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170; Henry Clay, 105.—Total, 275. Twenty-six States voting.

For Vice-President, George M. Dallas, 170; Theodore Frelinghuysen, of New Jersey, 105.

1849 to 1853.-Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana, President, inaugurated March 4, 1849. Born in Virginia, 1784, died in Washington City, July 9, 1850.

Millard Fillmore, of New York, Vice-President. Born in Locke township, Cayuga county, N. Y., Jan. 7, 1800. Millard Fillmore

, President, after the death of Zachary Taylor, July 9, 1850. He took the oath of office, July 10, 1850.

POPULAR VOTE.— For President, Zachary Taylor, 1,362,031; Lewis Cass, of Michigan, 1,222,445 ; Martin Van Buren, (Free-Soil,) 291,455.

ELECTORAL VOTE.--For President, Zachary Taylor, 163; Lewis Cass, 127.-Total, 290. Thirty States voting.

For Vice-President, Millard Fillmore, 163; William O. Butler, Kentucky, 127.

1853 to 1857.-Franklin Pierce, of New Hampshire, President, inaugurated March 5, 1853. He was born at Hillsboro, N. H., Nov. 23, 1804.

William R. King, of Alabama, Vice-President. He was born in North Carolina, April 7, 1786, died at Cahawba, Ala., April 18, 1853.

POPULAR VOTE.—For President, Franklin Pierce, 1,590,490; Winfield Scott, 1,378,589; John P. Hale, New Hampshire, (Abolition,) 157,296.

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ELECTORAL VOTE.--For President, Franklin Pierce, 254; Winfield Scott of New Jersey, 42.Total, 296. Thirty-one States voting.

For Vice President, Wm. R. King, 254; Wm. A. Graham, North Carolina, 42.

1857 to 1861.-James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania, President. He was born at Stony Batter, Franklin county, Penn., April 22, 1791.

John C. Breckenridge, of Kentucky, Vice-President. Born near Lexington, Kentucky, Jan. 21, 1820.

POPULAR VOTE.- For President, James Buchanan, (Democratic) 1,832,232; John C. Fremont, California, (Republican,) 1,341,514; Millard Fillmore, New York, (American,) 874,707.

ELECTORAL VOTE.—For President, James Buchanan, 174; John C. Fremont, 109; Millard Fillmore, 8.—Total, 291. Thirty-one States voting.

For Vice-President, John Breckenridge, 174; Wm. L. Dayton, New Jersey, 109; A. J. Donelson, Tennessee, 8.-Total, 291.

1861 to 1865.—Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois, President, inaugurated March 4, 1861. born near Muldraugh's Hill, Hardin county, Ky., Feb. 1809.

Hannibal Hamlin, of Maine, Vice-President. He was born at Paris, Oxford county, Me., Aug. 27, 1809. POPULAR VOTE.

For President, Abraham Lincoln, (Republican,) 1,857,610 ; Stephen A. Douglas, of Illinois, (Democratic,) 1,365,976; John C. Breck

He was


enridge, of Kentucky, (Democratic,) 847,953; John Bell, of Tennessee, (Constitutional Union,) 590,631.

ELECTORAL VOTE.--For President, Abraham Lincoln, 180; John C. Breckenridge, 72; John Bell, 39; Stephen A. Douglas, 12.– Total, 291. Thirtythree States voting.

For Vice-President, Hannibal Hamlin, Maine, 180; Joseph Lane, Oregon, 72; Edward Everett, Massachusetts, 39; Herschel V. Johnson, Georgia, 12.

1865 to 1869.—Abraham Lincoln, President, inaugurated March 4, 1865.

Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee, Vice-President.

POPULAR VOTE.-For President, Abraham Lincoln, (Republican), 3,213,035; George B. McClellan, (Democrat,) 1,811,754.

STATES NOT VOTING (Civil War.)-Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N. Ca., S. Ca., Tenn., Texas, and Va.

ELECTORAL VOTE.-For President, Abraham Lincoln, 212; George B. McClellan, 21.

For Vice-President, Andrew Johnson, 212.

Upon the assassination of President Lincoln, April 14, 1865, Andrew Johnson, then Vice-President, assumed the Presidency, and Lafayette S. Foster, of Norwich, Conn., President of the Senate, became Vice-President.

1869 to 1873.--Ulysses S. Grant, of Ill., President. Born at Mount Pleasant, Ohio, April 27, 1822.

Schuyler Colfax, of Ind., Vice-President. Born in New York city, May 22, 1823.

POPULAR VOTE.—Ulysses S. Grant, 3,012,833; Horatio Seymour, 2,703,249.

STATES NOT VOTING--Va., Miss., and Texas.

ELECTORAL VOTE.-Ulysses Grant, 214; Horatio Seymour, 80.


Virginia, the Old Dominion.
Massachusetts, the Bay State.
Maine, the Border State.
Rhode Island, Little Rhody.
New York, the Empire State.
New Hampshire, the Granite State.
Vermont, the Green Mountain State.
Connecticut, the Land of Steady Habits.
Pennsylvania, the Keystone State.
North Carolina, the Old North State.
Ohio, the Buckeye State.
South Carolina, the Palmetto State.
Michigan, the Wolverine State.
Kentucky, the Corn-Cracker.
Delaware, the Blue Hen's Chicken.
Missouri, the Puke State.
Indiana, the Hoosier State.
Illinois, the Sucker State.
Iowa, the Hawkeye State.
Wisconsin, the Badger State.
Florida, the Peninsular State.
Texas, the Lone Star State.
Mississippi, the Bayou State.
Louisiana, the Creole State.
Tennessee, the Big Bend State.
Arkansas, the Bear State.
California, the Golden State.



1ST, 1872.

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From the following statement it will be seen that the debt of the United States is less oppressive than that of any other country in proportion to its territory and population. Our average is based on the debt of June 1st, 1870, and the estimated population :


Sq. Miles. Population.

Av. per hd. Austria,

236,311 37,931,000 $1,459,858,845 $38.49 Belgium.

11,267 4,984,000 141,584,033 28.40 France.

207,480 38,092,000 2,598,659,600 68.10 Great Britain, 112,190 29,935,000 4,014,214,745 134.89 Holland

13,464 3,636,000 392,595,832 107.97 Italy..

98,154 22,483,000 1,355,081,032 60.27 Portugal

36,312 4,350,000 188,856,238 45.71 Prussia.

107,185 19,304,000 210,615,320 10.91 Spain.

190,325 16,287,000 819,637,356 50.32 United States..2,819,811 38,000,000 2,453,559,735 64.57

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