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ence, 564.

the Legislature, 516; its action, 517; troops in the Fed. assenting to Constitution of Provisional Government of
eral service, 517; instructions to Commissioners to the Confederate States, 540; delegates elected to Confed.
Peace Conference, 564.

erate Congress, 540; flag of, 540; Senators from, to Con.
Newport Neros, its situation, 517; encampment, 317.

federate Congress, 510; loan of one million dollars au-
Nero York, its boundaries, 517; population, 517; taxable thorized, 540; sending forward of troops from, 540;

valuation of the State, 518; freight of railroads and Union movement in Hyde County, 540, 541; Union Con-
canals, 518; vote of the State, 518; the Legislature, 519; vention in Hyde County, 541; repair and manufacture
Message of the Governor, 519; defiant resolutions of the

of fire-arms at Fayetteville, 641 ; contributions of the
Legislature, 519; action of the people, 519; other memo- State for war purposes, 341; number of troops sont
rials, 520; action relative to the Peace Conference, 520; from to Confederate army, 541; representatives from .
public meeting in New York City, 520; meeting at Al- in Confederate Congress, 541; tea raised in, 541; battles
bany, 521; its resolutions, 621 ; petitions, 621; seizure and skirmishes in, 341.
of muskets by the pollco, 022 ; letter of Governor
Brown, of Georgia, 522 ; letter of Governor Morgan,
522 ; further correspondence, 522; number of volun-
teers furnished by the State, 523; ordnance and small Obituaries, American, 541-546; Foreign, 547-556.
arms, 328; money and men advanced by New York, Ocracoke Inlet, the fortification abandoned by Confod.
524; instructions to Commissioners to Peace Confer-

erate troops, and destroyed by Federal troops, 289.

Ohio, description of, 656; Governor Dennison's message
Vero York City, its importance, 524 ; population, 625; to Legislature of, 566; extra session of Legislature of,

value of property, 525; changes in the population, 526; 556; joint resolutions of Legislature of, Jan. 12, 1861,
city railroads, 526; lots improved and unimproved, 527; 556; detention of arms at Cincinnati, 536, 557; militia
tenant houses, 527; number of dwellings, 527 ; property, laws of, passed April 12th and 13th, 557 ; Governor Den.
tax, and population, 528; tax of, in 1861, 529; debt of, 529; nison's proclamation, 557; war laws passed by Legis.
loans for war purposes in 1861, 529; political bias of, 529; lature April 17, 18, and 26, and May 7, 857; lease of pub.
patriotism of, 530; Mr. Seward's speech in, Dec. 22, 1860, lic works authorized, 557; general order for organization
630; effort for compromise in, 580; patriotic excitement of militia, 558; arrival of Ohio troops in Washington,
of, after the fall of Sumter, 530, 531; Mayor Wood's May 28, 588; organization and number of Ohio troops in
proclamation, 531; departure of the Seventh Regiment United States service, 558; expenses paid by State, and
from, April 19, 1961, 531; mass meeting in Union Square, refunded by United States, 558, 559; Ohio Democratie
April 20, 531 ; meetings of the Chamber of Commerce State Convention, action of, 659; statistics of State,
and the New York Bar, 532; departure of the Sixth, taxes, valuation, debts, naturalization, freight, &c., 559,
Twelfth, and Seventy-first Regiments N. Y. S. M. on 860; instructions of Legislature to commissioners to
the 21st April, 532; the churches of, on the 21st, 532; Peace Congress, 564, 565.
departure of the Eighth, Thirteenth, and Sixty-ninth ONDERDONK, BENJAMIN T., biographical notice of, 560, 561.
Regiments on the 22d April, 533; table of regiments Ordnance Depot at San Antonio, Texas.-Its surrender,
passing tbrough, April 19th to June 29th, 533; money 819; its contents, 319; given up by Gen. Twiggs, 819.
and men for the war furnished by, 533, 534; arrivals of ORLOFF, PRINCE ALEXEI F., biographical notice of, 361.
foreign emigrants at, 534; statistics of crime and inci.
dental police duties in, 584; supply of meat for, 634;

flour and domestic produce delivered in, 1860-61, 534;
City Inspector's report for 1861, 535; dispensary returns Paducah, Ky., description of, 561 ; occupation of by Fed-

in, 535; monthly return of marriages and births in, 535. eral troops, 561, 562.
NICHOLSOX, A. O. P., Senator in Thirty-sixth Congress, 166; Paris Congress, declaration of, approved by Confederate

on the complaints of the South, 187; revolution bas Government, 164.
suspended the relations between the Federal Govern. Patents, new law of, 562 ; number issued, 562.
ment and the seceded States, 220.

PATTERSON, General, explanation of his position on the day
Norfolk, Va, description of, 535; navy yard opposite to, of tbe battlo at Bull Run, 89.

635; vessels in, 535; destruction of navy yard, 536; old Peace Conferences, initiated by resolutions of Virginia, 178,
Fort Norfolk, with its ammunition, taken by the Vir. 562; views of President Buchanan on, 562; recom.
ginia authorities, 536; collector of prohibited from ac- mended by other States, 562; meeting of at Washing.
cepting drafts of United States, &c., 536; small notes ton, Feb. 4, 1961, 562; delegates or commissioners from
issued by City Council of, 536; arrival of Confederate the several States, 562; John Tyler's address at the
troops at, 586, 537.

opening of 563, 664; resolutions or instructions con.
North Carolina, description of, 537; action of Legislature trolling their commissioners adopted by the Legis-

of, 537; resolution of inhabitants of Pasquotank County, latures of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York,
537; Forts Caswell and Johnston seized, but restored by New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Ohio, 564;
Governor J. W. Ellis, 537; Governor Ellis' Letter to resolutions or instructions of Legislatures of Indiana,
President Buchanan, Jan. 12, 1861, 537, 533; reply of Illinois, Kentucky, Missouri, and Tennesseo, 365 ; Mr.
Secretary of War, 538 ; passage of convention bill, 533; Guthrie's resolution, and the committee appointed un.
appointment of commissioners to Peace Conference at der it, 566; report of that committee, 566; sections of
Washington, 538; vote of on Convention or no Con. said report as amended, and the votes on these sections,
vention, 533; Governor Ellis' reply to the President's 566-568; Mr. Guthrie's preamble, 568; Mr. Johnson's
call for troops, 538, 539; Pasquotank resolutions of April resolution, 563;
230, 589; Governor Ellis's proclamation, 539; the Gov. Resolutions of Virginia relative to, 178; communi.
ernor calls for the enrolment of 30,000 men, 539; special cated to Congress by President Buchanan, 178.
session of Legislature of, May 1, 1861, 539; Governor's PEDBO V., King of Portugal, biographical notice of, 568.
message, 539; call of convention, 539 ; other action of PENDLETON, GEORGE H., member of Congress, 226; on the
Legislature, 539, 540; seizure of Federal forts, mint, and conduct of the war, 240.
arsenal, 640; ordinance of secession of, 540; ordinance PENDLETON'S battery at Bull Run, 94

Pennsylvania, description of, 569, 569; minerals of, 569; condition of the country, 190; on the acts of President

Governor Curtin's inaugural, 569; resolutions of Legis. Lincoln, 229, 233.
lature of, January 17 and 24, 569; Message of Governor Pope, John, biographical notice of, 724.
Curtin on military affairs, April 9, 569, 570; militia law Population of Confederate States, 180.
passed, April 12, 570; law to punish treason, passed Porter, Col. AndeEw, at Bull Run, 82, 85; biographical no-
April 18, 570; excitement in Philadelphia on the 15th tice of, 723.
of April, 570, 571; Mayor Henry's speech, 571; Governor Porter, Fitz John, biographical notice of, 723.
Curtin's proclamation convening an extra session of Port Royal Expedition, its object and destination, 259;
Legislature, April 30, 571; movement of troops under population and productions of the group of islands, 249;
call of the President, 571 ; acts of the Legislature in date of sailing, 2s9; vessels of the expedition, 2-9; com-
regard to the war, at extra session, 571, 572; loan of mauded by Com. S. F. Dupont, 289; the military forces
$3,000,000 authorized, 572; esolutions of Legislature, 572; of the expedition, 289; commanded by Gen. T. W.
Pennsylvania troops in United States service, 572; arms Sherman, 289; a gale of wind scatters the ships, 290;
owned by the State, 572; members of Congress elected arrival at Port Royal, 290; vessels enter the harbor,
on Union issues, 572, 573; debt of Pennsylvania, 573; 290; a storm, 290; the forts, 290; attack on them, 230;
railroad progress in the State, 573; instructions of its plan, 290; captured, 290; loss, 290; results, 290.
Legislature to Commissioners to the Peace Conference, POWELL, Lazarus W., Senator in Thirty-sixth Congress, 166;

offers a resolution to refer President's Message, relative to
Pensacola Bay, description of, 573; Fort Pickens taken the state of the country, to a committee of thirteen, 168;

possession of by Lieutenant A. J. Slemmer, 573; Fort remarks, 163; on the acts of President Lincoln, 230; on
Pickens reinforced, 12-16 April, 573; Wilson's regiment the right of Senators from Western Virginia to seats,
stationed on Santa Rosa Island,'578, 574; daring exploits 236; on the conduct of the war, 286, 238
of Federal troops, 574; attack on Wilson's regiment, PRENTISS, BENJAMIN M., biograpical notice of, 725.
October 8, 574; bombardment of Forts Barrancas and PrestoN, W. B., member of Confederate Congress, 165.
McRae by Fort Pickens and of Fort Pickens by the Prisoners or persons arrested, a list of, 861.
Confederate forts and batteries, 574, 575; Colonel Prisoners, exchange of difficulty of the question, $82; bow
Brown's conclusions, 575.

solved, 582; letter of Gen. Pillow, 582; reply of Gen.
Perrysville, description of, 575.

Grant, 552; manner in which an exchange was made at
Personal Liberty Laws, motives which led to their enact. Cairo, 583; details, 583; treaty between Gens. Fremoat

ment, 575; the sixth section of the Fugitive Slave Law, and Price, 584.
575, 576; Governor Morgan (N. Y.), recommends their Privateering, the law on the subject, 584; proclamation of
repeal, 576; Governors Washburn (Me.), Banks (Mass.), President Lincoln, 585; action of the Confederate States,
and Packer (Penn.), make similar recommendations, 585; numbers, 586; the Petrel, 586; the Calboan, 556;
576; recommendation of the Governor of Ohio, 677; Ivey, 586; Wm. H. Webb, 586; the Dixie, 586; the
law of Rhode Island, 577; do. of Vermont, 577; do. of Jeff. Davis, 387; her prizes, 687; the Bonita, 5s7; the
Maine, 577; do. of Connecticut, 577; do. of Massachu. Sallie, 587; the James Gray, 387; prizes at New Orleans,
setts, 677 ; do. of New York, 578; New Jersey has 687; revenue cutters made privateers, 6s; the Gordun
no law, 578; law of Pennsylvania, 578; Indiana and 888; the Coffee, 588; the McRae, 588; the Lady Davis,
Illinois no law, 578; law of Michigan, 578; Ohio, 578; 688; the Nine, 558; the Jackson, 588; the Incarors,
Wisconsin, 578; number of fugitives in twenty years, 588; the Yorktown, 588; the Everglade, 588; the Sa

vannah, 588; discussion on the subject in the Britisha
Petroleum, supply of the springs, 579; how raised to the House of Lords, 589; action of foreign Governments

surface, 579; location of springs, 579; decline in price, 690; one of the crew of the Jeff. Davis, 590; his trial
579; exports of, 580; Oil Creek, 580; probable duration for piracy, 590; opinion of Judge Sprague, 590; trial of
of the supply, 590; its uses, 560.

the crew of the Savannah, 091; letter of Secretary
PIELPs, Gen., commands first body of troops sent to Ship Welles as to letters of marque, 592; transfer of ab'

Island, 291; arrival, 291; landing, 291; Issues a procla- 592; the Nashville, 593; the Sumter, 59s; proclamation
mation, 291; its effect, 292.

of Pres. Davis granting letters to, 187; instructions to
Philippi, its situation, 681; skirmish at, 581; detalls, 381. 138; steamer Nashville, 593; her cruise, 593; the Sum-
Pickens, Fort, renforcement of, 511, 708.

ter, 593; her cruises, 593; escapes, 593.
PICKENS, Gov. F. W.,(S. C.,) inaugural, Dec. 10, 1860, 647, 648; Protest of Southern Senators on the admission of Californis

proclamation, 658; speech, Dec. 21, 654; his cabinet, 193.
654, 655; correspondence with Major Anderson relative Pryor, Roger A., member of Congress, 168; on the object
to surrender of Fort Sumter, 656; letter to President of the military bill, 213; remarks at Charleston on the
Buchanan relative to surrender of Fort Samter, 656; attack upon Sumter, 187.
address to the people on the taking of Fort Sumter, Public Documents, Message of President Buchanan, De-

cember, 1660, 594; do. Jan, Sth, 1661, 598; inaugural of
PIERCE, Gen. E. W., commands the expedition to Great President Lincoln, 600; Message of President Lipovln,
Bethel, 848.

July 4th, 1861, 603; do. December, 1861, 607; Inazard
Piers at Southport, England, 881; the form, 581; manner of of President Davis, 612; Message of President Daris,

driving the piles, 551; advantages of the method, 081. April 29th, 1561, 614; do. July 20th, 1861, 619; do. Nov.
Pig Point, its situation, 581; skirmish at, 581.

18th, 1861, 622; proclamation of neutrality by Queen
Pillow, Gen. Gideon, occupies Columbus, Ky., 103; his let- Victoria, 624; decree of the Queen of Spain, 626; decree
ter on exchange of prisoners, 592.

of the King of Portugal, 626; views of the Emperor of
Planters apply to Confederate Government for relief, 145; Russla, 626; Constitution of the Confederate States oa
reply of the Secretary of the Treasury, 145.

Pugh, G Eo. E., Senator in Thirty-sixth Congress, 166; there is
POLK, Gen. LEONID As, enters Kentucky, 403 ; his pastoral nothing which cannot be redressed promptly and in the

letter, 480; letter relative to an exchange of prisoners, most efficacious manner, 170; the Northern people hat

no policy against slavery, 171; on the amendment of the
Polk, Tetstes, Senator in Thirty-sixth Congress, 166; on the Constitution, 222.



SHAW LEMUEL, birth, 640; pursuits, 640; public offices, 640.

SHERMAN General Thomas W., proclamation to inhabitants
Railway, Subterranean, beneath the city of London, 631;

of South Carolina, Nov. 8, 1861, 644; biographical notice
its commencement, 631; length, 682; details of a portion

of, 724.
of the line, 632; trial trip, 683.

SHERMAN, General WILLIAN T., takes command in Ken.
Ration, details of the old ration to the soldier, 633; details

tucky, 406; biographical notice of, 723.
of the present ration, 633.

SHERMAN, JOnx, member of the Senate, 225; on the acts of
REAGAN, Joux H., appointed Postmaster-General, 158.

the President, 234; on the conduct of the war, 236, 237;
Resolution, on the duty of the soldiers of the army relative

on the cause of the war, 243.
to slaves, 227.

Ship Island Expedition, its destination, 290; island oc-
Retaliation measures of between Confederate and Federal

cupied by a Confederate force, 291 ; evacuated, 291; 0c-
Governments, 151.

cupied by Federal troops, 291 ; captures of Confederato
REYNOLDS, John H., member of Congress, 166; let the

vessels, 291; General Butler commands the military
present laws be enforced, 214; rally under the folds of

force, 291; first troops composing the expedition, 291;
the stars and stripes, and the country will be saved, 214.

landing on the island, 291; proclamation of General
Rhode Island, its boundaries, 633; political divisions, 633;

Phelps, 291; other troops added, 292.
manufacturers, 634; Personal Liberty Bill, 634; 810KLES, DANIEL E., member of Congress, 166; on the prese
action of the Legislature, 634 ; troops of the State, 634;

ent condition of things, 214.
extra session of the Legislature, 635; Message of the

SIEGEL, Franz, biographical notice of, 726.
Governor, 635; acts, 635; force furnished to the United

SINGLETON, O. R., member of Congress, 166; refuses to serve
States, 635; instructions of Legislature of to ber com-

on the Compromise Comwittee, 201.
missioners to the Peace Conference, 564; export of rice

Slares, Federal Government had no control over them in
prohibited, 165.

the States before the war, 641; its relation to the slaves
RICHARDSOX, WILLIAM A., member of Congress, 225; on the

of insurgents, 641; slaves called contrabands-meaning
cause of the war, 244, 245; on the statements of General

of the term as thus applied, 641; Gen. Butler's corre.
Scott relative to the battle of Bull Run, 245, 246.

spondence with the Secretary of War in regard to them,
Richmond, Confederate Congress adjourn to meet at, 140.

and reply of that functionary, 641, 642; correspondence
Rickett's battery at Bull Run, 84.

relative to exeontion of Fugitive Slave law between
ROBERTSON, Joun, sent by Virginia as Peace Commissioner

U.S. Marshal in Kansas and Attorney-General, in July,
to the Southern Confederacy, 730.

642; Confiscation Act approved Aug. 6, 1861, 642; Secre-
Romney, its situation, 636; skirmish at, 637.

tary Cameron's second letter to Gen. Butler, 642, 643;
ROSECRANS, W. 8., biographical notice of, 725.

Secretary Caleb Smith's statement of the position of the
Ross, Jonx, his proclamation to the Cherokees, 873.

Government on the question, at Providence, Aug. 16,
Rost, P. A., appointed Commissioner to Europe, 160.

1861, 643; Gen. Fremont's proclamation, Aug. 80, 1861,
Russia, its sizo, 636; races of people, 636; Government, 636;

643; President Lincoln's modification of the proclama-
causes of disturbance, 636; outbreak in Poland, 637;

tion, Sept. 11, 1861, 644; Instructions of Secretary Cam-
circumstances, 637 ; agronomic societies suppressed,

eron to Gen. T. W Sherman, Oct. 14, 1861, 644; Gen.
637; serfdom of Russia, 638; numbers, 638; condition of

Sherman's proclamation, Nov. &, 1561, 644; Gen. Dir's
serfs, 638; ways of becoming free, 638; territorial ac-

proclamation to inhabitants of Eastern shore of Vir.
quisitions, 639; conduct towards the United States, 689;

ginia, Nov. 17, 1861, 644; Gen. Halleck's order prohibit.
finances, 639; internal improvements, 639; education,

ing fugitives from entering the lines of the camps of the

army, 644; Col. Cochrane's address, 645; Secretary Cam.

eron's address, 645; Secretary Chase's orders respecting

fugitive slaves to be employed on cotton and other plan.
Sacramento City, loss by floods in 1861, 93.

tations at Port Royal, Nov. 30, 1861, 645, 646; Secretary
SAULSBURY, WILLARD, Senator in Thirty-sixth Congress, Seward's instructions to Gen. McClellan in regard to

166; Delaware was the first to adopt the Constitution, escaped slares of insurgents, 646.
and will be the last to do any act looking to separation, SLEMMER, Lieut. ADAM J., takes possession of Fort Pickens,

SCIENCK, Col. ROBERT C., at Bull Ran, 82-96; biographical SLIDELL, Joun, Senator in Thirty-sixth Congress, 166; on the
notice of, 725.

free navigation of the Mississippi, 184; withdraws,
SCHLOSSER, FRIEDRICH C., birth, 640; pursuits, 640; write 200; speech on the occasion, 200; seized on board th.
ings, 610.

steamer Trent, 693.
SCOTT, General WINFIELD, views on the danger to the SMITH, CALEB, statement of the position of Government in

Union, 123; his statements relative to the battle at Bull regard to fugitivo slaves, 643.
Run, 246; order announcing the issue of demand notes BMITI, CHARLES F., biographical notice of, 724.
to pay the soldiers, 299.

SMITH, E. K., arrives at Bull Run with troops, 85; appoints
SCRIBE, EUGENE, birth, 640; occupation, 640; writings, 640. Col. W. M. Churchill provost-marshal in East Tennes-
Sequestration Act of Confederate Congress, 165.
SEWARD, W. H., Senator in Thirty-sixth Congress, 166; South Carolina determines to attack Fort Sumter, 132;

presents the memorial from New York City, 180; ber members retire from Congress, 206; description of,
remarks, 180; on the state of public affairs, 192 ; offers a 646; debate on Secession in Legislature of, in 1850, 616,
minority report relative to the propositions of the Peace 647; electoral vote of the State cast for Breckenridge,
Conference, 220; speech in Boston, 450 ; speech at New Nov. 6, 1860, 647; act passed by Legislature calling a
York, Dec. 22, 1860, 530; instructions to General Mc- State Convention to meet at Columbia, Dec. 17, 1560,
Clellan relative to escaped slaves of insurgents, 646; 647; Message of Gov. Gist, 647; military bill passed,
letter to the commissioners from South Carolina, 711; 647; Gov. Gist's farewell Message, Dec., 1660, 647;
second note, 718; letter to Governor Hicks, 716.

Gor. Pickens' Inaugural, Dec. 10, 1860, 647, 643; Cou.
Sewell's Point, its situation, 640; attack on the batteries, vention assembler, Dec. 17, 648: Mr. Jamison's opening
640 ; results, 640.

address, 648; Convention adjourns to Charleston ou ac-

see, 441.

count of small-pox at Columbia, 649; committees ap- Lyon, 660; Gen. Lyon demands and receives the KITTED-
pointed by Convention, 649; ordinance of secession, der of Frost and his brigade, 661; soldiers attacked by
650 ; Governor authorized to appoint Collectors of Cus- mob in the streets, Are upon the crowd, 661; character
toms, Postmasters, &c., and incumbents to hold over of Camp Jackson, 661, 662; martial law declared in, 602:
till such appointments are made, 650; discussion on this protest of the mulcted secessionists in, 662.
subject, 650, 651; ordinance of secession signed, 651; Stocks, average sales during the year, 207.
address to people of Southern States, 651; declaration STONE, CHARLES P., biographical notice of, 728.
of causes, prepared by Mr. Memminger, 651, 652; com. STORES, WILLIAM L., biographical notice of, 668.
missioners appointed to proceed to Washington and STRINGHAM, Com. S. II., commands the naval expedition to
treat with the Federal Government for the delivery of Hatteras Inlet, 287; couference relative to surrender of
the forts, magazines, lighthouses, &c., to the sovereign the forts on board his ship, 288.
State of South Carolina, 651; the manner in which se- STUART's cavalry at Bull Run, 84.
cession was effected, 652, 658; declaration adopted, 653; Sugar, export of prohibited, 165.
Gov. Pickens' proclamation, 653; report of Committee Sultan of Turkey, 1.
on relations with other Slaveholding States, 658; trans. Summersville, Va., description of, 663; skirmish at one
fer of powers of Congress to State Legislature by the SUMNER, Charles, member of the Senate, 168; adem :
Convention, 653; anxiety concerning forts in Charleston memorial against any compromise, 228.
Harbor, and pledge of members of Congress from South SUMNER, EDWIN V., biographical dotice of, 722.
Carolina that they should not be attacked if no reën. Sumter, Fot, supply vessels sail from New York, 713;
forcements were sent to them, 654; Gov. Pickens' when fire opened upon her, 138; labors of the engineer
speech, Dec. 21, 1560, 654; Gov. Pickens' cabinet, 654, corps in completing, 664; occupied by Major Anderson,
655; seizure of the U. S. arsenal, Dec. 31, 1860, 655; Dec. 26, 1860, 664; officers and garrison of, 664; ercito-
loan of $400,000 authorized, 655; Palmetto flag adopted, ment at Charleston in consequence, 664; Gov. Pickens
653; Gen. Pickens proposes purchase of three war demand for surrender of, 664; Col. Hayne sent to Wasb-
steamers, 655; J. N. Merriman, collector at Georgetown, ington to demand surrender of, 664 ; correspondence of
8. C., seized on charge of treason against the State, 655; Messrs. Fitzpatrick, Mallory and Slidell with the Presi.
reply of South Carolina to the peace propositions of Vir- dent on, 664; President's answer sent to Charleston, aud
ginia, 655, 656; Dudley Mann sent to Europe as a com. reply of 8. C. Government, 6f3; Col. Hayne instrueted
missioner to negotiate for the opening of direct trade, to deliver his letter, and demand wbether the President
656; arms sent to Florida on its secession, 656; corre- asserted his right to send reenforcements to, 665; the
spondence between Gov. Pickens and Major Anderson President's reply, 666; qnestion of attacking, referred to
relative to surrender of Fort Sumter, 056; Gov. Pickens' Confederate Congress, 665; women and cbOdren removed
letter to Pres. Buchanan, 656; $1,880,000 to be issued in from, 665; Gen. Beauregard demands the evacuation of
Treasury notes, 656; volunteer force of 10,000 men or- April 11, 665; Major Anderson's reply, 665; Gen. Beso-
dered to be raised, 656; Provisional Constitution of Con. regard's proposal, 665, 666; Anderson's reply, 666: Gen.
federate States adopted, March 26, 656; Fort Sumter Beauregard notifies Major Anderson that he will open
captured by orders from Confederate Government, 657; fire in one hour, 666; the first day's bombardment of
Governor Pickens' address, 657 ; 19,000 troops sent to 666; list of båtteries firing upon, 666, 667; armament of
Virginia, 657; representatives of South Carolina in Con- fort, 667; effect of fire from, 667; effect of fire of enemy's
federate Congress, 657.

batteries on, 667; the second day's bombardment of, 667,
Spectrography, definition of, and experiments in, 657; 668; hot shot fred on from Fort Moultrie and other

the Spectroscope, 657; discovery of new elements by batteries, 668; barracks set on fire, 668; Wigfall and his
means of, 658; detection of elements existing in the at. flag of truce, 668; terms of evacuation agreed upoa wilk
mosphere by means of the Spectroscope, 658.

668; terms of evacuation of, finally approred by Gen.
Springfield, No. description of, 658; battlo of Wilson's Beauregard, 668, 669; condition of, at time of evacuation

Creek, and retreat opon, 659; Zagonyi's recapture of, 659. 669; fleet sent by government for relief of 660; otheial
STANNARD's battery at Bull Run, 84.

notification of evacuation of, by Major Anderson. 669;
STANTON, BENJAMIN, member of Congress, 166; no inten- biographical sketch of Major Anderson, 659; effect of

tion to make war, 212; on the amendment to the Act of intelligence of surrender at the North, 669.
1798, 214, 215.

SWEENEY, THOMAS W., biographical notice of, 725.
Star of the West, description of, 662; voyage of to Charles-
ton, 662; is fired upon by the forts in Charleston harbor,

663; is captured by the Texans, 663.
State War Loans, 307, 808.

Taconio System, pro.essor Emmons' theory of tbe, 670;
STEPHIENS, ALEXANDER H., speech in opposition to seces- long rejected, 670; recent discoveries render probable

sion, 699; speech on the war, 189; speech at Atlanta, on Professor Emmons' views of, 670, 671; T Sterry Haet's
the plan of the confederate government, 141; speech at theory accounting for the forinations without sdanitting
Augusta, on the Cotton Loan, 143; chosen Vice-Presi-

the, 671.
dent for six years, 153; vote in Congress, 155; speech on Taney, Chief Justice, proceedings before, in the case of
taking his seat as Vice-President, 156

John Merryman, 854-356.
STEVENS' Battery, description of, 508; drawing of, 509; cost, Tariff, revenue and protective, discussions on, 671 ; table
510; further details, 510.

of changes in and results of, 672; whole revenue of each
STEVENS, Isaac I., biographical notice of, 725.

tariff, 672; warehousing system, and independent tress-
STEVENS, THADDEUS, member of Congress, 166; on the ury plan of finance adopted, 672 ; tariffs of 1857 and 1861,

rightfulness of secession, 207; on the conduct of the 672; orders of the Treasury Department, 678; do. of
war, 239; on the confiscation bill, 249.

collector of New York, 673; protest against the pay.
St. Helena Parish, S. C., topography and history of, 659. ment of duties, 673; comparative rates of daty for
St. Louis, Mo., description of, 660; guard of soldiers sta- twenty years, 678; difficulties in the operation of Ibe

tioned at Sub-treasury, 660; arms removed to Spring. old and new tariff, 675; revenue at New York, 673.
beld, III., April 26th, 660; Gen. Frost's letter to Gen. Taxes in the Confederale States, 164.

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Taylor, Fort, its location, 675; armament, 675.

TOUCEY, ISAAC, resolation of censure as Secretary of the
TAYLOR, Lieutenant-Colonel, bears a letter from Jefferson Navy passed the House of Representatives, 216.
Davis to President Lincoln, 130.

TOWNSEND, Col., at the battle of Great Bethel, 344.
Telegraph, Electric, progress in 1861, 675; communication Treason, Secretary Seward's letter defining, 358.

with San Francisco, 675; on the lower Amoor, 675; con. Trent, steamer, how employed, 693; passengers, 693; board.
nection between Europe and America through Russia, ed by officers from tbe San Jacinto, 693 ; the English
675; by the Atlantic Ocean, 676; smaller enterprises, report, 693 ; an officer's report, 694; protest of Mason

and Slidell, 604; details, 695.
Telegraphio Despatches, thoir seizure & violation of the TRUMBULL, Lyman, Senator in Thirty-sixth Congress, 166 ;
Constitution, 280.

on slavery in Arizona, 190 reply to Senator Davis, 192;
Tennessee, instructions of Legislature to commissioners on the condition of affairs, 223 ; on the acts of President
to Peace Conference, 565.

Lincoln, 238; on the object of the war, 241.
Its boundaries, 676; population, 676; sessions of its TUCKER, GEORGE, birth, 695 ; education, 693 ; public offices,
Legislature, 676; members, when elected, 676; vote for 695 ; writings, 695.
President, 677; extra session of the Legislature called, TWIGGB, Gen., surrenders the ordnance depot at San Anto-
677; evils complained of, 677; conservative sentiment, nio, Texas, 319, also 690; dismissed from the army by
677; New York resolutions, how received, 677; election order of the President, 819.
of delegates to a State Convention, 677; vote on the Tybee Island, its situation, 695 ; reconnoissance of, 695;
Convention, 678; answer of the Governor to the Presi- occupied, 695.
dent's proclamation, 678; address of citizens, 678; Legis- TYLER, JOnn, member of Confederate Congress, 165; de-
lature convenes, 678; message to, 678; Commissioner spatch to, relative to the attack on Sumter, 137; address
from the Confederate States, 679; letters from citizens, of at opening of Peace Conference, 563, 564.
679; military league made with the Confederate States,
679; articles, 679; declaration of Independence, 680;

ordinance to adopt the Provisional Constitution, 680; a
military force organized, 681; fundamental law of the United States, population, 696; election of President, 696;
State, 631; payment of debts to Northern citizens pro- principlo represented, 696; officers of the Government
hibited, 692; progress of military affairs, 682; Union in 1860, 697; opinion of the Attoruey-General on the
Convention in East Tennessee, 683; acts of the Legisla- right of a State to secede, 697; do.on collection of duties
ture, 683; efforts to procure arms, 683; message of the in a seceded State, €97; right of the Government over
Governor, 684; call for men, 684; second call, 685; public property, 697; right of the Government to make
burning of bridges in East Tennessee, 685.

war upon a State, 698; affairs in the Southern States,
Message of the Governor on extortions, 144.

699; speech of Stephens on the prosperity of the Union,
Tennessee, East, martial law in, 153, 441.

699; President Buchanan's message, 699; attitude of
Territories, their division as proposed by the Crittenden South Carolina, 699; resignation of Secretary Cobb, 700;

amendments to the Constitution, 174; organized in 1861, resignation of Secretary Cass, 700; reason, 700; state of
635; Dakotah, its size, 655; boundaries, 685; Colorado, public sentiment at this time, 700; affairs in South
its size, 686; boundaries, 686; Nevada, its size, 686; Carolina, 701; resignation of Secretary Floyd, 701; rea-
boundaries, 686.

son, 701; correspondence, 701; arrival of Commissioners
Tecas, boundaries, 656; government, 686 ; population, from South Carolina at Washington, 701; object, 701 ;

636; secession sentiment of the people, 686; Governor letter to the President, 702; his reply, 702; manner of
refuses to call a session of the Legislature, 687; his their reception, 702; President's views on the move-
views, 687; call for a convention, how made, 687; action ment of Major Anderson, 703; reply of the commis-
of the Governor, 687; Legislature convened, 658; reso- sioners, 703; rejected by the President, 703; President's
lutions relative to a State Convention, 689; vote of the message of Jan. 8th, 703; principles governing his con-
State for members of the Convention, 688; ordinance of duct, 703; resignation of Secretary Thompson, 704;
secession, 658; vote of the people upon it, 639; vote at correspondence relative thereto, 704; resignation of
the Presidental election, 689; difficulty between the Secretary Thomas, 704; reasons, 704; John A. Dis ap-
Governor and the State Convention, 689 ; action of the pointed to the Treasury, 704; views of the Government
Convention, 690; condition of affairs, 690; war loan, at this time, 705; decision respecting Fort Sumter, 705;
690; United States forces in Texas, 690 ; surrender of commissioner Hayne, of South Carolina, arrives at Wash.
Twiggs, 690; seizure of public property, 690; surrender ington, 705; the proposition to him, 705 ; letters of Sen.
of Major Sibley, 691 ; surrender of Colonel Reeve, 691 ; ators to the President, 705; reply of Secretary Holt, 705;
address of ex-Governor Houston to the people, 692 ; his a final reply to demand for Fort Sumter, 706; Virginia
letter to the people in favor of the Confederate Govern- peace resolutions, 707; mission of ex-President Tyler,
ment, 692; intercourse with Northern people prohibited, 707; action of the President, 708; arinistice charged on
692; state of affairs at the close of the year, 693 ; troops

President Buchanan, 708; sentiments of the people, 709;
in the field, 693; crops, 693.

close of Mr. Buchanan's term of office, 709; inauguration
Toomas, Col. F. J., killed at Bull Ron, 84.

of Mr. Lincoln, 709; the change which had taken place
Tuomas, Francis, member of Congress, 210; on the right since November, 709; the policy of the President de-

of the Government to use the forts for other purposes clared, 710; commissioners from South Carolina arrive
than the defence of the States, 210.

at Washington, 710; letter to Secretary Soward, 710; his
l'horas, GEORGE H., biographical notice of, 724.

reply, 711; commissioners' response, 712; military move.
Thomas, PHILIP, resigns as Secretary of Treasury, 704.

ments in New York, 713; preparation of transports, 718;
Toompson; Jacob, resigns as Secretary of the Interior, 704. sail from the port, 714; excitement, 714; affairs at
TOMPKINS, Lieut., commands the cavalry in the skirmish at Charleston, 714; Virginia commissioners visit the Presi.
Fairfax Court-House, 294.

dent to inquire as to his policy, 714; his answer, 715;
TOOMBS, ROBERT, Senator in Thirty-sixth Congress, 166; the capture of Sumter, 715; proclamation of President Lin.

Union is dissolved, 176; men are arming to defend the coln, 715; call for troops by the Secretary of War, 715;
separation, 176

adswers of the Governors of the respective States, 716;

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