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was uplifted, and, at the moment when “ their general, but left him to obtain they were about to let it fall, their arın is “ Those ierms which the greatness of his uoneryerl, and those whom their valour des. “ force intitled him 10 demand, they are tined to be the captives of their country, inav "totally unimpeachable. Ji is, therefore, now become ils plundering invaders.-- " on the commander of the forces, that With respect to this enterprize iheri wis an “ the whole responsibilis nains. Both unanimity of sentiment, a cordiality of " the Conventions, to the one was wishes, an absence of party feeling, such as “ signeri iy Sir Arthur Wellesley; and the I do not recollect to have witnessed upon “ other ty Cor. Murray, are io le conany former occasion, Aniongt us, who sidered as the work of Sir view Dalrynie have opportunities of addressing the public “ ple, and of Sir Hew Dallyn ple alone. in print, there was not a man, as far as I The cominner-in-chief of in could perceive, who did not discover great “ is alone re:psible to ive nation for what anxiety for the result, and who did not join is done by the my. Ile acis under tus in hearty applause as far as applause was ciue, king's orders, and all the army under of both the commanders and the ministers. " their commander's orders. The suppo. * Such is the unanimity and such the feeling sing any other principle, the supposing of disapprobation now; and, while I do not " Chat there was a separate responsibility in wish to insinuate that the ministers have any any part or member utan ariny from desire to withhoid justice from the natio!), í " that of its commander-in-chief, would must express my opinion, that, if they “ be to set up distinct commands and were to make the attempı, they woull be authorities, and would justily division guilty of an act of insolence so outrageous,

" and mutiny.

Supposing Col. Murray's that, if the people were to bear it, they name had bee! subscribed to the first would deserve to be swept from the face of “ Convention, would any man have conthe earth.--Leaving he responsibility of

" sidered Col. Murray as responsible for the War-Secretary as a subject for furure the treaty ? No; he would have condiscussion, the only point, upon which, at sidered Col. Murray as merely ministerial, present, there appears to be any difference and as giving autheniication to the dicof opinion, is this: whether Wellesley is a tates of his commander. Upon what participator with Dalrymple,' or not? The principle then is Sir A. Wellesley to be negative has been strongly insisted upon by esteemed responsible, if Col. Murray the numerous, the powerful, the active, " would not have been so ? Had Sir A. and the audacious friends of the former, “ Wellesley a distinct, separate, indepenwho, after having used their influence for dent authority to make Conventions with the parpose of obtaining detached paragraphs " the enemy? Could be take a oeasure, in the newspapers, beginning with au asser- or agree to an expression of his own, tion that he was at forty miles distance when “ without the commander-in-chiet's approthe armistice was signed, have at last, in the “ bation ? Could he have niodelled an Morning Post newspaper, found a person, “ article, proposed a condition, or insisted who, in his capacity of editor, has inserted, on a principle, which the commander-inas his own, a defence evidently written by chiet did not sanction ? Could he bave some one closely connected with the person refused to have let the treaty in all its defended.--Now, then, let us see what parts have been managed and worded as this defence is made of - The pretended " the co:nmander-in-chief pleased? It is ob. editor sets out with a few silly remaiks upon vions, ne had no srch power. It is clear, the measures themselves ; but, very quick- " then, thai, as to the Convention, whether ly comes to the chief, and, indeed, the “ he proves or disapproved of it, whether be only, object of bis writing thus:--- negociated eviry line, or never reri a " Here it becomes to consider who “ word of it, he is in no senso whatsorver " are the persons responsible. The respon- responsible. "Sir H. Dalrymple was com

sibility attaches 10 bis maiesty's minis. “ mander of the forces; in him sinne all ” ters on the one hand, and the conj. “ discretio!, all authority wis placed, " mander of the forces on the other lo on him alone all responsibility rests Buit " is presumable that when niinisters sent " it is said, if Sir A. Welie-ley ou l'on, " such an immense force to Portugal as approve the Coniention he oright not to

near 37,000 men, their object was to “ have signed it. Is it meant hy ibis, that " enable the general to whom they gave " when an interior general officer diiris in " the command, completely io redice the " opinion with his couimarier, he is to “enemy, and compell then to surrender ; “ disobey him? Or if he beys, is be to " and if they have not limited and tied up couple that obedience wnha public dis

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play of his disapprobation ? An interior ed, to be one of a cirincil of war, but he “ ge eral will the chearfully acquiesce in had had the previous command; he had " The derision of his superior, when per- been cornniander-in-chief untit but a few

haps, were he himself commander j; - bours before he entered upon the negociation

Chiet, he would acı very distenty. This of the armistice ; he was in possession of “ Mows from the very nature ng iwo sitz::- all the local knowledge, of all the knowledge lions. The rrinimander and the connard- relative to the force and condition of the " ed. The lat:er pot being responsible for exteny, that was possessed in our army; and, " his opinions will not be tenacious of them; of course, it be agreed to, or sanctieged by "le will easily si: bont to the decision of his signature, what was injurious to be coun. " bio superior, because bis acquiescence try, he was, and must be hel! to be respon.

neither leads to censure nor 10 praise, sible for the act; or, at legw, must come in nor is be vested with responsibility, or for his full share of the responsibility liable to examination or trial. Wirb re Great pains, the reader will perceive, is taken gard to Sir A. Wellesley's opinion, it is to produce the belief, that Wellesley was a

known, ibai if his advice had been fol. mere instrument ; a thing having no will of “ lowed in the 21st, he would have prr. its own; a machine moved by the great “ sued the routed army of Junot, aird never Dalrymple; and, in a subsequent part of " have let him rest will he had destioyed it. The article above quoted, the writer sass, When the line of pursuinig the enemy that he was no more responsible

** than ex was dropped, and negociation admitted, attorney's or larker's clerk would be for " be was then super seiled in command, and signing an obligation of his master." Oh! “had only to follow the plans of Sir Hew the gentle, the submissive, the bonble. " Dalrymple, for be had no plans of his minded Wellesley! Well, this man, wbedo

own to follow. This subject, bowever, ever he dies, onghi to be preserved in pickla; "" lies in a short compass,

Can Sir A. for such a Wellesley I never beard of before. Wellesley be broughi to trial, for sign- An attorney's or banker's clerk!” This " ing a Convention accuding to the instruc is a defence well worthy of him who sigred "* tions of his commanding general? He the armistice with General Kelleripan.

How'. absurd then to inpute Enti, come, let us see to what point this dois s blame to an oificer, for an obedience to (rine of a'itt matca submissie would city

the invariable rules of discipline, an.i for T'?' proposition is suis : ibi an crticer. “ bis submission to which is is not possible inferior in comniand, is cut, and cannot at he can be brought to trial!'.

come responsible, for any thing, be it what fur bers What! The Wellesleysi ile it may, which he does by the commandi hig! Wellesleys; the haughty Wellesleys, his superior, if the thing done be not con accept of ibis 013.Biley-like defence ! trary io "the articles of war.Articles of This worse than any defence ever set up by war! Oh, shame! So then, because the pinioned caitiff, tutored by attorney that express stainle cannot be cited against him, ought to have leen hanged as many times as he is to be holden up as an innocent mar! he has hairs.upon bis head! What! “ Ah! But, to illustrate the efect of this doctrine,

you may say what you like, but you can- suppose Dalrymple were to order Wellesley * not luke hilaw of him. He is not in

to shoot the king Would not be latter, 25 dictably. There is a flaw in your pro- well as the fornier, be hanged for bigh trea His head is safe from the son? Well, then, there are things which noose!”. Wby, if there be any thing an inferior may not do at the command of that can add to the just indignation and re- his superior; yet, the shooting of the king Gentment of the public, it is a defence like is opwhere expressly prohibited " in the arthis. "You cannot get hold of him : you “ticles of war.” Suppose, in the armistice, “ cannot bring him to triul!" appeal to it had been agreed upon to surrender the the reader, whether he evérh eard, or read, whole of the British ariny, in Portugal, to of any ibing 50 base as this. Yes, there Japot, at discretion. Would not every one is a very wide difference indeed between of the generals, nay every colonel or com Wellenley and Murray. The latter was mander ot' a corps, who should have olupet merely the agent of the commander-ir-lif; an arder to fulfil such an agreement, have ne was a tit id vilicer, and had no cumuond been shot, in a few days after his landing in ile army; he was not one of those ja England? Yet, there is, in the "artie who would be consulted as to what ought “ cies of war," notning expressly forbidto be done, or who would be calied into ding such surrender. Both these supo a council of war. Whereas the former posed acts, and ail other acts contrary to the was not only one of that rank to be consult | honour and interests of the couptry.


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forbidden in the engagement of fideli- enemy. Sir A. Wellesley 'neither apty, and in the articles relating to the proved, nor had any concern whaiever Islantis discharge of duty; but they are no " in writing the armistice: i: was nogociated where espressly pointed out. The real ques. " with Kellerinanu by Sir H. Dalimple tion is, then, whether the agreeiag to the " himself indeed it was diciated, and write armiidic was, or was not, an act, which, tonio French by Kelerıano), ar! Wis fuevery maiional mind, must have nianifestly " afterwards signed by Sir A. Weilegiev, appearça! 11) be the cation. ir oliedience to the positive order of Sir H. It this question de decided in the negative, Dalrymide the commander-in-chief-liis thien, not ooly Wellesley, but all the par- a curious fact, not 0 worthy of remark, lies concerned are innocent; but, if it be " that Sir H. Dalrymple had intended in devided in ihe ath malive, ihey are all guil

" the first instance to attix his own signature fy, and he ihe most guilty, because he, who to the armistice; but that he 'refrained alore cotitel possibly be well acquainted with from doing so, and ordered Sir A Welall Ilie Incal and vilier circumstances, was lesley to sign it, at the instigation of the the first to get his hand to the agreement. French general, whose views in such a

-The writer of this defence says, in requisition it does not require much peanglwer place, that very great mischief might netration to discover. Sir A Wellesley lave ariseo from an open rupture between " therefore is no more responsible for the our commanders. In the plural, observe, terms of the armistice, than col. Ma ray though, but a nionient before, we had been " is for the terms of the Convenion; or to told, that there was but one commander. carry the comparison still further, than We are told, that if Wellesley bad publicly an attorney or banker's clerk would be declared his disapprobation of the terms of " for signing an obligation of his master. the agreement,

is the discord, which most “ It has been erged, that Sir A. Wellesley have ensued between him and the com- might have told the commander-in-chiet, " mander-in-chief would have unquestion- " that he wonld sooner go into arrest than

abay einl'arrassed all tha future u rolions put his naine to such an instrument, but of the army." What! the disapprovation

«r under the firment conviciion in his own of so mild, so gentle, so unassuming, so

" mind (whi:h, if ooolly considered, will humble, so submissive a thing as an attoja " be found to be the simple faci). that he

ney's or banker's clerk”! Could this was inerely aceing under the positive ore thing's disapprobation have embarrassed ali ders of the commander-in-chief, be the operations of an army, under a chief " siyned it as he would have done any whose nod was law? Incredible! No; we • other military ori'er which did not appear cannot be made to believe, that a muchine, " In him to be contrary to the articles of thangh composed of flesh and blood, or of war, or the estiiblishe laws of his coun. fie hand bones raiber, could have produced try, in preference 10 com.nencing open any embarrassment in the operations of an hostilities with his commander-in-chief as; If it s'ood in his way, Sir Hew “ –ihe very day after he superseded hini, (what a pane') could have put it into an " Sir A. Wellesley's refuval to sign the arm chest, or ihrussed it into any hole or “ armistice, would hy no means have precorner, and amongst any of the vend stock “ vented the conclusion of it, but the dis

When a man har a bad cause; “i cord which must have ensued between when he is put to the inventing of rea-ons,

" him and the commander-in-chief would be is prely sure to contradici binșelt. " have unquestiovably embarrassed all the Hitherto I have proceeded upon the surpo- " future operations of the army. These nition, that Wellesley really did no more “ are strong facis ; but they are most subthan obey the orders of Dalrymple; that " stantially and literally true, and perfectly the later was the great mover in the af- “ corroborated by numerous letters from fair; and that the former only aided and - the most distinguished officers of the assisted. The contrary, however, I think, " British army in Portugal. These letters cleirly appears to bave been the fact ; but, “ also all agree in staring, that Sir A. firs: lei us lear what further this famous Wellesley most distinctly declared his defender has to say.

Sir Arthur opinion that the expediency of per"Wellesley, in fact, privately protested mitting the French to capitulate at against ile armistice in the strongest o all, was occasioned solely by the di

he distinctly declared his objec- " lemma into which the army had been tions to the commander-in chief, and “ brought by its being prevented, contrary " tried all in his power to prevent him " to his plans and wishes repeate.?ly urged, " from gradting the terms he did to the “ fronu following up the victory of the 2136

of the army.


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POLITICAL REGISTER.- Conventions in Po in which case, the whole French army mistice; seeing that, before the latter took must inevitably have been destroyed, place, the French had bad time to retreat instcad of being enabled by that fatal delay " to the passes, and to concentrate themto retreat to the passes, and to concen- selves in the strong sorts ? " Who would trate illemselves in forts in their rear, not suppose, that several days, at least, which it might consume the whole of the had elapsed ? But, the fact is, that the winter months lo beat them out of. At battle was fought on the 21st, and the

the conclusion of the action of the 21st, armistice agreed upon and signed on the 22d. - the head quarters of the French at There could not possibly be any more than < Torres Vedras were four miles nearer to twenty four hours between the battle and the the right wing of the English army, armisiice; and, observe, Sir Burrard left " which had not been engaged, than to the Wellesley to do as he pleased on the 21st ; le “ Frenci defeated army, in consequence of had all the then army under his command; he “ Junot's having exclusively attacked our might have gone on if he would ; and his centre and left wing. It therefore amounts stupid defender, appearing to forget these almost to a certainty, that if Sir A. Wel. really strong and undeniable facts, calls ube “ lesley had been permitted to push forward 21st a fatal dan/. -Now, as to poor SIT

agreeably to his plan and request, he Hew, when did he come upon " must inevitably have arrived before them, stage? Not till the 22d ; not till the day

occupied their posts, and annihilated after " the fatal day; not, to use his own “ them as an army."---- There is, after words, till a few hours before general this, a crying paragraph about " party ani- “ Kellerman came." So that, it is, I shint,

mosity," than which charge nothing-ever as clear as day-light, that Wellesley *55 was more false, as every wan in the country controuled by nobody, that he was held back will testify.--So, here, the few weeks of by nobody ; that he was, 'as to all practical Sir Hew are swelled out into “ the whole purposes, the commander-in-chief, nntil the « of the winter months”! And where was very moment of General Kellerman's arrival, Junot to find provisions for the whole of the and that, as he has had all the praise, so be winter months ? Were his army and his is entitled to all the blame for whatever, dehorses and his fleet to be fed by ravens; or serving blame, took place previous to that had they collected food sufficient, in that moment. - There remains now to be do"very country where our fine commanders ticed; what this defender says about prisi were afraid of being starved in a week protests and private letters. He asserts in or two? So, if Wellesley bad been per. Wellesley privately protested against the t. mitted to go on, he would have destroyed the mistice, and that Dalrymple turned a French army. Now, who prevented him? ear to his advice. Against this assertio, His victory was won on the 21st of August. which is quite bare of all authority, let us Sir Harry (another slang name !) tells us, put the probabilities of the case. Avd, I ask that though he arrived while the battle was The reader ; I put it to the pain good going on, he left all to Wellesley; and Wel- of the public, whether it be probable, lesley's friends in England took special care hardly possible, that Sir Dalrymple, wbt to inform the public, that lie, and he alone, had arrived at head quarters but a les had the claim to the merit. Accordingly, hours, and who had been in the country those who express their joy and approbation not many hours ; who could know little, c' by the use of the bottle, drank" the brave nothing, of local circumstances or of othe " Sir Arthur Welles!ey and his army.” No- circunstances to be taken into considera body's name was heard of but his. Sir Bur- tion ; who was a person of no great fame, rard did not pretend to bave any share in the and who carried with him po other weight merit, and we gave him credit for his mo. than that of his mere rank: I put it to desty. Well, then, who stopped Wellesley? | impartial public, whether it was Who prevented him fro! “ pushing on?" whether it was possible, that this 0742. The Duke D'Abrantes. Thai cruel Tartar. should, under such circumstances, come i It was he, or it was 'nobody, that so suddenly with his boots on, and his hands and face uso arrested the progress of our dashing “ Cheva- washed, and take, not only the actual op “ lier du bain.” For only look at the dates, rative command upon him, but take up the which are always very troublesome things, when men have to lie through a cause. Who, and settle, upon his own unassisted opinion, upon reading what I have quoted above, an agreement which was to determine the would not suppose, that a mouth, or, at least, many days, bud elapsed between the

; battle of the 21st and the signing of the ar- out advice, but against the advice and ibe som




pen, before he'sat down to eat or to drink,

fate of the whole of the enemy's army and

that he should do this, not only with

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lema protest of one notoriously the favourite put in the paper against him, the person so of the ministers, notoriously backed by a host accused, whose name was ROBINSON, and of powerful friends at home in and out of par- who lived in Devonshire Place, acknowlainent, and not less notoriously of no very ledged, in a letter to Mr. Paull that he was a unassuming disposition, especially on the part proprietor, which letter I saw and read. morrow of his gaining a brilliant victory ; that I have not heard, ihat the paper has changed he, a prident old man, should not deign to proprietors, and my firm belief is, that it consult with, but should reject the advice of has not.-The second fact is, that, in the such a person, nay, and nake him, like an Gazeite Extraordinary, containing the doattorner's or banker's clerk, set his band to, 1.cuments relating to the late transactions in as being the negociator of, termis penned | Portugal, that document, that most importby the French General, and against which ant document of all, the armistice, which hatetul terms he had made a solemn protest ; was signed by, and which was evidently the I put it 10 'he sense of any man who hears work of, Wellesley, was inserted in the me, wheider this be possible ? Away, French language, unaccompanied with a then, with all the lies about private protests translation, while all the oiber documents, and private letters. There is no proof pro- to none of which his name and seal were duru i of this existence of any such protest; afixed, were inserted in English only ; while here is the strongest presumptive a thing as unprecedented as the motive of proof, that no such protest ever was made. it must be obvious to all the worid. Un. Besides, have we not the internal evidence til the ministers have had time to show, of Dalrymple's dispatch ? What does the that they had no hand in this; that some old gentle mari say? Why: “ As I land- of their underlings were bribed to do it; " ed in Portugal entirely upacquainted with 1 I will not accuse them, or suppose them " the actual state of the French army, and guilty, of an act of partiality so shock

many circumstances of a local and inci- ingly base ; bit, unless this be done by " dental nature, which, DOUBTLESS, | them, upon their heads the charge must had greit weight in deciding the question, i finally fall, and, in the mean while we

OWN opinion in favour of expelling i should be upon our guard, every man should " the French army froni Portugal, by means endeavour to warn his neighbour, against " of the Convention, was, such and such.” the effect of that powerful and infamous inWhy this doubtless?" He does not fluence which is now at work for the pur. pretend to have had a decided opinion of his pose of bringing Wellesley off in safety own. Would he have thus spoken, if he over the mangled reputations of the other had despised the protest of Welesley? The commanders. thing is not to be believed by even the most Botley, 22 Sept. 1808. credulous and most stupid of mankind; and P. S. I have below, inserted, upon this I beseech the honest part of the public, I subject, a leiler, and an article from the bestech all those who feel for the honour of Times newspaper, both which I beg to reibeir abused country, to be upon their comme od to the perusa' of ny readers. guard against the arts of that sink of falsehood and corruption, which is now stirring CONVENTIONS IN PORTUGAL. to its very entrails for the purpose of mis- SIR,-- I cannot doubt that you, wbo have leading the public mind and, palsying the been so often the ev!ogist of British valour, arm of justice.--" Private lellers from and the assertor of British honour, and who " the army' have been trumped up, and have lately descanted with so much force published without signatures ; it was stated, and justice upon both, will open the pages in several of the papers, that, when the of your Register to whoever shall wish to armistice was signed, Wellesley was ut the expose to public observation transactions distance of forty miles from heuil quarters ; | by which the honour of our country is imbut, there are two facts, which I am parti- paired, and the glory of her brave defenders cularly anxious to impress upon the minds tarnished. That this has happened by the of my readers ; the first of which is, that Convention concluded by our commander the Morning Post news-paper, in which in Portugal is, unfortunately, not a matter of has appeared the dirty defence of Welles- doubtful surmise or hypothesis ; it is a fact ley, was, in the autumn of 1806, the notorious tð every

class of the community; property of company of -p:rsons, it is telt by every man Ibroughout England, chiefy East Indians, and that Mr. Paull ha- from the cabinet minister to the cottager ; ving accused one of these persons, a man it is at tbis moment the subject of universal who lvad been high in office under Lord | grief and indig ant reprobation in all parts Wellesley, of causing certain articles to be of this capital. How is it, Sir, that mi:


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