Page images

tors were watching with intense interest the preliminaries of the procession and the surrounding scene. Minute-guns and the tolling and chiming of bells announced the arrival of the President's remains. The great multitude stood in profound silence and reverence, and uncovered their heads as the coffin was borne to a tastefully constructed funeral car, between the open ranks of the several officers and civil escort from Washington. It was carried under the grand arch which extends across Park Place. The arch was of triple Gothic form, in length spanning a distance of fifty-one feet, and having a depth of sixteen feet. The height from the ground to the center of the middle or main arch was thirty feet, with a width of twenty-four feet, the side arches being each eight feet wide and twenty feet in height. The total height of the centre arch and pinnacles was about forty feet. Each of the arches, all presenting their front elevations towards Michigan Avenue and the lake, was supported by a cluster of hexagonal columns resting on a single base, forming four sets of columns on each front. The interstices between these columns were fitted up as Gothic windows, and beautifully draped as such in black and white, adding a solemn effect to the general appearance. At the centre of each arch on the top of the columns of both fronts were large and imposing American shields, from which draped our national ensign, hanging in graceful festoons. From these flags the mourning drapery entwined about the different portions of the arches, up to the pinnacle in the centre. The lower portion of the arches was also heavily draped in black and white, beautifully arranged. Fifty flags in all formed the drapery and surmounted the arches. On each pediment of the main and centre arches was placed a bust of the lamented dead, and upon each main front, resting upon the pinnacle above the busts, was seen a magnificent eagle. Underneath the eagle, and above the busts, the drapery took the form of the sun's rays, as if they still hung upon the corpse.

The procession escorting the honored remains, was preceded by a band of music, followed by Major-Generals Hooker and Alfred Sully, and Brig.-Generals Buford and Swett, together with their respective staffs, music, the 8th and 15th Regiments of the veteran Reserve Corps, and the 6th Regiment of United States volunteers. Then came the funeral-car with

the following named gentlemen as pallbearers: Hons. Lyman Trumbull, John Wentworth, F. C. Sherman, E. C. Larned, F. A. Hoffman, J. R. Jones, Thomas Drummond, Wm. Bross, J. B. Rice, S. W. Fuller, T. B. Ryan, J. Y. Scammon. These gentlemen were equally divided on each side of the funeral-car. The guard of honor was mounted as follows: Major General Hunter, Brevet Major-General Barnard, Brig.-General Ramsey, Brig.-General Caldwell, Brig.-General Eaton, Captain Taylor, U. S. N., Rear Admiral Davis, General McCallum, BrigadierGeneral Howe, Brig.-General Townsend, Brig.-General Ekin, Major Field, U. S. M. C., Captain Charles Penrose, Commissary, relatives and family friends in carriages, N. W. Edwards, C. M. Smith, Rev. Dr. Gurley, Judge David Davis and son, ten clergymen, the Illinois delegation, the Illinois escort from Washington, consisting of Gov. Oglesby, Jesse K. Dubois, S. M. Cullom, D. L. Phillips, Gen. Haynie, O. M. Hatch, F. E. Leonard and S. H. Melvin, with Col. Brown, of Chicago, as marshal; the Congressional delegation, Sergeant-at-arms Brown, of the U. S. Senate, and N. G. Ordway, Sergeant-at-arms of the U. S. House of Representatives, together with members of the press who accompanied the remains from Washington, the citizens' committee of one hundred, the Mayor and Common Council, judges of the courts and members of the bar, the reverend clergy, officers of the army and navy now in the service or honorably discharged, in full uniform, and bands of music were in various parts of the imposing line.

The second, third, fourth, and fifth divisions comprised among others, Tyler's and Ellsworth's Zouaves, children of the public schools, mounted artillery men, two batteries of Illinois light artillery and several regiments of State infantry, Masons and Odd Fellows, and all other associations and societies, professional, benevolent, and trade. Not a few colored citizens took part in these funeral honors. In the procession was a full regiment of infantry composed of men formerly in the rebel service, and who, taking the oath of allegiance, were recruited at the several prison camps.

The remains of the President were conveyed to the rotunda of the Court House, where they were laid in state. Around the crowning pillars of the rotunda were alternate diagonal wreaths of black and white cambric.

From the entire ceiling drooped festooned rays of black and white muslin. Directly over each of the four chandeliers on the west side of the hall were the words:

"We mourn liberty's great martyr."

and on the east side,

"The altar of freedom has borne no nobler sacrifice."

The walls were draped in black and ornamented with wreaths of white flowers.

Directly beneath the dome was the catafalque. The dais was about three feet in height, and contained an inclined plane as a centre platform. Four upright pillars supported a canopy through which the light of thirty-six stars radiated to the coffin and its surroundings. The roof of the canopy was of ogive form, covered with black velvit, festooned with white silk and silver fringe, and studded with silver stars.

At the head of the coffin stood a velvet pedestal festooned with silver fringe. Surmounting the pedestal was a marble eagle, around which were clustered six flags. On each side of the pedestal rested an Etruscan vase, filled with natural flowers. The sides of the dais incline upward, and were covered with black velvet and festooned with silver stars. The dais was covered with flowers.

The cornice of the canopy was surmounted by eight black plumes. Festoons of white silk were displayed between the plumes, and below the cornice were ornaments of black festoons, silver fringe and tassels. The lamberkin formed the arch between the columns on all sides. The outside was of black velvet, and the inside of white silk.

The entire lamberkin was decorated with silver fringe and stars. The cornice was festooned with white silk, which rested against the lamberkin, making a deep contrast. The columns were draped in white silk. A raised pedestal was placed at the head of the dais, upon which stands the guard of honor.

The Court House opened at six o'clock and remained open the next day. Here, as elsewhere, thousands crowded to view the great President. Meanwhile mournful music added to the solemnity of the occasion.

Every train which entered the city brought hundreds of people from the neighboring cities and towns. Among these

were large delegations from Waukegan, Kenosha, Milwaukee, and other cities in Wisconsin. The number of people in the city at the time the procession moved, could not have been less than two hundred and fifty thousand.

At night the coffin was closed and strewn with fresh flowers placed there by virgin hands; the coffin with chant and torchlight was borne to the depot.

Taken all in all, Chicago made a deeper impression upon those who had been with the funeral from the first than any one of the ten cities passed through before had done. It was to be expected that such would be the case, yet, seeing how other cities had honored the funeral, there seemed to be no room for more, and the Eastern members of the cortège could not repress surprise when they saw how Chicago and the North-West came, with one accord, with tears and with offerings, to help to bury "this Duncan" who had "been so clear in his great office."

Hon. Schuyler Colfax spoke twice—once at Bryan Hall, and in the evening at the second Baptist Church; at the same time Dr. Patten was addressing a crowded audience at Crosby's Opera House, and Dr. Ryder at St. Paul's Church.

Chicago seemed never to tire hearing the eulogy of Abraham Lincoln.

As the train passed Bridgeport, Summit, Lennox, Joliet, Elwood, Wilmington, Dwight, Lexington, Bloomington, minuteguns fired, and the darkness of night was broken by bonfires and torchlight, revealing arches and funeral decorations.

At Lincoln, a place named after the President, and in the origin of which he had a direct interest, the depot was draped and a funeral arch spanned the road. As the train passed a choir of ladies in white and black raised a chant of sorrow.



« PreviousContinue »