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Ibere to meet the French and to stop them in did not like. The middle course was de. their way to Spain. Has a man of our army termined upon; and, it was, too, of great yet moved in that direction, though it is importance, that he should have an oppornow iwo whole months since the Conven- tunity of telling his story first. This accords tion was signed, and though it was not pre- with ail the rest of the proceedings. There tended, even by Sir Hew, that Junot could has been, from the first, an evident intention have held out more than two or three weeks? to screen Wellesley, let what would come of Has a man of our army moved in that di. the other parties concerned ; and this inten. rection ? No; and this, at the tiine, in tion becomes, every day, more and more my very first article upon the subject, I said certain. -As to our army in Portugal, so must and would be the case. I knew that far from being disposed of in the way that we should not send away our armiy if we was expected, and that it was pretended it conid. I knew, that we should not leave would be, it is, it appears, taking possession the Portuguese people to do anything in the of different towns and districts in Portugal; way of settling their affairs; and, besides, seating itself quietly down as in a couotry it was easy to forsee, that a sea conveyance that it has won; while our generals afe would be wanted for the troops, wbrch con- issuing proclamations for the keeping of the veyance we had made over to the French. people in order. It is said, ibat we bare There the army is, then, at the end of two forty-seven generals ibere. What a deal of months, just where it was the day after wine they will drink! What a five expende Wellesley's" glorious victory." What time they will be to us!

they will be to us! General Hope (of the has been gained, then ? How has the Con- “ ürdent-minded" family) bas issued a provention answered the purpose of lastening clamation that would not bave disgraced the our army towards “the

passes

of the Pyren- låte Loral Advocaie of Scotland bimseli. Buit, how came Wellesley to The fact is, that our whole army in Portugal come away, when it was so necessary to is now employed in keeping the peopled push on to ineet the French? “ He is noi re- Portugal in order; that is to say, in pretea! called." O, no; he is upon " leave of ab- ing them tron forming assemblies of repre sence." What! get leave of absence, at sentatives and choosing men to conduct the the very monrent when the army was to be attairs, as the people of Spain have done pushed on towards the passes of the Pyren- Who did not suppose, that, as soon as nees ! “ The conqueror of Vimeira get

should have beaten the French in Portugal leare of al sence at such a time! Leave to and relieved that country fiom the present be absent from fighting! No: he will not and the oppression of its invaders, we

sho like this ground. Well, then, will he say,

have left the Portugu('se to take care of the that there was no prospect of the army's own affairs and marched off to the accia marching towards the passes of the Pyren tance of the Spaniards? Was not this wir nees, or moving towards any other point of we all supposed ? And was it not under the real war ? Will he say this? If he do, pretence that our army would be set loose then we ask him what was meant by gaining march into Spain ; was not this the sai tine, in making the Convention, and what pretence under which a justification, or an that same service was, which was in con- excuse,

was found for the Convention ? templation at the time when the Convention Now, it appears, however, that our arms was made? Admitting, then, that he is has got into such snug quarters, that it has come home simply upon leave of absence ; no desire to inove.

It has been moulded that, the fact is as his partizans say; he into a superintendant of the police; a sort stands in this dilemma : either he is come of Gendarmerie, or of Holy-brotherhood, home for the purpose of avoiding another established in Portugal

. Are we told, that meeting with the Tartar Duke, or any of the security of the monarchy of Portugal his like; or, the pretext of gaining time by requires this; for that the people, if left to the Convention was a false one. The real themselves, might fall to work to make a truh, however, I take to be, that the mi- government of iheir own? nisters, or some of them, when they found this plainly, then. Let ui be told, if this that nothing could reconcile the country to really be the motive, that we are fighting ib: Cnvention, they, knowing (what the and labouring merely for the support of the public did not at first know) that Wellesley old royal families against the new royal fafiad been the chief instrument in making milies, and not at all for the freedoni and che Convention, sent off, with all possible happiness of any people in any part of the speed, an order to Sir Hew to give him a world. Let us be told this, in so many leave so absence. To keep him ihere they plain words, and then we shall know bow in woi.ld not venture, and to recall him they think and to fce!. - The king's reception

Let us be told

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contemplated by Britich minds .. your loyalty and attachment to my person

of the city of London Address and Petilion vernment of Portugal is omitted, must has excited a little discontent in the minds “ be considered as highly disrespectful to the of many persons, even in this humbled " legitimate authority of that country: country. But, before we proceeed to make rs We therefore hunbly pray your majesiy, any remarks upon this, let us insert the " in justice to the outraged feelings of a documents themselves. " To Th& King's “ brave, injured, and indignant people, " Most EXCELLENT MAJESTY. The hum- " whose blood and treasure have been thus " ble and du iful Address and Petition of expended, as well as to retrieve the “ the Lord Mayor, Alderman, and Com. so wounded honour of the country, and to

mons of the City of London, in coinmon remove from its character so foul a stain si council assembled. -Most GRACIOUS “ in the eyes of Europe, that your majesty “ SOVEREIGN, We your inajesty's most “ will be graciously pleased immediately 10 “ dutiful and loyal subjects, the Lord Mayor, “ institute such an inquiry into this disho“ Alderman, and Commons of the city of “ nourable and unprecedented transaction, “ London, in common council assembled, as will lead to the discovery and punish“ most hambly approach your majesty, ment of those by whose misconduct and " with renewed assurances of attachment to " incapacity the cause of the country and its

your majesty's most sacred person and allies have been so shamefully sacrificed. government, and veneration for the free -We beg to assure your Majesty of principles of the British constitution ; to our unalterable fidelity, and earnest desire

express to your majesty our grief and to co-operate in every measure conducive " astonishment, at the extraordinary and " to the peace, honour, and security of your "disgraceful Convention lately entered into Majesty's dominions. -Signed by order s by the commander of your majesty's of court,-HENRY WOODTHORPE. " forces in Portugal, and the commander of To which Address and Petition his Majesty "the French army in Lisbon.---The cir.' was graciously pleased to return the follow

cumstances attending this afflicting event ing answer :- “ I am fully sensible of

cannot be “' witbout the most paintul emotions; and

“ and governinent. ---I give credit to the all ranks of your majesty's subjects seem motives which have dicta:ed your Petition * 10 have felt the utmost concern and in- “ and Address, but I must remind you

that <dignation at a treaty so humiliating and " it is inconsistent with the principles of

degrading to this country and its allies. " British justice to pronounce judgment with"After a signal victory gained by the valour

oul previous investigation.--I should " and discipline of British troops, by which “ have hoped that receut occurrences would " the enemy appears to have been cut off " have convinced you, that I am at all times from all means of succour or escape, we

"s ready to institute inquiries on occasions in "' have the sad mortification of seeing the " which the character of the country, or s' laurels so nobly acquired torn from the " the honour of iny arms is concerned, and

brows of our brave soldiers, and terms “ that the interposition of the City of Lon. granted to the enemy disgraceful to the don could noi be necessary for inducing British name, and injurious to the best me to direct due inquiry to be made into interests of the British nation.-Be- a transaction, which has disappointed the sides the restitution of the Russian fleet hopes and expectations of the nation.”

upon a definitive treaty of peace with --They were, as the newspapers state, al} "* that power, and the sending back to graciously received, and had the honour " their country, without exchange, so

TO KISS HIS MAJESTY'S HAND. large a number of Russian sailors, by this What, all? All a kiss a-piece? Mr. Waithignominious Convention, British fleets man, who moved the Address, and who, in

are to convey to France the French ar.my making the motion, talked about Dunkirk " and its pluoder, where they will be at and the Helder ; did he get a kiss too ? !

liberty immediately to recommence their would give a trifle for the ascertaining of

active operations against us or our allies. this fact. They knerl, I think I have heard, “ The guarantee and safe conveyance of when they kiss. This must have been a

irritating to the pillaged inhabitants over lesley, who was at couil, and who, as ap“wbom they have tyrannized, and for pears from the newspapers, was the first

whose deliverance and protection the Bri- person presente i to the king on that day, "tish army was sent, and the full recogni- upon his return from Portugal, on leave " tion of the title and dignity of Emperor of absence." He must bave enjoyed this “ of France, while all mention of the go

The thing was perfect in all its

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assurances

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parts. Nothing ever was more so. The Lon- " by whose misconduct and incapacity the doners nosi humlly approach" with a cause of the country and its allies has most humble and dutiful" expression of “ been so shamefully sacrificed :" the 35.

of attachment to his Majesty's swer to the Petition of 50 was as follows: e most sacred person and government ;.. ." Tihank you for these professions but, then, immediately afterwards, they fall " " of your duty to me; my concern for to expressing opinions relative to the Con- " the loss of my island of Minuten is vention in Portugal, and to pray, that sone- great und sincere; my utmost cre thing or other may be done about it. Where- "" aid vigilance have been, and shall be upon they get a good hearty slap; and then, exerted to maintain the honour of the being of the true breed, ihey all kneel down nation, and the commerce of my sebe and fall to kissing the band, by which it has jecis. The events of war are uncer. been bestowed. Towards such people the ““ tain, but nothing shall be wanting 0.1 king certainly acted with great propriety ; my part towards carrying it on with for, if not only his person was the “ most vigour, in order to a safe and honoursacred " person, but his government also “ able peace, and for recovering and the “ most" sacred" government; if this securing, by the blessing of God, this was the case, what presumption was it in possessions and rights of my crown. these citizens to interfere in the exercise of " --I shall not fail in do justice upa: the functions of either? And, if this was any persons who shuil have leen war! not the case, then the citizens told a bare- ing in their dirty to me and their cousf:ced lie, and, as having done that, were try; to enforce obedience and discwell worthy of the rebuke they received. pline in my fleets and armies, and to They first say : you are the most sacred of support the au:hority and respect des human beings, and your government is as to my government.'

In the yea: sacred as you ; they appear to approach with " 1757, when the immortal Chatham si fear and trembling not to be described by at the head of affairs, after the failure o words; and then, all of a sudden, they be- os the Rochfor«Expedition, a membere gin to sport their opinions about the opera- “ the common council bad given notice si tions of the army and the conduct of the a motion for " an address and person generals, seeming to forget that the army is to lis majesty on the miscarriage to under the absolute command of this' most “the laie expedition to the " sacred” of persons, and that all the ge

“ France." The Lord Mayor acquisto nerals have been selected by this " most " ed ihe court, that on Monday the 1s sacred" of governments.--I am glad, “ day of October, 1757, William Blar however, that they kissed the king's hand Ex. One of the clerks of his majesty

' after he bad given them what

tbvy de

most lionourable privy council, cail: served; because it showed, that they were to the Mansion House and acquainted penitent; that they were coine to their " the Lord Mayor, that he waited on bis senses ; that they had seen the folly, not to Lordslip to let him know, his Majes! say the impiery, of presuning to dictate to had given proper directions for an beings the most sacred " here below.

quiiy to be forthwiih made into the lt The Morning Chronicle bas taketi part with us haviour of the Commanding Officers in the citizens, who, after they got a great the late expedition against France

, and U'Ny 09, seem to have grumbled at the The curiose of the miscarriage of the sadi King's answer, potwithstanding they had prpedition, and that such inquiry uuulil kueeled down and kissed bis hand. This le carried on and prosecuted with the prini bas quoted some instances of the con- utmost ca prdition, vigour and effect." duct of the late King, lipou similar occasions. --Now, why it should be more inienne The passage is as follows: " A very strong sistent with the principles of British jis. “ Pctition was presenied by the Corpora- “ tice, to petition for an inquiry of this di tion of London to the King, in the year “ kind in 1808, ihan in 1750 and 1757, it “ 1750, respecting the attair at Minorca, is impossibie io conceive, unless iteed

praying for such an inquiry as may lead " we should suppose, that lort Hawkesbury to the discovery and punishment of the “ is a much better judge o' the principles “ authors of the late losses and disappoint. of British justice ... Jord Chatham. ments,' almost the same words of the “ The Address presented “ praver of the Petition presented on Wed- so and that of 50, are the same in spirit,

nesday; tle words of which are, " and almost in terms. How then are we "instilte sich an inquiry as will lead to i to account for the difference of their rte "thw discorcry wad punishment of the reptions Why should be one be com

1

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on Weduesday,

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" sidered as perfectly just and proper, million after million of the fruit of their " while the other is reproved as having labour. At that period the doctrine that " " pronounced judgment previous to in- truth was a libel, and that to hurt a man's

'vestigation ?" We have put now, feelings was libellous, had not been promul“ however, to learn with what a total disre- gated and acted upon, much less was there

gard of delicacy and propriety the minis- any law for transporting persons convicted of • ters can occasionally conduct themselves lihelling the ministers. At that time, the " towards their Sovereign. When they Halens Corpus, or Personal Security Act, “ have any favourite object to accomplish, had never been suspended except in case of " they, without the least scruplo, advise actual rebellion or commotion, much less “ his majesty to contradict and stultisy his had it been kept suspended for several years " own acts and expressions. Is this decent? together. At that period there was no in" Is it to be endured either by the king or stance of a ininister's having been detected " the nation? Can it fail to remind us of in leoding forty thousand pounds of the is the infamous admivistration of the prince public money to two members of parliament, “ of the Peace in Spain? The gracious re- without interest, without any authority for “ ception met with by sir A. Wellesley, at so doing, and without the consent or know" the very moment the Corporation was ad- ledge of even his colleagues; and, upon

mitted, leaves little doubt as to the de. proof of this being laid before the parliament,

sign of this proceeding. But we trust of such minister's being screened by a bill " that a British public will not tamely see of indemnity. -----Now, whether the change " their Sovereign alused, and themselves is for the better or for the worse; whether « checked in the exercise of their consti- the people have acted wisely in lending their " tutional privileges, without the strongest aid, or giving their 'silent assent, to this

marks of indignation at such mischievous change, let the citizens of London decide ; " pracices."----Now, as to tbese instances, but, that the change has taken place is to make them applicable, the Morning certain ; that they have, tacitly at least, Chronicle should have shewn us, not that approved of the change, is also certain ; the form of the constiiution of the country for it is notorious, that they have, njore than was the same that it was in the years 1756 any other part of the people, supported the and 1757, but that it was in substance the funding and taxing system, which has natusame, and, above all, that the people were rally produced all the rest of the change; still the same sort of people. Ai the former and, therefore, they have no reason at all perio.l the taxes raised upon the labour of to complain ibat the present king does not the people amounted to about 5 or o mil- speak to them in the language in which bis lioni a year, and they now amount to fitiy predecessor spoke to their taviers. What ! millions; that is to say, the ministers of they now wbine and snivel because they are that day had five or sis muillions a year to not treated as their fathers were treated. expend, while the ministers, now.a days, Their fathers were a different sort of men ; have, in loans and all, about seventy milo their fathers would have demanded inquiry lions a year to expend. At the former pe. upon other occasions than the present ; Tu, the standing army did not amount, their fathers knew, felt, and would have Perhaps, to more than thirty or forty thou- orged, their rights, at a time when they Sand men, in time of war ; now, the staff were talking of their duties; their father's and foreign troops exceed that number, knew how to demand as well as to implore; while the whole of the commissioned-of- their fathers were men widely different from ticers, cashierable at pleasure, amount to them, and, therefore, they merited and reabout fifteen thousand persons, and while, ceived a treatment widely diffisent. What! in one way or another, the relations of

is it till now that they have waited to disall these, as well as themselves, are, in cover that they are not what iheir fathers binje measure, dependent upon the minis- were? Do they now complain of the Pitts try. Ai the fornier period a thing like the and the Hawkesburies; they, who bava Income tax had never entered the mind of supported them in every thing for so many man, and, if an Englishman of that day long and fatal years of decline of national had been told, that his children would have pride and independence! They, who havo such a

tax imposed upon them, he set up the howl of Jacobin and traitor against would have clenched his tine and knocked every one, who dared to move his tongue down the asserter. At that period the East or his pen in opposition to the acts and de. India Co:npany were mere merchants and signs of the minister of the day? They, not sovereigos; not á body so powerful as to who bave voted and speechified and subscrib. be able to draw from the people of England ed against every person, who ialked of fres.

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dom? They, who, whether in his making is this: why did they not petition for inpeace or in making war, approved of all, quiry upon former occasions? Is this the ave, all and every individual act, of the first military failure that this poor pation late Pitt? Do they now complain of the has experienced? Is this the first disgraceoperation of his principles, acted upon by ful Convention that has been made ? Is this his legitimate heirs and successors ?

the first instance, of late years, in which “ quiry”! What right have such men English treasure and English blood have been to ask' for inquiry? They, who have, a expended in the purchase of national dis. hundred times voted against the principle honourIf it be, then these people might of inquiry ; they, who have been maintain. have some ground for complaint ; but, if it ing, for more than twenty years past, the be not, and if this be the first lime of their doctrine of confidence and irresponsibility; petitioning for inquiry, the answer they have they who have, upon all occasions, repre- received, so far from being harsh, was much sented as disaffected to the country every milder than they had a right to expect.man who has wished for inquiry into the They complain of the omnipotence of " conduct of the government?

What right certain great family," dealing, as slaves have such men to ask for inquiry now in must and do, in inuendo and insipuation, particular; and with what face can they not daring to name those whom they bale, complain, that they are sharply rebuked for But, is not the “ omnipotence" of this so doing? Pits ibem, indeed ! Not 1

family their own work? Have they ever They hati il pit inst paward. If they had stirred an inch in the inquiries moved for not acted a base and degenerate part, for so with respect to the Wellesleys? Have they many years, that which has now happened, not set their faces against all those who dia? that which has now at last urged them to Have not both parties; have not the oation, ask for inquiry, never wouid have happened. with bere and ihere a solitary and insignif. It is “ in themselves, and not in their stars, cant exception, given their sanction to what " that they are underlings." Their humi- has been the natural cause of what they diation is the work of their own bancs. now complain of? Whimpering, whining To such men the king's answer was perfect- creatures, as they are, it is truly a preity !j proper; and, as the rest of the nation jest to hear them, at this day, calling for ia has invariably followed their example in acts quiry!. No, no: they must pot hope 23 of submission and subserviency to the mi- succeed in this way

It is too late for item aistry of the day, the auswer to them will to assume a new character. Oh, the best very properly become a general one. The fatterers ! It stirs one's gall to bear their years 1756 and 1757, indeed! Remind complaints. Is there a man or a woman the king of what was the language of the a child, in power, or belonging to any one king at that time! As well might he re- in power, whom they have not eulogized to inind them of what was the language and the skies? Have they not praised all that has what ihe conduct of the people at that time, been done, and all that has been intended to or in former times. Wben it has been be done, by every set of men who, for the time urged to this same corporation of London, being, bad the expending of the taxes! {s not that such and such acts were a glaring viola- this the case ? No man can deny that it is. tion of the constitution of England, has | Away with them and their complaints, not the answer constantly been, that the then! Let them howl to the winds. times were changed that the present situa- There is a part of the observations of the tion of the country warranted, and de. Morning Chronicle, relating to the King manded, that whichi, formerly would have bimself, which deserves notice. It blames been unjustifiable; and, bave we not re- the answer, but chooses to suppose, that the cently seen, from the pen of those wbo are ministers forced the king to give such an av. well known to be the avowed advocates of the swer, and expresses a hope, that “the Opposition party, a justification of what was British public will not tamely see

theit formerly called “bribery and corruption," Sovereign ihus abused.". I am at a loss a justification of the purchase and sale of to know, wheiher thi, be meant as irony, seats in parliament, as being suitable to this

or not. If it be, it is much too grave; new state of things? And, are we, after for certainly the far greater part of readers this; after having livet so long in this state, will take it as serious, and, if so, they must to be called upon to bestow our compassion suppose, that the Morning Chronicle pays upon those, who, having beeu most iostru. no great conipliment to the intellects of the mental in producing it, now complain, that King. “ The King can do no wrong ;" they are not treated as their fathers were ? but, the meaning of this is, not that he can But, the chief objection to their complaint wittingly and willingly do nothing wbich is

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