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to the amount of two thousand pounds a made up as to any point whatever. It is year. Will the House of Commons make impossible to shake it. The present pro. inquiry into these matters? Will they ascer- ceedings have only strengthened the opinions tain, whether Sir Arthur Wellesley, whe- already formed. There is no man, who ther the man who signed the Convention of looks with even the smallest degree of inCintra ; whether this man was, at that time, terest to the proceedings at Chelsea ; and, and had been, for months before, receiving if no other mode of Inquiry be instituted, pay, at the rate of sir thousand pounds a fresh applications to the throne will certainly yeur, as chief secretary of state in Ireland ?

be made. Will they inquire into these interesting mat

-There appears to be some realers ? Are these things right?' Will any sy. son to fear, that Napoleon is in but too fair copbant, however base he may be, say that

a way of finally accomplishing his accursed these things ought to be tolerated ? To be

purposes, with regard to the Spaniards. I " loyal" must a man hold his tongue upon was, but a few weeks ago, reproached by a matters of this sort? Is it to shew one's love correspondent for having, at first, expressed of the country and of the constitution, to my fears, that the Spaniards would be subwink at these crying abuses ? And, lastly, dued : I wish, with all my heart, that this does the existence of such abuses tend to ground of reproach, if it be one, may hold strengthen, or to overthrow, our excellent good to the end. I would much rather be form of kingly government ? ---There is regarded as a fool for the rest of my life, one general remark to add upon the proceed than that tyranny, in any shape, should, ings of the Court of Inquiry; and that is this : in a nation like Spain, triumph for a single that all the persons, hitherto examined, are, day. The Morning Chronicle has an armore or less, parties concerned. They should, ricle complaining of the conduct of the consistently with reason, be called upon for GENERAL Junta in Spain; and, though nothing but official returns, or other docu- one does not like to begin to blame, at a meals ; not, at least, in the present stage

of moment when the blamed party appears to the business. What are their opinions to be experiencing a reverse of fortune, it must us? They will hardly say, that they think be acknowledged, that, as far as we can they have done wrong. They will hardly judge at this distance from the scene, and give such evidence as is calculated to throw with means of information so imperfect, blame upon themselves. We are proceeding there is, as the Chronicle observes, but too! as if upon an implied acknowledgement, that much reason to look back with regret to the an English armrj can never, in any possible Junta of Seville. The General Junia case, do amiss. But, the fact is, that whole may be composed of wise and good men ; armies have frequently done amiss. Whole but, it does not breathe the spirit of the battalions, at least, bave been disgraced, Junta of Seville. It does, perhaps, contain' and, in some cases, have had their colours, more of rank than the Junta just named : and the facings of their coats, taken from but more rank and title will, I should think, them. I do vot say, that the army in Por- do, in such circumstances, little, or nothing. tugal, or any corps of it, is under a shade ; - The General Junta appear to have dibut, I do say, that we have nothing to do, rected their attention chiefly to the keeping in the way of evidence, with the opinions of of the people quiet ; to the maintaining of any of the generals employed upon that ser- order and tranquillity ;to the represvice. It is impossible, that such an Juquiry sing of all violences, proceeding from popucan prove satisfactory to any man, who really lar commotion But, with their leave, inis is wishes for satisfaction. There may be men, not the way to oppose Buonaparte and his who will feign that they are satisfied, that daring legions. The object of the Junta all is well, though they hear of the “ Ducis, doubtiess, to nip, in time, the bud of

d'Abrantes” having again taken posses- insurrection ; lest, in, the end, the people, ion of his Dukedom; but, the nation at proceeding from one step to another, overarge never wili, and never can, and never turn the whole system of the government, in ought to be satisfied, with any thing short church as well as in stale, as was the case in of a fair, open, legal, and rigorous inres- France. But, the question is, is Buonaparte igation into the causes, which have prolu- to be resisted by any means other than those ed such disastrous effects. Parliament will, : of a general insurrection; a general lettingndeed, have full power to take the matter loose of the people? I think, that he is -P; and, if all other modes of legal inves. not; and that she nobles of Spain have to igation are refused us by the ministers, we choose, whether they will see king Jo. hall look to that with great anxiety. The sepla opon the throne, or see the people lett hind of the nation 1131cwas mors decideilly {act as they please. There. wadled, in


Spain, a renovation of character ; an entirely | of Spain the object, which we thought they new spirit excited ; new talents called forth should have in view, and for the effecting of froin obscurity. Therefore, if the nobles which we would give our aid. I am afraid, have assembled in a Junta, and are en- that this tended to damp the rising spirit of deavouring to keep the people quiet ; to the people. There are persons, I know, preserve "order and tranquillity,” they, who, rather than see the French resisted by in my view of the matter, are taking pre- a patriotic insurrection, would see Joseph cisely the wrong course. It is, in that case, Buonaparte in safe possession of the throne. little more than the old government, ad- This is a fact, which has been all along ministered by deputy, under which, it is my evident enough, and which was, long ago, decided opinion, that, sooner or later, dwelt upon by me. But, such persons must Spain must fall. It is not cautiousness that be very unwise, very short-sighted; for, in is now wanted in Spain. It is vigour ; it is the end, all the evils, which they may activity; it is great daring ; it is enthusiasm. apprehend from the success of a patriotic Anger, resentment, revenge ; every feel- insurrection, must come, and come switter ing that leads to violence. These are wanted too, through another channel. -As to our in Spain. With these Buonaparte may be armies, in Spain, they really appear to be resisted ; but, without them, it seems to in a rather is unsatisfactory state," at preme that he cannot. There is one decree, sent. They are, however, under experie or edict, of this General Junta, from enced commanders ; and, let what will be which, if it be authentic, it is impossible their fate, they will have done their best to not to forebode great evil. I men that, assist the cause. It is impossible, ihat either whereby they attempt to pat a stop to what ministers commanders can foresee they call “ the licentiousness of the press." every thing : something must be left to luck; If the press assault only Buonaparte and and, therefore, if the expedition should fail, his friends, it is evident that it cannot be under G:nerals Moore and BAIRD, I should too unshackled. Why attempt to check it, not, from the bare circumstance of failure

, unless it be feared, that it will produce what be disposed to blame the ministers. is thought to be mischief, in Spain ? And, the two Morning Chronicles of Tuesday and if, so soon, the Junta itself be afraid of Wednesday last, there appeared some very the press, the reader will easily suppose, spirited and able articles upon the conductor that much of a change is not in contem- the ministers, with regard to the war i plation, a fact which, the moment it is Spain and Portugal. They are well worth discovered by the people, will admonish reading; but, I do not agree with the them not to be very lavish of their blood. writer, that it was so easy a matter to know I must confess, that this little circumstance, precisely what ought to be done, at the time this decrec, for which the Junta will be, I when ihe expeditions were first sent out. dare say, greatly applauded by many, bas, Let the ministers have all the blame that is in my mind, excited very serious fears for their due, but no more. It is the fashion, the Spanish cause ; because, if authentie, because it accords so well with party inoit argues a distrust of the people, and an tives, never to blame the commanders, but opinion, on the part of the Junta, that the always to blame the ministers. This is sot country is to be defended by the old ordina- only unjust in itself, but it has a very mis

. ry means; than which, I am convinced, the chievous tendency, as to the conduct of result will prove nothing in the world to be those commanders, who, be that conduct

-As to the check, or the what it may, are sure to meet with, at least, cureat, for such I fear it is, that General Blake an indirect defence, from one party or the has received, I think nothing at allof it. How other. It is not so in the French service, many such defeats did the French experience, where the commander is looked to, and noat the out: set of their revolutionary war : body but the commander. There is nobody They rose more powerful after cach defeat. found to accuse the war-minister of not It is true, that there is some little difference sending him to the right point, or of not between the assailunts of the Spaniards and supplying him with horses or provisious

. those of the revolutionary liench. Yet, The fact is, we have nothing but ihe parade this I do not value, if the Spaniards have a of military service. We have no really mispirit like that of the French ; if they are litary notions; for, if we had, we nerer animated'by motives like those by which the should endene complaints against the minise French were animated. I cannot help think- try for having “exposed a general to diții ing, that it was very wwise in us to send an cully and danger," the existence of which envoy to the king of Spain. This was, in are always implied wben men talk of war. fact. one way of pointing out to the people That ten thousund English troopis

more erroneous

" the

convene his Parliament, for the purpose of yourselves, that the Address alluded to, instituting an Inquiry and Investigation breatles NO spirit, which is not most truly before that Constitutional Tribunal. Par- and strictly honourable to the feelings of liament is said to be the voice of the People ; subjects of a great empire, and that I may by some persons it may be objected that stand acquitted before my Brother Freebold. it is not precisely so at this moment, and ers, of having been actuated by any other though the public expectations and anxious motives, than such as glow in the breast of wish for truth, and nothing but the truth, every true and free-born Briton. I am might be disappointed equally, even by such proud of participating in such sentiments, a reference, yet the people at large would and bave the lionour to be, “ In this matter, certainly have no right to complain, as they

" as in all others in which" not only could only blame themselves for having Independence and Honour of the County elected such Representatives, as could sacri- “ of Stafford" but of “ the Kingdom at fice their country's glory and honour, eller large, are concerned,"— Brother Freeholdfrom fear of avowing constitutional princi- ers, - Your devoted and faithful Servant, ples, or with a view of promoting their own --Anson. Bath, Nov. 15th, 1809. private interest, or party spirit.-Having thus entered my decided protest against the

OFFICIAL PAPERS. Resolutions passed at the Meeting which did Buenos AYRES.--- Proclamation ly Don take place, I shall now say a word or two Santiago Liniers y Bremond, Viceroy, upon the Address intended to have been Governor, and Provincial Captain-Gineproposed, the object of which was. to re- ral of the Provinces of the Rio de la Plata, quest his Majesty to summon his Parliament, &c. Dated Buenos Ayres, 41g. 15,1808. and to bring the discussion of the unfortu- (Concluded from p. 861.) nate Convention before that, the only Con- I communicate this by special coustitutional Court. – I earnestly request you riers, to all the heads of provinces on to examine with attention the words of that this continent, that by adopting one uniAddress. No attack is made upon the form system, they may make the greater character of any set of men. No attempt

efforts to facilitate the succours necessary to made to prejudge any Commander. No preserve the glory acquired by a city, which allusion is made to any individual.-1 defy from its local situation, and its energy, has the most zealous or scrutinizing prerogative

been, and will continue to be, the impregstickier, to point out any part of that Address, | nable bulwark of South America. But I which is wanting either in loyalty, or at

cannot conclude without impressing upon tachment to the Sovereign. li is, on the you, and yourselves cannot but know it, contrary, couched in terms of the most That no force is comparable to union of opiproper respect towards his Majesty ; at the nion and feeling, nor any means more effecsame time, that, in temperate but dignified tive to preserve you invincible than reciprolanguage, it asserts the right of the subject, cal confidence between you and the constiand expiesses boldly, that just sense of the tuted authorities, who, attentive only to disgrace, which bas fallen upon the national the public interest and benefit, will see character, by an event as unaccountable, with dissatisfaction and abhorrence every as it was unexpected. The Address implies thing that opposes or separates itself from distinctly an imputation of blame some- the general prosperity.--SANIAGO Lis where, and solicits a Parliamentary Inquiry NIEP.5.—Buenos Ayres, Aug. 11, 1808. into the causes of an evil of such magnitude. - sball now take my leave of you, with French ExpoSÉ. Paris, Nov. 3-In only requesting that you will compare care- the sitting of yesterday, his excellency fully and without prejudice the intended the minister of the interior, accompanied Address, with those Resolutions, which by Messrs. de Segur and Corvetto, counselwere carried at the Meeting. Let every lors of state, pronounced the following man appeal fairly to his owo heart, whether speech on the situation of the French enthe Address intended to have been proposed, pire : --Gentlemen, you terminated your is not more adapted to his own private sen- last session, leaving the empire happy, and timents, more consonant to the public opi- its chief loaded with glory. The year has nion, and more congenial to the feelings of passed away, and a multitude of new cirevery Englishman, who professes an honest, cumstances have added to the good fortune though not parasitical loyalty to his King, of the country, and increased our hopes of and an attachment invincible to the laws and future benefits. All that I have to state to Constitution of his Country - entreat you you, gentlemen, is already known to you ; to make this comparison in order to convince and, for your full information, I have only

to retrace to your memory the principal | enriching by the requisition of new patterns, events which have filled up the interval be- and is entitled to commendation for the tween your last and your present session, information which the pupils receive, who and to recal to you the additional advan frequent its school of drawing and descriptages for which France is indebted to the tive geometry. Reforms have been made in wisdom and valour of her sovereign. I will the school at Chalons-sur-Marne. The conspeak to you first of the wants of nations ; sultation chambers of the manufactures are justice, - public instruction, the arts and hastening to present useful views, which will sciences, the numerous branches of internal be taken advantage of. The institution of administration, public worship, the finances, arbitrators, for the purpose of deciding with and our principal relations with the states of celerity variances that may arise between the the Continent. The recital will bring us of workmen and their employers, render te course to this lamentable war, which we industry services which have been set forth. maintain against one single people. The Since your last session, gevilemen, several glory of our nation wounds that people, our towns have demanded them, and there are strength alarms them; the independence of our already some established at Nimes, Aix-lacommerce and our industry disquiets them; Chapelle, Avignon, Troies, Mulhausen, Se. every thing is again subjected to the furtune dan, and Thiers. of war ; but the days of justice are not far Commerce.-The political events have distant.-[Here follows a long detail respect- been unfavourable to commerce. It still was ing the administration of justice, the prin- | kept alive in the midst of the contentions cipal ainelioration of which consists in the that have deluged the Continent in blood, establishment of the trial by jury, on the because those nations that were involved in precise principles of the English law. The the war preferred their neutrality-that next head is that of public worship, which right deemed, even in our times, inviolable

. is tollowed by that of sciences and literature, But the English legislation, already misled public instruction, &c.—These articles be- by the ambition of universal monopoly, has ing of great length, and less immediate im. overthrown the ancient barrier of the law of portauce, we reserve them for a future op- nations, and trampled their independence portunity, and proceed to the heads which

under foot, substituting in the room of them are most interesting to the English reader.] a new maritime code. The ordipances of

Among the arts of indusry which have his Britannic majesty have realized these made progress in the course of this year, innovations : that of ibe 11th of November, we must enumerate the manufactury of tin. 1807, is particularly remarkable; it pro1:1 two of our manufactories they have at- nounces, by an universal blockade, the intained a degree of perfection, no ways terdiction of all our ports, in subjecting the yielding to that of the linglish. A premium ships of neutral powers, friendiy and even of encouragement has been given according- | allied to Great Britain, to the visitation of ly; and another is also destined to ulterior its cruisers, to be conducted to British porta, efforts in the same brancb).-The mechanics, and there to be taxed by an arbitrary inquisiin their endeavours of simplifying their tion. The einperor, obliged to oppose jast looms, and introducing economy in their reprisals to this strange legislation, gave out labours, have often also improve the quality the decree of the 23d of November, erof their stuffs. Those that are used in the daining the seizure and confiscation of the weaving of cotton, bare, for several years, ships which, after having touched in Eng. been inuch multiplied ; the spirit of inven- gland, should enter the ports of France.-tion has brought them to perfection. There From these measures, provoked by the Bri: is nothing now but what we can make, and tish laws, the almost absolute cessation of very well. The weaving of the cotton has the maritime relations, and many privations made as marked a progress as the spinning. for the French merchants, manufacturers, These two kinds of industry are already and consumers, must have necessarily enadequate to the consumption of the empire, sued. We all know with what resignation which is for ever liberated of the grievous these privations were endured; we know that taxation it has hitherto been under to the

they are already become habitual, that they Indian manufacturers and to their oppres- have awakened the genius of invention, and sors. The machines best calculated for the produced a thousand resources in substitution manufacture of cloths, are already in wide of the objects which we are in want of; wi circulation; they have lately been much know, finally, that a great nation, essenencouraged by advances made to different tially agricultural, can, by possossing in manufacturers in the departments.-The abundance all articles of utility, easily forekonservatory of arts and handicraft is daily go those, which only forme rotaia funcios tion, must be a serious obstacle to general relating to such points, are laid down, or circulation. So that this work, though collected: 9. In like manner, references absolutely necessary to the lawyer and the will be made to my Parliamentary History professed politician, very curious, interest. for Parliamentary Proceedings connected ing and instructive, in itself, and, in a high with any Trial, and to other works calcudegree, illustrative of the legal, political, lated to elucidate any part of this Collection and constitutional history of the country, is of Trials : 10. Some Trials before Courts to be met with in but very few private Martial, but those only of the greatest imlibraries, those of counsellors and solicitors portance and most general interest, and not excepted. The mere reduction of size, illustrative of the history of the times, will from the unmanageable folio of former edj- be preserved in this Work: 11. To each tions to that of the Royal Octavo, double Volume there will be prefixed a full and page, which unites economy with conve- clear Table of Contents, and in the last . nience, will, in itself, be no inconsiderable Volume there will be a General Index to the improvement. But, the proposed edition whole Work, so complete that I hope it will possess the following additional will be found to leave nothing of any imtages: 1. The Series will commence more portance difficult to be referred to. than two hundred years before the time of It is computed, that the Eleven Volumes the earliest transaction noticed in the former of the last edition of the State Trials will editions. 2. Many very important Trials be comprized in Nine Volumes of the New and curious matters, omitted in the former 'Edition, and that the Additional Matter to editions, though ocenrring within the period bring the Work down to the present time, which those Editions embrace, will be sup- will make three Volumes more. The whole plied; and the Series will be continued down Work, therefore, will consist of Twelve to the present time. 3. Many useless repe. very large Volumes.

The paper and print titions, ceremonials, &c. will be omitted, will be, in every respect, similar to whose of but every Trial will be scrupulously pre- the Parliamentary History. In the mode of served : 4. Many unmeaning and unin- publication only there will be this difference ; stractive pleadings will be omitted; yer, all that, while the History is published in those, which are either curious in themselves, Volumes, the Trials will be published in or upon which any question arose, will be Purts, one Part coming out on the first day carefully retained : 5. The different articles, of every month, in the same manner as the relative to each case, will be placed together, Magazines and other monthly publications ; $0 that the trouble of frequent references and will, like those publications, be sold by backwards and forwards, atiending a perusal all the Booksellers, Law-Siationers, and of the former editions, will be avoided ; Newsmon in the kingdom. Three Parts and, where references from one part of the will make a volume, and it will be optional work to another necessarily occur, the paging with the Subscribers, to take the Parts sepaof the present work will alone be regarded, rately, or quarterly to take the Volumes so that the coression arising from the various bound in boards, in a way exactly similar to pagings of the former editions will, in no that of the History. case, arise to teaze and retard the reader : For me to pretend to undertake, unassist6. The Trials, instead of being placed in the ed, a Work of this sort, which, to execute vexatious disorder of the former editions, well, requires the pen of a person not only will stand in one regular chronological suc- possessed of great legal knowledge, but also cession, unless where a different arrangement well versed in the history of the law, would shall be dictated by some special reason ; as be great presumption. Without such assistfor instance, where inore Trials than one ance the Work was not to be thought of concern the same party, or the same trans- for a moment; and, I am convinced, that action ; for, in such cases, it may sometimes the very first Part will satisfy the reader, be thought adviseable to break through the that it has not been undertaken without order of time, for the sake of exhibiting means of every kind sufficient to carry it on together all the particulars relating to the to a conclusion, in a manner worthy of saine matter or the same person : 7. Brief matter so generally interesting and highly historical notices of the conspicuous persoas important. In the publication of the Hismentioned in the Work, or references to tory, I relied upon the sound sense of the published accounts of ihem, will be occa- public, rather than upon the prevailing litesionally inserted : 8. Where points of law rary taste of the tinies; and from the sucarise, references will be made to those parts cess of that Work, I am convinced that suce of the Law Digests, or Treatises on Criminal cess will attend this also. I am convinced, Law, in wbich the principles and cases, that there are readers, and readers. enougby

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