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An interval of complete delight is finally discovered him, mounting higher thus described:

still and higher, pressing upwards, and

pouring out such rich, delicious music RHYL, North WALES. that I wanted to close my eyes and shut MY DEAR FATHER, Dr. Drysdale out the world, and listen to nothing but thought we needed another change of air, that. Not even Shelley's or Wordsand so we came south this time. worth's words can convey an adequate The sun sinks just beside Great Orme's idea of this song. It seems as if its litHead, after turning the sea into living tle throat were the outlet of all the joy gold, and the heights into heaps of ame- that had been experienced on the earth thyst. On the right is only sea, sea, sea. since creation ; and that with all its pow

I intended to go to the Queen's Ho- er it were besieging heaven with gratitel, and knew nothing about the manner tude and love for the infinite bliss of of living in the lodging fashion. So we life. Life, joy, love. The blessed, darhave to submit to German silver and the ling little bird, quivering, warbling, urmost ordinary table service. . . . Ever ging its way farther and farther ; and since our marriage we have always eaten finally swooning with excess of delight, off the finest French china, and had all and sinking back to earth!

You see I things pretty and tasteful ; because, you am vainly trying to help you to an idea know, I would never have second-best of it, but I cannot do it. I do not unservices, considering my husband to be derstand why the skylark should not rise my most illustrious guest. But now! from our meadows as well, and the nightIt is really laughable to think of the ingale sing to our roses.' appointments of the table at which the

Society and the sternness of life were, Ambassador to Lisbon and the American however, but a hair's-breadth away: Consul sat down last Saturday, when • Monday evening Mr. Hawthorne they honored me with their presence.

went to Richmond Hill to meet Mr. BuAnd we did laugh, for it was of no con- chanan. The service was entirely silsequence, — and the great bow-window

ver, plates and all, and in a high state of our parlor looked out upon the sea. of sheen. The Queen's autograph letter We did not come here to see French was spoken of (which you will see in the china and pure silver forks and spoons, Northern Times that goes with this); but to walk on the beach, bathe in the and as it happens to be very clumsily exocean, and drive to magnificent old cas- pressed, Mr. Hawthorne was much pertles, — and get rid of whooping-cough. plexed by Mr. Buchanan’s asking him, I had the enterprise to take all the chil- before the whole company at dinner, dren and Mary, and come without Mr. • what he thought of the Queen's letter.' Hawthorne ; for he was in a great hurry Mr. Hawthorne replied that it showed to get me off, fearing the good weather very kind feeling. No,' persisted the would not last. He followed on Satur- wicked Ambassador ; .but what do you day with Mr. O'Sullivan, who arrived think of the style?' Mr. Hawthorne was froin Lisbon just an hour before they equal to him, or rather, conquered him, both started for Rhyl. . . . Julian's wor- however, for he said, “The Queen has a ship of nature and natural objects meets perfect right to do what she pleases with with satisfaction here.

her own English.' Mr. Hawthorne

thought Miss Lane, Mr. Buchanan's The following was also written from niece, a very elegant person, and far suRhyl:

perior to any English lady present. The " While the carriage stopped I heard next evening Mr. Hawthorne went to the rapturous warble of the skylark, and another dinner at Everton; so that on VOL. LXXVII. No. 461.



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Wednesday, when we again sat down to- On September 9, 1859, my mother says gether, I felt as if he had been gone a in her diary, “ My husband gave me his month. This second dinner was not re- manuscript to read.” There are no other markable in any way, except that when entries on that day or the next, except, the ladies took leave they all went to "Reading manuscript.” On the 11th him and requested to shake hands with she says, "Reading manuscript for the him!

second time.” The diary refers to read"No act of the British people in be- ing the story on the next day, but on the half of the soldiers has struck me as so two following days, in which she was noble and touching as that of the re- to finish as much of the manuscript as formed criminals at an institution in Lon- was ready, there are wholly blank spaces. don. They wished to contribute some-' These mean more than words to me, who thing to the Patriotic Fund. The only know so well how she never set aside way they could do it was by fasting. So daily rules, and how unbrokenly her litfrom Sunday night till Tuesday morning tle diaries flow on. In October, at Leamthey ate nothing, and the money saved ington, she mentions again " reading (three pounds and over) was sent to the Monte Beni,” and a few days later says, Fund! Precious money is this.” “I read the manuscript of Monte Beni

There is an English region, stately; again ;” continuing for two days more. with a grand outline of sea and sand- About a month later, on November 8, is hills, of hard-bosomed endless beach and recorded, in very large script, “ My husvast sky, where my father stands forth band to-day finished his book, The Ro very distinctly in my memory. This mance of Monte Beni.” is Redcar, to which we fared on our I thought that the petty lodging in return from Italy. When he went out, which we were established was an odd at fixed hours of the day, between the nook for my father to be in. I liked to hours for writing, he walked over the get out with him upon the martial plain long, long beach, very often, with my of sand and tremendous waves, where brother and myself ; stopping now and folly was not, by law of wind and light then in his firm, regal tread to look at of Titan power, and where the most inwhat nature could do in far-stretching significant ornament was far from insigcolor and beckoning horizon-line. Along nificant: the whorl of an exquisite shell, the sand - hills, frolicking in the breeze beautiful and still, as if just dead ; or or faithfully clinging in the strong wind the seaweeds, that are so like pictures to their native thimbleful of earth, hung of other growths. I felt that this scene the cerulean harebells, to which I ardent- was a worthy one for the kind but nerer ly clambered, listening for their chimes. familiar man who walked and reflected In the preface to Monte Beni, the com- there. We enjoyed a constant outdoor pliment paid to Redcar is well hidden. life. But in those uninspired hours when My father speaks of reproducing the there was no father in sight, and my book (sketched out among the dreamy mother was resting in seclusion, I played interests of Florence) “ on the broad at grocer's shop on the sands with a litand dreary sands of Redcar, with the tle girl called Hannah, whom I then degray German Ocean tumbling in upon spised for her name, her homely neat me, and the northern blast always howl. clothes, her sweetness and silence, and ing in my


Nothing could have in retrospect learned to love. As we pleased him better as an atmosphere for pounded brick, secured sugary-looking his work; all that the atmosphere includ- sands of different tints, and heaped up ed he did not mean to admit, just then. minute pebbles, a darkly clad, tastefully And London was not so very


away. picturesque form would approach, — a form to which I bowed down in spirit intellect. delighted, and loftier thoughts as, fortunately for me, my father. He than those of the counter would refresh would look askance at my utterly use- me for the rest of the day; and I thankless, time-frittering amusement, which I fully returned to the heights and lengths already knew was withering my brain of wide nature, full of color and roaring and soul. In his tacit reproach my small

Rose Hawthorne Lathrop.


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Spring here, — by what magician's touch?

’T was winter scarce an hour ago.
And yet I should have guessed as much,
Those footprints in the snow !

Frank Dempster Sherman.



THE field of the greatest political ac- as those for the other. To put it broadly, tivity in America the last twenty years

a man with a first-rate business training has been the administration of cities, and may make a most efficient mayor; be the cardinal point in political thought might make an incompetent governor. has been the divorce of city government Nevertheless, those qualities which make from politics. Here is an apparent con- a man a good administrator in the govtradiction which indicates the elasticity ernment of a great city do constitute an of the term “politics.” Like “ religion,” admirable reason for supposing he would which is made to do service for visiting make a good governor; and we have the fatherless and widows in their afflic- had in recent political history more than tion and for increasing the number of one capital illustration of the natural orphans, "politics" in the mouth of one progress of a political career along these

a man may mean the conduct of the state lines. Governors Greenhalge and Rusin honesty and sobriety, in that of an- sell of Massachusetts are instances of other a job at the city hall. The fact men who have been tested in municipal remains that attention is centred on the office, and have owed their governorship problems which confront us in the ad- largely to their success in city government. ministration of cities, and the drift of President Cleveland is an instance of a political thought has been steadily in the public man who has passed by successive direction of concentrating power and re- steps of administrative office from the sponsibility in the hands of the mayor. lowest to the highest, without entering Mr. Shepard's article upon The Mayor the legislative service at all. It is not and the City clearly shows that the sev- unreasonable to suppose that in the speeral great cities of the country, in at- cialization which is all the while going tempting to solve the problem of admin- on a sharper distinction will take place istration, have diminished the legislative in public life, and those men who have and strengthened the executive function. aptitude and training in legislative or And behind all the contrivances of or judicial practice will less frequently pass ganization stands always the need of a over into the domain of executive work, man in whom the city may have confi- while the men clearly gifted with powers dence. It

may be said with almost equal of administration will find their training certainty that the elevation of the mayor- in offices which bring those powers into alty in power and responsibility is at- exercise. The probability of such a gentracting toward the office a high type of eral law is increased when it is concitizenship.

sidered how the operations of a political It does not follow that this application organism like our own, where the several of political principle extends to the offices functions of legislative, judicial, and exof governor and President. One of the ecutive authority are defined not only in most important discriminations is that the written law, but by an increasing body which holds the city to be a corporation, of precedents, tend toward a discriminathe State an organism; and though the tion and a jealousy of encroachment one functions of the mayor and of the gov- on the other. ernor are sometimes nearly identical, it Meanwhile, the scope of the executive is very clear that the qualifications for function is steadily enlarging, not by the the one office are not necessarily the same assumption of powers belonging to the i The Atlantic for July, 1894.

other departments of government, but

by the natural enlargement of the field presidential succession bill was passed, of normal activity. A familiar illustra- providing for the advancement to the tion of this may be found in the exten- presidency, in case of the death of the sion of the Cabinet of the President. incumbent of that office and of the viceTheoretically, the Cabinet is the division presidency, of members of the Cabinet of the presidential function; and where in a designated order. as at first it consisted of four officers, it The influence of the several members now consists of eight. The Postmaster- in public policy is undoubtedly depenGeneral was not, at the beginning of the dent in some degree upon the tempergovernment, a member of the Cabinet.

ament and disposition of the President The Department of the Navy was a bu- himself. His specific action is not legalreau of the War Department. The De- ly controlled by the council which he partment of the Interior was not created calls about him, and there have been intill 1849, and the Department of Agri- stances in our recent history where the culture, the latest of all, was erected in Cabinet has not been influential with the 1889. This process of subdivision is still President. Nevertheless, besides that going on. The Department of the In- each member has very large control in terior, especially, has several very active his own department, the tendency is tobureaus, and when we take into account ward the greater weight of the Cabinet. the several commissions, as well as the The increase of power and responsibilDepartment of Labor, and consider how ity in the separate offices calls for abler frequently, of late, there has been a de- men, and nine men cannot confer on mand for a Department of Transportation public questions month in and month out into which the Interstate Commerce Com- without attaining a certain community mission shall pass, it is evident that the of judgment. Discord, under these concentral administration at Washington is ditions, is more likely to be followed by assuming a greater significance with each rupture than by subjection. decade.

We have dwelt at some length on Now, all these departments, with their these considerations, because, aside from increase of organization, are amplifica- the intrigues of political managers, there tions of the presidential office, and with is a natural association of ideas between the extension of the merit system in the the office of a Cabinet secretary and the civil service there is a tendency toward presidency. Supposing the President stability and the routine order of busi- himself not a candidate for reëlection, ness. Moreover, with the release of the there is no unreasonableness in looking Cabinet officers from the vexatious task to his closest political and administraof paying political debts incurred by the tive associates for the man to be his sucparty, there will be a more constant appli- cessor, if his party is in the ascendency. cation of energy in administrative work, a Such a man will have had the experience larger field for the public man of ability, which comes from having had an active and, it may be added, a greater freedom part in the exercise of presidential funcfor the exercise of the higher political tions and from having been in the adfunctions. In a word, the expansion of ministrative council. Whatever other the President's office gives greater op- training he may have had or may have portunity for statesmanship, and there missed, this will have been significant. are many signs that in the future the Moreover, his position will have tested President's Cabinet will have larger im- somewhat his capacity for filling the portance and dignity. A significant

A significant more comprehensive rôle of the Presistep was taken after the death of Vice- dent, and his conduct in office will have President Hendricks in 1885, when the disclosed, with more or less publicity, the


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