"What Future for Japan?": U.S. Wartime Planning for the Postwar Era, 1942-1945
Within a few months after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States government began to plan a policy for a defeated Japan. In order to avoid any future attacks on the United States, Japanese society had to be changed. Politicians, Japan specialists, historians, political scientists, and anthropologists debated the future of Japan. Topics ranged from the future role of the Emperor and politics, to Japanese economy, to re-education of the Japanese people. Eventually an overall policy for postwar Japan was formulated, which was to a high degree executed by General Douglas MacArthur during the Occupation of Japan.
This study is based on research in the records of the government policy planners, both private papers and official records. It is the first book-length study of the American planning for the occupation of Japan, including the drafting of policy, not only in the State Department but also in the War Department, Office of Strategic Services, and the Office of War Information. The analysis focuses on the development of strategies for remodeling postwar Japan as well as on the meaning of Japan constructed by various planners and decision makers and the impact of their constructions on American Occupation policy.
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The Office Of War Information
Policies And The Image Of Japan
FROM ROOSEVELT TO TRUMAN
Openings To Japan
Shatterer Of Worlds
Policies And The Image Of Japan
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
According administration Affairs agreed Allies American Army authority basic became behavior believed bomb Borton chapter China Civil Commander Committee concerned Conference consequences considered cooperation Council countries culture decision democratic Department directive discussion Division Documents draft East economic Emperor experts Folder forces Foreign Franklin Delano Roosevelt future Grew ideas images Imperial important industry influence Initial institution interest issue Italy Japanese government John limited living MacArthur makers mean meeting militarists military government Navy objectives Occupation of Japan Office opinion organizations Pacific peace period planning policy planners political position possible postwar postwar Japan prepared present President Press problems question quoted reason Records reform Relations responsible role Roosevelt Secretary society Soviet Staff statement Stimson suggested surrender SWNCC Territorial Truman United University various wanted Washington wrote York zaibatsu
Page 8 - ... the betterment of world-wide economic relations. To that end, they shall include provision for agreed action by the United States of America and the United Kingdom, open to participation by all other countries of like mind, directed to the expansion, by appropriate international and domestic measures, of production, employment, and the exchange and consumption of goods, which are the material foundations of the liberty and welfare of all peoples; to the elimination of all forms of discriminatory...
Page 9 - It is their purpose that Japan shall be stripped of all the islands in the Pacific which she has seized or occupied since the beginning of the first world war in 1914, and that all the territories that Japan has stolen from the Chinese, such as Manchuria, Formosa, and the Pescadores, shall be restored to the Republic of China.
Page 8 - Fourth, they will endeavor, with due respect for their existing obligations, to further the enjoyment by all States, great or small, victor or vanquished, of access, on equal terms, to the trade and to the raw materials of the world which are needed for their economic prosperity...