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their religion, and their king. And such Deas to their 'gmests, totally unbecoming the addresses their leaders, certainly, never character of English men,--piece of rudewould bave published, had they riot known ness which could baie been equally foreign that the people were enthusiastically attached from sound policy, as contrary to every rule to their prince. -Since it thus so evidently of civility and politeness. They would have appears, that the governments of the diffe- beeil, thereby, taking upon themselves, to rent provinces, as well as the people of express teir disapprobation of the conduct Spain, bave given their voice so unanimous- of the Spanish nation, and to interfere with ly in favour of the prince of Asturias to be the internal affairs of that people, which their king; upon what principle is it, that you must admit, would have been high preyou condemn the genilemen at the City of sumption in a set of gentlemen assembled in London Tavern, at the dinner given to the their private capacities. They would also Spanish deputies, for having drank the have been setting at defiance, the wholesome halth of Ferdinand VII? On the promoters advice which you gave to the government of this dinner, you have poured forth a tor- and people of this country, not to interfere rent of the most unmerited abuse : for what with the Spanish people, in the choice of reason it is not very easy to conjecture ; for tbeir government. This advice, which you I cannot conceive, wby a dinner, given by were so anxious to impress upon others, yo!! the bankers and merchants of the city of yourself have lost sight of, as if you had London to the Spanish deputies, as a mark been the only person in the nation, on whoni of respect for them, and of attachment to there was no obligation to follow it. If the their cause, should be more a subject of Spanish patriots, instead of declaring for censure than a dinner given by any corpora- Ferdinand, håd resolved to establish a re. tion, in any p'rt of this country. Of your publican forot of government; if the Bria remarks on this dinner, it is foreign from tish ministry, taking alarm at this step, had my object to take any notice, though there remonstrated against it, and threatened to is one observation I cannot pass over in sio | withdraw their succours, and to leare Spain lence ; talking of the quantity of turtle on to contend alone with Buonaparle; in what the table, you exclaim : "how many hun. terms of severity and reproach, would you dreds of wre!ches have worked like galley have deprecated their conduct? You would “ slaves, upon bread and water, to supply have told them, that, by such an unjustis: this gluttonous repast !" If you mean by ble interference, they were sacrificing the this to insinuate, that the expence of this best interests of the country, and throws dinner was defrayed from taxes, wrung from away the most favourable opportunity the the earnings of the poor, you have made a had ever been presented to them, of resistmost unjustifiable attempt to inislead ihe ing with effect, the exorbitant power of ignorant part of the public. If this is not France. But, impolitic as such conduct The meaning of the passage, it can have no would have been, it is the very thing which meaning at all; for I presume that the ta- you, by the means of your Journal, vern-keepers, waiters, couks, under-cooks, now endeavouring to effect. By the opinion turnspits, &c. employed in cooking and you have expressed of the choice of Ferserving up this dinner,

ere acting in the dinand vil, and by the arguments with way of their business, and that they were which that opinion is attempted to be supas much obliged to the gentlemen by whom ported, you have done what lies in your the expence of this dinner was paid, as the power to thwart the cause of Spain, and 10 paper-makers, stationers, printers, printers- assist the tyrannical attempts of Napoleon. devils, newsmen, &c. &c. engaged in get- I do not, however, dread, that the publishting up the Political Register, are indebied ing of your sentimients will be atiended with 10 you for the employment you give thein, so alarming consequences; it will only prove in printing and publishing that meritorious your own inconsistency, and how little re. Journal, by which you and they carn so gard you can pay to your owp advices and comfortable a subsistence, and the people opinions. Your Journal will not in all proof this country derive so much entertain- bability reach Spain ; and there is no great ment and instruction. But 10 return-if risk that any thinking people in this coubiry the gentlemen at the London Tavern knew will be missed by your arguments. But, la what were the seniiinents of the deputies, so far as your power goes, you have atanch of the Spanish nation, and if at this tempied to raise a jealousy of this country, dinner, given in honour of them, and as a in the breasts of the Spanish leaders ;Jou, niai k of attachment to their cause', they had have attempted to render the people of omiited to toast king Ferdinand VII, they England lukewarm to their cause; would have been guilty of a piece of rticle- have sitempted to mislead be people o!

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England, by making them believe, that to repel the foreign invaders, when they they are to be taxed for carrying on a war niust have known, that whenever that end in Spain, for a purpose which, if it suc- was effected, they would have to wage a ceed, must be productive of barn to this civil war among themselves, for the seitlenation, and to every nation in Europe. It ment of the government? Such a measure is for you, Mr. Cobbett, to reconcile such would have given rise to a fourth faction in conduct with sound policy, and with your the nation, and that too in favour of Joseplı foriner opinions on the subject of the Buonaparte.

Prudent people, and such as Spanish revolution —But, if the qnestion had estates and property in the country, were whether the Spaniards had acted pru- dreading the anarchy and confusion, which dently in choosing Ferdinand for their king, inust necessarily ensue on a total dissolution it would be no difficult matier, not only of the government ;-calling to mind the to prove the affirmative, but to demons- awful scenes that have been acted in France, trate, that it was the only possible measure, under the government of a Convention ; which could ecable them effectuaily to re. and unwilling to run the risk of bringing sist the power of France. When the similar distress and misery on their county, juntas of the provinces were called to arms, would have quietly submitted to the usur* people so circumstanced as the people of pation of Buonaparie; and to the happiness Spain then were, --suddenly deprived of of the people, sacrificed their lideries and their king and government, it was neces- independence. These evils have all been sary, in order to insure unanimity, to shew prevented by adhering to Ferdinand ; and to them not only what they were to figlit in so doing, the Spaniards have followed against, but what they were to fight for. To the prudent example of Eugland in the defend the liberties of their country, against year 1058. When Jimes the Vilih abdicated the base attempts of a treacherous and perfi- the throne, and carried bis son along with dious tyrant, was no doubt a cause softicient him, England did not make choice of a of itself, to rouse to arms, a people so new family, but conferred the crown upon brave and so gallant as the Spaniards. But the daughters of their late king, and on to render the rising of the people general; their demise without issue, the parliament

to secure unanimity, and prevent the settled it on the nearest protestant heirs.--- growth of faction, it was necessary that an You say that to restore ine house of Bour

ultimate object should be poinled out 10 bon to the throne of Spain, without any them, -that the people should know the limitations whatever, will do barm to every hand destined to sway the sceptre, when nation in Europe, and particularly to this their exertions had freed the country from nation. But surely you do not mean to say, its foreign enemies;—and to whom could that it will be productive of equal harm to ibey so naturally cast their eyes, as to l'er: this country, as the establishment of Joseph dinand, to whom the people were so un. Buonaparte on the throne of Spain ? We animously, and so enthusiastically attached ? had, therefore, but to choose betueen Let it be supposed that the Spanish leaders, these two evils ; prudence would surely dicilluminated by the same enlightened policy tate to us to choose the least. The couwhich distinguishes you, Sir, had declared sequences of the latter to this country, you that the royal family had forfeited all right have so well deseribed in ile 411 No of to the crown, and had merely called upon the present volume of the Political Register, the people to take up arms to repel the thai I cannot do better thao give the pacinvaders of the country; promising when sale in your words : Napoleon once in that should be accomplished, 10 call a na. secure possession of Spain, would coexy tional assembly of the people, to choose a keep us in a state of continual aların : constitution, and frame a government for “ all hopes of resistance would be extine themselves; what, in all probability, would guished upon the continent of Europe, have been the result of so imprudent a step, “ whicha, united under one head, wouk, what, but disunion, ruirl, and deteat? The “ and must, harrass us in a way that we people no doubt would have armed; but « could not support,


number of one party would have declared for Ferdi- years." If this, Sir, be your real op:nand; another for king Charles, and a nion of the fatal cousequences that must third for the proposers of the Convention

; ense to this country froin the subjugation and from parties infuenced by so different of Spain, let us bear no more of the harm views, and actuated by principles, so hostile to every nation in Europe, and to lis nato each other, could any union' in council, tion in particular, which the restoration of or cooperation in action, been expected ? the ancient government of Spain must ocWould they have joined, with one consent, casion, --refrain fruin declaiming on the

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foliy and absurdity of England, pending Intercourse will be the object of the go. her blood and ireasure, to carry on a war vernident, as well as the wish of op peop's in Spain for the restoration of the Bour- of Spail.--I have the honour ic be, Sir, bons ;-and try not to damp the art of your obligi-d humble servant, -JAM780the people of England, in behaif of the NIUS.- Forth-Bank, 24th of dugust, 1508. Spanish patriots, whes our a-sistance is of

N. B - This letter has been wislaid, or so great imporiance to them, in the ylo

it shouid bave appeared long !!!:

»,-W.C. rious canse for whicu iley live tak! np arms, and when the constances of 12:11

OFFICIAL PAPERS. want of success most be so fatale. Engun). I do not believe, por do you beliv?, HOLLAND. Dutch Commercial Decres, we can julge from what you live formerly duine isch October, 1808. (Couclused written on the subject, that the iniert go. fiom page ECO.) vernment will all its deficis will be reinics They are further authorised to cor. by the enthienlernent of Ferji: anit the Vllit). re-rond direct with ourselves, in such But even if is shonid, if Svanin succeeds 10 Cases where they have any information driving out the French, the avantages to of great importance to comit unicate to this county, political as well as commer. us, and particularly 10 acquaint is with cial, will be very great.

The influence alls instances of neglect or backwardness which France has so long retained over the on the part of the civil or military agents. givernaient of Spain will be destroyed, The rival and military force shall also 8.! ; siu vill berdown into the armis of te at their diposal, in all that relates to the kuid The family compact, which had Withing of the coasts and ports. The edased so long to the disadvantage of Eng; teiegrihs are likewise placed immediately land as well as of Spain, was aumibilated under heir or:Jers.-- Art. IV. Fishing-boats by the expulsion of the Bourbons from shall be compelled to return to the harens Frince. It is true, that the intluence of from which they sailed. They shall, upon France still consilid to Opirati',

no consideratoil, be admired elsewhere, down in the day that Firdi..darrived at Dut even un ler the pre ext of baving sufferBaroone, but that was ocasioned by the ed damageand wherever any trace shall be terror, with which the power of France discovered of a comunication having takes inspired a weak and cotrdly government. place with the enemy, sub as persons being But if Spain succeed in duteating the at- found on beard, not belonging to the cres, tempts of Napoleon, and securing her inde- or the smallest package of merchandize, pendence, the dicas

of the power of

letters, or newspapers, the boat shall be. France will no longes operate on the Spa- come the properly of the civil or military pish government; -;:in will bäse become authorities who shall bave coutribated to her conscious of her own strength, and will no seiz ire, as soon as a decree of seizure is longer submit to be the tool of France, or pronounced by the judges, which shall be bicritice lier dearest interests to the views wiithin 14 days at the farthest. - Ari. V. and caprices of Buonaparte. Gratinide to All nations or foreign merchantmen enterias England, and hatred of France, wbicb the any of our havens or roads of any descrip: present persidious atiemp's of the liter tion shall be warned by a boat to keep off, must inspire, will naturally occasion a cine and that if they do not they will be fired at. connexion betwixi Spain aul Eurland. It No excuses can be admitted, letters received is well known that there is a great simild- or any mtercourse entered into with them. rily of character between the two n. 11015; Ships of war and those of friendly narions, and that the people of Spain have always are alone excepted. -Alt. VI. All decrees, been remarked for a strong predilection in regulations, and other dispositions, heretofurour of England. The pculiar vadis of tore adopted, relative to the shutting of the each other, and their mutual ability 10 havens, and the pretention of communicasupply those wants, woulu promote a cons- 11on with the enemy, shall remain in full mercial intercourse equally beneficial 10 force.- Art. VII. Our members of finance, both nations Such an interceprse has been marine, colonies, justice, and police, are long earnestly wished for in Spain, as ap- each in his respective department, charged pears by their well known adage :

" Con

with the execution of the present decree.iodo el mundo guerry, y paz con Yuglat- Given at vir Palace at Urrecht, 18th Octo. terra""Peace with England, and war with ber, 1808, in the thich year of our reigu. all the world ?" and to establish such an | -(Signes Lodewyk.

INTELI" ** Printed by Cox and, Grcat Queen Street ; published by R. Bagshaw, Bryoges Street, CoventGarden, where former Nunebuis may be had: sold also by J. Budit, Crown and Miue, PaH- Mall.

Vol. XIV. No. 22.] LONDON, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 1808. [Price 10D.

Yes, while I live, no rich, or noble knave,

“ Shall walk the world, in honour to his grave."- Popt. 833]


Joux Pollen, Bart. recommended Thosó For the nomination of a member to serve FREEMAN HEATHCOTE, Esg. a son of Sir in Parliament, in the room of Sir Henry WILLIAM HEATHCOTE, which recommendaMildmay, Baronet, deceased; which neei. tion was seconded by Sir NATHANIEL Holirg was held at Winchester, on the 23d of LAYİ. November, 1808, in consequence of the These formalities having, in the course of following Requisition and Norification. a few minutes, been gone through, Mr. Por" To the High Sheril of the County of TAL, a friend of Mr. Herbert, came forward, Southamplon.

and began an address to the freeholders, with IV inchester, Nov. 15, 1808. observing upon the unfairness of the con“ Sir:-The much lamented death of Sir duet, which, opon this particular occasion, Henry Paulet St. Join MILDMAY, Bait. the Sheriff had been induced, from the having occasioned a vacancy in the represen- party purposes of those who signed the rear tation of this county, we carnestly intreat quisition and others connected with them, you to call a mee:ing of the gentlemen, cler- to pursue.

He said, that the notice to the gy, and freeholders, to consider of a pro- freeholders was so short, that it was imper person to be put in nomination to suc- possible, supposing every one of them to ceed to binu as early as convenient.

see the newspapers in due course of their H. Drummond, William Garrett,

publication, all ibe freeholders could bare L. B. Wither, Wm. Deacon, been apprized of this day's meeting; beWm. Heathcote, George Garrett, cause, the provincial papers do not bear P. Williams, James Deacon, date till the Monday ; are not, in fact, deJobn Garnett, David Lance, livered till the Monday, except in places John Blackburn, Wm. Fitzhugh, locally favoured in this respect ; are not deJ W. S. Gardiner, S. Harrison.

livered in many parts of the county till the " In coripliance with the above request, I Wednesday morning ; and, therefore, it do hereby appoint a meeting of the gentle

was very probable, and, irideed, almost men, clergy, and freeholders of the county certain, that there were many of the freea of Southampton, to be holden at the castle holders at home, reading the notification of Winchester, in the said county, on for the holding of this meeting, at the very Wednesday next, at twelve o'clock at noon, moment that the meeting was holding. He for the purpose above-mentioned.-G. H. appealed to all who heard him, whether Mitchell, Sheriff. ---Titelfie'd Lodge, such a notice was not unprecedented; whea Nov. 17, 1908."

ther any meeting, of this sort, had, by any At twelve o'clock, the sheriff opened the Sheriil, ever been before called, without, business, having adjourned from the Court. at least, tio weeks notice ; and, he exhouse (which was considered as too small to pressed his hope, that no Sheriff would hold the Freeholders assembled upon the oc- hereafter, from any motives whatever, and casion) to the Grand Jury Chanıber, into especially from motives such as those which which persong, who wished to take an active had evidently prevailed in this instance, be part in the proceedings, were admitted, induced to do what had now been done. while the assemblage of Freeholders re- Mr. Portal then cailed the attention of the mained in the Castle-yard, and were ad- meeting to the perilous situation of Europe dressed from the windows.

in general, and of Spain and Portugal in The Sheriff having rend the requisition, particular He said, that the question was and stated his intention finally to take the now to be decided, and that there appeared Sense of the meeting by the skew of hands, to be little time left for the decision, • Sir THOMAS MILLER, Paronet, came tor- whether the brave, the generous, and the

Ward, and recommended, as a proper per- noble Spaniards were to be delivered from "Ion to represent the county, the Hon. the grasp of the unprincipled, unsparing

VILIAM HERBERT, which was seconded and ferocious tyranny of the despot of - by Sir CHARLES MILL, Bart. Then Sir Frince, or whether they were to reusb


under that grasp, and with them the last means generally en:ployed by those, , remaining hope of the deliverance of who, as yet, condescend to designate Europe. He said,

bad sent

us, for one week in seven years, by the flatout a numerous and gallant army; that tering name of gen!lemen," but who, unthe nation, with an unavimous voice, prayed less we now make a stand for our rights and for their success; but, that, numerous and liberties, will, all the year round, and durbrave as our armies and our fleets were ing all the seven years, bestow upon us the known to be, still there was need of a di. better-merited appellation of slaves. But; recting mind at home; need of able men, Gentlemen, I am not without hope, that the and men of habits of business, in the House result of this day's proceedings, nui withstandof Commons. He said, that, since the ing the unusual and unp:ecedented and onproceedings with regard to the Convention justifiable shortness of ihe notice for a:semof Cintra, it became more than ever necessa- bling; a notice grown out of a requisition, ry to provide a check upou the conduct of signed by those who called the honourable the ministry, who had shown, in a manner barcnet lately deceased, by the endeaving alınost unequivocal, that they micant to screen name of friend, and who have row bastened those, whom the people, of all ranks and to seek for some one to till his place before degrees, bad, with an unanimous voice, ac- his corpse was scarcely cold ; a requisition cused of having injured and disgraced the from persons who call themselves gentlenen country. Mr. Herbert, he said, had, during of “liberal education and generous babits," the short time that he had the honour to re- though it is impossible to turm an idea of any present the county, fully proved, by his con- proceeding more illiberal, more ungenerous, stant attention to his duty ; by his indepen- discovering a more complete want of all just dent conduct; and by the great talents he and gentleman-like feeling ; in spite, I say, displayed, that he was a proper person again of the shortness of the notice to the freeto be chosen for the county, under the pre- holders in general, while secret means bare sent awful circumstances, and that, there- been long using to procure and insure a perfore, not only because he thought Mr. Her- tial attendance, I do hope, Gentlemen, iba bert to be, for several reasons, the fittest the result of this day's proceedings w person of the two, but, also because the convince those, who bave been the imax Other candidate was already (though they diate cause of our assembling, and, indeed might never have heard of it) a member of which is of nuch more importance, it parliament, he strongly recommended to nation at large, that, though the freehoiders ihe Freeholders of the county to slow, by a of Hampshire, have, in common with the decided majority in the show of hands, that rest of their countrymen, lost much of the the sense of the county was in his favour. rights and liberties, yer, at any rate, that

MR. Cobbert, who stood at another they have sense enough remaining to know window, then spcke as follows :-" Gentle- what those rights and liberties are. men,' we have just been reininded of the Before I have done, Gentlemen, it is my necessity there is of our making exertions for intention to submit to you a proposition, the deliverance of Europe. The little, with respecting A PLEDGE, which I deem it my which I shall take the liberty to trouble duty to obtain from one or the other of the you, will be of an humbler cast, having candidates, before I give my vote for either; for its principal object, to effect, in time, and, if I should succeed in convincing you, and in some small degree, at least, the de- that to reqnire this pledge is reasonable, fair

, liverance of Hampshire. In certain na- and conformable to the principles of the tions, where the great body of the people constitution, I shall, of course, hope, that were slaves, it was a custom with the slave- you will, in this respect, follow my ex• holders, to give them, at certain fixed pe- ample. There is a doubt, Gentlemen, apoa riods, a holiday, and to ply them plentifully the question, whether, after a member is with drink ; one of the principal purposes returned to parliament, he is bound to abide of which appears to have been, that the chil- by the subsequent instructions of his constidren of the slave-holders, from witnessing tuents; but, I take it, there can be do the beastly behaviour, the senseless noise, doubt at all, that before we elect a member, uproar, and confusion, that seldom failed to we have not only a right to ascertain, but prevail amongst the degraded wretches, up- that it is our bounden duty to ascertain, that on these occasions, might, at an early age, his intentions are to act agreeably to those contract a deep-rooted abhorrence of the leading principles, the adhering to which odious vice of drunkenness. Too nearly re- may, in our opinion, be essential to the sembling the means, but with an end well-being of our country. The purpose, in view colbewhat different, are the for which we are met, Gentlemen, as

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