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and we must escape from the burden of our manifold offences before the resurrection of Christ can be to us any other than a savour of death everlasting!

Can, then, a pure and holy law of life be sufficient to save mankind from their sins? Verily, if a law could have been given which was competent to produce this effect, salvation would have been by the law of Moses! But it is evident that so long as we are ourselves carnal and sold unto sin, the more spiritual and pure any rule of life may be, the less likely we shall be to comply with it; and it is no less evident that where Moses and the prophets had failed to produce repentance, not all the terrours and hopes of an invisible world, no nor, if Christ is to be believed, the very spectacle of one returning from the dead would be sufficient, without some further help, to alarm the sinner from the errour of his ways, or to confirm the wavering soul when tossed on the storms of temptation.

But be this as it may, and even supposing us in time to come to avoid the crimes of our previous life, yet without some deliverance from the consequences of our former sins, this late repentance, though it might prevent our increasing their number, could not of itself rid us of apprehension. Repentance cannot make the past not to be; that we have not continued to act foolishly is of itself no reason for freeing us from those burdens which our folly has already incurred; and we must find out some atonement for sins past, as well as some pre

servative against sins future, before the people of God can lay claim to the blessed hope of being saved from those sins whose guilt defiles, and whose consequences terrify them.

Nor is more needful to show the entire conformity of the Messiah's character and office, as understood by the great majority of His disciples, with the name by which He is best known among men, and by which the angels of the Most High proclaimed Him, who was clothed with our nature that He might reconcile us to God, who lived for our instruction, who died for our sins, who rose again for our justification, and who, from His Father's right hand, both intercedes for our infirmities, and sends forth His Spirit of holiness to prompt, and help, and sanctify our sincere, though imperfect


What then remains but that, thus mightily delivered, we should show forth in all our words and works a constant and becoming thankfulness; that, thus mightily aided, we should labour more abundantly in promoting our Master's praise; and that, united with the Godhead, as our nature is through Christ, we should the more aspire to emulate in diffusive goodness that God who maketh His sun to shine on the just and the unjust, and is kind to the unthankful and the evil.

The present season is one in which, by a natural and laudable association of ideas and feelings, the great majority of the Christian world have been accustomed to express their thankfulness for the

blessings bestowed on them, by imparting in a fuller measure than at other times the marks of affection and tenderness towards their fellow-creatures, by calling in, either literally or figuratively, their neighbours and brethren to rejoice with them, and by providing that, while they themselves exult in the bounty of the Almighty, the widow's heart should by their means be also made to sing for joy, and the blessings of him who was ready to perish, should mount up on their behalf an acceptable offering to their Maker. And here in Calcutta, in a city which, God be praised, may be honourably distinguished among the cities of the world for the extent and splendour of its public and private charities, the custom has long prevailed, in pursuance of which I yet further crave your attention, while recommending to your bounty the most ancient, and (I may be allowed to say), the most useful and necessary of all our humane institutions, that which alone administers to the pressing wants, alone alleviates the distress, the hunger, the nakedness, and the ignorance of the unhappy Europeans, and descendants of Europeans, who abound in the crowded dwellings and obscurer streets of this great and luxurious city. The necessity of such an institution is too obvious to require enforcement; but that necessity may be, perhaps, less known or less adverted to by those who are only occasional residents here, or who, immersed in public duties, or elevated above the access of petitioners, are but partially aware of the amount to which relief is

given, and the still greater degree in which it is needed.

Of the great body of Europeans of every nation and class of life who come out annually to seek their fortune in the flattering land of India, it is obvious that a small number only can hope to succeed in attaining even a livelihood; and that there are very many who are labouring at this moment under severe distress, and who are only kept here by the same poverty and want of friends which at once prevent their thriving, and prohibit their return. Nor is misfortune confined to these alone; in a country where speculation is so tempting, and where without speculation so little can be accomplished even by industry, not only are many humble but promising fortunes shipwrecked by undertakings which, if not strictly prudent, are under the circumstances of this country rendered almost necessary; but, where a prouder fabric of fortune and enterprise is shipwrecked, there are always many humbler barks whose fate depends on it, and whose industry and talent can rarely find another field till the assaults of famine, and the advances of disease, and the agony of ruined hopes and utter brokenheartedness have made them, even if another situation could be found, too often unfit to discharge its duties.

Nor are they misfortune and disappointment alone which multiply the claimants on the vestry fund, nor are these the most necessitous or the most interesting claimants on our bounty. As in

no land under Heaven is death so sudden and so frequent, so in no land that I have ever heard of is the death of a parent, or a husband, attended with such utter and immediate ruin to those who depend on him, as with the description of persons of whom I speak, it ordinarily is in Calcutta. And when to these we add the multitude of orphans, or worse than orphans, whose existence and distress are alike the evidence and aggravation of their father's crimes; when we consider that not Calcutta alone, but the poor and populous colonies of Serampoor and Chinsura are included within the natural limit of our care; and that whatever be the amount of distress in all these districts, it is to Europeans alone, under ordinary circumstances, the sufferer can look for relief or sympathy; it cannot excite surprise that, large as the funds are which have passed through the hands of those who manage this good work, they are altogether insufficient to the number of claimants who besiege them. Yet if those funds should fail, to what quarter must the poor apply? Shall private and individual charity suffice to feed so great a multitude? Let those answer who are already wearied with a daily swarm of petitions, and who may be assured that those petitions would, without this institution, be augmented a hundred fold, and their doors be blocked up by suffering Christians in every hideous shape of hunger, disease, and nakedness, till their time and means were engrossed by giving to those whose cases they could not investigate, or their hearts

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