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ges were extravagant. -The total charge " for money, of one'shilling and sixpence " for instruments from the beginning of per gross; and these prices we understand “ 1796 to the end of 1806, or for 11 years, “ to have been the current prices of the ' amounts to £72,919. 45. 8d. or nearly “ trade for the last four years. The market £7000 per annum on an average. When price for oatmeal iu 1804, as is to be seen " it is known that the regimentul surgeons in the returns, fluctuated between 17 and “ bave always found their own instruments, 23 shillings, and averaged during the 12 " the propriety of directing so large in ad- " movihs nineteen shillings; and for Scotch " ditiova! supply for the use of ihe army barley, between fourteen and twenty-two

may well be questione? The sizleven,, and averaged during the same “ which we shallgive hereafter, of the quan- period eighteen shillings; yet the first ar" tity now in sture, will evince, we think, “ ticle is charged by the apothecary general, " that there has been a very great disregard " throughout the year, at twenty-six shil. " to the public interest in making such a ! lings per cwt. and the second at twenty“ provision.--The apothecary general'o bills seven shillings per cwt. The total of the “ for 1834 and 1305 include Jarge charges charges for this description of articles s for sugar, peari barley, oatmeal, paper, makes comparatively but a small part, " sheets, botiles. packing.cases, &c, via- ct. taiply, of the certified anaount of the

ny of these articles are uut usually pro- apoti.ecary general's bills ; yet it con“ vided by apothecaries, and therefore it “ firmas var opinion of the inefficiency of

muy be iinagined, that neither the phy- " the check on his charges, and of the great “sician general nor surgeon general can be “ loss which the public bas sustained from a

very coinpetent to judge of the propriety “ loose observance of the order of the " of the prices charged for them. Had they treasury directing the physician gereral

inquired, however, into the matter, " and surgeon general, in considering the · they would have found, perhaps as we justness of his prices, to pay attention " have found, that even admitting an extra “ to the delay of payment to himn."

charge on accuunt of the delay of pay- Now, Sir, unless this Report of the "nient, the prices charged are improperly Commissioners is false; unless they, or

great.-- We have come to this conclusion the persons they examined, have lied, what " from an exainination of Messrs. . Trotters' you assert, respecting the amount of Mr.

charges for similar articles supplied to Garnier's gains, is not true, buit, ontho general hospitals, also, in those years, contrary, is greatly and manifestly wide of and from the returns made by Messrs. the truth.--I stated Mr. Garnier to pocket "Cartis and Clarke, corn-fictors, and of the public money 12,000 aud some odd " Messrs. Harrisons, bottle-merchants, of pounds a year. This I took from his own

the prices which similar articles in their amount of farofits for the last three years. "different trades bore during the same You deny that this is a fair way of calcu

periunt. It must be obseryed, that in lating ; and, you assert, that the average “ Messrs, Trotiers' course of dealings with of his gains is not nearly so great.' If, by

government they have been Used, at an average, you mean the average upon all " least during 1804, calculating on the 74 years that the patent and monopoly

year's credit to government, to charge have been in the family, your assertion is,

about 20 per cent. on the money price of doubtless, true;' because when the patent " the articles furnished by them ; yet their was tirst granted, the army did nul, in all

charge for hospital sheeis is seven shillings probability, amount, 'upon a run of years, " and your pence, at the time that the apo- to thirty Thousand men, instead of three "thecary general's charge is ten shillings;

hundred thousand men, as it now does. and, when the apothecary general charges But, you well know, that I could have no eleven pence per pound für Muscovado su. such average in contemplation ; you must gar, Messrs. Trotters' charge only eighal know, that what I meant to state, and pence per pound: their charge for corks what I did state, was the sum he now re« is two shillings and four pente per gross į

ceives and clears ananally ; and, in making " the apothecary general's sir shillings : he this statement, how could I act fairer, 0-102 " charges for bottles at the rate of 60 shillings to take the average of the bree last year',

pergross for quarts ,and boshillings der gross all the years of wnien I, or the parliament,

for pints, at the time when, we learn from possessed an authentic and acknowleuged " Messrs. Harrisons, the first were Ruld by amount of profits ?' them at 49 shillings per gross, and the

You tell me, Sir, that Mr. Garnier is a second for 36 shillings per gross on a cre- to be looked upori merely az a merchant ; mr dit of six months, and with a discount, as a wholesale dealer. You make him cast

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and if his pros

his skin, as a “gentleman of literal eduta received this one-fifth ciear into his pocket, “ction and generous habits," and place Now, divideo 67,340 by 5, and you will see, Jiw be’ore me as a mere traiter ; a

tlaat, over and above his profits as a tradeswholesale apothecary; a worker of the man, supplying so sure, a cusicmes, he has, pesile and morir ; a downright tradesman of the public money, for the last thirteen nu shopkeeper.

years, pocketied 13,463 pounds a year, for " Botharlonbigh. your first's a counov 'Squire; which he has never rendered the public any " You! noxis a tradesman, mekand much alin." service, in any way whatever. Either, Sir, I do not impute the latter quasy to Mr. this statement is true, or the Report, signed Garnier ; but, I think, it will appear to by the seven Coinmissioners, and laid before ile reader, that the Commisjoneis do parliament, 'is false. Yet, Sir, he, nor witbreally charge hi'n with laving, for his own standing his “ literal education and generius interest sake, suled, in a most formal


condescends to receive, besides n?!:11li, 11! '''notirne. But, Sir, this innense sum, ten shilings a day, as ca niisking liri Goruler a traco-man will officer ripon the sint of the army; yes, as a

! ur purpose, unless you could officer, though you your ef deciale show, this helw monopoly ; qmnie: 6 vou him w be purely a genilemain, and quite iucould hvw, that be rân 2 i l'al'

cribal'le of any ofteial attendance of any sort. other trarlompen ; umiess y cou'! r mor

nu Wuuld fuin hare it believed, that the faci, proved before the Commissioners, . Gine cares little about the preserva. thiet be si!! goods to the parlic at a tion of his patent. If this were ihe cose, much higher price than those goods might

were all than what hve been supplied bred oher tradesmen's they ought to be, woord nie not have resignDrps.

ed the patent long ago, and if he had chosen I sinted that Mr. Garnier pocksted | to continue in the trade, have met the com£!",000 War of the pullie money, with. petition of oiber tradesmen? Bul, Sir, not 0!! Bebiddering any services whatever in ris only is the presumptive evidence against this

. Tuis is my statement. Yr u call assention of Mr. Garnier's disinteresiecinas, 1 esp '12,000 profits; and tell me, that we have positive proof of his rigid adherence 1.9th well charge any merchani with 10 the privileges granted in his patent. ia

ring the public money to the amount the year 797, at the end of 63 years erecsa

be annual profits of his concerns ; the ment of this lucrative monopoly, it was po tallucy of which, the miserable sophitry posed, or hinted ai, that the supply of sut of which, we shall see in a moinent.-gual instruments had better be iakén it oí the first plice, the merchant, properiy so his bancis; whereupon he wrote a letter, asCilled (and when properly so called no cha


bis privilege to the exclusive supply rrier is more respectable ;) the merchant cf 11.0e instrumeuts; stating certain facts h?- no monopoly ; there are so part of the , as to the comparative cbeapness of bis artipatve fouls enough so have entered nioa ces, which stotement the Commissioners kart bcnt lo deal with nobody but him for iner- proved to be wlue; and, concluding his Candize. The merchant has to look for letter, with saying, that he “ humbly hopes C!'stmati : be bas a comptition to contend That he shall be permitted still to supply the

ih; and, there is. all througli, a rigorous said articles." Does this, Sir, discover a i quiry into the quantity and quality of his carelessness about the gains arising from goods. All these circunstaves are wanting the paient? The agent, Clarke, swore, lumike the case of Mr. Garnier like that of that Mr. Garnier neler piedoked with any the mercbant.

part of the business; but, you see, he could Now, thie'n, as to the sum which Mr. meddie', when the object was to preserve a Garnier annually porkets, without any seri small part of the monopoly that appeared to vica , rendered in the suttering puble in re- he in cianger. Is this the maik of 's aiili

And here, sir, we will take the ral education and of generous habits ?" Virage

of the last 13 years : his average It is stated in your letter, Sir, that one charge against the publich been £67,340. half of the gains are given up by Mr. GX. Iron which the commissioners state, pier, to his agents. Dot, what is that in the that lie has charged one-fifth of the gross public? The reason for this participatio..! 211ount

than other tradesmen, in manifest enough. Snacks" is the old the saine line, would, under circumstan- word; without snacks, in such a case, Mr. res exactly similar, have charged the pub. Garnier conld not possibly carry the thing lir Consequently he has received all the


09; is it not upon this principle of spacás (fits that he ougit, as a tradesman, to that all the extortions on the public are praca Lave hal; and bas, lesiile's those profits, tised ; and, without snacks, would the pre



lic treasure be, in any case, wasted as it is, you inform me) Mr. Garnier to go on in his and the taxes increased to the present insup- old way; hence you inter, and appear 10 portable weight?

suppose that I shall agree, that the army In a letter, from you, Sir, I should not could not be supplie: upon better terms. hive expected the assertion, that any thing : Why, Sir, the same argontent would apply granted by patent was as sacred as a man's to the ten shillings a day to Mr. Garnier, freehold estate, much less should I haver- as an oflicer upon the start of the army; it pected to see you apuly this similitule to the would apply to the quesiion of surgicad ingrant in question, the very nature of wbich struments, in which the Commisioners have las been changed by the lapse of time and i proved, that the then ministry (the Pitts the change of circunstances. The grant to and the Roses and the Longs) were grossly Mr. Garmer vas made in the year 1747. It is negligent of their duty; it would apply to notorious, that, at that time, il cuid not be in all possible cases; it would apply to the the contemplation of ały one, that the army question of inquiry into the conduct of the would, even in time of ordinary 'var, exceed Convention-making generals; it is, in short, forty thousand men. Time and circum- saying to the people : " the ministers think stances have quite changed the effect of the " the thing right, and, therefore, right it grant, and, would not any man, who hud must be." Bit, Sir, I can suggest moimbibed high and generous feelings from a tives, other than that of the public good, "liberal education," have been contenteil ! which might lead to this deci.ion of the miwith the grant as it was at first intended ? bistry in tavour of Mr. Garnier, No small Ins 22 of bich, M". Garnier has not only part of the ministry are themselves patent gid, 'd at the whole of the profits arising placmen; and those who are not so themfrom this change, but has also procured him selves have children, or other relations, who self to be placed as an officer upon the staff To have trenched upon Mr. Garnier's of the arm, at the pay of ten hillings a day. palent; to have bound bin dowo to fair Freeho dorate in teed ! Oh what a preof of profits, might have led to an inquiry into the the humolec th debased state, if this ongin of theirs, and into the amount of the oncediat spille 1.mon! Froia no oíber fies, or other endumeats, attached to them. idea t'es romhat of the people being lost | Mr Gruir can pieni no previous services, to all sense

njury and of insult could rendered either by 6.17?,eif or his father, as sucha narto have been made

Siippose the foundation of his grant; por can any of the Tere d'Hised to grant, by way of the ministry, for any of the patents, which paoni, nen ons to the amount of all the they and their relations hold. This, Sir, tax. ' r 'ised, and of that of all the in- appears to me to be a much better reisen Crks of all the people in the country, those for the indulgence they have shown towards ot he patenvees exceptet: Would


siill their brother parentee, than the one wbick assert that ihoa ja nii were as sacred as the you have given, and which you really appear deeds of i eehold estates? Would you sull to have expected to prove satisfactory to my gay, that the nation viould be bound by such: realers. patents, and that to object to the continuance I think I have now, Sir, made good niy of such abominable extortion, would be to statement, and have even shown, that that discover a spirit hostile to the constitution of statement was fir within bounds, instead of England ? Sir, this nation has so long being, as you describe it, a gross tainely submitted to insult from those who tion. A similar fite attends the indiscreet wallow in luxury upon the fruit of its la- friends of the DUKE OF YORK, whom bour, that I shall not say, that any thing I shall prove to be in the receipt of a greater will rouze it to a proper expression of its income, arising from the taxes, than was indignation ; but, if any things can so rouze stated by me at the Winchester meeting. ir; if it be not doomed to the vilest slavery Those indiscreet friends have atfected to imthat ever disgraced mankind, language and pute i norance to me; but, I shall prove sentiments such as you, upon this occasion, upon them, ignorance or falsehood as gross have made use of, must have that desirable as ever yet made its way into print. effect.

Of much greater importance to us is You, by way of a closing argument, in. subject of a waste of the means of the for, that because His Majesty's present nation, than are all the politics and wars of " ministers," whom you fail not to com- the continent of Europe, or of the whole *pliment, as being very attentive to the pub. foreign worlu ; for, what is it to us, who lic interest; that, because they have, not- gains or who loses, who is set up or who withstanding the exposure made by the pulled down in Spain or elsewhere, if we Commissioners, determine i lo permit (as are to be slaves; and, it must be evident to neither the one nor ihe other can he be dis. : arguments for and again at the Addiess. But possessed; he is at full liberty to take any olurned out, that neither arguments nor political part lie pleznes, his judgment, nut numbers were of any avail. The sheriff his interest, directing him in his choice.--- thought proper to decide against is, and to In fairness to the present government, it give us reason to complain; Ist. That he put should be mentioned, that they have not the question of adjournment, before sereral been indifferent to the interests of the pub- gentlemen who signed the requisition had lic, and inaturcly weighed the pro- spoken, though they were very desirous to priety of giving dir. Garnier a compensation deliver their opinion; 2d. That he refused to for the purchase of his patert, (which he order a show of hands, but directed these was, and is, reddy to relinquish on any fair who were for the adjournment to go to the terms); but aítcr dee investigation, il ap. left and those against it wo the right; 3d. peared, that the arnıy could not be better, That he did not put bimseit in a situation or more reasonably supplied, than under the where he could see the numbers, but decided present airangement ; as the charges made precipitately, before the freeholders could by the apothecary general to the army are place themselves as he directed; ih. That less than those of the Apothecaries Com- he declared the majoriiy to be in favour of piny to the Navy.--Mr. Garnier's emolu- ile adjonrnment when it was clearly appameits depend wholly upon the success at- rent to impartial observers who were in a tending wholesale purchases, and retail situation to see, that the majority was against prices : he has ofien a great profit on some the adjournment; 5th. That being applied to articles; so has every mercbant in every by several gentlemen to correct his mistake branch of trade; and the merchants may by taking the numbers with more exacıness, Wit!?cs much propriety, be said to be drains be bustly ordered bis carriage, which bad on the public porse, as that Mr. G. is in been waiting for him, to drive on. A conthe receipt of a large incore from public siderable number of freeholders met and tores - Yol will:10w see, Vir. G. drives no requested the gentlemen who signed the readvants from any support le may give the quisition to protest against these proceedings present governe!i; that he has repeatedly of the sheriit. They have protested, and deoppused adminisaation ; thai he does not re- manded another meeting, but have met with crivetion the taxes L'12,000 a year, during a rufasil: in consequence of which they the war ; that by agreement with liis depo- meet on Tuesdy next to consider what tips, he civiles the prouts with them ; ibat firiber steps they should take on this extra might not professiourily entipioged, he is ordinary occasion.--I agree with you,

Sir, 1.5.2015ible ciien, to an immense amount, concerning the county of Essex. It has avvincing money trwin his priva.c forime to certainly been a nullity in its represeutatica Burharge the debis of the public ; and that for the last thirty years : and it majorities lpos t'rer was an enemy to peice --- On the are to be construed into minorities, it is likely whule, I am onlined to conclude, that in to be also a nullity in exercising its con. This ciiu no blene ailuches to the adminis- stitutional right of addressing his majesty tition, r'o corrupi motives to lir. Garnier, on the subjeci of the most ignominious isedly andro injury in erect to the public. -- The that ever disgraced the page of bistory – aune build the tirst pirt of my proposed I am, Sir, your obedient servant,- MONTAComunication, which I have first set, GUE BURGOYNE.-Mark Halt, 31st Oct. frv. being of a person. nature, I postpone 1809. the second part, being of general relation 0.17, 10 the proceedings and report in ques:

SPANISH REVOLUTION. $10', and re.'!?, Si!, your very faithful SIK;-) have read with na inconsiderable sr17:at, -EDUURD POULTER.

degree of surprise, your observations upon

the Spanish rerolution, in the Political ReEss:x VECTING.

gister, of the 13th of August current. Sir,--I think you for the handsome man- From some of your former writings er in which you have introduced my name remarkable event, I had concluded, ibat in your Register of the 22d. inst. I certainly you were zealously ivierested in the cause of hue been actire in advising the freeholders the Spanish patriots; it is therefore with as to attend the county meeting at Chelmsford tonishment ihat I find you deprecating on Friday last: but I do not plead guilty to a such strong terms, the favourite object of charge brought against me, at the said meet- the Spanish people, to place Ferdinand uponi irg, of having canvassed ihe county for ibar the throne, and declaring your opinion, that Mlipose. Nly solicitations were confined io should that object succeed, it will do harm the atiending the mering and hearing the to every nation in Europe, and paricularly

on but

to this nation. In expressing this opinion, into, in waging w. r only for kings, and we you hiave not even the merit of consistency;

resolved, on ibe present occasion, not to a quality essentially requisite in ever; jour. spiit on the same rock. Tao11Britai1 nalist, who would preserve his credit with thus disclaimeri ail interested views in the the public, and particularly so, in the au- assistance which she resolved to give 10 thor of the Political liegisier, which has Spain; yet she was, in fact. wirely inilow. obtained so extensive a circulation, and is iig chat line of conduct, wbich was most known to possess so much infidence over the conducive to her own interest, and the gene. public mind. When intelligence of the in. ral welfare of Europe Whatever form of surrections in Spain first reached this coun- government might be estab ished by the try, you listened to it with an incredibus Spanish people, was a matter of no imporcar; the news you thought was too good to tance to this country, in comparison of prebe true, and that the people of Spain wire venting Spain from being sutigated by too deeply sunk in apathy, to rouse at the France; and is in that she succeeded, coll of liberty ; but wien finther acco ints she kne:v she would procure inestimable arrived, which let no room to doubt that ile advantages, both to herself and to Europe. indignation, which she treachery and tyranny She knew that she would, thereby, give an of Buonapirte bad exciteil, was general effectual check to the inordinate ambition of thronghout Spain, that in almost every pro- Buonaparte, the effect of which must be vince of the kingdons, the people were fly- | the emancipating of the powers of the Con1.15 to arms; vouing to defend their free. tinent from thui debasing state of servility dom, or perish in the attempt; when we and dependence, under which they have so fuund them talking of their liberties, of long grcane d. These circumstances I menreforming abuses, and restoring the Cortes tion to shew the wisdom of the advice which or real representatives of the people, you yon gave, not to intermeddle with the inierthen formed a more tavourable opinion of nal affairs of Spain, or 10. aticmpt 10 fruisa the success of their cause, and congratulated trate, directly or indirectly, any plan of your countrymen on an event so glorious government, ibat Spain might choose to bo the Spanish people, and so auspicious to adopt. Since that time, however, the iniss the liberties of Europe. You concurred in i of official intelligence, which we have rethinking, that the consequences of this ceived from all parts of Spain, leaves tis 10 erent would not be confined to Spain ; you room to doubt, as to the wishes of the peos hoped that it would be properly improved by ple of that kingdoin with regard to their the government of this country, and you form of government.

From Gallicia to An. Were of opinion, that it presented the most dalusia, from the Atlantic to the Mediterfeasible opportunity of checking ihe exhor- ranean, the voice of the people is unani. bitant power of France, that had occured nous for Ferdinand VII. That the people, during the last fifteen years; but, at the same or their leaders, have, in thus choosing Fertime, that you earnestly recommended that dinand, discovered any intention of re-estaevery assistance should be given by this conn- blishing the old government, with all its de. try to the Spanish patriots, you gave his fects, there is not the least reason to believe ; majesty's ministers a piece of wholesome though from the hatred you bear to that advice, the propriety of wbich was felt and unfortunate prince, and to ail the family of acknowledged by every prudent nu in the Bourbon, you cannot help identifying Fer

Do not interfere with the internal divand VII. with the ancient government of all'airs of Spain. Send them arms und am- Spain; excluding ihe possibility of any mo

min and money, every succour to cification of the power of the crown, as ennble them to preserve the freedom and in- well as of all reforın of abuses, or amelioradependence of their country, but leave the tion in the condition of the people. It is, people to choose what form of government however, sufficiently apparent, that the may be most agreeable to them. This seem- wishes of the Spanish vation are in favour ed to be the line of conduct which ministers of a monarchical government, and that all had resolved to adopt; and every considera- ranks of people are enthusiastically bent on tion of prudence. pointed it out as the most having Ferdinand for their king. All their proper to be followed. We at that time edicts and proclamations run in his arme ; knew little of the wishes of the Spanish they call bin their beloved sovereign, and, nation, on the subject of their government, in their addresses, the Junias of the different or of the opinion which was generally en- provinces, wlio must be well acquainted tertained in Spain, of the conduct of their with the sentiments of the people, call upon royal family. We seemed to be conscious them, in ile name oot ileir amable Ferdin of the errors which we had formerly fallen hand, to die in defence Wikti titull!

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