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-Well, then, now he is come ; not re- " all their losses, amounted to 25,000 men. called, but come. He is come home to tell And you may depend upon it, the. Pot. his own story. We, before, called upon " tuguese army availed ours nothing ; and his defenders to produce us his Protest ; but " there never was a symptom of serolt we now call upon himself. Now, then,

" in favour of 15.

I mean not to defend Mr; conqueror of Vimeira ;" now, then, " the treaty-it is a disgraceful and an in. gallant Sir Arthur;" now, then, you “ famous one ; bat as the principal object whose friends have hazarded political infa- was obtained, there need not have been my for your sake; now, then, produce this " the outcry which appears to have been Protest to us; and, if you cannot, tell us, " made in the country. As to the Russian whose labour; whoše sweat and pain and “ feet, that is in our possession. I think, misery have supported the vast expence of " if Sir C. Cotton had not orders from the expedition; tell us why you signed the " home, he has done wrong ; but if our armistice of the 22d of August, after having generous conduct is the means of for. beaten with halfyour furce, “ the warding our negociations for a peace with " whole of the French force, commanded “ Russia, it will be hereafter considered as er' by the Duc D'Abrantes in person." a goud act." - beg the reader to look Come, Sir, none of your haughty Eastern upon this as a sham letter ; but, what a airs. None of your disdainful silence. That pretty fellow this othicer of " distinction" will not serve your turn. Your friends have must be, if the letter be real. You see, asserted, that you made a Protest. Where the fellow, who has been base enough to is it? Shew it us. Tell us of what it con- palm this letter upon the public, dares not sisted; or acknowledge that those friends, name either the writer, or the ship that he is in wittingly asserting wbat was false, with on board of. All that is here said about fine a view of saving your reputation at the ex- | feelings, an ill-informed press, and the policy pence of your associates, have proved themof nor fighting is, to be sure, but tco cha selves to be the very greatest scoundrels that racteristic of but too many " officers of ever infested the earth, and that they nerit" distinction;" yet not of the navy. The the gallows and the gibbet more than any slander upon the Portuguese, however

, is malefactor, whose name and deeds stand re-worthy of marked reprobation. It was corded in the annals of Newgate.

" Letters exactly thus, that the Pittite crew uniforsy from persons of high honour in the army!" treated the French royalists. They is Vile miscreants ! To go thus coolly and de inveigled them into a state of dependans liberately to work in the hatching, the com- and then they belied and betrayed ther. pleting, and the publishing of a set of cor- Does the man, who has published this preresponding lies! It is impossible to proceed. tended letter“ from an officer of distinc. No words can do justice to conduct like tion" in the navy, think that such statements this... - The reader will perceive, that the will not be resented by the Portuguese! But, same set of worse than felonious villains are

what cares he? He has his pay for the lise now at work upon“ further letters from the of his dirty columns, and that is all he wants.

army and navy." The protest is not now -Well, but what are we doing? What spoken of. The tone is softened. No great part are we acting? We, the people of this flame upon any body, except the poor fine “ free country," who live under Portuguese. Take a specimen." Ex- constitution that is, as Pitt used to say, at " tract of a letter from an officer of distinction the end of his speeches," the greatest “ on board one of his majesty's sbips, just “ blessing that a benign Providence ever “ arrived from Lisbon.--Yesterday I got “ bestowed upon man." some papers, in which I perceive Sir A. 1

suppose, he meant. But, what are we', “ Wellesley's conduct in the suspension of free fellows as we are ; . what are we doing? “ arms, is inost unjustly confounded with We have been talking for a long while : we “ the fival treaty. The first, be signed at have been tretting and fuming and scolding the immediate desire of Sir Hew. Dal- and crying like women, or rather like 112 rymple; but with the latter he had nothing lian men, like Jews and Genoese, who, " to do at all, The whole was contrury to when they are kicked and cuffed, scold and

his opinion. The motives by which he run and run and scold. Here it will end, “ has been influenced, are highly honour. and that our masters well know. There has « able to his feelings. In short, your news. been a little stir, owing to Mr. WAITHMAN, papers are all ill-informed of ihe state of

in the city of London ; but, we shall not « affairs at the time, and I believe most now see the example followed, as it was, the

persons will be astonished when they other day, when the object was to praise the “ know that the French embarkation, after conduct of those in power. Then we tad

Upon himself

Oid Rose galloping down into Hampshire, India-house, Batik, contract, job, &c. &c. calling meetings, and assembling his syco- Who is there, who is not himself, or who phants from far and near. Now they are as has not a son, a brother, or some relation still as mice. Over a bottle, the servants or other, employed and paid by, dependent being gove and the doors shut, they look for bread upon, the minister of the day? wise, shake their heads, assume a bluff Those means by which men formerly maincounten ince, and begin to talk big; but, tained their sons and relations, and by the reptiles dare not stir an inch. One wants which a country gentry were supported in a sinecure, another a pension, another a a state of independence, are now drawn place for his son, another a contract, another away in taxes ; and, in order to find a maina living, another a ribbon or a star. They tenance, those sons and relations must now dare not stir. They are the basest slaves that go and serve the ministry, in somne capacity ever disgraced the earth. Leither be told, or other; must go and crouch to them, and that the ministry wish then to address, or receive from them, in the shape of penpetition, against the Conventions in Por. sion or of hire, a sbare of that income, rugal

, and you will see them pouring forth which has been drawn, in taxes, from their in hundreds, as bold as heroes, looking as parents, or other vatural supporters. This big and talking as bold as if every individual is the state in which we are. There needs of them telt himself strong enougb to overset no trouble, on the part of the ministry, a church steeple. Oh, the base wretches ! upon an occasion like the present. They Well, they suffer for it. They are pretty know well, that the country cannot stir ; decently peculated upon, and their continual because they know that, generally speaking, anxiety, their constant fear of displeasing, he who'stirs must, if they please, starve. their perpetual dependance, is a sort of hell Hence it is, that our anger seems always to upon earth. Yet, now, you shall bear these evaporate in noise ; that, like a mob, we miserable slaves talk about freedom, about hollow and bawl and threaten when no one the birthright of Britons, and about our can distinguish one of us from the other, glorious constitution, in as good terms as and that, the moment we are put individu, you could wish to hear. This is a part of ally to the test, we, by conduct, if not by their punishment. They are compelled to words, deny having had any share in the belie their hearts. They are slaves, and clamour. And, does it become us to scoff compelled to assume occasionally the appear. at the slavery of other nations ? We are ance of being free.---This does not apply exceedingly bold in reproaching the French to Hampshire alone. It is, with very few with their abject submission ; but, let me put exceptions, applicable to the whole king this question to you, reader : What do you dom. There is, it appears, to be a meet. think the French government would have ing in Esser, and, if it produce a good, done, kad jis generals made such a convenplain, manly complaint, enarcompanied with tion as ours have made ? Pause a little, and nauseous common-place Hatiery of the kiug hen answer that question. Well, now for and his family, which would be not less another. Suppose, that the French governo dishonourable in him to receive than in ment had vor discovered any anger at such the county of Essex to offer, it will be fit conduct in its generals, but seemed, as far subject for commendation ; but, it will not, as the people could jodge, to be resolved to I am afraid, meet with much imisation screen them ; what do you think the French The same influence that sent Wellesley and people would have done in that case ? his comrade Convention-makers to Porlugal; Hold their tongues," say you. that intluence which has dove so much upon wouli, and so shall we. That is to say, other occasions, will not fail to be exeried they would have gabbled about the disgrace now, Indeed, it exerts itself. It is sown in iheir coffee-houses and at their tables, but all over the country, as regularly as corn is would have said not a word to their governsown in a field. Seventy millions a year ment; and what have we done mise? And, are, in one way and another, spent by the if our conduct be, in effect, the same as government. The government employs and theirs, uncer similar cirçuinstances, would pays all, and it receives all. There is a have been, of wbat consequence is it, what chain of dependance running through the difference is it as a question of 2 eeton, whole nation, which, though not every where weiher men be kept in awe by the luitors seen, is everywhere felt. There is not of the naked sword, or by the terrors of one man in one thousand who does not teel starvation 1 Of all the proofs of a state ca the weight of this chain. Army, navy, stavery, none is so complete as that of not church, the law, sinecures, pensions, tax daring to complain when one is aggrieved. offices, waz "and navy cffices, Whiteball, The French, we say, dare not complain,

So they

and tberefo'e we call them slaves. Welle, opeply recognised by a sole:vo act of the thell, if ye do not nuw make our coins government of England.' Ferdinand and plaints, we are in this dilecoma: ciiler we Charles are both alive; they are both out dare not complain, or we dare : it the fur: of Spain ; they are both in France ; buih mer we are slaves ; it the latter, we are have abdicareil the throne in tavour of the the basest of bypocrites. Who will believe Buonaparit dynasty: Now, why do we in the reality of our surrow and indignation prefer Ferdinand in Charles? Why simply at the Conventions in Poringal? Wri Por- for this reason, because the people, or some tuguese or Spaniaid or Suede will be fool

of them, say that ihey wish to have the enough to give credit to any of our noisy former, while none of them say that they wish professions of regard for the interests of our to have the latter. It is pieiende, that verdiallie's? No one.

Not a man of the three nand's right to the blirone in founded 1: pon the nations. We most do something; or, abdication which Charles made in bis favour; whatever we may think of ourselves, they ! bat, Charles, the moment he was out of the will louk upon us as a people pretty fairly hands of Ferdinand and his partizans, prorepresented by the convention-making ge- tested against that abdication, and declaret nerals. To this we m.iy make up our minds. that it was extorted from him with the The world will hear none of our excuses. knife at his throat. Upon that abdicatiou, They will not be able to hear the piteous' therefore, we can build no right for Ferdi. stories of those who have places and non. l nand, without, by the same act, destroying sions and contracts and jobs, who have sons the superstructure ; fór, if Ferdinand, by to pash forward, wo litis wanifold de- the abdication of Charles in his favour, pendents for whom lo provide. ut all these became rightful sovereign of Spain, Joseph the world will hear nothing. The world Buonaparte became the righttul sovereign knows that we have made a great, a loud, of Spain in virtue of the abdication of Fers & furious clamour against the Coprentions dinand. Buth abdication. I believe to have in Portugal; that world has been col! that been extorted; but, while we bave a prowe are a people perfectly free; and, if we test of the abdicating party against the do not act as well as make a mob-like noise, former, we have none against the latter. the wood will have the good sense and Were he at liberty, we should, I dare sar, the justice to regard us as slaves, or as hy. have it; but, we are not quite sure of that, pocrites, -10 is said, ibat Sir Hew is while we are in actual possession of the prosa arrived. It was time ; for, in my opinion, test of poor old Charles. It is clear, there hiProclamation is even worse than we Con- fore, that, in point of hereditary right, ventions, What! take upon us torule the coup- Charles is king of Spain ; and that, in actry and punish the pique, unless they sub- knowledging the latter to be king, we have mit to nen set over the 1, by us ! But, I have acknowledged a right in the people of Spain nou time to go into this subject at present. to cashier their kings.

-But, the most Spain. - We hare, then, at last, sent interesting point is this : why do we choose an envoy :-) Spain. In the first place, we to send an envoy 10 any king of Spain ? have sent the very m 11', Mr. John Hookham From the first I have feared, I have expreso Frere, who was there when the last quarrel sed any fears, that the contest, as far as we with Spain took place, and when we attack. were concerned, would be another contest ed and siezed their richly-laden ships, before for a king ; and, who can say how far the a declaration of war had been made.- -In leading men in Spain may, by our interfethe next place, to whom do we seod him ? tence, have been induced to make it a war Why, tbe Gazette tells us, ihat" the king has for a choice of kings, instead of a war of “ been pleased to nominate and appoint the freedom against despotism? It was not, " right bon. John Hookian Frere to be bis Oberre, until after oår agents went to Spain, " majesiy's envoy extraordinary and minister that there was much talk about Ferdinand.

plenipotentiary to his catholic majesty Fer- Until then a reform of abuses was the main dinand the l'Ith, and has been pleased to object which the people appeared to have in - direct him to reside in that character at the view ; and the public will recollect, that

seat of the central and supreme Junta in they spoke of their “ Jate infamous goleiro « Spain." So. We do acknowledge, then), - ment," uncoupled with any exceptions that a man may be legally unkinged, and whatever. - İt must be acknowledged

, that another may be put up in his stead? that an English minister is to consider, bow, Thus is the doctrine of cashiering kings, in this war, the exertions of England are to which gave so much offence, some years be made most effectually to contribute 10ago; and the promulgation of which caused wards the permanent safety and greatness of so many persons to be punished in England, England, provided no wrong be done to any

mike war for Ferdinand was the most likely

We

ally. If, therefore, it appeared, that to because he has exposed Bonaparte; insin:

ate or say or swear what you will, you shail way of succeeding in this wbject, it was uever make me affect to believe what apright to make war for him. Bir, I do not pears to me to be incredible, merely because think, that this did appear. To me it has it comes from a man who attacks Buonaalways appeared, that, for Spain to frustrate parte. Falsehood is falsehood, if spoken of the views of Napoleon, to baille and to more ihe devil himselt.-Don Pedro not only tify and to humble him, and to give an en- served three masters, but was confided in by couraging example to the rest of Europe, all the three. lle gives us an account of the war should have been a war of freedoın some conversations between him and Nano. against despotism. Between Joseph and leon, and the Courier (I believe it is) oby. Ferdinand many people will see but little serves, that we cannot have a better proof difference; and many more will ask, what of bis integrity, than the fact, that Napo. government could have been worse than leon reproached him for having too much that which the Spaniards themselves have of that quality. May be. so; but, declared to have been infamous ? - It really are, as yet, destitute of any proof of seems to me, therefore, that the English That fact; unless we take Mr. Cevallos's ministry ought to have wished that the assertions for proofs, as the country folks in names of Ferdinand and Charles should be the House used to do with those of Pitt. totally left out of the contest. It is not to Of one fact, however, we are quite certain, be believed, that the people will fight and and that is, that Mr Cevallos was chosen endure for the sake of either of their kings. by this same Napoleon to be a confidential They must perceive, that the result of the servant of king Joseplı; and, I ask the reader, contest is of comparatively little importance whether he believes, that this choice would to Theni; and, the moment they do so view have been made, if Napoleon had found the thing, there is an end to their exertions. the person chosen to be so firmly attached to -But, so think not Lloyds' and White- his honour and to the welfare of Spain? hall. They are for a war for a king. Good --Mr. Cevallos will have very much to luck to them ; but, they will be answer me; but, for the present I shall kind enough to

me, if I feel content myself with a question or two. Ist. a little less anxious for the fate of the man, Was he carried by force to Bayonne ? 20. who surrendered the sword of Francis I. to If he was not, how came he to repair thie " His Serene Highness, the Grand Duike ther at the request of Napoleon, atier ba

of Berg," than I felt for the fate of so ving been so intimately acquainted with all niany millions of inen, who appeared to me the previous machinations and detestable to be fighting for that freedom, which a set perfidies of Napoleon ? 3d. How came of degenerate despots had so long withheld be, who was the confidential minister of from them. There has appeared, and

Ferdinand, to suffer that king to go to will be inserted below if I have room, a

Bayonne without using his utmost endeapaper, entitled an ExpoSITION OF Facts, vours to prevent it? 4th. How came Fer(relating to the usurpation of the crown of dinand to give up the sword of Francis I. Spain by Napoleon) from the pen of Don to the “ Grand Duke of Berg ?” And, 5th, Pedro Cevallos, who, it must be con

how came Mr. Cevallos himself to write fessed, has been most advantageously situa- and publish paper upon paper, addressed to ted for the purpose, haviirg been Secretary the people of Spain, assuring them that all of State for foreign affairs, to the three their jeriousies of the French were groundkings, Charles, Ferdinand, and Joseph, less, for that the views of the Emperor and who is now in high favour, it would were of the most friendly and atlecriongle seem, with the Junta and with our people.

sort: and This, too, at a time, when the Mr. Pedro tells a tough story. Much too machinations" were going on, and when tough to be examined in the time that I he was intimately acquainted with those have, at present, to spare for the purpose;

machinations in -When Mr. Cevallos, or bat, I must say, even now, that there wants any one for him, has asuered these ques. a good deal to convince me, that it is that tions, I hiive some more ready to put to him.

true and artless tale,” that the London But, whatever may have been the conduct newspaper editors appear to think it. " A of Buonaparte; however wicked and pero inan cannot serve (u'o masters,

tidious that may have been, I think, that it Gospel ; but, Don Pedro has served three. is evident enough, that Mr. Cevallos has all Bother me not, ye whining calumniators, along had a desira to be upon the strongest with your insinua:ionsidrar I dislike this man side; that he deserted Juseph, because lie

excuse

says the

was persuaded that he was become the concentrate his forces. Nay, the newspaweakest ; and that the whole story, soine pers for several succeeding days contained falsehood some truth, was written for the invectives against Burrard for not permitting purpose of making his peace with the Spa. Wellesley to pursue and destroy the French niards and of again getting possession of ariny. And it is not necessary here to inpower and emolument.lov, reader, quire whether any, or what advantage, was divest yourself, for a moment, of the desire to be obtained by the pursuit, or, if any tj. to hear Buonaparte accused of intamons vourable moment was neglected, to whom acts, and say, whether tbis be not, to all the crime of such neglect at taches. It is appearance, the real truth; and, if that sufficient to the consideration of the present should be your opinion, you will not, I am question, that the possibility of Junot's safe persuaded, think that there is virtue enough arrival in his strong hold was placed beyond in this EXPOSITION to make it “a lever all doubt on the 31 September, and re-echoed “ where with to raise the world against the throughout the kingdom in the interval be. “ Corsican Usurper;" but will, perhaps, tween the 30 and 17th September. You think with me, that ihe principles of poli- state, that Junot's army, after the battle, tical freedom, laid down as the basis of the might be 10,000, and the English 30,000, carse in Spain, is the only lever, by which or thereabouts, which is, perhaps, nearly that nation, and, by their example, the rest correct. The same scraps also, from which of Europe, can be raised estecrually to op- we ascertain that the cheek-scratched Duc pose a military desĻot.-Aye, the truth D'Abrantes retreated with 10,000 men, inis; the truth that speaks with “ voice form us that nearly 3,000 men were left in “ trumpet-tongue," though those in power these strong places, and that 7,000 Porto- . will not hear it, is, that to raise the world guese soldiers were in the French service, against the despotism of Napoleon, you men who never attempted to prevent Junot's must show the world, you must give the rerurning to his entrenchmenis. There were world to see and feel, something better than besides 5,600 Russian soldiers, unoffending the despotism of Napolcon.

neutrals certainly, men who would not eoBolley, 12th Oct. 1808.

guge in active bo-tility, as some of the paperi

have asserted; poor harmless creatures, we CONVENTION OF PORTUGAL.

ovly confined 5000 Spanish soldiers on bud S18 ;-It is impossible not to be satisfied, their ships! These, collectively, comport for the most part, with the clear, candid, and very fornuidable force ; and allowing is able manner in which you have exigined every exaggeration, there appears no reasca the Articles of the Convention of Lisbon, to doubt, but there were 20,000 men co and stared your opinion on the several cir- whose active services Junot could rely. Ard cumstances connected with it, as far as they I am even now entitled to ask, knowing the are bitherto authenticated; and, although resolute and Tartar-like characler of the you are very successful in applying the light Duke, anl considering that his immense to the flaws and bollow parts of several of plunder was a most powerful motive to obthe excases urged in palliation of the act, tripaic resistance, whether bis situation was you, nevertheless, do not appear to advance so deplorable and despair-crearing, as to jusreasons sufficient to support your assertion, lity lhe public in expecting bois surrender at “ that the people had a right to expect an discretion by the next arrival ; an arrival, unconditional surrender.” After detailing recollect, which was looked for a week beo the difficulties surmounted, and advantages fore the 17th September: 1 s'all, however, obtained at the battle of Vimiera, you say : exa ::ine the reasons aduced by you in sup. “ When we are told all this, and were in- port of this general opinion. You ask, “ formed that iminediately atier this bril. *s since when did these piaces become so " Jiant success, our army was augmented to very strong ? Junot found no difficulty is

Dearly double what it had before been, getting into them when he entered Pore

we naturally expected, that, by the next tugal with the same army, which Wel “ arrival seeing that the enemiy could re- " lesley told us he had beaten hollow, only ceive no supplies by land or s'a, we should a few days before you made the Conven" be informed of his surreader at discretion." “ tion; nay, he marched in o them, or ra• Now, I cannot see liow this could naturally “ther over them. They have been quick be expected by the next arrival. It was “ then, it seems, in growing in:o places of clear from ihe Loudon Gazetle, announcing “ such adamantine materials." It is alaost the repulse of the French at Viniera, that unnecessary to observe, that this is no proof the Tartar Jupot was enabled to retire up- that the position was not strong when the molested to bis strong position, and there to English arıny appeared before it'; nay, it is

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