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c. 3. E. & I.

librl shall be de. livered.

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But by the 18 Edw. 3. st. 3. c. 5. E. & 1. no pro-, hibition shall go out of chancery, but where the king

hath cognizance, and ought to have it. And by the 2 Hen. 5. st. 1. 2 Hen. 5. st. 1. c. 3. E. & I. at what time the libel is

grantable by law, it shall be delivered to the party withA cony of the out difficulty, that the parties c ted may be informed

whether to give their answer thereto, or otherwise to pure

chase a writ of prohibition. In what case a

The 24 Edw. I. E. & I. provides, that where ecclesition is grantable, astical judges surcease to proceed by force of the king's 24 Faw. 1. prohibition, in cases where remedy could not be given in E. & I.

the king's court by any writ out of chancery, the chancel-,
lor, or the chief justice, upon sight of the libel, at the
instance of the plaintiff, (if they see that the case cannot
be redressed by writ out of chancery, but that the spiri-.
tual court ought to determine, the matter) shall write to

the ecclesiastical judges, that they proceed therein not-, 50 Fdw. 3.c. 4. withstanding the king's prohibition, And by the 50 Edw. 3. E AI.

c. 4. E. & I. where a consultation is once duly granted No prohibition upon a prohibition to the judge of holy church, the judge

may proceed notwithstanding any other prohibition, pro

vided the matter in the libel be not changed. When aril of With respect to the writ of probibution called indicavit. indicavit is to de granted

The 34 Eilw. I. st. 1. E. & I. contains a provision, that a 34 Edw. 1. st. 1. writ of indicavit shall not be granted before the suit

pending in the spiritual court between the parties be re-
çorded, and the chancellor be certified thereupon by

sight of the libel.
Prohibition un- By the 33 Geo. 3. c. 25. ' s. 2. Ir, wliere any suit shall

be commenced before any ecclesiaștical judge, relating granted in suits to the recovery of any tithes in which any question shall for tithe of barren

arise,, whether the land is exempted from tithes by virtue 33 6co. 3c. 25. of this act,* no prohibition shall be granted, unless the

party demanding such prohibition shall deliver to one of
the justices of the court in which such prohibition shall
be applied for, a copy of the libel or petition depending
in the ecclesiastical court, subscribed or marked with the
hand of such party; and under the copy of said libel, &c.

after consulta dion.

E & I,

der what cir. cumstances,


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* An act to encourage the improvement of barren land. vide B. 2. p. 435.


shall be written the suggestion wherefore the party demandeth the prohibition; and in case the said suggestion, by 2 witnesses, be not proved true within 6 months after the prohibition shall be granted, the party letted thereby shall bave a consultation, and shall recover double costs and damages to be assessed by the court where the consultation shall be granted, for which the party may have an action of debt by bill, plaint, or information in any court of record. This clause is taken from the 2 & 3 Edwi 6. c. 13. s. 14. Eng. ante p. 70.


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Of Wrongs andtheir Remedies respecting the

rights of Persons.


9 Hen. 3. c. 266

As to the wrongs affecting tlie personal security of individuals: the 37 Hen. 8. c. 6. Eng. which regards the offence of mayhein as a civil injury, as well as punishable criminally, might be referred to this lead, but this statate will be found in another place.

With respect to the violation of the right of personal §. 1. liberty : It was a provision of the great charter (9 Hen. 3. Writ de odio et C. 26. E. & 1.) that the writ of inquisition of life or

atia granlable. member, should be granted gratis, and not denied. And E. & I. by the 3 Edw. 1. c. 11. E. & I. such inquests were required to be taken, by lawful' men chosen out by oatli, Iraquisition (of whom 2 at least should be knights) which by no aflinity with the prisoner, nor otherwise, were to be suspected. But the 6° Edw. 1. st. 1. c. 9. E. & I. enacted, 6 Fdw. 1. st. 1. that no writ should be granted out of chancery for the death of a man, to inquire whether a man did kill ario-issue in cases of țlier by misfortune, or in his own defence, or in oiler centure, Sc.

killing by misad's inanner without felony ; but that he should be impri

3E\w. 1. c. 11. F.. & I.


c. 9, E. & 1. This.writ not to


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Writ abolished

in all cases.

E. & I.
But revived. Qu?

soned until the coming of the justices in Eyre or justices
of gaol delivery, and should put himself on the country
before them, for good or evil : And in case it should be
found by the country, that he did it in his own defence,
or by misadventure, then, report being made thereof by

the justices to the king, that the king should take him to. 23 Fdw, 3.c. 9. his grace, if it so pleased him. And the 28 Exlw. 3. c. I. E. & l.

E. & 1. recites, that sheriff's had by virtue of cominis-
sions and general writs granted to them at their own suit,
and for their own profit, taken divers inquests to indict
the people, and had taken fine and ransom of them to
their owu use, and delivered them without bringing them
before the king's justices for their deliverance; and there-

fore enacts, that no such commissions or writs shall be 42 Edw. 3. c. 1. granted. But the 42 Edw. 3. c. 1. E. & I. having

confirmed the great charter, and declared all statutes
contrary thereto to be void, it is therefore questionable
how far this writ de odio ct atia is thereby revived.

II. As to the writ of habeas corpus: the 1 & 2 Ph. & M. § 2.

c. 13. s. 7. Eng. provides, that no writ or habeas corpus Writ of habeas corpus to be (or certiorari] shall be granted to remove any prisoner signed by the out of gaol, except the same writs be signed with the prá1 & 2 P!. & M. per hands of the chief justice, or, in his absence, one of 6, 13, s. 7. Eng. the justices of the court out of which suchi writ shall is

sue; upon pain that he that writeth such writs, not being

signed as aforesaid, shall forfeit to the king.£5. for every 10 Car. 1. st.2. such writ. The 10 Car. list, 2. c. 13. Ir. contains a siC. 13. s. 2. Ir. milar provision, but further provides, that such writs Form of such shall contain a clause, to certify the true cause of the terit prescribed, imprisonment, and the cause of the taking of the recog

nizance, and the names of the justices of the peace
who committed such prisoner, and took such recogni-
zance: and all writs issued contrary to this act shall be

Issuing habeas One species of this writ, viz, habeas corpus ad respon-
cessary to charge dendum is referred to by the 4 & 5 W. & M. c. 21.
Prisoner with de- Eng. which recites, that after plaintiffs were at great
4 & 5 W & M, charge to arrest the defendants upon writs issuing out of
c. 21.8. 1*.. the courts at Westminster, and defendants for want of bail

were comunitted to gaol, yet by the practice of such courts,
unless such plaintiffs before the end of 2 terms after such


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$. 3.

arrest, caused the defendants by writ of habeas corpus to be removed, to be charged in the said courts with declarations of the cause of such actions, such prisoners were upon common bail, or appearance by attorney, discharged from their imprisonnent; and therefore enacts, that where any defendant shall be taken or charged in custody at the suit of any person, upon writ out of any [*court of record at Westm nister) and imprisoned or de- *“ Four courts tained in prison for want of sureties for his appearance 3 Ann. c. 9. Ir. to the same, the plaintiff in such writ shall and may, before the end of the next term after such writ or process shall be returnable, declare against such prisoner in such' court out of which such writ shall issue, and shall cause a true copy thereof to be delivered to such prisoner, or to the keeper of the prison or gaoler in whose custody such prisoner shall be; to which declaration the prisoner shall appear and plead; and if such prisoner shall not appear and plead, fthe plaintiff shall have judgment, as it the, prisoner had appeared and refused to plead. And by s. 3. in all declarations against prisoners detained by vir

writ or any

Declaration issued process out of the court of king's

again.: prisoners bench, it shall be alleged in custody of what sheriff, or in K. K. must other person having the return and execution of writs, custody he is. such person shall be at the time of such declaration; which allegation shall be as good as if such prisoner were

“Fourcourts" in the custody of the marshal of the [I marshalsea.] The In Banu. c. 9. 8 Ann. c. 9. Ir. has followed this statute with such devi. Ir. ation as is noted in the margin. For the better enabling persons to recover their just debts against persons who continue prisoners in the Fieet with intent to delay their creditors; the 13 Car. 2. st. 2. c. 2. s. 5. Eng provides, 13t-ar. 2. st. 2.

c. 2. s. 5. Eug. that erery person who shall have cause of any personal action against any prisoner [şin the fleet,] may sue forth having cause of an original writ; and that a habeas corpus be granted to ceed ngainst prisuch plaintiff, directed to the [llwarden] of said prison, fileet. to have the body of such prisoner before the justices of "!" prison" by the common pleas, s at some certain day in any term, to

|| "Gaoler or answer the plaintiff upon his said cause of action; and if keeper" by?

W.3. c. 25. Ir.

" Or king's p"Bfore the end of next term after such declaration shall be delivered here" bench” added added by 8 Ann. c. 19. 1.

by 7W.3. c. 25. VOL. II.


tue of

state in whose

How persons

soners in the

7W.3.c. 95. Ir.

said Ir.

said plaintiff, at said day, put into the said court his declaration, according to the original writ, against the said prisoner being present at the bar, said prisoner shall be bound to appear in person, or to put in an attorney to appear for himn in said action; and unless the defendant plead upon a rule given, to be out 8 days at least after such appearance, judgment by nihil dicit may be enter

ed against such defendant. . And such charge in court *" Gaoler or by declaration, signified by rule unto the said [*warden) 7 W. 3.c.25. shall be a good cause of detention of such prisoner, from

which he shall not be discharged without a lawful supersedeas, or rule of court; and if the said [*warden) shall do otherwise, he shall be responsible to the court; and to

the party grieved for dainages by action upon the case. * W. 3. C. 25.

The 7 W. 3. c. 25. Ir. contains a similar provision ; but S. 4. Ir.

this Irish act extends this mode of declaring against prisoners, to the court of king's bench as well as to the court of common pleas; and applies to the prison of the one

as well as of the other. Prisoner not re

Next as to the writ of habeas corpus ad faciendum et habeas corpus recipiendum, more commonly called habeas corpus cum

causa : The 2 Hen. 5. st. 1. c. 2. E & I. provides, that if after judgment. 2 llen. 5. st. i. upon any (certiorari or] corpus cum causu it be return

ed that the prisoner is condemned by judgment, he shall be remanded, and remain in prison without being let to bail against the will of the plaintiffs, until satis

faction be made to them of the suins adjudged. The 8 Geo. 1. c. 6. 8 Geo. 1. c. 6. s. 9. Ir. provides, that no sheriff or other

officer to whom any habeas corpus taken out for any deDefendant in

fendant shall be directed, shall be obliged to remove the

body of such defendant, being in custody on any exeTemoved by ha

cution taken out on a judgment in any civil action, by till expenses of temosul depusiš- virtue of such writ of habeas corpus, until such defendant ed.

shall deposit such sum to defray the expenses of the said

removal, as the court or judge who grants the said habeas 43 Eliz. c. 5. corpus shall think proper. The 43 Eliz. c. 5. Eng. reEng.

cites, that defendants in actions, plaints, and suits, Ilabeas corpus brought within cities, towns corporate, and other privibe delivered le. leged places, used to suffer such actions, &c. to be progure jury sworn. ceeded in until issue, and the jury sworn, and evidence given on the plaintiff's part, before said defendants de


cum causa

c. 2. E. 3 I.

S. 9. Ir,

execution not

beas corpus

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