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swords wear mourning; they go in silence; every thing is fu nereal.
"Close by the corpse sit the relatives of the deceased, plain, honest, hardy people, typical as much of the simplicity of our institutions as of Mr. Lincoln's self-made eminence. No blood relatives of Mr. Lincoln were to be found. It is a singular evidence of the poverty of his origin, and therefore of his exceeding good report, that, excepting his immediate family, none answering to his name could be discovered. Mrs. Lincoln's relatives were present, however, in some force. Dr. Lyman Beecher Todd, General John B. S. Todd, C. M. Smith, Esq., and Mr. N. W. Edwards, the late President's brother-in-law. Plain, self-made people were here, and were sincerely affected. Captain Robert Lincoln sat during the services with his face in his handkerchief, weeping quietly, and little Tad, his face red and heated, cried as if his heart would break. Mrs. Lincoln, weak, worn, and nervous, did not enter the East Room nor follow the remains. She was the Chief Magistrate's lady yesterday; to-day, a widow bearing only an immortal name."
A few minutes after eleven A. M., a large number of clergymen, representing various sections of the country, came marching in from the reception-room, and took their positions near the centre of the south end of the room, directly in range with the feet of the corpse. A few minutes later, the delegates from New York city, headed by William Orton, marched in, and, passing along the east side of the catafalque, took their places on the north side of the room, directly opposite the clergy. They had but just stationed themselves, when the heads of bureaus in the several departments made their appearance, and took their places in the northeast corner of the room; among whom were Kennedy, of the Census Bureau; Newton, of the Agricultural Bureau; the several auditors of the Treasury Department, and the chiefs of most of the bureaus in the War and Navy Departments. Next in order came the city authorities of Washington, with several members of the New York and Philadelphia common councils as invited guests. They took their places by the side of the clergy, and filled the space between the latter and the west side of the room.
The representatives of the Christian and Sanitary Commissions here were the next to enter the room, and passing over
the same route of the New York delegation, took their station next to the heads of bureaus, on the north side of the room, near the northeast corner.
Following close behind these came the Governors of States and their attendants. There were but few Governors of States present. Among the party were Governors Fenton, of New York; Andrew, of Massachusetts; Parker, of New Jersey; Stone, of Iowa; Oglesby, of Illinois; Buckingham, of Connecticut; Brough, of Ohio; and Lieutenant-Governor Cox, of Maryland, and ex-Governor Farwell, of Wisconsin. They marched around the east side of the body, and took their places on the east side of the room, just east of the heads of bureaus.
The Assistant Secretaries followed immediately and took their position just east of the Governors of States. Among these were Charles A. Dana, of the War Department, Captain Fox, of the Navy Department, M. B. Field, of the Treasury, A. W. Randall, Assistant Postmaster, Judge Otto, of the Interior Department, and T. J. Coffin, Assistant Attorney General.
The Assistant Secretaries had but just taken their positions when the members of the Senate were ushered in and took their position on the east side of the room, and east of the space set apart for the Cabinet. In this party were Senators Dixon, Ramsay, Harris, Chandler, Cowan, Sumner, McDougal, Creswell, Wilkinson, Stewart, Nye, Collamer and Sprague. In the same connection were the members of the last House of Representatives who were in town, headed by the Sergeant at Arms and the Clerk of the House, Mr. McPherson.
The following are the names of the members present:-Messrs. Darling, Radford, Herrick, A. W. Clarke, Steele, and T. Clarke, of New York; Schenck, of Ohio; Davis, Webster, and Phelps, of Maryland; O'Neill, Myers, Covode, and Calver, of Pennsylvania; Higby and Shannon, of California; Hooper, Dawes, and Gooch, of Massachusetts; Marston and Rollins, of New Hampshire; Pike and Rice, of Maine; Latham, Bradford and Whaley, of West Virginia; Farnsworth and Arnold, of Illinois; Donnelly and Winder of Minnesota; F. W. Kellogg and Tracy, of Michigan.
Immediately after these followed four members of the Supreme Court-Chief-Justice Chase, Associate Justices Swayne,
Wayne and Davies-escorted by Marshal Lamon and the Clerk of the Court. They stationed themselves on the right, and next west of the space left for the Cabinet.
Then came the diplomatic corps and the members of their legations. Every foreign minister and their attachés now in the country were in the procession. The position assigned to them was next west of the Supreme Court and on the east side of the room.
The Judges of the local courts, and such other judicial officers of the country who were present in the city were next in turn ushered in, and were assigned a position on the north end of the room, near the members of the Sanitary Commission.
Then came the pall-bearers, who were stationed on the north side of the room, near the west side. Speaker Colfax and Senator Foster took their position in front, and the others in double file, extending to the rear of the room. The representatives of the army and navy among the pall-bearers went over to a space set apart for those two arms of the public service, and were soon after joined by several officers of the army and navy of more or less note. Among the number was Commodore Goldsborough, General Burnside, and others.
The following ladies of the families of the Cabinet and Senators then were ushered in, and were stationed immediately in the rear of the Cabinet ministers: Mrs. Stanton, Mrs. Usher, Mrs. and Miss Dennison, Mrs. Welles, Mrs. Sprague, Miss Nettie Chase.
Next in order were forty representatives from Illinois and twenty from Kentucky, who had been given in the programme the position of chief mourners. They were assigned a position in the southeast corner of the room, just in the rear of the seats set apart for the family of the President.
At precisely twelve o'clock President Johnson was ushered in, supported by Preston King on one side, and ex-Vice-President Hamlin on the other, followed by the several members of the Cabinet, with the exception of Secretary Seward.
Immediately in front of the Kentucky and Illinois delegations was the family of the deceased. Mrs. Lincoln, however, was not able to be present, and the multitude gathered there were not permitted to see the weeping widow as she came to pay the last respects to the body of her honored husband.
Captain Robert Lincoln was the only member of the late President's immediate family who was present during the ceremony. The other chief mourners were N. W. Edwards and C. M. Smith, of Illinois, brothers-in-law of Mrs. Lincoln. General J. B. S. Todd, of Dacotah, and Dr. L. B. Todd, of Kentucky, cousins of Mrs. Lincoln, were all the blood relatives of the family who participated in the solemn rites. They were seated on the southeast corner of the space in front of the raised platforms, Robert resting his head upon his hands, and seemed bowed down with grief at the great loss which he had sustained in the tragic death of his father.
A moment before the services commenced President Johnson and Preston King stepped forward and took the last long gaze at the features of him who but a few days since occupied the chair of the Chief Magistrate of the nation.
Rev. Dr. Hall, of the Episcopal church in Washington, opened the services by reading the Episcopal Service of the Dead. Bishop Simpson, of the Methodist Church, then pronounced this prayer:
Almighty God, our Heavenly Father, as with smitten and suffering hearts we come into thy presence, we pray, in the name of our blessed Redeemer, that Thou wouldst pour upon us Thy Holy Spirit, that all our thoughts and acts may be acceptable in Thy sight. We adore Thee for all Thy glorious perfections. We praise Thee for the revelation which Thou hast given us in Thy works and in Thy Word. By Thee all worlds exist. All beings live through Thee. Thou raisest up kingdoms and empires, and castest them down. By Thee kings reign and princes decree righteousness. In Thy hand are the issues of life and death. We confess before Thee the magnitude of our sins and transgressions, both as individuals and as a nation. We implore Thy mercy for the sake of our Redeemer. Forgive us all our iniquities. If it please Thee, remove Thy chastening hand from us; and, though we be unworthy, turn away from us Thine anger, and let the light of Thy countenance again shine upon us.
At this solemn hour, as we mourn for the death of our President, who was stricken down by the hand of an assassin, grant us also the grace to bow in submission to Thy holy will. May we recognize Thy hand high above all human agencies, and Thy power as controlling all events, so that the wrath of man shall praise Thee, and that the remainder of wrath Thou wilt restrain. Humbled under the suffering we have endured and the great afflictions through
which we have passed, may we not be called upon to offer other sacrifices. May the lives of all our officers, both civil and military. be guarded by Thee; and let no violent hand fall upon any of them, Mourning as we do for the mighty dead by whose remains we stand, we would yet lift our hearts unto Thee in grateful acknowledgment for Thy kindness in giving us so great and noble a commander. Thou art glorified in good men, and we praise Thee that Thou didst give him unto us so pure, so honest, so sincere, and so transparent in character. We praise Thee for that kind, affection. ate heart, which always swelled with feelings of enlarged benevolence. We bless Thee for what Thou didst enable him to do; that Thou didst give him wisdom to select for his advisers and for his officers, military and naval, those men through whom our country has been carried through an unprecedented conflict.
We bless Thee for the success which has attended all their efforts, and victories which have crowned our armies; and that Thou didst spare Thy servant until he could behold the dawning of that glorious morning of peace and prosperity which is about to shine upon our land; that he was enabled to go up as Thy servant of old upon Mount Pisgah, and catch a glimpse of the promised land. Though his lips are silent and his arm is powerless, we thank Thee that Thou didst strengthen him to speak words that cheer the hearts of the suffering and the oppressed, and to write that decla ration of emancipation which has given him an immortal reward; that though the hand of the assassin has struck him to the ground, it could not destroy the work which he has done, nor forge again. the chains which he has broken. And while we mourn that he has passed away, we are grateful that his work was so fully accomplished, and that the acts which he has performed will forever remain.
We implore Thy blessing upon his bereaved family, Thou husband of the widow. Bless her who, broken-hearted and sorrowing, feels oppressed with unutterable anguish. Cheer the loneliness of the pathway which lies before her, and grant to her such consolations of Thy Spirit, and such hopes, through the resurrection, that she shall feel that "Earth hath no sorrows which Heaven cannot heal."
Let Thy blessing rest upon his sons; pour upon them the spirit of wisdom, be Thou the guide of their youth, prepare them for use fulness in society, for happiness in all their relations. May the remembrance of their father's counsels, and their father's noble acts, ever stimulate them to glorious deeds, and at last may they be heirs of everlasting life.