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PREFACE.

HIS volume completes the Chronicle of the Civil War. It comprises a record of the events of the conflict from midsummer of 1863, until the close of the struggle, in the field, in the spring of 1865.

The second volume was ended with the

record of the capture of Vicksburg and Port Hudson by the National armies, in July. This volume opens with an account of the movements of the Army of the Potomac in the winter and spring of 1863, which led to the Battle of Chancellorsville, and Lee's second invasion of Maryland that ended with the Battle of Gettysburg. It contains the story of the military and naval operations in the region of the Mississippi and the Gulf of Mexico, and all along the Atlantic coast, from Florida to the lower borders of Virginia, including the long siege of Charleston. Also, an account of the doings of the Anglo. Confederate pirate-ships, including those of the Alabama, and an account of her destruction. It also contains a record of the important movements in Eastern and Southeastern Tennessee. which were followed by Sherman's great march and series of con, flicts from Chattanooga, by way of Atlanta, to the sea, and thence through the Carolinas; and the expulsion of the Confederates from Tennessee, by Thomas.

It bears a record of the stirring events in the Red River region; in Texas; all along the Mississippi, and in the States whose borders are washed by its waters; at Mobile, and in the interior of the States of Mississippi and Alabama, and the final triumph of the National arms in all the vast region of the Republic southward of the Roanoke River and westward of the mountain ranges of Virginia, Tennessee, and North and South Carolina.

It contains a history of the great campaigns of the armies of the Potomac and the James, which ended in the capture of Rich

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mond, the flight of the Conspirators, and the surrender of Lee ; also of the assassination of the President; the surrender of the forces under Johnston and other leaders; the flight and capture of the head of the Confederacy of traitors; the closing scenes of the war; the exchange and treatment of prisoners; and the freewill offerings of the people in support of the Government. Also an outline sketch of the efforts of the loyal citizens to reorganize the Governments of States which had been disorganized by the Rebellion, and to restore the Union and re-establish it upon the sure foundations of Justice.

With a consciousness of fidelity to the laws of truth and righteousness, in the preparation of this work, the author offers it as his contribution to the historic records of his country.

B. J. L.

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OPERATIONS IN VIRGINIA.-BATTLE OF CHANCELLORS VILLE.-SIEGE OY SUFFOLK.

Position of the Army of the Potomac, Its condition, 17.— The Strength of the Army of the Potomac-Influence

of the Peace Faction, 18.- Army Officers opposed to the Policy of the Government concerning Slavery-

Reorganization of the Army-Condition of the Army, in April, 1863, 19.--Corps Badges-Condition of the

Confederate Army, 20.—Discipline and Equipment of the Confederate Army-Composition of the Opposing

Forces, 21.-Cavalry Battle at Kelly's Ford-Moseby, the Guerrilla Chief, 22.–Stoneman's Raid-Move.

ment for flanking the Confederates, 23.-IIooker's exultant Order— The Nationals at Chancellorsville-The

Movement masked by Sedgwick, 24.-Lee prepares for Battle-lIe moves on Chancellorsville, 25. – Battle

near Chancellorsville--Lee foiled, 26.-- The Opposing Leaders in Council — Hooker on the Defensive-Bold

Project of “Stonewall Jackson," 27.-Flank Movement by Jackson, The Nationals deceived-Jackson's

Attack on Hooker's Right, 28.-Hooker's Right crumbles into Fragments, 29.--Flight and Pursuit of disor.

dered Troops, 80.--Attack on Hooker's Left and Center-Denth of Stonewall Jackson," 81.- Hooker's new

Line of Battle, 32.- The Battle of Chancellorsville, 33.—Lee takes Chancellorsville, 34.- The Heights of

Fredericksburg Captured, 35.- Battle at Salem Church Sedgwick in Peril, 36, 37.—The National Ariny

recrosses the Rappabannock, 38.- Another Raid by Stoneman, 39, 40.- National Troops at Suffolk-Fortifi.

cations there, 41, 42.- The Siege of Suffolk by Longstreet, 43.- Peck's Defense of Suffolk-Longstreet driven

away-Services of the Army at Suffolk, 44.

The Opposing Armies compared — Hopes of the Confederates, 45.—British Interference desired by the Confeder.

ates-Movements in England in their favor, 46.—Lord Lyons and the Peace Faction in New York—The

Confederacy Recognized by the Pope, 47.— Napoleon, Mexico, and the Confederates, 48.—Revolution in the

North expected-Confederate States' Seal, 49.-Events on the Rappahantock-Conflicts near Beverly and

Kelly's Fords, 50.-Ewell in the Shenandoah Valley-Milroy driven from Winchester-A great Disaster, 51.

-Lee marching rapidly Northward--Alarm-A Race for the Potomac, by Hooker and Lee, 52. — The Armies

flanking the Blue Ridge- A Raid into Pennsylvania, 53.--Alarm in Pennsylvania-Lee's Errand and Orders, 54.

- Preparations for opposing Lee-Aların in Philadelphia, 55.–Lee's Army across the Potomac-Hooker super-

seded by Meade, 56.- Meade invested with Discretionary Powers-Lee's March of Invasion checked, 57.-

Preparations for Battle-Cavalry Battle at Hanover, 58.– The hostile Armies concentrating at Gettysburg-

Opening of the Contest at Gettysburg, 59.- Death of General Reynolds, 60.- Battle of Seminary Ridge, 61.-

Defeat of the Nationals, 62.- Preparations for renewing the Struggle, 63.- Position of the Opposing Armies at

Gettysburg, 64.- Perilous Situation of the National Left. 65.- A Struggle for Little Round Top. 66.- Death of

Generals Vincent and Weed, 67.— Battle of Gettysburg, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, and 73.— Flight of the Confederates,

74.—They escape into Virginia, 75. — The Author's Visit to the Battle-field at Gettysburg, 76, 77, 78, 79.-

Soldier's Cemetery at Gettysburg-Mr. Lincoln's Dedicatory Address, So.

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POLITICAL AFFAIRS.—RIOTS IN NEW YORK.-MORGAN'S RAID NORTI OF THE OHIO,

Character of the Victory at Gettysburg-A National Thanksgiving appointed, $1.-Secretary Seward's cheering

Letter- False Charges by Jefferson Davis, 82.-A Draft or Conscription ordered -- Activity of the Peace

Faction, $3.-Arrest, Trial, Conviction, and Punishment of C. L. Vallandigham, for Treasonable Practices,

84.—The Government and the Peace Faction-A Seditions Letter written by Horatio Seymour, 55. ---Organ-

ized Resistance to the Draft, 86.-Seditious Speeches of Franklin Pierce and Horatio Seymour, 87.-- Revolu-

tion in the North attempted, 88.--Great Riot in the City of New York--Seymour's Encouragement of the

Rioters, 59.- Attempt to postpone the Draft, 90 - The Work of the Peace Faction, 91.-Morgan's Raid in

Kentucky-Colored Troops, 92.- Morgan's Raid in Indiana, 93.- Morgan's Paid in Ohio, 94.- Morgan and

his Men in Peril, 95.-Capture of Morgan, 96.- Despotism of the Conspirators-Demonstration against Rich.

mond, 97.--Meade in Pursuit of Lee, in Virginia, 95.- The Opposing Armies at rest, 99.- Buford's Dash on

Stuart, near Brandy Station, 100.—Lee proposes to march on Washington-Auburn, 101.-Lee turns Meade's

Flanks-Another Race Northward, 103.-Stuart and his Staff in Peril- A Race for Bristow Station, 104.-

Battle of Bristow Station, 105.-Lee falls back--Meade advances to the Rappa hannock, 106.-Battle of Rap-

pahannock Station-Lee, alarmed, falls back, 107.-The Confederates on Mine Run. 105.- Meade moves toward

Mine Run-Lee's Position and Strength, 109.-The Nationals ready for Battle, 110.-Meade withdraws from

Mine Run, 111.- Operations in West Virginia, 112.-Averill's Raid in Virginia, 118.-Difficulties and Perils

encountered, 114.

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CHAPTER VII.

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THE LAST INVASION OF MISSOURI.--EVENTS IN EAST TENNESSEE.- PREPARATIONS FOR

THE ADVANCE OF TIE ARMY OF TIIE POTOMAO.

Arkansas Overrun by the Confederates, 274.-Decline of the National Power there-Dangerous Secret Associa-

tions, 275.-A Conspiracy Discovered and Exposed-Plan for a Counter-Revolution, 276.— Price again
Invades Missouri -The Revolutionists A bashed, 277.— The Missouri Capital Threatened-Price moves
toward Kansas, 278.-Price hotly pursued, 279.-He and his Followers driven out of Missouri—The last
lovasion of Missouri, 250.-Affairs in East Tennessee-Stirring Operations there, 281.-Longstreet returns

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