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immediate possession of Tuscany.—The Fa- | nication, and to make himself more impa. vourite käs to have for his portion the Al. netrable.- His Imperial majesty set off on a garves and Alantejo, in full property and journey to Italy, with that studied parade sovereignty, but the emperor's answer 10 which all Europe has witnessed, giving it the leiters of the royal father bad not yet ar- such an air of importance, that it was to be rived; it was completely uncertain what it presumed he was going to fix the destino would be, and his filled him with fear and of the world. But there is reison to ser anxiety:- Tie intimate relations which the mise, that his real object was no other than Birourite maintained at that period with ibe to divert the general attention to that quare Grind Duke of Berg, through the medium ter, for the purpose of misleading the other of his confident Isquierdo, Hattered bin to states, whilst his real designs were directed a certain digree wiih the hope that every 10 the invasion of Portugal and Spain. This ibing would be seitled to his wishes, though, artitice and dissimulation did not, however, the interposition of a few millions might be prevent the discovery of one of the piecessary. But weither the Faourire vor

the Secret Treaty of Fontainbleau, by his confident knew the real intentions of the his expelling, with the greatest precipitation, person they were treating with at Paris. Io from Tuscany, the Queen Regent and her tirct, the instant the emperor found that the children, and plundering the royal palace, Favourite had committed himself, and the and seizing all the public funds of a cour royal parents were brought into discredit,

that was ignorant of the existence of such a he shewed no disposition to answer his ima- treaty, and had committed no act of forte jesty's letters, for the purpose of keeping Ture. - Whilst the emperor kept Europe in them in suspense, and inspiring them with suspence by his journey to Milan and Venice

, dread, in the hope that they might form the he thought fit to answer the letters, who resolution of withdrawing, though at that he had some time before received from te time he had not completed his plan for taking royal father, assaring bis majesty, that the an advantage of sech an occurrence. The never had the slighiest information of t? Grana Doke wrote to the Favourite, that circamstances which he communicatedr he would employ every means to support specting his son the prince of Asturias, him, but that the negociation wis rendered ever received any letter from bis royal higt very delicate, owing to the extraordinary ness. (2). Nevertheless his majesty as outachment which prevailed in Spain towards sented to the proposed iotermarriage with a the prince of Asenrias, and the considera princess of his family, undoubtedly with a tion de towards a princess who was cousin intention of amusing the royal parca; to the Empress, and in consequence of the whilst he was sending into Spain, under 17 port the ambassador Beaubarnois, her rela- rious pretexts, all the troops which he bat tive, took in the business. (1).-Now it was then disposable, and was studiously propa that the Favourite began clearly to discover gating an idea that he was favourable to be how owch bis credit had sunk, and he gave cause of the prince of Asturias, and thug bimself up for lost, in consequence of be- endeavouring to captivate the good opinion ing deprived of the support of his imaginary of the Spanish nation. The royal parents

, protector, the Emperor of the French. There struck with terror 'which this canduci of the were no means now neglected by hini toendea

emperor naturally inspired, and the Favourvour to ingratiate himself with the Grand Duke

ite being still more astonished, opposed no of Berg; every sort of expression), every kind obstacle to the entrance of the French troops of deference was employed for this purpose ; into the peninsula; on the contrary, they and the more effectually to avert the impendo gave the most effectual orders that they ing storm, be prevailed on the royal parents to should be received and treated even on a write to the emperor direct, and to request

better footing than the Spanish troops. - The his consent to the marriage of one of his emperor, under the pretence of consulting cousins to the prince of Asturias. - Mean- the security of these troops, ordered bis while the Emperor of the French appeared | generals, hy stratagem or force to get pos to be very much dissatisfied with the conduct session of the fortresses of Pampeluna, St. of Isquierdo, and kept him at a distance, in order to cut off this direct mode of commu- (2) Compare this statement, with the

contents of the letter (No. 3), from his (1) All this appears from the correspon Imperial majesty to King Ferdinand, in dence of the Favourite with the Grand which he acknowledges having received the Duke, which the latter carried off from the letter written to him

by the Prince of Aktu. office of the secretary of state, during his rias, on the suggestion of ambassador Beata lieutenancy.


many the

Sebastian. Figuieras, and Barcelona, which ranks and classes of persons. Thi: alone alone could present any obstacle to an inva- was suficient to induce their majesties to sion. They were accordingly taken by retuite ihe rumor, and to assure the people fraud and surprize, to the indignation and that ihey wouid not ab.nden them.-- Neversorrow of the whole nation, in which the theless, sich was the general distrust, such French still attected to profess friendship and the magnitude of the evils which must have alimce. The emperor, conceiving him elf resulted, and such and so already master of all Spain, and thicking

symptoms or a

determination to emi. the time had arrived for accelerating his grate, iliet every one was on the alert, measures, thought proper to write a letter and all seemed to be impressed with o the royal father, complaining in the bit- the necessity of preventing a measure trest terms, that his ovajesty had not re- pregnant with so nxiny mischiefs. The iewed his application for an imperial prin. danger increased, and the fears of the pubess for his son the prince of Asturias. The lie kepe pace with it. The consequence ing was pleased to return for answer. that 1?S,

ihat the commotions of Aranjuez, cathered to his former proposal, and was on the 17th and oth of March, burst forth rilling that the marriage should immediately like a sudden explosion; the people being ike place.-Some important proceeding led by a sort of instinct of self preservation. pas still necessary to carry the project to a The result was, ibe imprisonment of the egree of maturity, and the emperor not Favourite, who, without the tiile of king, filling to trust it to writing, thought he had exercised all the functions of royalty. ould not find a better instrument than Don ---Scarcely bad this tempestuouis scene iaken agenio Izquierdo, whom he had detained place, when the royal parents, finding thema Paris in a state of great dejection and ter- selves deprived of ihe support of their Faop, thai had been aritully impressed upon i vourite, took the unexpected but voluntary sim for the purpose of his more effectually résolution which they had for some time enxecuting his commission, by impressing

tertained io abdicate their throne, as they he royal parents and the Favotrite with the accordingly did, in favour of their son and me feelings.- In this state of things, the

heir the Prince of Asturias.- The emperor, mperor ordered Izqnierdo to repair to ignorant of this sudden event, and perhaps pain, wbich he accordingly did, in a very never supposing that the Spaniards were recipirate and mysterious manner.

Ac- capable of displaying such resolution, had cording to his verbal statements, he brought ordered prince Murat to advance with his 10 proposal in writing with him, nor was army towards Madrid, under the idea that be to receive any, and he had orders to re- the royal family were already on the coast, main caly three days.-On bis arrival, un- and on the point of embarking, and that der these circumstances, at Aranjuez, the far from meeting the slightest obstacle on Favourite conducted him to the presence of the part of the people, all of them would the royal parents, and their conferences receive him with open arms, as their dewere conducted wiib so much secresy, that liverer and guardian angel. He conceived, it was impossible for any one to discover the that the nation was in the highest degree object of his mission ; but soon after his de- dissatisfied with their government, and never parture fron this capital, their majesties be. reflected that they were only dissatisfied gan to shew a disposition to abandon the with the abuses which had crept into the metropolis and ibe peninsula, and to emi- adnjinistration of it. The instant the grand grate to Mexico.--The recent example of | duke of Beig was apprised of the occurthe determination taken by the royal family rences at Aranjuez, he advanced with his of Portugal, seemed to Rave fully corres- whole army to occupy the capital of the ponded with the views of the emperor, kingdom ; intending, no doubt, to profit and there is reason to think that his impe by the occasion, and to take such steps as rial majesty promised himself a similar suc.

should be best calculated to realize, by any cess in Spain.-But he must have been very means, the plan of making himself master ignorant of the Spanish character to flatter of Spain. - In the meanwhile, the mystehimself with such expectations, Scarcely

rious obscurity of the emperor's projects, had the first reports gone abroad of the in- the proximity of his troops, and the ignotention of the royal family to abandon their rance in which Ferdinand Vil. was of the residence, a resclution clearly indicated by real object of the emperor's approach, inthe mapy preparations which were going on, duced the king to adopt sich measures as when discontent and fear were depicted in appeared to his majesty best calculated to the most lively colours in the features of all conciliate the good will of the emperor. the inhabitants of the capital, and of alj Not satisfied with having communicated his

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accession to the throne in the most friendly persist in it with greater ardour. The expe. and affectionate terms, the king appointed a riment upon the royal parents produced the deputation of three grandees of Spain to desired effect; but whilst the beloved king, proceed to Bayonne, and in his name to com- who caine to the throne under such good pliment his imperial majesty. He also ap auspices, continued to be present, it was pointed another grandee of Spain to pay a impossible to carry the plan inio execution. similar compliment to the grand duke of It was, therefore, vecessary to make every Berg, who had already arrived in the vici- effort to remove Ferdinand VII, from Ma. nity of Madrid. One of the contrivances drid. - To accomplish this purpose, the grand which the French agent immediately had duke every moment spread reports of the recourse to, was to assure the king, and to arrival of a fresh courier, with accounts of spread the rumour in all quarters, that his the emperor's departure froni Paris, and that imperial majesty's arrival might be expected he might be speedily expected to arrive in every moment. Under this impression, the this capital. He directed bis efforts in the necessary orders were given for preparing first instance to induce the infant Don Carapartments in the palace suitable to the dig- los to set off to receive bis imperial majesty, nity of so august a guest; and the king upon the supposition that his highness most wrote again to the emperor, how agreeable meet him before he had proceeded two days it would be to him to be personally acquaint- upon his journey. His majesty acceded to ed with his majesty, and to assure hiin with the proposal, being influenced by the purest his own lips, of his ardent wishes to strength- and most beneficent intentions. He had en more and more the alliance which sub. no sooner succeeded in procuring the deparsisted between the two sovereigns.—The ture of the Intant, than he manifested the grand duke of Berg had in the meantime most anxious desire that the King should de entered Madrid, at the head of his troops. the same, leaving no means uptried to per. He was no sooner acquainted with the state suade bis majesty to take this step, and 25of affairs, than he began to sow discord. suring him that it would be attended by the He spoke in a mysterious manner of the most happy consequences to the king an! abdication of the crown, executed by the the whole kingdom.-At the same time to royal father in favour of his son, amidst the grand duke of Berg, the ambassador, and the tumults of Aranjuez, and gave it to be all the other agents of France, were prounderstood, that until the emperor had ac- ceeding in this course, they were, on the knowledged Ferd. VII. it was impossible other side, busily employed with the roşal for him to take any step that sliould appear parents to procure from them a forınal pre like an acknowledgement, and that he must test agair:st the abdication of the Croxt, he under the necessity of treating only with which they had executed spontaneously str the royal father. This pretext did not fail with the accustomed solemniiies, in farout to produce the effect which the grand duke of their son and legitimate heir.-His maintended. The royal parents, the moment jesty being incessantly urged to go to meet they were informed of this circumstance, the emperor, painfully hesitated between ibe availed themselves of it to save the Favourite, necessity of performing an act of courtesy to who remained in confinement, and in whose his ally, which he was assured would be atfavour prince Murat professed to take an tended with such advantageous results, and interest, for the sole purpose of flattering his reluctance to abandon his loyal and betheir majesties, mortifying Ferd. VII. and loved people under such critical circum. sowing fresh matter of discord between stances. In this embarrassing situation, I the parents and the son.-- In this state of can assert, that my constant opinion, as the things, the new king made his public entry king's minister, was, that his majesty should into Madrid, without any other parade than not leave his capital until he received certain the most numerous concourse of all the in- information that the emperor was already arhabitants of the capital and its environs, rived in Spain, and was approaching Madrid; the strongest expressions of love and loyalty, and that even then, he should only proceed and the applauses and acclamations which to a distance so short as not to render it nesprung from the joy and enthusiasm of his

cessary to sieep one night out of bis capital. subjects.-a scene truly grand and impressive, -His majesty for some days persisted in the in which the young king was seen like a resolution of not quitting Madrid until be father in the midst of his children, entering received certain advice of the emperor's ap. his capital as the regenerator and guardian proach ; and he would have probably couangel of the monarchy: -The duke of Berg tinued in that determination, had not the arwas an eye witness of this scene : but far rival of general Savary added greater weight from abandoning his plan, he resolved to to the reiterated solicitations of the grand

duke, and the ambassador Beauharnois.- emperor not having arrived there, he used General Savary was announced as envoy every exertion to induce bis majesty to confrom the emperor, and in that capacity de- tinue his journey as far as Vittoria. Varimanded an audience from his majesty, ous dicilissions arose as to the course which which was inmediately granted. Ai this ought to be pursued ; but artifice and perfiaudience be professed that he was sent by the dy contended with honour, innocence, and emperor merely to compliment his majesty, good faith ; and, in so unequal a strife, the and to kuow whether his sentiments with same benevolent intentions which drew his respect to France were conformable to those majesty from his capital urged him to proof the king his father, in which case the ceed to Vittoria.--General Savary, convincemperor would forego all cousideration of ed that his majesty had resolved to proceed what had passed, would in no degree inter- no farther, continued his journey to Bayfere in the internal concerns of the kingdom, onne with the intention undoubtedly of acand would immediately recognize bis majes. quainting the emperor of all that had passed, ty as king of Spain and the Indies. The and of procuring a letter from him which snost satisfactory answer was given to gene- should determine the king to separate himrat Savary, and the conversation was co:- self from his people.- At Vittoria his matinued in terms so flattering, that nothing jesty received information that the empemore could have been desired. The audience ror arrived at Bourdeaux, and was on his terminated with an assurance upon his part, way to Bayonne. In consequence of that the emperor had already lett Paris, that this advice, ihe infant Don Carlos, who he was near Bayonne, and on his way to had been waiting at Tolosa, proceeded Aludrid.-Scarcely had he left the audience on to Bayonne, whither he had been invited chaiber, when he began to make the most by the emperor, who, however, delayed urgent applications, to induce his majesty to his arrival some days longer.-Nothing parmect the emperor, assuring him that this at- ticular occurred at Vittoria,

except that tention would be very grateful and flattering the supreme junta of government at Madrid, to his imperial majesty; and he asserted so having written that the Grand Duke of Berg repeat:dly, and in such positive terms, that had imperiously demanded that the Favourite the emperor's arrival might be expected should be released and placed in his hands, every iponent, that it was impossible not to his majesty did not think proper to comply give credit to his assertions. It was in fact with this demand ; and in communicating very hard to suspect that a general, the envoy this determination to the junta of governof an emperor, should have come njerely ment, enjoined them to enter into no exfor the purpose of deception. The king at planation with the grand duke respecting the length yielded to so many solicitations, and fate of the prisoner (3).-In the meantime, ko many battering hopes and assurances; and general Savary concerted with the emperor his love of his subjecis, and ardent desire to in what manner they should prepare to give contribute to their happiness, by putting on the finishing blow; and while ihe French end to this dreadful crisis, triumphed in his troops in the vicinity of Vittoria were magenerous heart over every feeling of repug- king suspicio's movements, he made his once and apprehension. The day appoint appearance in that city, with the letter No. ed for his majesty's departure arrived. Ge- 3, to his majesty from the emperor.–To peral Savary, affecting the most zealous and the contents of this letter, which were assiduous attention to his majesty, solicited neither flattering nor decorous, general SaDie honour of accompanying him on his vary added so many and such velement pro. journey, which, at the farthest, could cnly testations of the interest which the emperor extend to Burgos, according to the informa- took in the welfare of his majesty, and of tion which he had just received of the enperor's approach. During his absence, sup- (3) Every body knows that the prisoner pored to be only for a tew days, the king was at length delivered up to the French, eft at Madrid a supreme junta of govern- and conducted under an escort by them to ]}ent, consisting of the secretaries of state, Bayonne. · This step was solely owing to an

:d presided over by his uncle, the most se- order from the junta of government yielding. cene infant Don Antonio, in order that the to imperious circumstances and the perempurgent attairs of the government should be tory menaces of the grand duke, as is slated tended to.-General Savary followed him more at large in the appendix to this pub; u Burgos, in a separate carriage ; but the


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Spain, that he even went so far as to say : ing what could be the meaning of a recep

I will suffer my head to be cut off, if, tion that he so little expected, when he was • within a quarter of an hour of your ma- informed that the emperor was coming to

jesty's arrival at Bayonne, the emperor pay him a visit. His imperial majesty ar• shall not bave recognized you as king of rived, accompanied by a number of his ge• Spain and the Indies. To support his own nerals. The king went down to the street

consistency, he will probably begin by door to receive him, and both monarchs em.

giving you the title of highness, but in five braced each other with every token of · minutes he will give you that of majesty, friendship and affection. The emperor staid " and in three days every thing will be sei- but a short time with his majesty, and they • tled, and your majesty may return to embraced each other again at parting.–Soon • Spain immediately.' –His majesty, how- after marshal Duroc came to invite the king ever, besitated as to the course which he to dine with his imperial majesty, whose should take; but anxious to redeem the carriages were coming to convey his majes. pledge which he had given, and, above all, ty to the palace of Marac: this accordingly to relieve his beloved subjects from the cruel took place. The emperor came as far as anxiety in which they were, he banished the coach-steps to receive his majesty, emfrom his heart every apprehension of dan- braced hiin again, and led him by the hand ger, and shut bis ears against my counsels, to the apartment provided for him. - The and those of other persons in his train, as king had no sooner returned to his residence, well as to the supplications of that loyal city, when Gen. Savary waited op his majesty to and determined to proceed to Bayonne ; his inform him that the emiperor had irrevocably royal mind being incapable of suspecting determined that the Bourbon dynasty should that a sovereign, his ally, should invite him no longer reigo in Spain ; that it should be as a guest, for the purpose of making hiin a succeeded by bis; and tserefore his impe i prisoner, and of putting an end to a dynas- rial majesty required that the king 'should, iy, which, so far from having offended lim, in his own name and that of all his family, had given him so many striking proofs of its renouvce the crown of Spain and the Indies friendship.--Scarcely bad bis majesty set in favour of the dynasty of Buonapartefoot on the French lerritory, when he re- would be diificult to describe the surprize marked that no one cane to receive him, with wrich the royal mind of his min! moil, at bis arrival at St Jean de Luz, the was affected, and the consternation mayor made bis appearance, attended by the which ali those who were nearest to his persoi municipaity. 'l be carriage stopped, and were struck at hearing of such a proposition he widrigued bis majesty with the most lively his wajes:y was not yet recovered from the es premiers withe joy' he felt at having ilie fatignes of a toil.ome journey, when the boononr i benng the first 10 receive a king, same man who had made bino so inany pro who was the friend and ally of France.- testations of security al Madrid and on the Shortly atiei, be was met by the deputation road, who had drain him from his capital of the three Grandees of Spain, who had and his kingdom to Bissonne, on presence been sent off to meet the emperor; and their adjusting matters of the greatest importants representation, with respectio che intentions to both states, and of bis being recognised of the emperor, was not the most flatter- | by his inperial majesty, had the audacily to ing. He was, however, now too near be the bearer of so scandalous a proposal.Bayonne 10 think of changing his course, On the foll wing day, I was seni for by th: and he therefore continued his journey,- emperor to his royal palace, where I found There came out to meet the king he prince the minister of foreigo affairs, M. Chanof Neufchatel and D.10c, marsbal of the

pagny, Hailing to enter upon a discussion of palace, with a detachment of the guard of the proposals verbally siated by general honour which the citizens of Bayonne had Savary. I instantly complained of the performed to attend the emperor, and they in- fidy with which so important an affair was vited bis majesty to enter Bayonne, where procceded in; representing that the king, a place had been prepared for his residence. my marler, counce to Bayonne, relying This residence appeared to all, and was in the assances given by general Savary, in reality, but little suitable to the rank of the the native of the emperor, and in the preaug 45! guest who was to occupy it. This sence of ibe defies del llifantado, S. Carlos

, rova:kitle and expressive neglect formed a D. Juan Escoruz, and myself, that his singur contract with the studied magnifi-imperial majesty' would recognize hin at the cence which the king had employed in ma- very first interview between the two soreking the preparations at Madrid for the re- reigns in the inperial palace of Marac ; tbt ception of his ally.--His majesty was di'ubi- when his narjerty expected to witness the


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