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siderable breweries, wherein the principal was well known, and universally admitted himself, and not an ignorant deputy, directs to be the Answer of his ministers, His mathe process. To such men the study of the jesty's speech was uniforinly received and practice affords a pleasing amusement, which discussed in parliament as the speech of his leads them to ascertain the qualities of, and ministers; and it was admitted to be comperightly to distinguish between, the four only tent for every man, public and private, to articles which are useful and necessary, and discuss it as he pleased. He did not question all others which are very far worse than the right of his majesty to return what mis eluss. Besides, it is not in the power of answer he chose to such addresses as that any brewer, however well

experienced and court, or any other body, or number of in, instructed in the business, to obtain so large dividuals, might present to him. All he a proportion of vinous strength, as well as contended for was, ihe right of that court some other of the most desirable qualities in to state the sensation which they felt on rebeer, from small as from larger brewings.-ceiving an answer such as the present to any This is no chimera; for a powerful cause Address which they might have presented to might be deduced from theory, if that were his majesty. The Address to which the wanting, to explain the fait. This disad- Answer in question had been returned, was vantage, together with the general want of not to be treated as if it had been the Adsystem among the inferior brewers, cannot dress of a fiction, or of a short majority. fail to occasion the very serious waste of one It was the unanimous Address of that court, fourth part of all the malt commited to breathing a sentiment unanimously adopted their injudicious (reatment. Any remarks through the country. The affront thrown on the effects of this annual loss, amount- on the court therefore, in the Answer which ing, as might be shewn, to 400,000 quarters had been made to it, was uncalled for, and of barley, from the national stock of corn, linnecessary. The motion now made did would lead me farther than I intended; and not bar or iinpeach the right of the crown would also intrude more on your valuable to return any aiswer it thought proper. He paper than I could expect will be allowed. hoped his hon. friend would follow it up mam, very respectfully, Sir, yours, &c. with another Address, which should be A HANPSHIRE BREWBR.--Nov. 4th, 1938. again carried up to the throne, and which

he should most cordially join in presenting. CITY OF LONDON.

Mr. Alderman BIRC!, referring to the ResolvTION RELATIVE

TFE KING’s

words of the resolution, declaring that it ANSWER. (Concluded from page 736.) was the right of the court to approach the

He should not deny that we were at all throne “without obstruction or reproof," times entitled to petition his majesty, and stated, that these were the words to which lo state our grievances ;- but would any particularly, he objected. --Mr. CLARKE man contend, that his majesty had not and anoslier member submitted, that the an equal right to make what answer he use of the term “gracious Auswer," when thought proper to such Address or Petition ?

coupled with the resolution immediately folHe threw out of his consideration the idea lowing, would convey a contradiction in which some gentlemen seemed to entertain terns. that in going up to the throne they were Mr. Deputy GOODDENZRE argued, that going up to the ministers. His view of the if ever there was a time when the rights and subject was very different. He conceived privileges of the City of London ought not that the court had no right to know any to be compromised, this was the period. As thing farther of the Answer, than that it was the Court asserted their own privileges and the Answer of the sovereign, and in no independence, so would they be appreciated other light were they entitled to regard it. by the country at large. The Answer of his It was on that understanding he supported the mjesty he regarded as being highly injudiAddress to its full extent; but he could never cious, improper, and dangerous. When one go the length of daring to dispute his majes- and all ought to be united with one heart and ty's right to answer it as he thought proper, one hand, as an independent nation, the however much he might lament the terms of City of London had been loaded with insult

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and degradation. This, he submitted, was Mr. Alderman Cujbe expressed his as- a crime of the greatest magnitude, as being tonishment at the doctrine he liad just heard, calculated in an eminent degree to produce so false, and so justly reprobate as it had anarchy and confusion. As well might genalways been held in the best times of the tlenien say, that the Corporation should at constitutional history of these kingdoms. orce surrender, or allow all their privileges The Answer of his majesty so an Address to be snatched from theai, as recommend it

such Answer.

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to them to pass over the present Answer in gentleman (Mr. Dixon). As to any idea of silence. An extraordinary case required an abusing that worthy gentleman, he never extraordinary messure to meet it. Never carried his abuse beyond the public conduct had one occurred which could serve as a of the person to whom he alluded; and it parallel to the case now before them; and man could not defend bis public conduct, that being so, he trusted the Court would he must not expect 10 escape it he would see the necessity of adhering to their rights obtrude himself on public notice. Praise and privileges. This they would do, if they the worthy gentleman for his political condid not wish to degrade themselves, and duct, he could not do with any regard to to abandon the cause of the couutry.

truth. As to the wortby Alderman, for Mr. Griffiths contrasted the conduct

twelve years that he had observed him in pursued by ministers on the present occasion, this Court, he had never till: this day ob. and on the Address before last, which had served him attempt any thing like a reply. been passed in that Court. Then it was He bad now appeared in a new character; signified to them that a full attendance would he had been unhappy in the exhibition, and be expected, as it was bis majesty's wish to he hoped he would never try it again. He see them all. Here, however, they could seemed to be a pupil of sir R. Filmer, and, not be received in state. Ministers had ad- like many pupils, he had gone beyond his vised his majesty otherwise. A worthy master, and had laid it down that a king Alderman, who had always been extremely might be and actually was his own minister. forward in going up with Addresses (Birch) | The great object of petitioning was, to take had, too, been backward on this last occa- care ihat truth should reach ihe royal ear. sion, and the Court had to wait half an hour The Common Council of London had, on before two Aldermen could be found to go this principle, gone op to bis majesty and up with the Address. The Answer, he con- stated their wishes, and were they now, ceived to be most ungracious.

after having been reproved for doing so, to Mr. WAITHMAN, in reply, declared, that stand still and not to tell bis majesty that he of all the extraordinary doctrines which he had been badly counselled? The worthy had been accustomed to hear in that Court Alderman might continue to boast of our from the gentleman opposite (Dixon), and glorious Constitution, and of our lords and from a worthy aldermaa (Birch), nothing commons; he might talk as he pleased of had ever surprised him so much as what he the dangers of popery, and of the blessings had heard this day. He had been informed of our holy religion; bat if we did not by the worthy alderman that the Answer was possess that privilege which the worthy ab to be held the Answer of the king, not of his derman seemed inclined to deny us, we ministers-of course, that no responsibility would soon cease to have any privilege whatattached to ministers from any Answer which ever. Having contended, however, against the king night nake to an Address. The this principle, the worthy alderman would

, worthy commoner had denied all argument perhaps, have the goodness to tell what he to his hon. friend. It miglit, therefore, thenght the people of this conntry ought to have been expected that he himself would do. Would he reconimend to them to stand

used something like argument. But still, as the Spaniards had done, till things no-be, as usual, had the good sense not to had come 10 such a crisis that they could get out of his depih, and had, of course, only advise the king to run away? Were confined himself to abuse and despicable they the friends to the constitulion, to the quibble. It would be necessary for him to country, or to his majesty, who would give bring to mind who was the person by whom, such an advice? Was it not tbis advice in 1800, a similar motion to ihat now proposed | which had betrayed the Stuart family? by him, was made. A petition was then Which had continued to deceive the king, presented to his majesty, req. esting him to will be was obliged to abdicate his throne, call parliament together, in consequence of and which latterly produced the glorious Re: a scarcity which then threatened the country. volation, of which the right now contended Tive Answer was cold ; and alderman Hlib. fur by him, but objected to by the worthy bert, than whoin a more worthy min nerer Alderman, Was the gat in that Court, thinking that it might pillar? The fate of the country required bove expressed some regret for sbe distresses

this court

to intertere, and apprise lus of the people, along with the motion for majesty of the public wish. This was enterizg the Answer on the Journals of the ibe very time to call on him to resort 10 Court, moved words expressive of this beiter councils. The great sir W. Temple ti eling This he thought was sufficient in said, that great occasions wanted great me, answer to what had fallva from the worthy 2nd great men wanted great occasioidi.

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Never was this country in such a crisis as the liament to be forthwith assembled, for the present, or in one in which there was a purpose of considering of the most effectual greater want of great men. The question means for carrying those desirable objects for the court, and for the country to con. into execution. sider, was, if they wished to become the Mr. Jacks, Mr. Clarke, and Mr. Deputy mark for the slow moving tinger of scoro to Box were of opinion, that the proposed point at. It was impossible to feel on this Address should not be carried through bu subject like Englishinen, and not to feel at a special meeting called for the purpose degraded. Mivisters were otien obliged, by It might otherwise seem that the court traps and tricks, to attempt to awaken the had been taken by surprise.—Mr. Dixon exertions of the state. In the present situa- disapproved of an Address at all. His mation of things, however, there were not two jesty had already assured the court, that an opinions. The public was actuated as by inquiry should be instituted. It would im. one feeling. They had even thrust ministers ply a doubt of the truth of his assurance, forward in the contest. They had given to repeat the applica:ion; and the request to liberally, they had given all that was de convene parliament would go the leagth of manded of them; and was it to be endured, inferring, that the court would not be satisafter ministers had taken all that they could fied even with a second declaration of his get, that we should have the mortification majesty's sincerity.--Mr. Alderman Comba of seeing all ruined, either by their imbecili- objected to that part of the motion which ty, or that of those appointed by them, and extended to our military system. He be denied even the consolation of expressing doubled if the common council could be our grievances, aud demanding inquiry into supposed sufficiently qualified to judge on the causes by which our calamities have been that subject.-Mr. Waithman had no oh. occasioned ? He hoped not only that the jection to omit that part of his moon.--Mr. resolution now proposed would be carried, Alderman Birch objected to the Address, but that it would be carried unanimously: particularly if to be conformable to the ReIt did not seem possible that any man could solution. He again alluded to th3 words oppose it, who was not a place-man or a “ obstruction" and " reproof," and remarkplacé-hunter.

ed that, though the court had indeed been Mr. Dixon said, the worthy gentleman reproved, they could not complain of obtook pleasure in representing the country as struction, they having been admitted to ruined. He, on the other hand, declared present their Address. Mr. Waithman init to be the admiration and wonder of the sisted on the propriety of seeing that his world. If the hon. gentleman's ideas of our Majesty was not allowed to remain in igkings were correct too, what would ıhey be norance of the opinion of that court; that but puppets, ready to receive instructions ? his Majesty had been badly advised. He Though kings could do no wrong, he could had no objection, however, as several gennot belp recollecting, that their acts were tlemen seemed to wish it, to withdraw his sometimes visited on them. One had lost motion for the present.-It was then orhis brone, and another his life, for what dered, that the Resolution of the court, the hon. gent. would call the work of their passed that day, be inserted in the usual ministers.

morning and evening papers. The question on Mr. Dixon's Amendment, was now put and negatived, by a EXPOSITION OF THE PRACTICES AND MA• great majority. The original Resolution, moved by Mr. Waitbinan, was then put and PATION OF THE CROWN OP SPAIN, AND carried, Alderman Birch and two or three commoners alone holding up their hands OF THE FRENCH TO CARRY IT INTO EX; against it.

PEDRO CEVALLOS, Mr. WYTHMAN said, the business would be incomplete if it were to rest here. He

CATHOLIC MAJESTY, therefore moved, that an humble Address FBRDINAND VII. (Continued from p. 704.) and Petition be presented to his majesty, in Without

any

other ground, your majesty Conformity to the said Resolution, express- thought proper to insult me in the presence of ing the desire of that court, that a strict and my venerable mother, and of the emperor, by rigid inquiry should be made into the causes appellations the most humiliating; and not which led to the Convention in Portugal, as content with this, you require my renunciawell as into the present system of our mili- tion without any conditions or restrictions, tary prefermenis; and that his majesty under pain that 1, and those who composed would be graciously pleased to order hje par- my council, should be treated as conspira

CHINATYONS WHICH LED TO THE USUR

THE MEANS ADOPTED BY THE ENPEROR

BCUTION : BY DON
FIRST SECRETARY OF STATE AND
PATCHES TO HIS

DIS

tors. In such a situation of things, I make No. XII.-Resignation by Signor Don Pe the renunciation which your majesty com- dro Cevallos of his Office of Minister for mands, that you may return to the govern- Forrign Affairs, mio the Hands of Joseph meat of Spain, in the state in which you Napoleon, on the 29th of July. were on the 1914 Marchi, when your majes

Sir--At the time your majesty had the ty made the spontaneous abdication of your goodness to invite me to continue in the crown in my favour.-May God preserve employment of minister for foreign affairs

, the valuable life of your majesty many years ! I believed that I ought to submit to your which is the prayer of your loving and du- notice some reflections, according to which tiful son, prostrate at your royal feet._- your majesty could neither have the least FERDINAND.--Bayonne, Oib May, 1803. confidence in me, or I the least security in No. XI.-Note of the French Minister for your majesty's protection, since I found my.

Foreign Ajairs, M. de Champagny, in self injured, and carefully watched by the reply to one from D. Pedro Cevallos, in emperor, your augast brother, whose inwhich it is complained, that a Cubinet fluence over your majesty's mind could be Courier dispatched by Order of Ferdinand in no respect favourable to me. - Your mathe Vllth, with Documents for Madrid, jesty persisted in your resplution, telling me had been delained, and in which he applied that you were anxious to have near you for Passports for another.

persous possessing the esteem of the nation; The minister for foreign affairs has re- |- but I having no other wish than 10 return to ceived ihe pole which Signor de Cevallos my native land, which bad been denied to did him the honour to address to him, com- me after two months' application to his implaining of the obstruction of the courier of perial and royal majesty, it was neces.ary his excellency. This measure was occa- for me to accept the nomination of your sioned by a notification, that his imperial majesty, to put an end to the lamentable majesty had required, that no other king separation from any family, and iny fellum should be acknowledged than Charles the countrymen, reserving always the right IVth. From this results, as a necessary which no one can renc unce, of adhering to consequence, that the emperor cannot admit the vcie of the majority of the nation, in in his arritory any act in the nature of a case it should not be disposed to ackoor. passport giien in the name of any oiher letge your majesty for their sovereign king, and for the same reason that the mi- To your m jesty i bare silice shown, that nister could noi countersign the new pass- Spain is almost unanimously opposed to fi port which Signor Cerablus bad sent bun

cognize you as king; and if ihis claim be But he hastens to apprise you, that all the wanting to you, there is no other by which letters which the courier conveyed, and your majesty can continue sovereign of these which have been detained, have been put kingdoms Thus circumstanced, I should into the bands of the French postmasier, be a traitor to my own principles, if I were who will provide that they shall be sent to to continue to exercise a ministerial capacity Burgos an: Madri with the greatest punc. | accépted under such circumstances, and net tuallly, and ine me will be done as to all from a desire to have any influence in the others, that the Spaniards; whether in France govern:nent of your majesty, which I re. or Spain, choose to have conveyed, either nounce from this moment, to go into re« by the ordinary post, or by a French courier. tirement, where I will consecrate to my un All will be iran poited to their respective happy country my wishes and tears for it destination, with the most scrupulous ex- calamities and distresses, which I should be aciness, and the correspundence between glad to remove, for the happiness of a nation the two states, far lion experiencing any noble, generous, loyal, and brave. interruption, will acquire ve v activity.-M. Appendix respecting the Manner in whii de Champagny, in sending this note to the Grand Duke of Bery obtained ly Sure Signor de Cevallas, has the lionour to as- prise an Order from the Junla of Govers sure him of his high consideration.*. ment to deliver over to himn the Person of Bayonne, April 29, 1808.

the Prisoner, Don Manuel Goloy.

Ever since the grand duke of Berg, * While the emperor intreated the king tenant-general of the armies of the emperor, to renounce the throne in his favour, no set his foot on the territory of Spain, be en. difficulty was made in countersigning the deavoured, by every possible artifice, 10 im. passports that I gave in his royal name, but press a general opinion, that he came for as soon as the French governnient saw its our happiness, and to effect certain useful hopes disappointechiadtalte passports to reforms in our goverpment; studiously gita every dispatch

ing out, that he would protect the cause

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of the prince of Asturias, and that he would I have promised to my people that I would oppose the prince of Peace, who was the publish the result of a process on which de. object of universal hatred with the nation. pends the honour of a great number of my Neither did he neglect to give forth some subjects, and the preservation of the rights hints of the great influence of the queen in of my crown. Throughout the whole expublic affairs.

It was very well known, tent of my dominions, there is not a single that this only was necessary to captivate the district, however small, which has not ad. affections of the oppressed Spaniards; and dressed complaints to the throne against that since bis mission had for its object what we prisoner. All my subjects have signified have since seen, it must be acknowledged, iheir joy in a remarkable manner, from the that the calculations of the emperor of the moment that they were informed of the arFreoch, bis master, were well grounded. - rest of don Manuel Godoy, and all have their As, bowever, all things in this world are eyes fixed on the proceedings and decision of subject to change, the ever-memorable this cause:—Your mjesty, a wise legislator movements at Aranjuez occurred, and sub- and a great warrior, can easily determine the verted all this plan. Scarcely had the grand weight of these considerations ; but if your Huke of Berg become acquainted with them, majesty feel yourself interested in the life of than he altered his scheme, and appeared to D. Manuel Godoy, I give you my royal make a great interest in the fate of don word, that if, after a full examination of his Manuel Godoy, with whom he had held case, he should be condemned to death, I correspondence of the nearest intimacy, al- will remit that punishment, in consequence though he was not pe:sonally known to him. of the interposition of your imperial majesty. It was not concealed from bis sagacity that | -Nay God preserve the life of your imthe royal parents took great interest in the perial majesty many years.-Ferdinand.' protection of their favourite. Then it was - Vittoria, April 18, 1803. --The royal that he began to take the most efficacious order of the same date also apprised the measures to liberate Godoy from prison ; 1 janta, that if the grand duke of Berg rebut all this was ineffectual, as long as their newed his applications in favour or Godoy, beloved king, Ferdinand VII, remained at he should be answered, that this business Madrid. The grand dulze of Berg was not was in treaty between the two sovereigns, dismayed by this circumstance; but scartely and that the re-ul!t depended exclusively on had his majesty arrived at Burgos, when he the decision of the king. His Majesty have fenewed biş application to obtain what he ! ing been informed that his royal parents long wished ; threatening, in case a negative i (ill informed, no doubt) had complained to was given, that he would use the force at the grand duke of the ill treatment of the his disposal to effect his purpose. --The prince of Peace in his prison, his majesty janta

, nepertheless, resisted his first applica- commanded me, notwithssanding his contion, and consulted the king as to what they viction of the delicate treatment observed ought to do in such critical circumstances. by the Marquis of Castelar, that I should di

was pleased to acquaint them rect him, that the greatest care should be with the answer he bad given on the same taken of the health of the prisoner, which I subject to the emperor of the French, who did under the same date.-Scarcely had the had himself solicited the release of the emperor received the letter of the king, when prisoner ; and which answer is as follows : with his accustomed haughtiness he abused

- The grand duke of Berg and the am- it, and wrote to the grand duke of Berg, bassador of your imperial and royal majesty telling him, that the prince of Asturias had bave, on different occasions, made verbal put the prisoner, don Manuel Godov, at his applications that don Manuel Godoy, prisoner disposal, and commanding him vigorously to for a crime against the state in the royal claim the surrender of his person. Nothing palace at Villaviciosa, should be put at the more was necessary for Murat, whose chadisposal of your majesti... Nothing would racter is naturally daring and violent, and he be more agreeable personally to myself than sent the following note to the junta :-' The to accede to your wishes, but the couse- emperor and king having informed his im. quences would be so serious if I were to do perial and royal highness the grand duke of 30, that I think it right to submit them to Berg, that his roval bigbness the prince of the prudent consideration of your majesty. - Asturias had just wrillen to him, telling him Consistently with one of the duties of my that he referred the fate of the prince of situation, which is to administer justice to Peace to his disposal ; his highness in conmy people, I have ordered the most digni- sequence directs me to inform the junta of fied of the tribunals of my kingdom to judge the intentions of the emperor; on account of don Manuel Godny according to the laws. which I repeat the request for tbe delivery or

His majesty

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