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and opinions of many persons in public life. The corresponding portions of the public and secret journals, the published letters of official functionaries during the same period, and works in which are to be found cotemporary private letters or remarks on the same topics or by the same persons, afford explanations too important to be overlooked. Yet they are scattered through various volumes, and, even in them, are found or traced with difficulty. The printed journals of the confederation, both public and secret, are not only voluminous but very imperfect. Much of the proceedings of Congress is entirely omitted in both, and they are so incomplete that it is frequently impossible to trace with accuracy the details of legislation even on topics of great public interest. To the secret journals there is no index, and that annexed to the public journals is far from being full. The diplomatic correspondence, which is exceedingly valuable, and constantly illustrates the remarks of Mr. MADISON and the debates he has preserved, extends through nineteen volumes; and the letters of many of the eminent men referred to, which treat of the same topics, are only to be found in various works subsequently published from time to time.
It has been thought, therefore, that it would be proper to make a brief reference at the end of the volumes to some of the principal of these passages; but in such a manner as not, in the slightest degree, to interfere or connect them with the text of Mr. MADISON himself. They are annexed only in the belief that they will be of service to the reader and may facili tate his researches. They are not as numerous as they might have been made, perhaps with additional advantage; and the form of a simple reference has been alone adopted, because it was not intended to introduce any commentary or remarks. The fulness and accuracy of these references have been
increased in a very great degree by the researches and aid of Mr. SPARKS of Cambridge, Mr. SMITH, the librarian of the Philadelphia library, Mr. WALL of New Jersey, Mr. ATHERTON and Mr. HILL of New Hampshire, Mr. Dix of Albany, Mr. SHUNK of Harrisburg, and Mr. FORCE of Washington.
Explanatory tables of contents have been prepared and prefixed to each volume of the work, and a copious index has been added to the whole. Though not forming a part of the manuscript of Mr. MADISON, they are thought to be indispensable.
WASHINGTON, 1st January, 1840.
OF THE FIRST VOLUME.
THE DEBATES IN 1776 ON THE DECLARATION
OF INDEPENDENCE, AND ON A FEW OF THE
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION, PRESERVED
June 7th, 1776.-The Delegates from Virginia move that Congress
declare the United Colonies free and independent States, 9. June
8th. Arguments against a declaration of independence, 10;—For it,
12;-Result of the Debate, 12;-A Committee appointed to prepare
a Declaration of Independence, 16;-Proceedings of the House
thereon, 17, 18;-The Declaration of Independence, 19-27. July
12th.-Committee appointed to draw the Articles of Confederation
report, 27;-Debate on Article XI.-Mr. Chase, 28;- Mr. John
Adams, 29;-Mr. Harrison, 30;—Mr. Wilson, 31;—Mr. Payne, Dr.
Witherspoon, Vote on Division, 32;-Debate on Article XVII, July
30th, 31st, and August 1st-Mr. Chase, 33-Dr. Franklin, ib.-Dr.
Witherspoon, 34—John Adams, 36-Dr. Rush, 37-Mr. Hopkins,
TO THOMAS JEFFERSON. Philadelphia, March 27,
Enemy still at Charleston-Critical state of public affairs-Scar-
TO THOMAS JEFFERSON. Philadelphia, May 6,
Alarming situation of public affairs-Financial means described-
TO THOMAS JEFFERSON. Philadelphia, June 2,
Incursions of the Indians in New York, &c.-Military information
-An account of the surrender of Charleston on the 12th ult. pub-
lished by Rivington not believed---No tidings of the auxiliary force
from France-The condition of the Army renders an efficient co-
operation with it unlikely-Measures of the State of Pennsylvania
to give relief in the present crisis described.
Return of Clinton with part of the Southern Army to New York-
Critical situation of General Washington-Patriotic scheme of the
TO EDMUND PENDLETON. Philadelphia, Septem-
Congress have entered on a plan for finally ratifiying the Confeder-
TO JOSEPH JONES. Philadelphia, September 19,
Discussions in Congress on the resolutions left by him-The Ver-
To JOSEPH JONES. Philadelphia, October 17,
Action of Congress on the clause relating to Indian purchases
TO JOSEPH JONES. Philadelphia, October 20,
Uneasiness occasioned by the disappointment of foreign suc-
TO EDMUND PENDLETON. Philadelphia, October
Feeling in Congress relative to the British treatment of the cap-
TO EDMUND PENDLETON. Philadelphia, Novem-
Charges of Dr. Lee and Mr. Izard against Dr. Franklin-Requisi-
TO JOSEPH JONES. Philadelphia, November —,
The Vermont business-New arrangement of the Army.
TO JOSEPH JONES. Philadelphia, November 14,
State emissions of currency the bane of every salutary arrange-
ment of the public finances-Defensive condition of the magazines
-Inroads of the enemy into New York.
Suggestions for legislation in Virginia-Depreciation of State emis-
sions-The policy Virginia should pursue relative to a territorial
TO JOSEPH JONES. Philadelphia, November 25,
Instructions to Mr. Jay, relative to the Mississippi claims of Spain
-Difference of opinion on the subject between Mr. Madison and