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liance on these pre nises, and persuaded that circumstances, and under such conditions, I I should be met by his imperial majesty, I am ready to accompany your majesty 10 arrived at this city; and on the same day Spain, there to make my abdication in the lihat I arrived, verbal propositions were made form-expressed. In respect to what your to some of my attendants, quite different majesty has said of not wishing to return to from those which had been before sug. Spain, with tears in my eyes l inplore sve, gested, which neither my honour, my con- by all that is most sacred in beaven and science, nor my duty would permit me to earth, that in case you do not choose to reconcur in, since the Cortes had sworn me ascend the throne, you will not leire a to their prince and lord ;
country so long known to you, in wbich you they consistent with what I had lately may choose a situation best suited to Foct sworn, when I accepted the crown that injured health, and where you may enjoy your majesty abdicated in my favour.-1 greater coniforts and travquillity of mind cannot comprehend how any letters of mine ihan in any other.– Finally, I beg yont macould have cme into the possession of the jesty most affectionately, that you will seemperor which prove my hatred against riously consider your situation, and that you France, since I have given so many proofs will reflect on the evil of excluding our dy: of my friendship towards him, and have nasty for ever from the throne of Spain, and written nothing to indicate such a disposi- substituring in its room the imperial family tion. -A copy of the protest had been lately of France. This step we cannot take with: shewn me, which your majesty made to the out the express consent of all the indieiluaks emperor, in the nullity of the abdication ; who have, or may have, a right to the and yet, when I arrived in this city, and
much less without an equally ex: asked you respecting it, you told me dis. pressed consent of the Spanish people a-sentinctly, that the abdication was voluntary, bled in Cortes in a place of security; a although not intended to be permanent. I besides, being now in a foreign country, asked you at the same time, why you did would be impossible that we could persuade not apprize me of this before it was ex. any one that we acted freely; and this ecuted, and your majesty answered, that sideration alone would annul whatevere you did not choose it ; from which nay be might do, and might produce the most inferred, that there was no violence used, consequences.- Before I conclude this level
, at least not by me: it could not be known your m jesty will permit me to say, that the that your majesty intended to resume the counsellors, whom your majesty calls pesa reins of governinent : on the contrary, you fidious, have never advised me to derogate told me, that you neither would reign, nor from the love, respect, and honour that I return into Spain. In the letter that I had have always professed to your majesty
, the honour to put into the hands of your whose valuable life I pray God to present majesty on this account, I signified my dis- to a happy and good old age.- i cast myeli position to renounce the crown in your fa- at your majesty's royal feet, your most duvour, when the Cortes should be cor vened; titúl son,-Ferdinand.-Bayonne, May 4, and if not convened, when the council and 1808 deputies of the kingdom should be assem- No. X.-Letter from the King to his Father bled; not because I thought this was ne
Charles W. cessary to give effect to the renunciation, Venerable Father and Lord-I deposited but because I thought it convenient to avoid in the royal hands of your majesty on the injurious novelties, which frequently occa- 1st current, the renunciation of the crown sion divisions and contentious, and to have in your favour. I have believed it to be Every thing attended to which respected obligatory upon me to modify the renuncia.
your majesty's diguity, my own honour, tion by such conditions as were agreeable to and the tranquillily of the realm.-If your the respect due to your majesty, to the tranmajesty should not choose to reign in per- quillity of my dominions, and to the preson, I will govern in your royal name, or in servation of my honour and character, 1 my own; for nobody but myself can repre- is not without great astonishment, that! sent your person, possessing as I do, in my have seen indignation produced in the roral own favour, the decision of ihe laws, and the mind of your majesty, by modifications dic
will of the people ; 11 or can any other person tated by prudence, and called for by the have so much interest in their prosperity. love that I bear to my subjects. To your 'rwajesty, I repeat again, that in such
(To be continued.)
Printed by cox and Baylis, Great Queen Street ; published by R. Bagshaw, Brydyes Street, CoveniGuiven, where for mer Numbeis may be had: sold also by: j. Eudd, Crown and Nitre, Pali. Mull.
VOL. XIV. No. 19.) LONDON, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1808. [Price 10D.
It is the duty of every body of men, who hercaster shall address or petition the king for inquiry into the causes of the Convencion, to support the City of London. 705) To the FREEHOLDERS AND INHABITANTS a short lump of clay; a lump of fresh or pale, OF Hampshire.
of fair or dark, colour ; or whether it was GENTLEMEN,
called Cobbett or by any other name ; this Well! we have had our meeting, and I was of no consequence. It was the princiam confident, that, though my wishes did ple, the vital principle that was of inportnot entirely prevail, our example will have a That principle did completely trigood effect froin one end of the kingilon to limph, and in that triumph I see, and I the other.
hope you see, a prospect of better days; a From the circumstance of there being prospect of days when this county will not three gentlemen from London, present at be trampled under foot by men, and particuthe meeting, for the express purpose of tak- larly one man, who have nothing but what ing duwn and publishing an account of the they have derived from the public purse, proceedings, a circumstance at which no one nothing but what has been squeezed out or was more surprized than myself, for, I the fruits of our labour. really thongbi ihat we were held in 100 mochi Hiving spoken of party, I think it nécontempt to be thought worthy of any thing cessary to say, that I saw no reason whatlike general attention; from this circum- ever to imprite parly motives, upon this oc-. stance, (very pleasing to me, I must con- casion, either to the E:r) of Northesk, or ess) ! conclude, that nearly the whole of to any of the genilemen wlo appeared with what was said and done at the meeting of his lordship ; but, on the contrary, it apo esterday will have been published in the peared to nie, that they were over-anxious to laily newspapers, before that which I ain avoid every thing that might have the aplow writing can possibly issue from the pearance of proceeding from party motives. press. If this be the case, the report, as so The truth is, that, as things stand at prépublished, will be inserted in ihis sheet, sent, sher: wouk!, in a cos: ikie ihis, be noand, therefore, proceeding upon the opinion thing done, were not those to move, who that the intended publication will take place, belong to a par:y. If, as is the case, the I shall here confine myself to such observa- whole, or nearly the whole, of the opulent ions as naturally grow out of the proceed- men in a county be notoriously of one party nga at the Shire Hall, and as appear to me or the other, those of the opposition kely to be useful.
party must call for a meeting, in a case like First, Gentlemen, I bope you will, with the present, or, it is evident, that there can fe
, be delighted at the pow established fact, be no meeting at all. And, therefore, though sit
, at a numerous and respectable meeting I did yot approve of the Address moved,
our county, called and marshalled by and finally carried, by Lord Northesk and follemen and Baronets, the leaders of a his friends, they are fairly entitled to niy arty lately powerful enough to carry the gratitude, and, i think, tú tbe gratitude of
to members for the county ; that, at such the county at large. meeting, there have appeared one half, at The two Addresses will appear in their hast, of the persons present, ready to sup
proper place in the Report, which will bort a proposition, coming from one, who be liereunto subjnjved ; and, Gentlemen, I Kther has nor wishes to have, pretensions beg you carefully to compare them with
any rank other than that of Yeoman ; each other, and, when you have so done, ad who came before that meeting ons let each man put it to his own heart, apported by any interest other than thing wberrores the one, which I had the honour
hich grew ont of the principles he had roclaimed : at this fact, Gentlemen, I am
to propose to the neering, is not that of
whicli he most approves ; whether the bovinced you will, with me, feel pleasure principles there asserted and the sentiments i pride. As to the effect with regard to there expressed, are not the principles and Petit Lam completely indiferent. It was the sentiments that he would (ali geltiste
no consequence who was the person. views asidie) wish to see universally pievail. fether the proposition came from a tall or There was one olijeci, upon which I was
very intent; namely, that of giving support | Hall, a gentlemari
, upon whose word I rely to the City of London ; and, Gentleinen, with confidence, assured me, that Mr. Gær. though thé Address and Petition proposed nier uished anxiously for peace. It is very by me was, at last, not formally carrie hard for one man to know the heart of anothe point of decision was. so nice, that I ther ; but, considering the character of my hope Mr. Waithman and those who have so informant, I believe the fact ; that is 10 say, nobly supported bin will consider, that I believe, that, in this particular case, sen, this county, at least, has done its duty. timents of humanitv prevail over interest. I The Aduress proposed by Lord Northesk do not state this merely as an argumentative was, I myself believed, carried at lası; admission : I really believe the fact. Buit, bui, it was not until after many persons, Gentlemen, what has ibis singular and acciwho came from a distance and who were denial fact to do with what I had the honcur anxious to get home, had retired under to submit to you open the subject? I made no the full persuasion, that the decision had assertion as to Mr. Gurnier's feelings; ! taken place in favour of the Address and was a conclusion, which I diew from undenia Petition proposed by nie.
I dwell upon
able premises. I stated the fact, tha: the this point solely for the purpose of showing amount of this gentleman's revenue was in the City of London what lionourable sup- proportion to the magnitude of the army port they had in Hampshire ; and, for the and to the number of wounds in that unit same purpose, I add, that, at the reading that, therefore, it was natural lo supiese, of those parts of my Address and Petition, thai such a person must wish for a long con wbich were literally copied from tke City tiruation of the war; and, I am not at all Hesolution of the 27th of October, the afraid to leave this argument in the hands of meeting gave particular marks of applause ; the public. I told the meeting, that it was while (and I challenge a denial of the fact) in my power to give a very long list of a not one single mark of applause was given, sous so situated, my object being to expia hirdly sound or a movement or a look of the mystery why so many people bad teca satisfaction was perceived, at the reading of found, in some piaces, to oppose an appoint the cold and courtly Address which con. tion for inquiry into a transaction so ekipi tended for the preference. No, Gentle- calculated to lengthen the duration of the men, this Address did not speak the lan- War; to give such list there was part time, guage of your hearts. It did not convey I was obliged to contine myselt 10 al parties to the throne an e pression of the feelings of cular instance; and that of Mr. G2158 a people sensible that they have made sacri- was selecied, Ist, because it was a tribing tices unparalleled, and that those sacrifices one ; 2nd, because it was a case which of** have only furnished the means of purchasing ved additional interest from our knowledge national di-honour; the feeings of a people of the person ; and 3rd, because there is disappointed and insulted; the feelings of a no donbt of some of his friends being pr?' people, who, for their liberality and long- sent to say whatever could be said in anster. enduring patience; have been paid with lie w I should, in print, have pointed out this burthens and with unprecedented scorn. flagrant case, lung ago; but, localis, M. No: ibis Address did not express those Garnier was a very near neighbour; 17. feelings; and, my decided opinion is, thai, I felt reluctant to make so rear a neighbo when the noble lord and the gentlemen, a subject in the Register. There was, ir who proposed and supported it, shall have deed, no solid reason for this, but, taken tinie to re-peruse and re-consider, they thooght, that some persons might think : will feel great sorrow, not, I hope, inmixed I took advantage of my great means of pro with some degree of shame, ibat, for the licity to assail my neigi.bour. Sometimes sake of an Address such as this, they reject: other a sense of public duty would bare aid that which was proposed by me, and cvercome this consideration'; but, havas which, as they could not fail to perceive, had an opportunity to state the fact, in a mee!. the hearts of all, while theirs bad only the of the county, where I was pretty celle zoices of a part, of the meeting.
would be, and where I saw, scary Upon tire subject of the vasi sums recrire the friends and relations of Jir. Gorps, ed ni tof the public money by Ir. Garnier that opponilinis suis ret in die neglexity w Wickhay, as salary and protits of obje -Now, Gentledical, though we lied thucury Corneral to the domy, though as ihe liere, that, Contrary to lie conc'ui Cimice of the Ilouse of Commons state, that. I drew, Mr. Garnier dues visko los residi's in the curary and nieddles pot porile, I beg lave to remind soul, that we
ini! e business; cpon this sumnjuct I think Garnier avel liis family, who are being it right to star., bat, as we were leaving ile fe'x in number nor weak in mecans, but
as I am credibly informed, always voted, wanting persons to charge me with disloyalty, upon oll occasions, for the ministry of the because I wish the Portugıl generals to be day. This I kaow, that, while Lord Gren- tried, and because I object to Mr. Garnier's ville and his colleagues were in power, the receiving 'welve thousand a year out of the Garnier family supported, and that too with taxes for doing nowog. It has, Gentlemen, great zeal, Messrs. Herbert and Thistle- been the constant practice of those, who thwaite, and that, when the dissolution live upon the public nioney, to answer their took place on the turning out of thai mi- accusers, not by showing, or attempting to nistry, the Garnier family as zealously sup- show, that they merited the money they ported Sir Honry Mildmay and Mr. Chute, received out of the taxes, but by charges of against whom they had used such strenuous disloyalty. Tell one of the. That he walexertions only about eight or nine monihs low's in luxury at the expence of a hari's before. The fact is, Gentlernen, and you working and half-starved people : bis ailmust see it clearly, that persons so situa ed swer is, that you wish to overturn the must chey wliom-oever is minister; for, government ; for, you will always perthough, as in this case, the place may not ceive, that, with this tribe, government and be liable to be actually taken away ; yet, impunity for public plundering means the where the amount is not precisely fixed, the same thing. Just as if you must pecessarily minister has it in his power to render it, by be a traitor, because your femper will not one nieans or another, worth little or no- permit you to see your money taken away, thing; and, in all cases where a man has to without inquiring a little whai is done with account he is vholly in ihe power of the it! Bot, Gentlenen, when an opportuni:y. minister, thong his accounts should be fair serves, let us take care that no answer of and correct, the latier being so many means this sort shall have its intended effict; let of embarrassing and worrying and persecu
waste our breath in retuting the ting hin. So ibil, you see, the loss of the charge of high treason, but continue to urge money is not ihe only, nor is it the least evil. our accnsition, reserving our own detence The money is lost !o 116 in the first place, till a detenee has been made by those whom ant, nest, it makes part of our counirymen we shall accuse. Talk as long as we will, join the minister in support of his imposing
here is the root of the evil The public havier burde is 0:1 ui, or
as at the present
money, the money paid by the people in time, in 10 endeavour to suite the voice of taxes, do, and will, 'till a constiiliional the people. Le uj trate this a little more reform take place, operate in a way 10 minuteły. Mr. Garnier receives, as you deprive the people of their spirit, and, of have seen, twelve thousand pounds a year course, of their rights. But, Gentknen, wit of the taxes, raised upon the nation. because to effect this refcrm is dificult; These twelve thou:and pounds a year must,
because we do not, at once, clearly perunless they be buried under ground, or ceive the grounds of a hope of accomplishbesked up in a cire, pro luce a proportionale ing it, let us not, therefore, szy, thii the influe':ce. The depositing and employing thing is out of our power. Every things and expoling them creates an induence almost, from which any advantage, public amongst all descriptions of persons : bankers, or private, is to arise, appears dificuit at stewards, farmers, limber merchants, tiades- first; but, when once we heartily set about Inen of all sorts This influence is at all it, the difficulties, however great and nutines exercised in behalf of the minister of merous, soon appear less both in number the day; and, therefore it inevitably follows, and in magnitude. What we want is public that the greatness of the power of the mi- virtue. Possessed of that, everything, nistry of the day, is in exact proportion to which reason bids us wish to attain, would the amount of what we pay in taxes; or, be soon in our power. But, that is indisin other words, that, from Ilie moment that pensable. Men must come with their hands the public treasure becomes a source of in- ciean and their minds perfectly independent; Anence at elections and other public meet- that is to say, perfectly free from selfish ings, turation and alsolute power grow up views, or they will do nothing good. We together like the bark and wood,
are seduced into dogadation; and a great Genilemen, I know, that this is termed additional motifications, is, that we are democintical and jacobinical talk. Alis! seliced with our qun money. We are the Gutleinen, these words have gone wonduis. slives of that gold, which we ourselves have The la:e minister, Pitt, of wasteful me. earned with the sweat of our brow. Genmory, drew millions upon millions out of tlemen, my since e opinion is, that noour packed by the help of a few words of wing can presei votis country from be
I say, that there will not be coming a couple of Prmce, but a con
siitutional reform of the abuses, which now following effect : -" Mr. High Sheriff'; so notoriously exist, and some of which I bad far from disapproving of any part of the Ries the honour to point out to the meeting solution which has just now been read, I yesterday. The winner, in which the have to state, that I heartily approve of every meeting received my statein'nt; the hearty word of it. I have, however, a proposition welcome which was given to sound princi- , to submit to the meeting, which I hope, alpies and home truths, expressed in direct though coming from a person of so little and plain terms, encourages me to liope, conseqlience as myself, will meet with the that the breasts and minds of my country- approbation of this meeting. It will emInen will, as those of their fathers sure, brace the object of this liesolution, wliike it yet be found to be the seat of courage and
go further, but let, I hope, not too far. of sense; and, that the dog is much less As to the merits or demerits of the Convendistant than the corrup:ors and the corrupted tion. I think thai is a question pretty nearls imagine, when a proper cxcriion of these set at rest ; for I have never heard from the will produce its naturai effects.
lips of any of ibose wboare hostile to a l's. I remin,
liion or address to his Viajesty for on 1!. Gentlemen,
quiry, any argument in justification of the Your friend
Coprention. It has been urged, that any WM. COBLETT. petition for inquiry is necessary.
Who 11'inchester, 3d lov. 1908.
told us 30 ? From whence is dois mnjesty tó
receive such a request but from his people? HAMPSHIRE MEETING.
We are told that he has alicils pren an CONVENTION
answer to the Petition of the ciuzens mi On Wednesday, the 2-1 101.583011, purunant London, ipsormiog them that a duie inquiry to a public requisition, the Higli Sheritl, will be instituted, He has not given acs George Hanbury Mitchell, lisq. convened a such answer to us, the inliabitants of Hamp. Meeting of the nobility, sentry, freebolders, shire--(hear! hear! hear!) When there and inhabitants of the county of Southanip- tell us that we ouglit not to present a Peta toni, at the Castie of Winchester, for the pur- tion, because the city of London has rs. pose of taking into their consideration the ceived 31 Answer (of which I shall hereafter propriety of addressing bis majesty upon the speak more in detail), they do not tell m subject of the Convention of Cintra. The that that Answer was satisfactory. Su far meetiug was numerous and highly respect:- fronı it, we know that the Common Council ble. The High Sheriff having taken ibe have expressly dulared that it is not satisclair,
factory, but that it was an ungracious AnLord NOR Tuesk presented himself to the swer, and, as such, it is entered pon their atteutinis of the meeting, for the purpose of Journals. Therefore, if we have received proposing : Resolution. He beperi inal on lover through the city of London, it is au at subjeci involving deeply the cuscier and unsatisfictory answer - Appliuses). So that interesty of the country, it would 10 be if the answer to tie city of London be acldeemed a presumpiion in him 10 mitir tu i duced as a reason against our proceeding, we their consideration a mulio, espressive of have the authority of that city itselle lor conthe wishes of the county of Hants, to request siekrivy that Answer unsatistacions --(.!! a full Inquiry into the cases which led to plauso). This, Gentlemen, is almose the first that disgraceful event, the Convention of time of my accrossing a publica sembly; and Cintra. Atier these pretatory remarke, bis I only iniend 10 present to you a fejlsin Jordship proposed the following Resolution : facts, such as my neighbours ooglito k:01
Resolveit, That an hilmile and dutiful neig?ibeirs, rhom I am proud to acknowledge, " Aidilress and Petilion le presented to his and from whose public spirit I enter ain conte
majesty, erpressing our gring and regret at siderable hopes, notwithstanding the tr.fo “ Me Convention lately entered into ty tlor: mentihey bare here:ofore esperience i--moi
commanders of his mujesly's forces in lor- iriilistanding the rime and manu:T in which " iligal, and the commander of the touch hey have been trodden down (danlaw's) -
urmy in Lisbon, proying his majesty 10 We knoit, Centemen, the Sir frih: 5 " instilule such fuii, pulile, and crunt Tollesley, one of the commudera upon
inquiry into this transaction, as will lead Occasion whirl nas called 11 together, is also " to inciiscovery of all those causes ilhich one of his tijesty's ministers; and verre
produceel an event soinjurious lo tie he Toil, ibat which it is very 11:30ad to susp24,
nour of this country, the interest of that these minister's ie angives in see? or its allies."
him. lo speaking of the conduct of minis Nir, CUBBBTT 1€rose and siuke to the ters upon this occasion, and particular of