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out previous investigation. They ask for in-7 spect to ari affair, which was stated in the vestigation, prompt and rigid investigation, concluding part of the answer itself, “ to ana ihe punishment of guilt wherever it may

have disappointed the hopes and expectations le found.

of the nation ? " The second point was Mr. S. Dixos insisted, that the Answer the observation, that, “ recent occurrences ought to be entered separately, and asked might have convinced the city, that his mathe recorder, whether this was not the jesty was at all times ready to institute inusual practice? The recorder replied, that quiries.". An investigation had indeed taken it was the practice to propose the inotion place in the case of sir Robert Calder, whose for entering the Answer separately first; old age had been rendered miserable by a and if any thing was intended to be added, sentence severe in any view of the matter; to more it as an amendment.-Wr. Waith- brit most serere when contrasted with the mian observed, that he would contend against easy escape of many others. Did the noble all the lawyers in Westminster Hall, that lord, who delivered the answer, recollect the

transactions of the last fifteen years? Did the court might do as it pleased, as there was no standing order on the point. This

he recollect the retreat at Dunkik, and his was at any rate an extraordinary occasion,

own projected march to Paris? To looking and required an extraordinary proceeding.

at these erents and their consequences, did Mr. Quin said, that he vitered himself is not appear becessary to call for inquiry? to the notice of the court, divested of all

The royal duke at Dunkirk commanded prejudice either for or against ministers.

10,000 men. It was discovered at length Of many of their great foreign measures he that heavy artillery was wanted; and when approved; he was sorry he could not say so

This was sent, it was found that the balls did much for their do nestic proceedings. He not suit the calibres. Why was there no in

When Holland was appeared sinply as a representative of the quiry into all this? citizens of London, to guard their honour

evacuated, the army had in December perand protect their privileges as far as lay informed a march of ten wecks to Breme:-a his power. ' The answer to the Address was thing in them equal to tie retreat of the ten undoubtedly to be regarded as that of the thousand ; and all this while the royal duke ministers, since, constitutionally speaking,

was at head-quarters at a considerable disthe king could do no wrong. The sources

tance. On anoiher occasion, when an expeof the prerogative were so pure, that it was

dition was sent into Holland, it was found given only for the good of the people. It

that the army wanted a coommander, the was then the answer of the ministers, and royal duke being in London. The command he believed it might be considered as the

was taken by one who had since gloriously answer of the noble lord, by whom it was

fallen in his country's cause (Abercrombie) delivered. That was a melancholy day for i and success attended his course.

The royal the court in one sense, but it was a glorious

duke at length arrived : he had 50,000 men one in an ther. They had left their own

under his command ; the conclusion was a place of meeting to tell the truth; they had capitulation, with a stipulation to deliver up left the advisers of the answer, not with

8000 French captives, and these their best sotrow, but disdain and contempt. The

seamen! Why was there no inquiry into cause for which they had petitioned was

this? Why was there no inquiry into the great and noble. They had done their duty

causes of the failure of Ferrol ? Our solin presenting the address : the shame of

diers were of the same character with our the answer rested with others. There were

seamen ; but the effects of their exertions three points in that answer, which appeared

were constantly liable to be tarnished by the to him to call particularly for animadversion.

mischievous system of secret courts of in. In the first place, he should have thought quiry instead of open courts martial. The ibat it was uunecessary to tell the corporation

third point was, that the interposition of " that it was inconsistent withi

the city of London was unnecessary.” What the principles of the British constitution to

strange crime did the noble lord suppose pronounce judgment without previous in

the city to have committed by this interposivestigation." This was a truism with which

tion? Oiher places, however, in spite of every one was acquainted; and if the an

his intended check, had chosen to partaho swer should appear with: \t the address,

in the guilt. Winchester bad interposedposterity wou!! be apt to think the com'non

so had Westminster, Berkshire, &c, In council of this day destitute of common


1621 the parliamet remonstrated with sense. Bit perhaps it was thought that the

James L.* who had come from Scotland reopinion of the corporation on the transactions in Portugal had been too strongly ex- * Seu Cobheti's Parliamentary History of pressed; bui could this be the (a je with re: Englund, Vol. I. p. 1338,

of London,



plete with despotic nctions, about the system sat down had informed the court, that their of policy wbich he pursued. The reply was, Addresses went in general to tell his majesty “ that ihe parliament ought not to interpose what he already well knew, namely, of the in any prerogative matter, except the king attachment of that couri to his crown and was pleased to desire it.” This prerogative dignity. The hon. gentleman, however, extended to all points of the king's public with all his declamation, bad only told duty. Such was the notion of the right of the court what they already knew, and what interposition under the Stuarts; and the no- a boy at school descrved to be whipt if he ble lord who delivered the answer appeared did not know. The other gentleman had, to have taken his ideas on the subject from as usual, been lavish of his abuse of him. this source. The city of London, therefore, He forgave him for it on this day, on every ought not to interpose unless his majesty day past, and on every day to come ; all be was pleased to desire it! But it ought to be begged of that gentleman was, that he recollected, that these despotic principles would never praise him! He contended, drore the Stuarts from the throne. Had Mag.

that it had been the invariable practice of na Chart:-had the Bill of Rights, and the that court, on every occasion when an Ans. other great decurrents securing our liberties, wer to an Address was received from bis been forgotten? Had the noble lord locked majesty, to move simply that -- the answer at the first of William, where the right to

be entered on the journals of the court; and petition was recognized ? In Russia a regu- if any declaration were meant to accome jarion had once been made, that no petition

pany the answer, then to move such reso. was to be presented in the first instance, ex. lution, as an addition or amendment to the cept to a minister. It was then to be pre.

original resolution. He read a case in point, sented to a second; and lastly. it mighi be

to shiew that this had been the practice. It presented to the sovereign himself, but it was not his intertion, at present, to entert was at the peril of the life of the petition

into the merits of the resolution ; wib Were we to be driven to this pass ? In out signifying either assent or disapp the reigns of Henry and Elizabeih, bation to the terms of that resoluto while the constitution was floating between

he should content himself with now moving, life and death, the answers were less insult- that the whole of the resolution after the ing than that now read. Even Charles the

word " that " be omitted for the purpose of first had treated the Remonstrance of the inserting the words “ that his majesty's most City of London with piore respect. To gracious Answer be entered 0:1 the jonr. keep the truth from the ear of the sovereign “ vals of the court." After this resolurioa was the surest way to bring a government

should have been agreed to, it would still be into contempt. This had lately been ex- in the power of the hon. gentleman to folemplified in the case of Spain. We ought low it up with his present resolution, or any to learn wisdom from experience. The mi

other wbich he might think proper to prowisters received flattery with smiles, but pose. turned up their poses to the truth. It be. The Recorder here again read the original came the court, however, to have a due and amended resolutions. In doing so he by sense of its own dignity, and to act as be. a lapsus described his majesty's answer as came the representatives of the city of Lon- grievous" instead of

gracious," and don, not with a view of pleasing any minis- thereby occasioned considerable laughter in ters, but with a single eye to the common

the court. weal. This, he hoped, it would do on the Mr. Aldermín Birch appealed to the sopresent occasion. The whole of the motion lid sense and good understanding of the of his worthy friend had his hearty con- court, and hoped they would not allow

themselves, in the heat of the moment, 10 Mr. Dixos said, that no person could pass a resolution which they might afier. be more anxious than he was to sup: wards look at with a considerable degree of port the dignity of that court, but, at regret. The resolution bore ibat it was the the same time, he was anxious not to de- privilege of the court, and of the subjects tract from the dignity of inc crown, and of these kingdonas in general, to approach the respect it was entitled to receive from the throne withont obstruction, and wilbevery denomination of the subjects of these out reproof. realms, The lion. gentleman who had just

(To le continued)



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I. Res.


that some men have beu kicked into courage ; and this is no bad bint to give to those who are

elit. ral in bestowitz insults and outrages on their passive companions." -BURKE: Letter

'cace. 7373

(738 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. for what was called their unnecessary intere CONVENTION IN PORTUGAL.From a position ; and, they received no positive question of a more militaiy nature, assarance, that even an inquiry of any sort bracing riie conduci, the merits, or ihe de, should take place, much less an assurance, merits, of Sir Arthur Wellesley, Sir Harry that such an inquiry, that an inquiry of a Earrard, and Sir Hew Dalrymple, this has, kind calculated to insure them justice, in consequence of the subsequent conduce should be instituted. Here, then, the miof tbe ministers, grown into a question of nisters and the people were at issue. The great political importance. From the first, question now became, whether the mition the tardy reluctant publication of the nisters were able to do that which ibe wbole Extraordinary Gazette, and especially from nation disapproved of, or not ; which ques., the manner, in which that publication tion still remains to be determined.- 1 was made, it became evident, that the nii- COURT OF INQUIRY is, indeed, said nisters, though they had not the courage to to bave been ordered ; that is to say, an defend the Convention, bad determined to inquiry to settle the question, whether there screen, if in their power ; had determined le any grounds for putting the parties upon 10 endeavour to screen, their colleague, Their trial. This is something gained by Sir Arthur Wellesley; and, from the mo- the people and the press froa: a ninistry, ment that the citizens of London received who had caused a firing of cannon and an the rebuking Answer, all men were con- illuminating of houses at the receipt of the vinced, that the king had been advised 10 intelligence of the Convention ; this is act in conformity with that determination. something gained from those, who, tiom It then became a clear question, whether the outset, appeared resolved to screen one, the ministry had the power of defeating the if not all, the parties, concerned in making wishes of the whole nation, or not. The the Ccrvention. But, it is not what the natjou, with voice unanimous ;

wiih an

nation wi ?ed and expected. It is only in as perfect as that ot their sorrow Cases where there exist slight grounds to tor ihe death of Lord Nelson ; with such presume guilt, that Courts of Inquiry are ali unanimity, the nation deciared the Con. held ; and ihe only use of such courts, is, vention to be infamous, and with a like to save unnecessary trouble; to save the unanimity, they called for a speedy, fair, trouble of putting upon their trial persons, impartial, and open trial of those, who had against whom there appears to exist no pade thai Convention, who had done the evidence of guilt worthy of attention. Ju deed, which they deemed to be intamous. the case of Sir ROBERT CALDER, wlio Such, and no man will arlempt to deny it, with an inferior force, beat the enemy and were the feelings and wishes of the whole took two of their ships, the delicate mode Dation ; feelings and wishes entirely uncon- of a previous inquiry was not adupled. la nected with any motives ot party or political the case of COLONEL COCHRANE JOHNnature, Having but too much reason, STONE,

against whom 'not a particle of however, to stispect, that the ministers, evidence tending to criminate him was profroni molives of their own, wished and in- duced ; who was not only not proved guilty tended to creen une, at least, of the parties of any, even the slightest offerice, but who concernica in a aking the Conversion, that proved hims«lf to be innocent of every part of the nation, which generally takes charge that had been hatched and bred np he icad upon such occasions, appealed to against him ; in the case of this gentle. be justice of the king himscit; laid before man, the Duke of York did not advise this lim, in languine and ruanner the inost king to institute a previous fort of 10especitul and beuble that could possibly quiry. Colonel Cochrane Johnstone, who le clig.ceived, a statement of the nation's proved all and every one of the alle ations prongs, to which they added a pr:yer, that against him to be false and malicious, was e would take measures to do it justice. seot, at ooce, before a COURI' MAR. by this they received an answer of robuke | TIAL, where the members are svorn uud


where witnesses are exan.ined upon their " into the conditions of the Armistice and oaths. The delicare, honour-saving mo'le Convention, and into all the causes and of a Court of Inquiry was noi, in ihis gen- “ circumstances, whether arising from the tlenu's case, thought necessary; and, I previous operations of the British arus, should be glad to know what there is to jus. “ or otherwise, which led to them; and tify this mode of proceeding in the present into the conduct, behaviour, and proceed. insiance. It was made evident in ihe sequel, ings of Sir Hew Dalrymple, and of any that there was no wish to sjare Colonel other commander or commanders, or of Cochrane Johnstone ; il was equally evident, any other person or persons, as far as tkie that there was 110 winli to spare Sir Robert same were connected with the Arguistice Calder; and, indeed, volesslere be a wish “ and Convention."'-Wellesley, you see, to spare, there appears, in coses of impor- though he negociated the Armistice; and tance, no reason whatever for a previous though he had bad the previous commande Court of Inquiry. Of such a court the mem- the ariny, is not named. His conduct is, bers are not sworn; the winneses are not doubtless, included, in the description of sworn; the public are not admitied; all is

the subjects of inquiry ; but, why not nom? secret; and, at last, a report, decided on by hin? Why vane Sir Hew Dalrymple. the majority, without liability to public pro- why holil him up to the world, as a per:00 test, is drawn up and laid before the king, accused, any more than Sir Arthur Wellus. upon which report a Court-quartial is order

ley? Sir Ar:hur fought us the famous baile ed, or the whole proceeding is at an end. on the 21st of September, he negociated I do not know how oibers may view the fimous Armistice on the very next dor

, this matter, but to me it appears, that a man, and yet he is not named as a person

mrble conscious of innocence, would not be con. conduct is to be inquired into! It appear tented with a trial of this sort, being con. impossible; to me, at least, it appears in vinced, as he must, that, if an open trial possible, that Sir Hew Dalrymple can be does not follow, the world will always have much to blame as Sir Arthur Welt its suspicions of his guilt. It was said, that and yet the name of the former is be...? Sir Hew D.:lrymple would not sub!vit to any to public notice asihat of an accused perbe, thing short of a Court-Martial; and, it he while that of the latter does nowhere apzet. was inised by the information of the person The motive for this is too evident to read previously in command; if he be able to being pointed out to the reader; and I hope prove that, as I am inclined to think he is, that it will not fail to produce a proper ir: there was a very solid reason for his object. pression, and lead to a sirict artention, a ing to a mode of proceeding, by which his the part of the public, 10 every thing, recomparative innocence could not be establish- lating to this transaction, that is now go'ng ed, or, at least, by which the knowledge of forward. I do hope, that the public w. it would be kept froin that public, whose re- not suffer its allention to be diveried by the sentment has hitherto been directed chiefly 00!ierous stral.gems, which will be reagainst him, and who, for a considerable

sorted 19 for the perpose.

All manner time, were, thromb the abominable arts and of ricks will be played by the partizan audacity of the partizans of Sir Arıbur Wel. of the high Wellesley

The thing wil lesley, induced to regard Sir Hew as the draut along like a snail. Misrepresenta person who alone was guilty. - -We have tions will be made day after day. In the before had to remark upon the circumstance hope that the public will be wearied, its of the Armistice, (the only document, relat- patience will be assailed in all manner of ing to the transaction, bearing the name of ways, while other topics will be pressed Sir Arthur Wellesley) being published by upon its attention, new alarms will be rais; the ministers in the French language only ed, and the passion of fear will be pitted we have remarked upon the circunstance of against that of resentment. Sir Arthur's coming home, upon leave of ub- people have one grain of sense left, they will, rence, while Sir Hew was recalled; we have in answer to all ihese attempts at diversios, remarked upon the gracious reception which say : stop; for, 'till we have settled the Sir Ar:hur Wellesley met with at St. affair of ihe Convention in Portugali James's, and we have heard nothing of Sir " 'til we have clearly ascertained, wherbel Hew being received there at ali; and, if “ such an use can, with impuvity, be made what has been published, as a copy of the of the blood and treasure of the nation, Order, for holding a Court of Inquiry, be " it would he folly in us to take an interest correct, the same spirit and motive still ac- “ in any thing shat is liable to bappen." livshey, who have the assernbling of that This is the answer wbich every man should Court. That an inquiry shall be made give ; for, what is it to us shat we make

But, if de

exertions and sacrifices, if they are to be of ther of these men, still the knowledge of no avail ? No: let us bave no diversion. these facts should be circulated, especially Let us bare this malier fully and fairly set- as the partizans of Sir Arthur Wellesley tled; and then we shall know what to wish have endeavoured to make the world believe, for and what to bope for and how to act. that the opposition, in the places above-men

While this Inquiry is going on, endea- tioned, arose from motives of pure loyalty. vours are not wanting to reconcile us, little Bui, at any rate, no justification has, until by little, to the terms of the Convention. now, been attempted. Many have been There will be found, in another part of this the attempts to shift the blame from the number, a defence of the Convention, and back of Sir Arthur to those of Sir Harry of Sir Arthur Wellesley, at the same time. and Sir Hew; but, until now, when the The reader will see how pitiful it is ; le

hour of exposure is approaching, no one will see that all its arguments have been long has attempted to justify the act itself. Such ago refuted; but, I beseech him to bear in justification, however, we must now expect, mind the fact, that Sir Arthur Wellesley's in all manner of shapes. The evil consefriends, asserted, at first, that he was quite quences of the Convention, wbich daily beinnucent of any, even the smallest, share in come more and more manifest, will, as in the transaction ; that be, as an inferior of- the following paragraph from the Morning ficer, was compelled to sign the Armisiice; Post (The Nabob's news-paper) of the Sth inthat he remonstrated against the order so to stant, be imputed, not to those who made the do; that he was, at last, induced to do it Armistice and Convention, but to those who for fear of exciting a mutiny in the army; reprobate them, and who call for the pubat, that he privately protested against it in nishment of their authors : “ The French The strongest ierms. Now, however, when “ writers are naturally delighted at the these abominable falsehoods can no longer proceedings of the English Addressers, hope to obtain belief; now, when it is evi. " which we regret lo find, have excited the dent that he must come in for a large, and flames of discontent and disorder in Portueven a principal, share of the blame; now, gal, to a most ularming degree, though in the Aroristice and Convention are things to be

« The first instance all was joy and ecstacy defended, and are defended, by the very same at the result of the campaign in that counpersons, who swore that be had protested iry.-" The Convention of Lisbon," says against those acts, and by this very writer, who " the Argus, “ continues to occupy the accused me of barshness, because I asserted, minds of the people in London. It is that the story of the Protest was a miserable pot only individnals among the lower fabrication. I do beseech the pollic to bear closses who loudly deprecate that Con. in mind this fact, than which I remember “ vention; even the common council of nothing exhibiting a inore complete proof of “ London presented to the king an Ada watt of principle. --The opposition, "" dress against the generals who signed it.

any place, bas been made to pe- “ We are sorry to be unable to give titioning the king upon the subject, has been "" our readers the details of the long made, not upon the ground of justification

" " debate which took place upon that of the act. No man has, until now, at- “ occasion. It is the fivest eulogium of tempted to set up such justification. In the "" the courage of the French and of the co:inty of Berks, the Address and Petition "" ability of their general."--The present Was opposed upon the sole ground of their alarming situation of Portugal offórds the not being necessary; and, even that oppo

bese elucidation of the mischievous conse. sition was contined almost exclusively, to quences of the recent proverdings in this Mr. Nares, who is one of the editors country ; nor was it difficult to foresee (along with Mr. Beloe of Museum memory) " that those ill-judged proceedings, in the of the British Critic, wlio bas recently re- very face of his majesty's promise of due ceived a fat living from the hands of Lord investigation, must lend to create dissenEldon ; and to År. COBHAM,, late a 'purser tions between Great Britain and her ally, in the East-India Company's service, and to sow the seeds of jealousy and distrust, who is closely allied to persons dependant and give the Portuguese an unfavourable pon the government. In Essex where opinion of British honour and integrity.

was so abruptly dissolved, and “ Such, in fact, has been the consequence where a second requisition has been rejected, “ of the outcry, which, without waiting the High Sheriff is also a person, wbo was, " for the promised inquiry, has been tac1 an informed, very recently in the East tiously raised amoog us. Wesincerely reIndia Company's service. Now, though we gret to find that many highly respectable, are not justitied in imputing motives to ei “ and most worthy individuals have by the



the meeting

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