« PreviousContinue »
sectional animosity.-The geographical line in the Union.—How the differences
between North and South produced two distinct communities instead of rival parties
within one body politic.—The theory of a Political North and a Political Southam
Its early recognition in the Convention of 1787.—Declaration of Madison.—Mr.
Pinckney's remarks.—How the same theory was involved in the Constitution
The Treaty” clause between North and South.—The Union not the bond of diverse
States, but the rough companionship of two peoples.-Gen. Sullivan's complaint to
Washington.—The Slavery question, an incident of the sectional animosity
Not an independent controversy, or a moral dispute.--Political history of Negro
Slavery in the South.-How it become the subject of dispute.-The Hartford Con-
vention.—The Missouri Line, the preliminary trace of disunion.—Declaration of
Thomas Jefferson.—Why the North defamed “the peculiar institution" of the South.
-Great benefits of this institution, and its contributions to the world.—"Slavery,”
Ο Η Α Ρ Τ Ε R ΙΙΙ.
OIA PTER VI.
the Confederates. Influence of Virginia on the other Border States.—Replies of
these States to Lincoln's requisition for troops.—Secession of Tennessee, Arkansas,
and North Carolina.-Seizure of Federal forts in North Carolina.-Movements in
Virginia to secure the Gosport navy-yard and Harper's Ferry.—Their success.-
Burning of Federal ships.-Attitude of Maryland.—The Baltimore riot.-Chase of
Massachusetts soldiers.Excitement in Baltimore.-Timid action of the Maryland
Legislature.-Military despotism in Maryland. ---Arrests in Baltimore.-A Reign of
Terrour.—Light estimation of the war in the North. Why the Federal Government
sought to belittle the contest.—Lincoln's view of the war as a riot.Seward's
Letter to the European Governments.-Early action of England and France with
respect to the war.-Mr. Gregory's letter to the London Times.—Northern conceit
about the war.–Prophecies of Northern journals.-A “Three months' war.”—Ells-
worth and Billy Wilson.-Martial rage in the North.--Imperfect appreciation of the
Crisis in the South.—Early ideas of the war at Montgomery.-Secret history of the
Confederate Constitution.—Southern opinion of Yankee soldiers.- What was
CHAPTER I X.
The victory of Manassas, a misfortune for the Confederates.- Relaxation in Rich
mond.—Plotting among Confederate leaders for the Presidential succession,-
Beauregard's political letter.-Active and elastic spirit of the North.-Resolution
of the Federal Congress.—Energy of the Washington Administration. Its immense
preparations for the prosecution of the war.—The Missouri campaign. The politics
of Missouri.—Sterling Price and his party.-Imprudence and violence of the Federal
authorities in Missonri.—Correspondence between Gens. Price and Harney.—Gov.
Jackson's proclamation.—Military condition of Missouri.—Her heroic choice.-
Affair at Boonoville.---Composition of the patriot army of Missouri.—Engagement
at Carthage.-Confederate reinforcements under McCulloch.—Disagreement be-
tween Price and McCulloch.-Noble conduct of Price.-The Battle of Oak Hill.
McCulloch surprised.—A fierce fight.-Death of Gen. Lyon.—The Federals de-