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THE

REBELLION RECORD:

1 Diary of American Events,

WITH

DOCUMENTS, NARRATIVES, ILLUSTRATIVE INCIDENTS,

POETRY, ETC.

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ON THE CAUSES OF THE STRUGGLE, AND THE GREAT ISSUES BEFORE THE COUNTRY

By EDWARD EVERETT.

FIRST VOLUME.

WITA ELEVEN PORTRAITS ON STEEL, A COLORED MAP, AND VARIOUS DIAGRAMS.

NEW YORK: G. P. PUTNAM.
C. T. EVANS, GENERAL AGENT.

1861.

ENTERED, according Act of Congres in the year 1861, by

:6: P: POTNAM in the Clerk's office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of

New York.

:21

JOHN F. TROW, PRINTER, STEREOTYPER, AND ELECTROTYPER,

46, 48 & 50 Greene Street,

New York.

973:7 R24

PRE FACE.

" 66

In the initial number of the REBELLION RECORD, it was stated that the work proposed to furnish, "in a digested and systematic shape, a comprehensive history of this struggle; sifting fact from fiction and rumor; presenting the poetical and picturesque aspects, the notable and characteristic incidents, separated from the graver and more important documents."

It was observed that we did not aim either to “supersede or to keep pace with the newspapers, but to subject them, both North and South, to the crucible of time ; following them at such distance as may be required to verify and classify all that is best worth preserving out of the immense mass of leaders, speeches, letters, and reports, which crowd the daily press ;'

“every important document and extended narrative being given in consecutive order, and numbered, with references from the Diary.”

The editor, aiming at entire impartiality, has collected, from every quarter, whatever appeared to be of general interest, in any way connected with the great topics of the day, or likely to elucidate, in the slightest degree, the questions at issue, or the spirit and temper of the people, whether loyal or otherwise. Thus it will be found that a very considerable portion of the volume is occnpied with “secession documents,” or articles from the “secession” press, reprinted verbatim, without alteration, or comment. Every individual who has spoken or written with effect on either side, or “on the fence,” has been placed“ on record,” and his utterances are here electrotyped for the benefit of future generations.

The volume is paged in three divisions, viz., I. Diary of Events; II. Documents and Narratives; III. Poetry, Rumors, Incidents, etc. A full Index and a Table of Contents are added; and the whole is preceded by the able and comprehensive address by Mr. Edward Everett, discussing with even more than his accustomed vigor, eloquence, and force, the principles and conclusions involved in this great contest.

The work will be continued during the rebellion, and will embrace its entire history. The concluding numbers will contain a comprehensive historical sketch, in which the whole story will be presented in a clear and connected narrative form. To do this properly at present, in the midst of the turmoil, and the conflicting reports and opinions of the day, is manifestly impossible. When the smoke of the battle shall be fairly cleared away; when the results shall be correctly ascertained ; and when the nation is restored, as all faithful citizens believe it will be speedily, to a peaceful and prosperous Union, it will be time enough to trace accurately and consecutively the outline of the most extraordinary and unjustifiable conspiracy and rebellion which the world has ever witnessed.

In closing this volume, the Editor acknowledges his obligations to the numerous individuals from whom he has received valuable assistance; and especially to the officers of the United States Army and Navy, and of the various State Governments, for the facility with which he has been enabled to make use of their valuable official collections.

NEW YORK, October, 1861.

The following omissions in the “ Diary of Events” occurred during the progress of the work:

April 18.–Four hundred Pennsylvania vol-1 tilities, passed the legislature of that State. unteers, escorted by three hundred regular -N. Y. Herald, June 7. United States troops from Carlisle Barracks, May 8.—Jefferson Davis submitted to the (Pa.,) arrived at Washington this evening at Confederate Congress the correspondence beten o'clock, and bivouacked at the capitol.-tween Judge John A. Campbell and Secretary N. Y. Times, April 19.

Seward, on the subject of the evacuation of May 8.-An act to prevent the collection Fort Sumter, and a "peaceful adjustment of of debts owing by citizens of Tennessee, to the pending difficulties” between the North citizens of non-slaveholding States during hos-) and South. (Doc. 267.)

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......

II.-DOCUMENTS......

....DOCUMENT PAGE

DOC. PAGE | 37. Jefferson Davis's “Inaugural” Speech,...... 31

1. Varyland-Reply of Gov. Hicks to Mississippi 38. President Lincoln's Journey, &c.,..

82

Commissioner,...

139. Twiggs's Treason-Property stolen,

35

2. South Carolina-Secession Ordnance... 240. Peace Convention at Washington,

35

3. South Carolina-Declaration of Causes, &c.,... 3 41. Corwin's Amendment to Constitution,.

36

4. Seward's Speech at New York, Dec. 22, 1860,.. 4 42. President Lincoln's Inaugural Address, 36

5. Toombs' Address to the Georgians,..

7 43. The Press on the President's Inaugural,.. 89

6. South Carolina Congressmen's Resignation,.. 8 44. Confederate StatesArmy Bill,..

40

7. Evacuation of Fort Moultrie,..

8 45. London News on Southern Recognition,.. 41

8. Forts Sumter and Moultrie,.

8 46. Braggs' Order stopping Supplies to Fort Pickens, 43

9. Vajor Anderson's Movement,..

9 | 47. “ Confederate" Commissioners to Seward, and

10. Seerdary Floyd to the President,

10

Reply,...,

42

11. General Wool's Letters on the Crisis,... 10 48. A. H. Stephens' Speech on the “ Corner

12. South Carolina Commissioners to the President,

Stone,

44

and Reply,...

11 49. Vessel fired into at Charleston,.

49

13. Charleston Mercury': Appeal to Florida,...... 16 50. U. S. Fleet at Charleston.....

49

14. Buchanan's Proclamation of a Fast Day,..... 17 51. Confederate Commissioners' Final Letter to

15. Carrington's Call to Washington Volunteers,.. 17 Seward,.........

49

16. Goo. Hicks' Address,...

17 52. Fort Sumter Correspondence and Bombardment, 51

17. Gov. Ellis to Secretary Tolt, and Reply,...... 18 53. First Defeat of the Rebels,....

59

18. Vajor Anderson to Gov. Pickens, and Reply,.. 19 54. The President to the Virginia Commissioners,. 61

19. Alabama Ordinance of Secession,...

19 55. New York City--the feeling in,.....

61

20. N. Y. State Resolutions,....

21 56. Beauregard's General Orders, ..

63

21. Capt. McGowan's Report of Star of the West, 21 57. President Lincoln's Proclamation for 75,000

22. Georgia Ordinance of Secession,....

21 Volunteers, and Comments of the Press,.... 64

23. Jefferson Davis's Speech on leaving the Senate, 22 58. Mayor Wood: Proclamation.....

2. 69

24. Sherrard Clemens' Speech,....

22 59. Gov. Letcher's Proclamation,...

70

23. London Times on Disunion Movement, 25 60. Virginia Ordinance of Secession,..

70

*. Toombs to Mayor Wood, and Reply,

26 61. Jeff. Davis' Proclamation Letters of Marque,. 71

27. Louisiana Secession Ordinance,

26 6142. Tennessee, Address to the People of,........ 71

28. The U. S. Cutter McClelland,

27 62. Lieut. Jones' Report concerning Harper's Ferry, 72

22. The U. 8. Mint at New Orleans,.

27 63. Louisville, Ky.--Guthrie's and Dixon's Speeches, 72

30. Teras Ordinance of Secession,.

27 64. Major Anderson's Official Report, ..... 76

31. Secretary Dix's Report,.

28 65. Maryland-Gov. Hicks' Proclamation. Balti-

22. Hontgomery Concention, Delegates to,.

29 more-Mayor Brown's Proclamation,..... 76

2. Constitution of Confederate States,... 29 | 66. N. Y. Chamber of Commerce.-Resolutions.... 77

34. Southern Opinions,...

30 67. President Lincoln's Blockade Proclamation,.... 78

35. Memminger's Speech to the Convention,. 30 68. General Scott's General Orders......

78

36. Counting the Vote for President of U. S.,

...... 31 / 69. The Baltimore Riot,....

78

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