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Fifteen years' successful experience justifies us in claiming for the Waltham Watches peculiarities of excellence which place them above all foreign rivalry The system which governs their construction is their most obvious source of merit. The substitution of machinery for hand-labor has been followed not only by greater simplicity, out by a precision in detail, and accuracy and uniformity in their time-keeping qualities, which by the old methods of manufacture are unattainable.
The application of machinery to watch-making has, in fact, wrought a revolution in the main features of the business. In conjunction with enlarged power of production, it has enabled us to secure the smoothness and certainty of movement which proceed from the perfect adaptation of every piece to its place. Instead of a feeble, sluggish, variable action, the balance, even under the pressure of the lightest mainspring, vibrates with a wide and free motion. The several grades of watches have more than a general resemblance each to its pattern; they are perfect in their uniformity, and may be bought and sold with entire confidence as to the qualities we as sign to them.
These general claims to superiority are no longer contested. An English watchmaker, in a recent lecture before the Horological Institute of London, describing the result of two months' close observation at the various manufactories in the United States, remarks in reference to Waltham: "On leaving the factory, I felt that the manufacture of watches on the old plan was gone." Other foreign makers, some of them eminent, have publicly borne the same testimony. They admit that the results aimed at in Europe by slow and costly processes are here realized with greater certainty, with an almost absolute uniformity, and at a cost which more than compensates for the difference between manual labor in the Old World and the New.
But we assert for the Waltham Watches more than a general superiority. Their advantages, in respect af quality and price, over English and Swiss watches, are not more marked than are their advantages over the products of other American manufactories. These are positive in their character, and are the natural conse quences of the precedence we acquired in the trade, and the proportions to which our manufactory has attained. No industrial law is better established than that which cheapens the cost of an article in proportion to the magnitude of its production. The extent of our establishment-the combination of skilled labor, on an extensive scale, with machinery perfect and ample-enables us to offer watches at lower rates than those of any other manufacturer. The aggregate of profit is the end kept in view, not the profit on any single watch. And, acting on this principle, with reduced cost of production and an ever-widening demand, our watches are offered at prices considerably below the watches of other American makers, comparing quality with quality. Our annual manufacture is double that of all other makers in this country combined, and much larger than the entire manufacture of England.
James Miller's Bookstore removed to 647, Broadway.
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1869, by JAMES MILLER, in the Clerk's Office of the District
$ CHRISTIAN EXAMINER.
THE HOPE OF THE SOUTH.
WHEN a sagacious physician examines a patient who is struggling with various forms of disease and exhaustion, he looks earnestly to see what powers remain unshattered, on which to build his hopes of recovery. He knows that many maladies may be overcome and much depletion repaired, if the vital forces only remain and can be brought into vigorous
The present condition of the South affords a similar object of study. There are many and grievous evils, there is terrible waste and dilapidation; we look eagerly to see what forces still remain unimpaired, which may restore the body politic to soundness and health. Our own observation has been mainly confined to the Atlantic States; but from personal observation there, and much intercourse with certain classes of the people, we do feel that there are signs of new growth, and indications of vigorous life, enough to make us hopeful for the future, if not over-sanguine in the present.
The colored ministers, in their churches, pray for the "reconstruction" of their people's souls instead of their "regeneration." We hope the word, driven out from the Church, will find its way into politics. It is the regeneration of the South by its own internal life, not its reconstruction by outward forces, that can alone make it again a power among the nations.
VOL. LXXXVII. -NEW SERIES, VOL. VIII. NO. III.