Propsed Amendments to the Constitution Relating to School Prayers: Bible Reading, Etc. Committee Print ... 88-2 ... March 24, 1964
1964 - 193 pages
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activity adopted Amendment American Appeals attend authority belief Bible reading Board of Education bodies Book ceremony Christian Church committee common Compare Congress Constitution decision deemed to prohibit District effect Engel Establishment Clause establishment of religion example excused fact faith federal Fourteenth Amendment Free Exercise Clause freedom groups H.J. Res held Holy House individual institution instruction involved issue Justice liberty Madison matters means ment neutrality Note observances offering official opening opinion parents participation particular permit persons practices prayer present principle problem prohibit proposed protection public places public schools pupils question reason recitation reference Regents reli reliance religious exercises Representative resolutions respecting Schempp Scriptures sectarian sects secular Senate Separation serve statute suggested supra Supreme Court teachers teaching tion United violation Vitale voluntary worship York
Page 111 - The fundamental theory of liberty upon which all governments in this Union repose excludes any general power of the state to standardize its children by forcing them to accept instruction from public teachers only. The child is not the mere creature of the state ; those who nurture him and direct his destiny have the right, coupled with the high duty, to recognize and prepare him for additional obligations.
Page 75 - I affirm, that all the liberty of conscience, that ever I pleaded for, turns upon these two hinges: that none of the Papists, Protestants, Jews or Turks be forced to come to the ship's prayers or worship, nor compelled from their own particular prayers or worship if they practice any.
Page 19 - ... preferring those who believe in no religion over those who do believe." . . . We do not agree, however, that this decision in any sense has that effect. In addition, it might well be said that one's education is not complete without a study of comparative religion or the history of religion and its relationship to the advancement of civilization.
Page 49 - Who does not see that the same authority which can establish Christianity, in exclusion of all other Religions, may establish with the same ease any particular sect...
Page 112 - That religion or the duty which we owe to our Creator, and the manner of discharging it, can be directed only by reason and conviction, not by force or violence ; and, therefore, all men are equally entitled to the free exercise of religion, according to the dictates of conscience ; and that it is the mutual duty of all to practice Christian forbearance, love and charity towards each other.
Page 29 - The civil rights of none shall be abridged on account of religious belief or worship, nor shall any national religion be established, nor shall the full and equal rights of conscience be in any manner, or on any pretext, infringed.
Page 54 - Blest with victory and peace, may the heaven-rescued land Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation. Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just ; And this be our motto :
Page 133 - No person attending any educational institution recognised by the State or receiving aid out of State funds shall be required to take part in any religious instruction that may be imparted in such institution or to attend any religious worship that may be conducted in such institution or in any premises attached thereto unless such person or, if such person is a minor, his guardian has given his consent thereto.
Page 159 - The Commonwealth shall not make any law for establishing any religion or for imposing any religious observance, or for prohibiting the free exercise of any religion, and no religious test shall be required as a qualification for any office or public trust under the Commonwealth.
Page 27 - The place of religion in our society is an exalted one, achieved through a long tradition of reliance on the home, the church and the inviolable citadel of the individual heart and mind. We have come to recognize through bitter experience that it is not within the power of government to invade that citadel, whether its purpose or effect be to aid or oppose, to advance or retard. In the relationship between man and religion, the State is firmly committed to a position of neutrality.