
SETTLED.

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From the Spanish Sierra Ne- 1864 Americans. Genoa, at the
vada (Snowy mountain ridge),-
base of the
Snowy.
Sierras.

From the Indian-Water Valley, 1867 Americans.
or Shallow River.

Bellevue (near
Omaha).
Denver?

1876 Americans.

FIRST SETTLE-
MENT.

Americans. Atchison?

English.

From the Indian-Leagued or 1889 English.
Allied (referring to the confedera-
tion or league of the Sioux tribes).
From the Indian- See above.
From the Latin Mons, a moun-
tain, The Land of Mountains.
In honor of George Washington.
From the Indian-Diadem of
the Mountains.

From the Indian-Great Plains.

66

Pembina.

1889 Americans. Yankton! 1889 Americans. Helena?

DATE OF

SETTLE

MENT.

1854

Cheyenne.

1890 Americans. -Mountain Home. 1896 Americans. Salt Lake City.

SQUARE
MILES.

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82,080

1,427,096

24,780 included 762,794

in 1790
in Va.

70,795

1859? 77,650 1861? 146,080

1845 69,180 84,800

1889 Americans. Tumwater. 1890 Americans. 1862 Pioneer City? 1867 97,890 1847 84,970

POPULA-
TION IN

1790.

POPULA-
TION IN

1890.

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44 Wyoming.

45

Utah

Total population in 1790, 3,929,214. Total population, including territories, in 1880, 50,189,200; in 1890, 62,622,250. Five territories: (1) New Mexico, (2) Arizona, (3) Alaska, (4) Indian Territory, (5) Oklahoma; the District of Columbia. The indicates conflict of authorities or lack of positive information.

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NOTE.-Authorities disagree on a number of the dates and place of settlement of states. The population and areas of states are taken from the United States Census Report of 1890. The total area of the United States, including Alaska (577,390), New Mexico (122,580), Utah (84,970), Arizona (113,020), Indian Territory (31,400), Oklahoma (39,030), and the District of Columbia (70) is about 3,580,242 square miles. "This area," says Lippincott, "is to some extent conjectural, and the figures of different authorities vary somewhat." " The latest estimate in Chambers' Encyclopedia (New Edition) makes the total area of the United States, with Alaska, 3,602,990 square miles; while Professor Whitney in the Encyclopædia Britannica (New Edition) gives the total area at 3,550,549 square miles.

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Constitutional and Political History.
Von Holst's Constitutional History of the
United States (to 1861), 9 vols.
Bryce's American Commonwealth, 2 vols.
(revised edition).

Elliot's Debates in the Constitutional Convention, 3 vols.

Foster's Commentaries on the Constitution, 2 vols.

Landon's Constitutional History. Poore's State Charters and Constitutions, 2 vols.

Benton's Abridgment of Congressional Debates (1789-1850), 16 vols.

Wheeler's History of Congress, 2 vols.
The Congressional Globe.

The Congressional Record.

Moore's History of Congress.

Hazard's State Papers (1492-1767), 2 vols. Pickering's (English) Statutes at Large, 109 vols.

Force's American Archives(1774-1783),9 vols. The Federalist.

Preston's Documents illustrative of American History.

Williams's Statesman's Manual (1789-1847), 2 vols.

Johnston's American Politics.

Stanwood's Presidential Elections. Carson's History of the United States Court. Boutwell's The Constitution at the End of the Century. (U. S. Supreme Court decisions.)

United States Statutes (and Treaties) at Large, 28 vols. (in progress).

Bolles's Financial History of the United States, 2 vols.

Sumner's American Currency.

Taussig's Tariff History.

Mason's History of the Veto Power.
Laughlin's Bimetallism (revised edition).
Walker's International Bimetallism.
Mead's Old South Leaflets, 75 nos. (in
progress).

Hart and Channing's American History

Leaflets, 24 nos. (in progress).
White's Money and Banking.

Cooper's American Politics.
Wilson's The State.

Scott's Constitutional Liberty.
Wilson's Rise and Fall of the Slave Power,
3 vols.

Adams's British Orations, 3 vols.
Johnston's American Orations, 4 vols.
McPherson's Political History of the Rebel-
lion.

McPherson's Political History of Reconstruction.

McPherson's Handbook of Politics (from 1870), 13 double vols. (in progress).

The Collected Works of Franklin, Washington, Jefferson, Hamilton, Jay, John Adams, Madison, Morris, Clay, Calhoun, Webster, Lincoln, Seward, and Sumner. Memoirs of J. Q. Adams (1795-1848), 12 vols. Ingersoll's Recollections (1792-1803), 2 vols. Benton's Thirty Years in the Senate (18201850), 2 vols.

Wise's Seven Decades (1790-1862). Blaine's Twenty Years in Congress (18611881), 2 vols.

Sargent's Public Men and Events (18171895), 2 vols.

Julian's Political Recollections (1840-1872). McCulloch's Men and Measures of Half a Century (1833-1883).

Cox's Three Decades (1855-1885). Chittenden's Personal Reminiscences (18401890).

Sherman's Recollections (1855-1895), 2 vols. Thompson's Recollections of Sixteen Presidents (1789-1865), 2 vols.

Histories of the United States in
General.

Scribner's United States (Bryant & Gay revised) (1492-1896), 5 vols.

Hart's Epochs of American History (1492– 1889), 3 vols.

Scribner's American History Series (14921889), 5 vols.

Higginson's Larger History of the United States (1492-1837).

Goldwin Smith's United States (1492-1871). Andrews's United States (1492-1890), 2 vols. Winsor's Narrative and Critical History of

America (1000-1850), 8 vols.

Schouler's United States (1783-1861), 5 vols. Bancroft's United States (1492-1789), 6 vols. H. H. Bancroft's Pacific States, 34 vols. Hildreth's United States (1492-1821), 6 vols. Johnston's United States (reprinted with additions from the Encyclopædia Britannica (1492-1889).

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