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* The Troublesome Reign of King Jobni was written in two parts, by W. Shakspeare and w. Rowley, and printed 1611. But the present play is entirely different, and infinitely superior to it. POPE.
The edition of i611 has no mention of Rowley, nor in the account of Rowley's works is any mention made of his conjunction with Shakspeare in any play. King Fun was reprinted in two parts in 1622. The first edition that I have found of this play in its present form, is that of 1623, in folio. The edition of 1591 I have not seen. JOHNSON.
Dr. Johnson mistakes when he says there is no mention in Rowley's works of any conjunction with Shakspeare. The Birth of Merlin is ascribed to them jointly ; though I cannot believe Shakspeare had any thing to do with it. Mr. Capell is equally mistaken when he says (Pref. p. 15.) that Rowley is called his partner in the title-page of The Merry Devil of Edmontom.
There must have been some tradition, however erroneous, upon which Mr. Pope's account was founded. I make no doubt that Rowley wrote the first King Jobn; and when Shakspeare's play was called for, and could not be procured from the players, a piratical bookseller reprinted the old one, with W. Sb. in the title-page. FARMER.
The elder play of King Jobr was first published in 1591. Shakspeare has preserved the greateft part of the conduct of it, as well as some of the Jines. A few of these I have pointed out, and others I have omitted as undeserving notice. The number of quotations from Horace, and similar f-raps of learning scattered over this motley piece, ascertain it to have been the work of a scholar. It contains likewise a quantity of rhyming Latin, and ballad-metre ; and in a scene where the Bastard is represented as plundering a monastery, there are strokes of humour, which seem, from their particular turn, to have been most evidently produced by another hand than that of our author.
Of this historical drama there is a subsequent edition in 1611, printed for John Helme, whose name appears before none of the genuine pieces of Shakspeare. I admitted this play some years ago as our author's own, among the twenty which I published from old editions; but a more careful perusal of it, and a further conviction of his custom of borrowing plots, sentiments, &c. disposes me to recede from that opinion.
STEEVENS. A play entitled The troublesome raigne of John King of England, in two parts, was printed in 1591, without the writer's name. It was written, I believe, either by Robert Greene, or George Peele; and certainly preceded this of our author. Mr. Pope, who is very inaccurate in matters of this kind, says that the former was printed in 1611, as written by W. Shakspeare and W. Rowley. But this is not true. In the second edition of this old play in 1611, the letters W. Sb. were put into the title-page, to deceive the purchaser, and to lead hiin to suppose the piece was Shakspeare's play, which at that time was not published. See a more minute account of this fraud in An Attempt to ascertain tbe order of Sbakspeare's Plays, Vol. I. Our author's King Jobn was written, I imagine, in 1596. The reasons on which this opinion is founded, may be found in that Eliay.
Though this play. kave the title of The Life and Death of King John, yet the action of it begins at the thirty-fourth year of his lite; and takes in only fome transactions of his reign to the time of his demise, being an interval of about seventeen years. THEOBALD.
Hally Holinshed, Stowe, &c. are closely followed not only in the conduct, but sometimes in the very expreßions throughout th: following historical dramas; viz, Macbeth, this play, Ricbard II. Henry IV. two parts, Henry V. Henry VI. three parts, Richard III. and Henry VIII.
“ A booke called The Historie of Lord Faulconbridge, bastard Son to Ricbard Cordelion," was entered at Stationers' Hall, Nov. 29, 1614; but I have never met with it, and therefore know not whether it was the old black letter history, or a play on the same subject. For the original K, Jobn, see Six old Plays on which Sbaksp?are founded, &c. published by S. Leacroft, Charing-Cross. STEEVENS.
The bystorie of Lord Faulconbridge, &c. is a profe narrative, in bl. l. The earliest edition that I have seen of it, was printed in 1616.
A book entitled “ Richard Cur de Lion," was entered on the Stationers' Books in 1558.
A play called The Funeral of Ricbard Cordelion, was written by Robert Wilson, Henry Chettle, Anthony Mundy, and Michael Drayton, and first exhibited in the year 1998. See The Historical Account of ibe Englijb • Stage, MALONE.
tagne, the elder brother of King John. William Mare/hall, Earl of Pembroke. Geffrey Fitz-Peter, Earl of Eflex, Chief Justiciary of Eng
Richard the First.
Elinor, the widow of King Henry II. and mother of King
John. Constance, mother to Arthur. Blanch, daughter to Alphonfo King of Castile, and niece to
King John. Lady Faulconbridge, mother to the baftard, and Robert Faul
Lords, Ladies, Citizens of Angiers, Sheriff, Heralds, Officers,
Soldiers, Melléngers, and other Attendants.
SCENE, fometimes in England, and sometimes in France.
2 Son to King Henry II. by Rofamond Clifford. STELVINS.