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crows and kites in the land of our ally which bombast, call a vanquished enemy. Yet

, they had invaded and laid waste ? I have this is not all. As if it were not sufficient never been eager to encourage the indul. for us to be disgraced in the eyes of the gence of sanguine expectations in the peo- world, and for the Portuguese to be injured ple; but, if any nation ever had a right to as much as it was in our power to injure expect any thing, this nation had a right to them ; as if this wére not sofficient, a preexpect a result such as I have described. tence (for it appears to be merely a pretence)

-Instead of tbis, what have we? To go is tonnd for our engaging to make " the through the several articles of these “ Con- Spaniards,” not ibe Patriots of Spain, ventions” would be useless. To be fully not the Spanish Nation, not any thing dig. sensible of the disgrace which they atlix nified or honourable, but to make "the upon us, aro! of the lasting injury, which " Spaniards" set at liberty, restore," s we, as well as our allies, must sustain from if they had stolen them, all “the French ibem, we have only to read them. They subjects" detained in Spain and not taken speak for themselves in a language too plain in batlle. That is to say, all the herde op to be misunderstool. The short view of spies, intriguers; fomenters of discord, plu. them is this: The Frenchi had an army in derers and cut-throats, who have bean the Portugal, which army, though completely principal cause of all that the people of Spain masters of tbe country at first, bad so plunder- have suffered, and who are held in durance, ed the people and had so ouiraged their feel- not only because they are capable of still ings of every kind, that, at last, its situa-. doing mischief, bní, doubtless, as a security tion became perilous, and that, too, at for the lives of such Spaniards as may, witte time, when, from the unexpected resistance out being taken in arms, fall, or have få of Spain, it became next to impossible for it len, into the hands of the French. Whi to receive supplies. We go to the comman right had we, and that too without referent der of this army, having at our back a force to numlers of persons, to make any sech Ihree times as great as his, and having already stipulation with respec: to Spain? Where bearen him with less than a third part of that authority had we for it? By what is streforce, and with him we agree to find ship- ment had the people of Spain plaeed the ping to carry him and his army to a place of honour and their safety in the hands of convenience in France; to carry also, his “ Chevaliers du bain ?" What pou'est artillery, his horses, his baggage, bis im- we to cause such a stipulation to be fuxx mease plunder, and to take each nian and The promise is like that which a man gun so prep:ired with all requisiles as to be when a fout-pad has him down and bold a able to begin a battle the moment they are ; knife across his throat Did the men what landed, and even at sea ; to take, lest his made this promise leat the Duke d'Abranto baggage or plunder should consist of im- or were they like the curs, who, having te morcable articles, the said articles in the the bite of the mastiff, lose all confidence in way of purchase or exchinge; to provide their numbers, and, though they barkvic etrectually for the security of the persons tory, suffer him to retire in quiet, carrying and property of all those, whether French off his bone to be disposed of at his leisure! or Portugueze, who may bave taken part No: not so, for they complaisantly carry with the spoilers, therein engaging to use the bone for him. The varal yields, in the forces (sent for the deliverance of Por- no respect, to the military convention. tugal and for the punishment of its plan- The Emperor Alexander, who is carrying derers) so as not only to secure impal- op a desperate and blood-thirsty war against vity to every villain engaged in such our really faithful and very brave ally, the plunder, but also to secure to him the le- king of Sweden, had, with a view of cogal possession and disposal of what he had operating with the French in their project thereby acquired, that is to say, if the honge for “restoring the liberty of the seas," of, and goods of a faithful Poringuese have been in other words, destroying the maritime confiscated and sold by the French to a trai- predominance of England, sent a fleet tor, to that traitor we guarantee the quiet round into the Tagus.

For the retura enjoyment of such house and goods. is of this fileet to Russia, the priests of the not this the plain fact? Talk to us of the Greek church have been saying surf, and of the equinox. Why, if there and burning incense any time these nime had been a mine under you and the match months past. . Our « Chevaliers du bain" lighted ready to blow you into the air, you seem to have been penetrated with the slip ought to have spurned at such conditions ; plications and offerings which had hither conditions, which yg have received at the to been used in vain; and, though they bands ar bina x vauhtsu your bragging did not send she feet home; though bey



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tvere not quite so far over-awed by the j voice, " the ball, your Majesty!*** West," Duke d'Abrantes as, to raise the blockade said the king, " and what of the ball? The and to let the feet come out and yo home, “.bali said nothing about your writing." In they took care to stipulate, that the usliters a man like this, strong apprehension at danand men ofte tieei should be immediately 1 ger so very imminent was not only excusable carried back to Russia, without any impedi- but naturally to be expected; but, to hear ment to their being at once employed 10 commanders of British forces, by sea as fight against us, or against our ally, the king well as land, pleading the surf and the equiof Sweden; hit wil this shonld he done at nox as an excuse for having a sented to terms our expense, and that we should take care of confesseilly not 'such as could have been the skiös, so as to have thein to deliver up wished for, is enough to fill the nation with at the conclusion of the peace. The Eastern anger approaching to madness.---There warrioř, Sir Srtbur Wellesley, had, in his was, Dairymple says, doubts whether gir

part of the negociation, agreed io, let ships: John Moore's division could be safely landed paper and all go home; but, then, there was the at that season of the year ; but, it appears, chance, at least, of their oieeting with an

that these doubts were not founded, because 1 English fleet at sea. This chance, how they were safely landed lefore the Convenia

Lver, was small; for, the start which he had tion was signed. But, suppose it. had been allowed thens, would have enabled them to certain that they could not be lauded? Welmake a French port before our neet off the lesley (for it is time to have done with long

Tagus could overiake them ; they might, Dames) bad, as he says, beaten the whole of , 100, have fallen in with some of our de- the French force with one half of his, and

tached ships, who could be in expectation liis army bad received an augmentation before tul, of no such event; and, in any case, a

Sir John Moore arrived. What, then, had meeting with them mig!:t have cost is lives the landing of Sir John Moore's division to car? worth inore than those of all the r Cheva- do with ihe matter? Indeed, it would seemn mak ti liers du bain" that ever existed. It must, to bave been better for him not to land, but pass therefore, be confessed, that what to wait for orders from home. At any rate,

" finally agreed to was a little less bad and less however, landed he was before the convenaip disgraceful than what the conqueror of the tion was signed, so that the excuse is com2 2. Nabob Vizier of Oude had, as far as he pletely nullified.

Then comes the ex12?... was empowered, made an article of the cuse about provisions. " It was doubted, rola famous con rentioni.

But, besides the whether the supply of so large ari army wheretofore unheard-of title and Language of “ with provisions from the ships could be his this naval agreement, where were the cir- " provided for, under all the disadvantages

cumstances that could justify it? The feet “to which the shipping were exposed.". ent was completely in our power. There was The Kniglit's grammar is, to say the least of

scarcely a possibility of their escaping. In it, quite equal to his logic. What, then, a few weeks, unless co vardice seized our it would seeim, that here was an army sent army, the batteries, unler which the ficet 10 Poringal, without due precautions taken lay, must have been in our hands. Or, as to finding it in food? Fur, cierre, the whether they were gr not, the feet could difficulties and dangers of the song are, e pon Dot escape. “Sir Charles Cotto:, therefore, such occasions, a ways taker jaren view at is full as culpable is Sir Hew Dalrymple and the war-office and the admiralty. But now, Sir Arthur Wellesley: for, though he did we are, it seems, to be told, ihat, after all Hot agree to the terms at first proposed, he the immense expense of this armament ; agreed to terms very disgraceful to its and in- after an expense of preparation such as jurious to our allies. " The surf and the neyer was heard of before for such an en.

approaching equinor !" Shades of all terprize; after all this, we are to be very' the thousands and hundreds of thousands of coolly told, that there were doubts as to the

English seamen, who, without a milliouth possibility of supplying the army with food, part of the motive, have perished in brav- ever for a fortnight or three uveks ! ' Let 93 the wates and the winds and the sinals us se; there were, afier Sir John Miocre and the rocks, come, forth from the deep landed, about thirty thousand men. Coald and hear this! " The surf and the equi- 'not these men have been fou for a fortniglio Flat !” Wliy, it is like the language of or three veeks, without producing a faming the chicken-hearted secretary of Charles 1 in Portugal, eren supposing ir impossible to XII, who, letting drop the pin, opon part get any thing at all from ihe ships? Can of the roon being corn away by a canton- Dalrymple say, that there was not alrea:ly a ball, aud being asked by the king why he week or ten days' provision in the arnıy? did not proceed, exclaimed in a It will be proved, I think, that there was, But, upon the very face of the thing, this vehicles, was so great as to leave nothing to exut is worth nothing. They were in a fear upon that score ; and, would ibe Portofiiendiy conniy; they wanted no force for guese have wanted any thing but the simple foraging, or for. obtaining accommodations promise of repayment to induce them to a!. of every sort; the sen was not only open ford our army ample supplies of provisions, to them, but they had the exclusive posses- as to the kind of which there could have

sion of all its shores; if the “surf" pre- been no difficulty to apprehend, seeing that . vailed to-day, or inis week, why, it would the position of our army must necessarily not continne for ever, and, when it ceased, have remained nearly tbe sanie? So that, any flour or other provisions that mig he have view it in whatever light we please, this ex. bren got from the Portuguese, could have cuse about provisions appears to be the most beeir returned with interest, frr, it is not turile ever made by morial mo. - The pretended, that there was not an abundance great plea, however ; that upon which the on-board the ships. But, how did the Duke • Chevaliers du bain

mean to make ibeir D'Abrantes, as Wellesley calls bim (for the stand, appears to be that of gaixing there. first time that any Englishman has called So eager were obey to be in Spain, that they him so);, bow did tbe Duke D'Abrantes, thought nothing at all of Portugal

. Ther: to call' whom by that litle was a cruel insult capacious minds, accustomed to tavel nes to the oppressed and plundered Portuguese; the vast regions of the East, were implica how did Wellesley's Duke D'Abrantes make under the confinement to a little plot of larz sbiti. to get previsions, not only for the on the shores of ibe Atlantic, Now, as i

formnight or three weeks" to come ; not goining time, if that is to be considered all only as long as le might remain besieged; positive good, then one way of obtaining bui bow had be nade sbiti to find provisions is to decamp; and, if they had shipped di for many months before, and thats too, if they had not caught a Tartar in Wellesley let it be observed, uithout the possilility of Duke D'Abrantes, they would certains any cummunication with the sea ? The bave gained time, thougli they wouid, i Duke D'Abrantes, a tinde taken from a cily must be confessed, have left Portugal jista and territory of Portugal, and which Wels they found it, except that the land vould lesley, acknowledges to be his due; the Duke have been enriched with the bodies and the D'Abrantes had fourteen thousand men, blood of some of the bravest of ibeir eru about a thousand horsei, and, probably, trymen. Well, then, this gaining du avont six or seven thousand men, on board may be an evil; and now let us see site the Russian feet and other ships; all these was in this case. -Dalrymple says: Wellesley's Duke D'Abrantes ade shift to opinion in favour of the Conrection provide with every thing, and to lay up “ principally founded" (not founded prat stores for a sirge, and that, too, amongst a cipalty, and I wish he bad set Junot at de people decidedly hostile to him, and all this fiance as much as he does sense) "on le in that very country, where our “ Cheva- great importance of lime, which the team "i liers du baino were under mortal appre- son of the year rendered peculiarly hensions of being starved to death from the " Juable, and which the enemy could easiz mere bosulity of the surf, though they had “ have consumed in the protracted defense a friendly people to approv 10, a sea always “ of the strong places they occupied, bw open, and an Engluu ai che distance of ten terms of Convention been refused them." da;s' sail. ----Dalrymple will hardly pre- Terms of Convention, Sir Knight, is a ner fend, that Junor had collected all the provi- phrase, invented, I presume, to avoid the asset sions of the country and carried them to his tion, that the terms of the convention were the

siroog positiou." But, they were be- only ternis that the Duke would accept of at • come scarce.” May be so. Buit, will your bands. But, to continue in proceeding any man believe, that just at the end of backwards, in the examination of this ex: harvest, or indeed, at any time, provisions cuse, on what is founded i be assertion, the for such an army for a few weeks, might unqualified assertion, that Janot could easily pot have been berroured in Portugal, where have consumed time in a protracted defence! ou melination to, and our means of, repay. Is it founded upon your knowledge, or you ment were so well known? What avail opiuion, that he had plentiful stores of pro these, our reputation and our means, if they visions for his men, horses, and fieci, sup were not to be resorted to upon an occasion hke ihis? Is it not notorious that there are afraid of starving? Or, did you apprehend

plies gol in a country wberein you bem other parts in Portugal besides Lisbon ; that that he would be able to obtain suppliese inithese poris we could have entered; that • Ibans vi cunveyance, in all manner of

defance of Cotton's fleet, your armir, and


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ple of the whole of Portugal ? " Strong

in the ultimate, success of the war, and places?" | svever before heard of any in “ does it not materially add to the prota. Portugal. Had you been before. Lisle, Bris- bility of doing this by assisting ihem with se, or Mesiricht, you could not have " this force three weeks or a month sooner written in language more desponding, even " than we could have done had we not acceps if the couniry around had been filled with " ed of the terms so cornplained of as grunta your enemy's friends and adherents. Had " ed to Junot." -Markbere; we accept of you not batteriny cannon! Had you not an terms in one line, and grant them in die ample portion of artillery, the best constituted next. No, no. The Chevaliers du bain".

and the best supplied in Europe ; an abun- did not grant. They arcepted, and in that ne piese dance of aminunition of all sorts; a large sort of way in which an apprentice boy a&* feet to apply to for aid of every description; i accepts of a Monday morning's threatening,

your word to pass as current as gold and wbile the strap or ihe walking-stick is sha21 Dost silver for the hire of labour, materials and ken aner his shoulders, So, iliese beroes

implements of every kind; were you not as might have their secret motives? They: of * well situated, in every respect, as if you had might want to get into Spain to stop the Se had to carry on a siege of Doves ?. And yet, progress of the armies of Napoleon ? But, Pin you talk of strong places, easily defended would it not have been as well to send Junot ced 10. io a protracted duration. The question now and his arıny and the Russian fleet to.

comes: since when did these places become England first, with a request to be ordered so very strong ? Junot found no difficulty in to march into Spain ; for, even now we

geling into them, wiien he entered Portugal shall see, that the army will be able to leave bears with that same army, which Wellesley told Portugal very little sooner than they would, ay of us, he had beaten hollow, only a few days if they had waited the result of a siege of y haid before you made the convention ; pay, he even a month's duration, while there appear riar a marched into them, or, rather, over them. no grounds for believing, that the siege could

Hotel They have been very quick, then, it seeins, have lasted for a week, under the directiou i theft in growing into places of such adamantine of brave and skilful assailants. This fi Paris materials. Well, now for the time that is the least part of the objection, how

the - was to be gained. You do not tell us what ever ; for, the army of Judut, an amy be bete good purpose that time was to answer ; but, so formidable as to produce the consenest of "to some person, who has taken upon him

your tion that we have been examining, is. ginia

: detence, bas suggested it to the public in the to be Janded precisely at that point, following words, to which the Courier news- whence, they can

most easily

marih mpie sur paper says it is. " desired to give insertion." into Spain; and so, finding ourselves ainable · Cupt. Now, then, let us see ibis great purpose that to dislodge him from a place where we were * you had in view in this sacrifice of honour certain of capturing him and preventing the videst to the gaining of time." The public possibility of' bis doing further niischief ei

secu moch disappointed that the terms ther to Spain or Portugal, we let him loose, " of capitulation granted Junot and bis in order io have the chance of beating bin, forces have been so disadvantageous to our in the Pyrennees. No, not so : we do not " interests, and perhaps justly, were it not let him louse; we carry him round at our that there might have been some secret proper expence;

we carry all bis

arnis, : motives and very strong ones : supposing, / horses, baggage, plunder, and we put him “ for instance, Junot had possession of a down in a condition, not only to march off strong post, and it was doubtful if he

to Spain, but we till even his pouches with might not have defended it for a fortnight, sisty rounds each, that he may be ready in." three weeks, or a month, or perhaps stanily to begin the battle. Besides, is it

much longer, was it no object to gain that not evident, ibat, though Portugal is eva"lime in the situation that Spain is, with cuated, it inust still, in a certain degree, be " reinforcements pouring down from all leti to our defence. Can the whole of our

quarters of France, to strengthen the army quit Portugal instantly? Can that enemy in Biscay and Navarre, and to

country, in the state in which it now is, be have a disposeable force so large as that left without froin ten to twenty thousand " wbich would otherwise be employed in English troops ? We shall see that it can.

Portugal, to throw into the assistance of not; and we shall see, that we have carried, "the Spaniards in that quarter? Were in Junoi's army, more men to fight against

they able by our assistance to drive the Spain, than we can scad from Portugal to enemy beyond the passes of the Pyrens the assistance of the Spanish People. If nees, before he has time to collect his This be so, where shall we find words to exturces, would not that be a greater object press our indignation at this puitul plea of

et us at

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gaining time, when we take into view the of the Portuguese were so deeply involved, other part of the Convention, which makes | without even con:cling any one of the Pota us carry, at our expertce, fire or six thou- tuguese commanders or chiefs, who can be sand Russian seamen to fight against the weck enough to believe, that the Spaniards Swedrs; when we reflect on the vast means will irusi a British commander? If they of conve; ance and of acceleration, in every jinbibe a distrasi of us, and that they must way, that we lose by the employment of our is but too evident, who knows what effect ships of war and transports in carrying home that may have upon their councils; how the Russian3 aud the French; and when we many it may cause to warer, who would Consider how much more ien thousand of othe: wise be firm ; how many it may lead to tho conquerors of Junst would have been abandon the courtest; in how many ways it worth in Spain than twenty, thousand of may operate in favour of Buonaparte's plan those who have purchased bis return home of subjugation ? Never cm we expect with sacrifices so great! What we wanted, such another opportunity of turning the what our allies wanted, what the general tide of the war. ". The power of doing this cause evented, w'75, not a month suoner was put completely in our hands ; tbat possession of the fortresses of Portugal, but power we buve most shamefully thrown i signal deteat, a humiliation, of a part of away, and we must take the consequences Napoleou's army. We wanted an instance of such foolish and dastardly conduct.of triumph, a proof of victory, which no The sorry lives of those, who have thus dis. one could gainsay. We wanted the boasting graced our country, and ruined our caes, threateners of invasion brought hither; we would do us no good. They would not rewanied Junot and bis army in Engiand, and store to this world one of the brave men wbo to hear our commanders say to the people : fell in acquiring the meatis of terminating " There are your invaders, go and look at the war in Portugal with so much ho our ar them." This is what we wanied. This and advantage as wight have metin its termiwould have spoken cultviction to the urinals Dution, nor would they restore to the pockets of Englishmen, of Frenchmen, of our Alhes, of us at home the immense sums which have and of the whole world. This is what true been, in that war, «xpended for a mischiepolicy dictated; this is what would, at once, vous purpose; but, no one will deny, that have presented itself to a liigh and enlighten- sonieihing ought to be done ; that law and ed mind, though it appears never, for one justice, in some shape or other, ongbt 10 mil montent, to have entered the mind of either i These commanders before then. Whitende our generals or our admiral. Such an exam- suffered (sligh:ly indeed) for his silliness, ple, such an irrefragable proof, of the great his cowardice, or both together ; but, porer of Logland, would have given her was teaten, at any rate. He didi stop 'will be such

604equence in the world; would hare was beaten, before he signed terms, placed hier so high in the opinion of all man- which none but a beaten army could subm tin), thai it is impossible for a man who . These commanders have not waited for the Icies bis couniry not to hate those who have , imperious cause of submission. They haria prevented its existence. In speaking of the volunteered in disgrace. They have made victories in Portugal, I reckoned (at page a sacrifice of their country's honour and 19. 359) amongst its consequences, this : " that terests, without being able to set up wit vind dininish that dread, in which sinollest plea of necessity. Whitelocke'ser: " the French arms had been so long beld in pedition was a thing of dubious importance " oiher nations, aod particularly in the There were many, among whom I was one, " Southern parts of Europe." But, this who thought that all that iliere was to regrti misrable Convention, dictated to us in l in his failure wastle mere loss of lives. But, ternis so baughij and jusolent, and in which here was an object of such vast consequence, We }uCognize the title of Emperor and King and of a nature so unequivocal, that it was in Napoleon, will not only ando all that was impossible for any man, having only a com sone ng bose victories, but will confirm mon feeling for the honour of bis country, that dread which it was so great an object to not to have it deeply at heart. Every mudil remove; for, to what cause', other than seemed to say, every countenance bespoke! that of a conviction of a decided superiority , the sentiment : “ Now is the time; we are in the Fench armies, can this convention now striking the blow, that is to fix the possibly be.scribed? And, after this, afier " character of our country, and that is to secing 1stbus act; afier seeing is so shape. “ be the source of noble emulation in the Suliy belay the interests of our allie's of Por.' “ bearts of our children's children." This dual and Sweden; after seeing us make a blow our gillant countrymen had proved Curention, in which all the dearest interests that they were able to strike; their sword

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