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wrong in itself, because, being subject to pot only on the idea that judgment would passion like other men, he might knock a “ by this motion be pronounced before trial, person down ; but, that he can do nothing “ but also on the principle of its being imwhich shall subject him to the operation of proper to offend the royal ear by a subject the criminal law. In any other sense, the presuming to give his advice in a manner words are an absurdity. They would sup- " which was known to be contrary to the depose the King to have neither will wor juilg- " clared sentiments of the royal mind. In ment of his own; to be a mere state pup- reply to both obese points, it was argned pet, whose situation might be filled by an by Lord FOLKESTONE, HENRY MARSH, ideot or a log of wood. To that sort of Esq. Dr. Valpy, and other genılemen courtesy, which imputes to the ministers all who signed the requisition, that no indi. that one disapproves of in the language and “ vidual was implicated, either by the words conduct of the King, there is no objection ; “ or' tenor of the motion ; it pointedly, no but, to carry this so far as to call upon the doubt, censured the thing; but it, at the people to avenge the King on account of same time, called for inquiry as to who what he, from his own lips, has uttered, is may be the guilty person, and expressing really an insult upon the understanding of “ the anxinus hope of the freeholders; tb t. the public, and would be practised by no exe.nplary punishment may follow this one, whose views were not much more of “ trial and conviction. With respect to the a party than of a public nature. BERK second point which had been advanced sure has come to a resolution to follow the by some of the opposers of the motion, it example of the City of London, and, as I “ had been so repeatedly urged, and refuted fear the instances will be rare, after the re- "s in the most able manner, that it was, buke wbich the city received, I shall, as far “ thought hardly worth a comment; as I am able, perpetuate the memory of these a faci which was notorious to every Eng: instances. The following is an account of " lishman who ever consulted a page of the proceedings in Berkshire :-" Read- “ bis own history, that, however correct

ING, Oct. 18.- Pursuant to a requisition " the motives of the gentlemen who opo, signed by a number of the freeholders of “ posed the present motion might possibly our county, and an order issued in conse- “ be, and most probably were, yet it was a quence thereof by the high sheriff, a most " most unquestionable fact, that the “ dao numerous and respectable meeting of the ger of oftending the royal ear" has been nobility, clergy and freeholders, was this urged by tbe most abjeci slaves, and most day held in the town-hall, for the pur- “ time-serving sycophants, in the worst pe

pose of taking into their consideration the riods of aur history. On the other hand, " terms of the late Convention in Portugal, “s the fact was as clearly ascertained, and as

which has been acceded to by the British generally known, that at the periods of general officers commanding in that coun. “ our history which excited the universal,

try, and for expressing to his majesty “ admiration of the world, the constitutional “their sentiments on the occasion. After language of Britons was held to be this--, " the usual form of opening the court, it " that every subject, however bumble his

was moved and seconded, “ That an “ station in life might be, had by the pe« humble and dutiful address be presented culiarly inestimable blessings of the Bri"' to his majesty, praying that he may be “ tish constitution, a most unquestionable

graciously pleased io order that an in- “ right, and that in fact, it was his bounquiry should be instituted with respect to “ den duty, to approach the throne, on any

the cause of the late disgraceful Conven- great public emergency, by which the "tion in Portugal, and also beseeching his “ national character, interest, or honour,

majesty that he may be graciously pleased may appear to him to have been compro" to order that such steps may be taken, as " mised, and state his sentiments thereon in “ will ensure the punishıment of the guilty respectful but in manly terms; it w.lo his

person or persons in that disgraceful trans- duty to do so, in order that the parenti! " action, however high his rank in society attention of the sovereign might be nuore

The motion was made by “ immediately, but with bumility, called to “G. MITFORD, Esq. and seconded by C. a point in which bad advisers, bad pre“ Dickinson, Esq.' It was opposed by Mr. “ viously had access to the roy: *r.---" Nares one of the British Critic

6

parsons, " The motion wis then put and carried hy " the other being the famous Mr. Beloe, a majority of sir to one."--The Core " who was, sometime ago, at the British poration of WINCHESTER bwe addressed " Nuseum. Mr. Nares was seconded by a the King upon the subject ! "Mr. COBAM.-The opposition rested a worm and it will 2011 again." This is

may be."

" Trearl upon

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Illy creditable to Sir Henry Mildmay, who "presume to anticipate conviction, if, opthough in a very bad state of health, did, I

on mature irivestigation, is shall be found believe, attend the meeting in person. " that your commanders were compelled The inhabitants at large, of the city and by insurinountable obstacles to conclude suburbs of Winchester, have also sent an such a treaty, justice demands that they Address, of which a copy is here inserted. " should be reinstated in the good opinion I have heard, too, that the names, signed “ of their country; hut, on the other hand, to this address, were, many of them, such " if they were actuated by any thing less as might have been expected to be withhold, " than imperious necessity, we are fully upon such an occasion. Really, if Win- persuaded, from the interest which your chester acts thus, there my be something majesty must ever feel in the fair time like soul yet left in this county.

The ac

" and honour of your kingdom, that they count is as follows, and it is with infeigned “ will experience such marks of your royal satisfaction that I put it upon recordi.---- displeasure a: inay prove a severe example “ On Monday se'nnight the corporation of to others, and duter them from tarnishing “: Winchester held a meetiug, at the Guild- in the cabinet, the glory acquired in the “ hall, for the purpose of considering the " Tield."---This Adireis is very good in

propriety of addressing his majesty on the deed. There is none of that spaniel-Ike " convention lately entered into by the of huity in it that we see in the Lendur “ ficers commanding his Majesty's forcus ilriss. The people do not seem to speak “ in Portugal, H. C. P. Milimay, esq. the as if they were approaching the throne of a

mayor, in the chair. An address was lite-and-death sovereign. Upon reading the

proposed by Mr. Alderman Earle, and London Address, one cannot help firurig seconded by Mr. Alderman Silver, and to one's self a parcel of crouching creature; “ unanimously agreed to, praying iis sa- with knees knocking together and teeth cler

jesty to institute an inquiry into their con- tering in their head, as if waiting the crash duct. Sır R. Gamon, bart, and H. CP. of a roof or the full of a thunderbolt. No “ Milmay, esq. the representatives of this man living would suppose, that they were

city, were desired to present the same, the descendants of the men, who obtained " attended by Mr. Alderman Earle. Audi the Bill of Righis and the Act of Sedla on Thursday following, a meeting of the went. I bear that the county is to her? “ inhabitants at large of the city and su- 1 meeting; bui, whether the answer ox? « burbs of Winchester was held at the same i city will put a stop to this, is more ths! “ place (by periission of the mayor) for ļ shid pretend to determine, - ESSEN " the like purpose; when Dr. Littiebales about to nieet, and I am happy to perceire,

was unanimously called to the chair, and trat Mr. BURGOYNE is taking so active part, " the following address was proposed by for, it I am to judge from what he has writ" W. F. Bury, esg. and seconded by J, een and pallished, he is as sensible and Woolls, es, and inanimously agreed iv: 1 sound a man as any in the kingdom, though,

To The King's JST IXCELLENT ai mie particular points, I diiler froul MAJESTY.- 1ay it please your :110jes!y, limi: opinion. That couniy has been, " We, your Majesty's most detitul and as tu representation in parliament, a nullite, • loyal subjects, inhabitants of the city and for many years. The two factions, as they " suburbs ot' 1\nchester, brg leave to ap- did in Vesiminster, have, to save trouble

proach the throne to express our sincere and expence, made a: amicable ariange“ attachment to your royal person and ta- ment, by which shey name each a member,

mily, and being scosible that your M2- the chief persons in the county bave a good

jedly's true glory is inseparable from that dinner, once in six years, toasé he British “ of your people,' we humbly presmine 10 Constiiution, and the people have just as

pray ilat your Majesty will be pleased 10 much to say in the muter, as the good “ order a full, free, and etiective inquiry people of Russia or Turkey or Germany " to be made into the causes and circum- have in choosing their representatives:

stances of the convention of Portugal - a Are, here is the source; liere is the real

convention which bas caused general more cause of all our failures abroad and ot all " tification and disappointment, and de- our misery at home. There should be 10 ro

prived your brave soldiers of the expected Address, or Petition, upon this occasion, " result of their good and honourable exer- uncoupled with a declaration as to this tertile « tions--the unconditional surrender of the cause of mischief. It is idle t talk about " whole French army. Your pstitioners reformation any where else, lilla reforma

cannot but deeply Jament that such an tion take place here.--As somewhat con• “ opportunity was lost; but as we do not nected with this subject of the Convention,

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I cannot refrain from noticing a dispute that of Chief Secretary, and it will be worth is going on about which part of the kingdom while just to inquire, whether his salary of has the misfortune to have given bir!h to Sir live or six thousand pounds a year has been Hew Dalrymple. The Irish must own to the going on all the time he has beea making Wellesleys; we here in England, and even armistices in Portugal. He is, if this acin Hampshire, I believe, to Sir Burrard ; count be true, now a minister again, and a and, from a very natural motive, we gare minister, 100, having the management of Sir Hew to the Scots, but they have thrown ihe affairs of a great part of the kingdom. him back, with both hands, opon York. I'll warrant it that ihe Irish do not petition sbire. A Yorkshire-man, has however, against the Convention! There is a pretty came forward, and, in a letter which I here little act of parlia'u 200 existing with respect insert, from the Morning Chronicle, has to that country, which will have a wondergiven us what we were so desirous to obtain, fui effect in keeping the several counties in some account of the origin and progress of a state of perfect tranquillity. What a pity this Convention-making general.- Sir; it is that we have not such an act here! “ Having mentioned Sir Hew Dalrymple, “ All in good time," the reader will say ;

thongh it is certainly a matter altogether but, how quiet we should be!- -While ali " indifferent to the public, whether that this is going on, without doors, the minis" officer be a native of Scotland or of York- ters are said to have their diffeient opinions

shire; yet as a correspondent, a Scotch- about tiie inquiry. This is likely; and I MAN, has thought proper to assert, for- should suppose, that Mr. Canning, who is maily, in coutradiction to truth and fact, their prop, would be for the inquiry. I

that he is an Englishman, born in the Think so for this reason; that he, feeling “ county of York, I shall state such par- strong in his own talents, is not, at his ear" ticulars as may defy contradiction. His ly time of life, likely to risk his future " father was of the county of Ayr, and prospects by taking a side, which, though

rose to the rank of lieut.-col. in ibe Bri- it may obtain a momentary triumph, or ra. " tish service. The present Sir Hew is ther, impunity, will assuredly, first or last, " about 57 years of age, and first entered meet with due execration and punishment. " the army as an ensign in the Royals, Mr. Canning has sense enough to perceive, where he remained many years.

His that things cannot always go on ibus; be * mother's name was Ross; and she havings, must be pretty sure, that a change, and a

as was before observed, married for hur very material change, must, in the course "second husband, General Sir Alphus of a few years, take place; 3d, therefore,

Oughton, he, in some measure, adopted, to say nothing of justice, which I still look " betrienced, and brought forward in lite, upon as having some weight with him, po

Sir He haid 10 patri- , liey would point out the path I have descri* monial inheritance, except a small for- bed. There are others, who are the crea

tune; but he married a lady who brought tures of mere court intrigue, whose power "him a considerable cucession to it. Sie has no other basis, and who, were they not

was a daughter of the late General Leigh- courtiers, would be nothing; but, it certon, I believe the youngest.

These cir.

tainly is ditrerent with him; and, if the cumstances may challenge implícit belief. resolution should be to screen and support "-Yours,-. Å YORKSHIREIAN."- the Convention makers, I should not be at There have been men, for the honour of all surprized to see him, at least, quit the whose birth, cities and counties lave' cou- ministry. There is one objection to it iniendel, and others for the honour of their deed, and that is, his connection wiih die burying-place; but, as far as I know, it Grenvilles ; but, he has now tried his own Was reserved for the list of English generals strength, and, if, not withstanding all that to possess men, whona countries contended has passed, they should still adhere to ille el for their motive; but, there is another The Scots are to be appiaat- Wellesleys, he cannot fail 10 foresee, that

they, who never were favourites with the way, in wbich for them to shew and to nation, will : 101 be a body of which he need prove, that they feel as they onght to do stand in dread These are my opinions. I about the Conventio!), and that is, in send.

may deceive myselt; but, if justice should ing up petitions for inquiry; and, uniuss be done to ino insiilted and injured nation, they do that, they wil

, in the end, obtain Titile credit from their disowning of one of

I shall certainly give to hinih: greater part

of the credit, the men, by won that disgracetiul instru.

It was my intention to have male si ment was framed and raiified. Wellesley erposure of Don Cevallos's Frposi!2011, is, it seems, gone fu Ireland to fill his post which I look upon as the most primne piece

ri Lis wife's son.

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disowning

If this pro

of imposture that has appeared in print for | ing at what, until some great act of national many years, but I bave not time; and, be justice has taken place, must be considered sides, nothing should be mixed with this as fixing a most hateful stain upon the na. discussion relative to the Convention. It is tional character. But, Mr. Cobbett, I have. what is doing and to be done here, here, looked in vain amongst all tlie writers on our here at home, that ought to engage our present subject for any thing amounting to a great care and attention. What care l about pretence of justification of the Conventions; Ferdinand and Joseph. I am not to have still less have I been able to find wbat could my wits drawn away by this tub to the be called a plausible excuse for the persons whale... Little room as I have, however, ( implicated in the conclusion of them. The I cannot help pointing out to the attention exception above alluded to is the Morning of the reader, å pamphlet, just published, Post, the only print that has endeavoured to under the following title: “ An Appeal to screen one of the actors in this drama from the Public and a farewell Address to the public indignation by the means (equally

Army, ly Brever MAJOR Hogan, who discreditable to the principal and his agent)

resigned his commission, in consequence of of transferring the blame to an absent and the treatment he experienced from the a weaker party. This print has, however, Duke of York, and of the system that so perpetually shifted its ground of argu.

prevails in the army, ResPECTING PRO- ment; has so often stated facts and revoked

MOTIONS s.” This, I scruple not to say, then ; bas had so often recourse to insinua. is the most interesting publication that has tion and misrepresentation where plain and appeared in England for many years. direct language would not suit its purpose ; should be read by every individual in the and has now taken such undue advantage of nation. Oh, what a story does this gentle- the hacknied device of forging letters from man tell! What a picture does he exhibit ! the fleet and army in Portugal;what it is im. What facts does he unfold !

possible to say bow it would now state the duce no effect upon the public, why, then, case of its patron if called upon to make a we are so base and rascally a crew, that it is short summary of his apology. We are, no matter what becomes of us.

We are

moreover, entitled to entertain this doub unworthy of the name of men, and are from the conduct of the Morning Post since, beneath the beasts that perish.

as well as before, Sir A. Wellesley's retura Botley, 20th Oct. 1808.

from Portugal. That event has affordulbe

public no more satisfactory ground that CONVENTION IN PORTUGAL. already possessed for thinking well of the SIR ;-When I addressed you on the 19th Conventions. In fact, nothing has been ult. under the then recent impression which said by Sir A. Wellesley or his friends, sine the Conventions in Portugal bad made upon bis arrival in England, to justify bis conduct

: me, I noticed every circumstance of them they have abandoned their original ground, that seemed to call for animadversion. I the famous Protest and Sir Arthur's passire have since attended to the public discussions agency; and they have substituted nothing on this important subject, and in particular in lieu thereof; so that Sir Arthur stands, to those very judicious and dispassionate ob. at this moment, arraigned for misconduct servations which have appeared under your before the British public, and not a plea

, name. I have there seen my own opinions nor any thing that deserves the name of arconfirmed and strengthened by an able de- gument, is offered in his defence. It may be velopement of topics on which I had only said that hisgreat mind disdaipstoanswer what briefly commented; I have derived addi- he calls the petty captious bickerings of the tional information from the exposition of vulgar; that he reserves his justification for several incidental points connected with the the grand military inquisition that will heremain question; and I have, in general, ob- after set at the Horse Guards. Be it so ; served, with a satisfaction which is to me but, if this contempt of public opinion be the source of much hope and sanguine ex- really the motive of his silence, his friends pectation for the public weal, the periodical have strangely mistaken his character in the and political writers of the United King- many awkward attempts that they have dom (with one solitary and despicable ex- made in his favour.

It has been said that ception) zealously enuploying their pens and Sir A arrived in England quite ignorant of presses, in holding up to universal indigna- the impression made amongst us by his pro: tion, the transactions of our commanders ceedings, and thinking that he had accom. in Portugal, in calling for justice upon the plished an amazing feat in getting the French guilty, and in thus rescuing the British na- out of Portugal by means of his CoAventions tion from the " deep damnation " of conniv- I very much doubt this. I believe, on the

contrary, that he well knew, before be left shall be called upon for his public defence Portugal, how those acts had been received, and justification ?-Having told you what I not only by the nation at large but also by believe that he has not done, only because his majesty's government; and that his he could not do it, I will tell you what I as coming over, without being recalled, was firmly believe will happen upon the occasion owing to the advice of his friends bere, who, to which I look forward. --Whenever a pubin conformity to the old adage that "the lic inquiry into this business takes place, you “ absent are always in the wrong," thought may depend upon it that we shall be told that he would do well to come and make that the nation has been labouring under a good his own story, leaving his superior most strange and unaccountable inistake; for officers to the cbance of what their friends That, instead of a calamity, which hey seem might be able to do for them. It is at the (poor, sil!y, ignorant people!) to think has same time but justice to Sir A. to observe, befallen them, they have received a great and that the circumstance of his plan of defence signal benefit from the very person on wirom by recrimination being abandoned, does look they are now calling for judgment. La batthat as if he were unwilling to sanction so base benefit will be made to consist might indeed a proceeding, though he has brought his be difficult to guess, were it not that we have officious defenders into a scrape very coin- been already told, that the ridding Portugal mon to injudicious friends,that of being at any rate of the French army was to be conbetrayed into meanness which their very sidered as such. This, then, is the greatnational pairon is ashamed of and obliged to disavow. advantare, that we Englishmen have deAt all events, if it should be true that Sir rived from the immense expence of an arArtbur came away from Portugal in the be- manent, such as was never before sent out of lief that he had acted meritoriously, and British ports, and from the gallantry of our had only to receive on his arrival the plaudits soldiers displayed in two signal defeats of of a grateful country, he couid not have the enemy: - Yes, Sir, this, we shall be told, been long in England withont being unde- was the main end and object of the expediceived. The very boatmen who landed his tion; this has been accomp.ished, and there. baggage, the porter who strapped it on fore we ought to be satisfied. To give plaubis carriage, must have stared reproof in his sibility to this story, you see thai Jinot's face ; the looks of every creatire he met whole armyis already magnified from would apprise hiin of his fallen estate. 14,000, which were all he could muster at When he reached town, he must have learn- Vimeira, to 25 or even 27,000, which are to ed from his friends the many atrocious ca be conveyed in our transports from Lisbon to lumnies (as they would call them) :hat had Rochefort ; but you very well know too, issued against him from the press since the that if tonnage has really been demanded Conventions were known; or even if, for this number of me!, they will consist of through delicacy, his friends should not any thing but combatants : probably sick, have told him all, the first file of newspapers wounded, civilians, and a very large prothat be laid his hand upon would shew him portion of renegado Portuguese. Neverthe. how much lee-way he had to make up in less shall we be told, that these noted Conthe public opinion. Is it then probable, ventions have driven out of Portugal the Sir, tbat ander these circumstances any man whole 25,000 mien, just as Lord Castleeven of ordinary ambition, and although reagh gravely intormed us last year that you do adinit him in some sort to despise Lord Cathcare had achieved the conquest of the vulgar bias of the public mind, should Zealand, when there were 35,000 Danes in be so far indifferent to his fame, as to neg. arms to oppose bin, though every drummer lect any means he inign?t possess of giving in our army knew, that, excepting the garria favourable turn to his case ? In short, Sir, risons of Copenhagen and Cronberg, amount. had Sir A. Wellesley had any thing that ing altogeiher to 6,000 men, there was not, could make in his favour, that would be at the time of the capitulation, nor, for many suficient, I will not say to stop, but even to days previous to it, a single man in armis in suspend for a moment, or to slacken the cur the whole island ; and that there had at no rent that now so strongly runs against him, do time been one regular battalion without the you think that he would have withheld it? I walls of the above-mentioned towns? - That an convinced that he would not; and I there. This deliverance of Portugal was not available fore infer, that he has nothing of this nature far the farther operations of the war ; to advance. What, then, you will say, that it did not set a man of ours at liberty must become of him when, in the hour of to assist the Spaniards, but on the contrary public trial, which hour (I differ from you deprived our arny of the transports in which Mr. Cobbett in thinking) must come, he it might have been conleyes near the scene

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