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an abundance of mucilage, yet it possesses subsist, but with the use of materials, the a much greater proportion of saccharine also. natural tendency of which is to bring on It is with justice that he considers " sweet" debility and disease ! The evit has of late as the basis of vinous fermentation ; for it is been considerably increasing, and calls for very certain, that the vinosity of any liquor, some elfort to avert its baleful effects. I am (the fermentation &c. being equal) will be glad of the testimony that has been borne in proportion to the quantity of the original by this gentleman on the subject, and only bise which it possesses. I inay therefore be regret that in a paper of so much merit any allowed to doubt whether the instrument opinion should be advanced that will not alludel to, be capable of that extent of bear the test of rigid examination. --To you, application which is attributed to it, aud Mr. Cobbeti, I owe an apology for the length whether the value of the three sweets he of this letter, but when I say, that the has mentioned be correct. I would be very subject has some considerable importance far from being understood as iniending to attached to it, io a chenical, as well as d precisie the mieriis of the instrument. political and economical point of view; I kuow its value too well. But though it will trust that such a cousideration will be deemanswer every useful purpose to a brewer, ed a sufficient one, both to yourself and where the extract is from malt alore, yit your readers, from Sir, yours, &c.philosophical precision requires it to be CYDIDUS.--ulton, 15th Nov. 1808. stated, that it one which is generally used cannot with any very great propriety of term

Right of Petition, be called a “ Sicharonierer." It in a solu

LETTIR I. tion of sileets it can only indicate about one Sir-Your late letter to the freeholders third of the value, we may ask what be- of Hampshire, inserted in your Register of comes of ihe remaining to thirds?. Are the 20'li of last month, is sufficient to excito they evaporated? Or do they remain in the the vigilance, and arouse the ardour of liquor, enriching its quality, ihough in such every British subject, You have with a rare clastic forn as to elude the test of the great propriety and equal force exposed the instrument? 'I think the fact cannot possi-Himsy objections, urged by the advocates bij be ciclied. Mr. Reynoldson some- of the ministry against a full inquiry into where specks of a friend of bis (I think a the Convention of Cintra. The Answer to Mfr. Pent) having a method of separating the Petition and Address of the city of Lon. tile mucilaginous from the saccharine parts don, could not, in such a discussion, esCould such a method be genc.

cape your censure. In fact, that memorable rally adapted, we then might have sune and unprecedented Answer appears to me corta'ni dain, from which we might fix a a most dangerous attack, made by tlie serscule for the valua!ion of any extract. The vanis of the crown), on one of the most penairy oa the use of either sugar or mo. aluable rights and privileges of the people 195125 in the brewery is too serious to risk of England; a privilege, which was de. the actual employment of thell, though manded and established at the Revolution, were the circunstances of the times to and which eminently distinguishes this counDuke à revision of the act cxpediit, I try from the enslaved nations of the cuite think but they might be partially uselio tinent of Europe, The ininisters will advantage. I say partially, because, if used doulisless deny the justice of the imputation ; in too great a proportion they would destroy but let'us' attend not to their professions, the chasacteristic taste and quality of Ilie but to their acis, A respectful, but firm beer itself. The principal obstacle to their address is presented to the crown, by the use would be in the wint of a proper ap. first city of the empire, praying that a full paratus for estimating their value. Could and efficient inquiry be made into a trans. that be effected, I should have little doubt action, which, in the opinion of the peo but a fair comparison would evince an ad- titioners, stains with indelible disgrace the vantage of 10 per cent in a limited use of nime of Britain ; they prejudge no indiria them, 111-cad ut a loss of 20 per cent ac- doul; they desire only that guilt inay be cording tu ile estimate of the Ilampshitel uvestigated and punished in a fair and conBrewer And so far from deteriorating the stitutional manner. in these sentiments beer, they would contribute to its excel- and ricws they are supported by the unaJence, and be a means of remedying the nimous voice and ardent wish of the whole défects of beer brewed from inferior and empire. To this just and rational applicaordinary malts But on the use of every tion, what is the answer given by the marcotic drug, let just censure fall in due servauts of the crown? For 10 then ex. vengeance; ind ilutrade perislı, that cannut clusively belongs the odium of this uncon

of a wort.

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be ;

stitutional transaction. They read to the discretion of the court ? And, Sir, to petitioners a lecture on the first elements what does this boasted Right of Petition of British justice, as if a modest petition amount, if the subject cannot carry his for inquiry were an open violation of its complaints to the foot of the throne, principles ; they refer in some recent in- withont being dismissed with contempt and stances, to prove the general willingness of disdain ? It on an occasion, the nost imhis majesty to institute inquiries, though portant to the honour of the country, that it is notorious, that these instances never has occurred in the military annals of Britain, satisfied the wishes of the country; they , an humble petition from the first city of acknowledge the disappointment of the the empire has been thus treated with hopes of the nation, on the subject of the scorn, what is to be the fale of addresses, petition, but they loudly declare that the on subjects of less consequence, and if interposition of the city of London is

London is suing froin quarters less respectable ?-Our wholly unnecessary in this critical con- attention, by the extraordinary conduct of juncture of affairs. The auswer in plain the ministry, is now transferred from the English amounts to this : " However cul- Convention of Cintra to the preservation of pable our commanders by sea or land may the rights and liberties of Britain. The

however disastrous the situation of truth is, this country is verging by rapid our affuirs; what degree of guilt may exist strides to despotism ; and it becomes the in the management of our concerns ; the duty of every man, who values the birthgood citizens of London, and consequently rights of an Englishman, to ase bis utmost the people of England, have nothing to do efforts to prevent farther encroachnients. but to remain quict, patiently to pay their The only method, that can be pursued for taxes, and leave these higher concerns to this purpose, is loudly and unanimously to the wisdom of the king's ministers, with- call for full, effectual, and parlianientary in out troubling his majesty with their como quiry, not only into the Convention of plaints."--This, Sir, is the real substance Cintra, but into the conduct of those of their answer ; a fair commentary on a who were the advisers of this singular most ungracious, harsh, and repulsive text. Answer to the Petition of the city of LonIn the records of ministerial pride, I have don. The cry of “NO ENEMIES 70 never found such an answer to a modest THE RIGHT OF PETITION !" shon petition. Napoleon would not have ven- resound from one corner of the empire to tured to insult his good people of Paris in the other. Our ancestors dethroned a so$0 pointed a manner. The public will vereign for invading our rights; their dejudge, whether such language, dictated by scendants cannot do less than dismiss and the servants of the crown, be not injudicious degrade an administration, who have eviin the extreme to the valuable Right of deatly attempted to abridge and render Petition, secured to us by the wisdom and nugatory what was then claimed, demanded, steadiness of our ancestors at the era of the and established. In supporting the cause of Revolution. A wicked and unprincipled this great city, we shall contribute to the minister, who openly invades our liberties, security of our glorious constitution; and becomes much less dangerous, than he, who we shall afford a lessou to all future ninissilently and imperceptibly gains ground by ters, however fortunate, not to deviate thwarting us in the exercise of our rights. from a constitutional course in the tide of We are naturally on our guard against the prosperity, but to remember, that ibers open machinations of the former; but are rocks, on which, whoever splits, must against the secret designs of the latter, inevitably perish. - Politian. - London, what cau secure us? What am I benefited 12:1 Nov. 1908. by the frequent panegyrics of Lord Haw kesbury on the glorious Revolution, if,

OFFICIAL PAPERS. amidst all this ostentatious display of patriot- English COMMERCE WITH Spain.-Let ism, I am to be robbed by him and his ter of Admiral Morla lo Mr. Duff associates of one of the most useful privi- The supreme junta of Seville declared to leges secured by that event? Or at least me, under date of the 13th instant, as folif I cannot resort to the exercise of it with- lows :-" Most excellent Sir,—The supreme out experiencing the most poignant insult ? junta of Seville is adopting Where would be the advantage of the grand forming a regulation, under which English palladium of personal liberty, if the judge commodities are for the present to be imwere to rell the prisoner on his application ported in the country, on which subject your for a writ of habeas-corpus, to remain excellency presented a note to the said jone quiet in prison and leave his case to the ta, under date of the 3d iost, in answer it

measures for

which the said junta has resolved to declare vour is to be extended to such ships as shall to your excellency, that with regard to the arrive in future, since it is not for me, as vessels which have already arrived, they you desire in your last report, to decide that leave it entirely to your own judgment to point. -God preserve you many years.determine in your wisdom and prudence | THOMAS DE MORLA.-Cadiz, Sept. 19. what duty they ought to pay, the junta being desirous to testify to the English nation the AMERICAN EMBARGO.--Petition of the Sule high sense they entertain of their friendship scrilers, Officers of Merchant Ships, leand generous support.-Io pursuance of the longing to the Port of Philadelphia : to order received, I have this day communicat- the President of the United States. ed the following instructions to the director Respectfully sheweth, that, in consequence

general of the customs :~Authorised by au of the present embargo laws, the situation » order of the supreme junta of the 13th cur- of yur petitioners is grievous and afflicting;

rent, touching the importation of English that they have been engaged in the mergoods, hitherto prohibited to be imported in- cantile service since their insancy, with to this country, and the duty payable on few exceptions, and accustomed only to congoods of the like description), found on board duct ships or vessels across the ocean ; that, of such ships of the said nation as are at pre- from the operation of the present restrictive sent in the Bay, I have determined after Jaws, they find themselves cut off from having heard the opinion of their lordships their usual employments, and, of course, with regard to the duty payable on the same,

the means of subsistence are gone. Your that ihey are to pay 15 per cent, royal cus- petitioners are well acquainted with the dutms; 5 per ceni. if destined for inland cois- ties of conducting ships from port to port, sumption; and all the other duty payable on weil versed in naval tactics, but unable to foreign goods, the importation of which is handle the harrow or the plouzli - Your permitted, the shipment of the said goods petitioners have for a long tim bone, with for our possessions in America, being of patience, the privations incident to those corse free and unprohibited, since, in this restrictive laws, without murmur or, comrespect, they ought to be considered as free plaint; but, when imperious necessity comgoods, on paym.:nt of 7 per cept. ad valorem, pels them to disclose the cause of their the proper officer adhering strictly to the or- grievances, they humbly suppose they have dinancas issued on this subject. You will at- a right so to do in a decent and respectful tend to the execution of the present order, manner.-Your petitioners therefore pray, and make it known to the trade through the that your excellency will take their case incompetent board, with this proviso, that to consideration, and adopt such measures clothes made up, articles of wood, or any as may relieve the wants of your petitioners; other material perfectly finishedi, are not to or, if there are vacancies in the uavy, to give be imported

on any consideration whatever.. your petitioners, or some of them, an op-I inform you of the premises for your own portunity of serving therein ; as they think information, and for the direction of the themselves capable of performing services individuals of your nation, that they may

of that nature. They, however, submit form a correct opinion of the high estima- their whole cause to your consideration, tion in which the Spanish government holds hoping your excellency will adopt such meathe worthy subjects of his Britannic majesty, sures as wisdom and justice may point out, and perceive how anxiously that government and as in duty bound will pray, &c.desires to give proofs of its gratitade for Philadelphia, August 10, 1808. their faithful alliance. God preserve you

President's Answer. many years.--THOMAS DE Morla.-As Sirs,- In answer to the petition which you in the order which I communicated to you delivered me from the officers in merchando under date of the 16th instant, the supreme vessels belonging to Philadelphia, I must junta of Seville says only, that it is adopting prenrise my sincere regret at the sacrifices measures for making regulation with regard

which our fellow-citizens in general, and to the importation of English commodities, the petitioners in particular, bave been obwhich hitherto it was not lawful to import, liged to meet by the circumstances of the it is not in my power to form any other de- times. We live in an age of affliction, to termination, but with regard to goods of which the history of nations presents no the above description, which are found on parellelwe have for years been looking on board of ships actually arrived in the Bay, | Europe, covered with blood and violence, and you must therefore apply to the supreme and seen rapine spreading itself over the junta, for instruction, how far the same fa. ocean, On this element it has reached us,

and at length in so serious a degree, that emplove i io idle conjectures, the fathers of the legislature of the nation has thought it the country, your vagistrates, and the chief, necessary to withdraw our citizens and pro. who has repeatedly conducted y xi to glorioss perty from it, either to avoid or to prepare , triumphs, were incessantly occupied in de for engaging in the general contest. But vising the best means for maintaining your for this timely precaution, the petitioners character, interest, and tranquillity.-- From and their property might now have been in an examination of the contents of all the the hands of spoilers, who have laid aside dispatches, it appears, that the'emperor of all regard to moral right. Withdrawing the French has been compelled to recognise from the greater eril, a lesser one has been the absolute independence of the Spanish necessarily encountered, and certainly, could monarchy, and also that of all its transniathe legislature liave made provision against rime possessions, without retaining or disthis also, I should have had great pleasure, nembering the minutest portion of its doas the instrument of its execution, but it minions; and to maintain the unity of rewas it impracticable, by any general and just ligion, our properties, laws, and usages, which rules, to prescribe in every case the best guarantee the future prosperity of the nation ; resource against the inconveniences of this and though the fate of the monarchy was new situation. The difficulties of the not entirely decided, the cortes were sumcrisis will certainly fall with greater pressure moned to meet at Bayonne on the 15th of on some description of citizens than others, June last, whither the deputies of cities, and on none perhaps with greater than on and other persons of all ranks in Spain, were our seafaring brethren. Should any means repairing, to the number of one hundred and of alleviation occur within the range of fifty.-His imperial and royal majesty, after my duties, I shall with certainty advert applauding your triumphs and constancy, eito the situation of the petitioners, and in horts you to maintain with energy the high availing the nation of their services, aid opinion which you have acquired by your isthem with a substitute for their former oc- lour and loyalty, offering you at the same tim? cupation. I salute them and yourself with succours of every description, and I have a sentiments of sincere regard.—Thos. Jef- hesitated to assure him in reply, that the

fidelity of this city to its lawful sovereigo !"

the character which chiefly distinguishes it, BUENOS AYRES.- Proclamation by Don and that I shall thankfully admit every &

Santiago. Liniers y Bremond, Viceroy, scription of aid, consisting of arms, at Governor, and Provincial Crplain-Gene- munition, and Spanish troops. In times ral of inė Provinces of the Rio de la Plata, calamitous nothing can so much contri &c. Dated Buenos dures, rug. 15,1808. bute to your security as union and co

Brave and faithful inhabitants of Buenos incidence of sentiment on a point so inte Ayres.-Since the arrival of the last vessel teresting to the public bappiness. Let i from Cadiz, bringing advices of the events imitate the example of our ancestors in t!" which have occurred in our mother country, happy land, who wisely escaped the disrelative to the abdication of the crown, exe- asters that afflicted Spain in the war of the cuted by our beloved monarch, Charles IV. | Succession, by awaiting the fate of the moand his son Ferdinand VII. and the remo- ther country, to obey the legitimate authoval of the whole of the royal family to France, rity which occupied the sovereignty. - MeanI consider you as anxious to fix your opinion while not possessing orders sufficiently auupon a matter in which your loyalty is so thoritative, to countermand the royal cedudeeply interested. This anxiety must have las of the supreme council of the Indies fur been greatly increased by the arrival of the proclaiming and taking the oaths to Don FerFrench agent, who brought over various dis- dinand VII. as already announced in my propatches for this supreme government. Thecla- clamation of the 31st of July, I have rea mours ofthe unthinking have reduced your ac. selved that those measures shall be procredited enthusiasm to a state of irresolution. ceeded in with the forms and solemnities The not immediately declaring to you the ob- already agreed upon, flattering myself that ject of his mission may, perhaps, have appear. in the midst of the public rejoicings and ed to you a want of confidence very contrary to happiness we sball

prepare ourselves for pex That whi h I place in you, and which your triumphs. patriotism has merited. But whilst you were

(To be continued)

FERSON,

Pinted by Cox and Baylis, Great Queen Street ; published by R. Bagshaw, Brydges Street, CorentGarden, where fonær Numleis may be hud: sold also by j. Budd, Crown and Mitre, Patl Mall

Vol. XIV. No. 23.] LONDON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1808. [Puice 10D.

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" Sir Arthur Wellesley, in fact, privately protested against the Armistice, in the scrongest terins; he dis“ tinctly declared his objections to the Commander-in-Chief, and tried all in his power to prevent him from granting the terms he (lid to the enemy. Sir Arthur Wellesley neither approved of, nor had any concern “ whatever in writing the Armistice. It was negociated with Kellerman, by Sir Hew Dalıymple himself, " and was afterwards signed by Sir Arthur Wellesley, in obedience to the positive order of Sir Hew Dalrym

ple."--MORNING Post (or Nabobs' Gazette), Sept. 22, 1808. $05)

- [866 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. the same sentence. Bur; observe, there Court of INQUIRY.-If there can be was, in neither of those cases, a " Court of any such thing as unquestionable pre-emi- Inquiry." The former, though he had, nence in absurdity, it is this thing, now with an inferior force, beat the enemy and going on at Chelsea. Flinging stones against taken two of their ships, was sent, like the the wind; eating hasty-pudding with an Jatter, who, with a superior force, had awl; drinking out of a bottomless pot ; been shamefully beaten; the former, like singing to the deaf; asking questions of the the latter, was sent, at once, to a cou dumb; exhibiting pictures to the blind : all martial; a court invested with all the powthose, and every other thing that ever was ers appertaining to criminal jurisdiction, not seen, or heard of, yields to this matchless exceptiog that of sentencing the accused to absurdity. A court, destitute of all legal suffer death. Well, then, these being the form and authority ; the members of which recent occurrences manifestly alluded to in are under no obligation to perform or to ab- the king's Answer, had we not a right to stain from performing any thing ; destitute expect, that the men, now accused, would of the power to demnand evidence or compel have been tried in a similar way? And can Attendance ; destitute of the power of putting

there be a doubt, in the miod of any man, any question upon oath, of enforcing obe- what was the real object, which the minis. dience to any one of its coinmands, of ters, or part of them at least, had in view, issuing its censure, and even of pronouncing when they advised the king to give such an judgnient, in any manner whatever, which, Answer, and to make, iu that Answer, such if hostile to the feelings of the party adjudged, an allusion ?

-The result of this court wilt would not, according to the preseut practice, be, the collection and publication of a mass subject it to a criminal prosecution for a of matter equal in bulk to that of the Old libel

. Is this the sort of Inquiry, of which and New Testament ; a mass that no man the Rev. Edmund Poulter was speaking, will ever have the patience to read ; and a when he came forward, at the Hampshire mass, which, I will venture to assert, will, meeting, and, upon the express authority in the minds of the nation, leave the question of Mr. Sturges Bourne, assured the people of guilt, or innocence, just where it now is. present, that an Inquiry, of the most satis- Of course, it will leave the complained-of factory description was ther actually insti. grievance unredressed, and the people, in tuted? Is this the sort of Inquiry, to which their different districts, will, if they be not the king was advised to allude, and which bullied or corrupted into silence, renew the partizans of the ministry, asserted to their applications to the throne, or to the have been promised, in the king's famons parliament, or to both, for a legal and rigid and never-to-be forgotten Answer to the Inquiry. In the meanwhile, the public city of London? Is this the sort of Inquiry should, it appears to me, seize upon, and that will, or that can, satisfy the indignant treasure up, certain prominent facts that are pation ? Be it remembered, that the king, transpiring at Chelsea, casting aside all that in the answer which he was so ill-advised as mass of detail, all that insignificant babble, to make to the city of London, referred all that miserable small-talk, dignified with them to recent occurrences, as a proof of the name of evidence, wbich can possibly be his being, at all times, ready to institute of no other earthly use, than that of bewilInquiries, in cases where the interests of the dering and confusing their minds. ----First nation and the honour of his arms were con- then, it appears, supposing Sir Arthur Welcerned.

What were those occurrences ? lesley now to speak the truth, that all the nuWhy, the trials of Sir Robert Calder and of merous and positive assertions, made, as will General IVhitelocke, though, I hope, the be seen, in part, trom my motto, in the Morn. former, will excuse me for naming them in ing Post, and by the friends of Sir Arthur

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