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adopted, and also all acts and parts of acts of the fication and secession that the name of another great General Assembly ratifying and adopting amend- man has been invoked to justify the coercion of a ments to the said Constitution, are hereby repealed, seceding State. The phrase "to execute the law," as rescinded and abrogated.
used by General Jackson, was applied to a State reAnd we do further declare and ordain that the fusing to obey the laws and still remaining in the Union now subsisting between the State of Georgia Union. I remember well when Massachusetts was and other States, under the name of the United arraigned before the Senate. The record of that States, is hereby dissolved, and that the State of occasion will show that I said, if Massachusetts, in Georgia is in full possession and exercise of all pursuing the line of steps, takes the last step which those rights of sovereignty which belong and ap- separates her from the Union, the right is hers, and pertain to a free and independent State:
I will neither vote one dollar nor one man to coerce her, but I will say to her, “God speed !” Mr.
Davis then proceeded to argue that the equality Doc. 23.-SPEECH OF JEFFERSON DAVIS ON spoken of in the Declaration of Independence was LEAVING THE SENATE.
the equality of a class in political rights, referring to
the charge against George III. for inciting insurrec. I rise for the purpose of announcing to the Senate tion, as proof that it had no reference to the slaves. that I have satisfactory evidence that the State of But we have proclaimed our independence. This is Mississippi, by solemn ordinance in convention assem done with no hostility or any desire to injure any bled, has declared her separation from the United section of the country, nor even for our pecuniary States. Under these circumstances, of course, my benefit, but from the high and solid foundation of functions terminate here. It has seemed to be proper defending and protecting the rights we inherited, and that I should appear in the Senate and announce that transmitting them unshorn to our posterity. I know fact, and to say something, though very little, upon I feel no hostility to you Senators here, and am sure it. The occasion does not invite me to go into the there is not one of you, whatever may have been the argument, and my physical condition will not permit sharp discussion between us, to whom I cannot now it, yet something would seem to be necessary, on the say, in the presence of my God, I wish you well. part of the State I here represent, on an occasion like and such is the feeling, I am sure, the people I repthis. It is known to Senators who have served here, resent feel towards those whom you represent. I, that I have for many years advocated, as an essential therefore, feel I but express their desire, when I say attribute of State sovereignty, the right of a State to I hope and they hope for those peaceful relations secede from the Union. therefore, I had not be with you, though we must part, that may be putally lieved there was justifiable cause if I had thought beneficial to us in the future. There will be peace the State was acting without sufficient provocation, if you so will it, and you may bring disaster on every still, under my theory of government, I should have part of the country, if you thus will have it. And if felt bound by her action. I, however, may say I you will have it thus, we will invoke the God of our think she had justifiable cause, and I approve of her fathers, who delivered them from the paw of the lion,
I conferred with the people before that act to protect us from the ravages of the bear; and thus was taken, and counselled them that if they could putting our trust in God, and our own firm hearts and not remain, that they should take the act. I hope strong arms, we will vindicate and defend the rights none will confound this expression of opinion with we claim. In the course of my long career, I have the advocacy of the right of a State to remain in the met with a great variety of men here, and there have Union, and disregard its constitutional obligations by been points of collision between us. Whatever of nullification. Nullification and secession are indeed offence there has been to me, I leave here. I carry antagonistic principles. Nullification is the remedy no hostile feelings away. Whatever of offence I which is to be sought and applied, within the Union, have given, which has not been redressed, I am willagainst an agent of the United States, when the agent ing to say to Senators in this hour of parting, I offer has violated constitutional obligations, and the State you my apology for any thing I may have done in the assumes for itself, and appeals to other States to sup. Senate; and I go thus released from obligation, report it. But when the States themselves, and the membering no injury I have received, and having people of the States, have so acted as to convince us discharged what I deem the duty of man, to offer the that they will not regard our constitutional rights, only reparation at this hour for every injury I have then, and then for the first time, arises the question ever indicted. of secession in its practical application. That great
[As the Senators from Florida, Alabama and Misman who now reposes with his fathers, who has been sissippi were about to retire from the Senate, all the 80 often arraigned for want of fealty to the Union, Democratic Senators crowded around them and shook advocated the doctrine of nullification, because it hands with them. Messrs. Hale and Cameron were preserved the Union. It was because of his deep- the only Republican Senators that did so.] seated attachment to the Union that Mr. Calhoun
- Herald, Jan. 22. advocated the doctrine of nullification, which he claimed would give peace within the limits of the Union, and not disturb it, and only be the means of
Doc. 24.–SHERRARD CLEMENS' SPEECH. bringing the agent before the proper tribunal of the States for judgment. Secession belongs to a different He thanked God that he was permitted, after a class of rights, and is to be justified upon the basis long sickness, to take his staud upon that floor in that the States are sovereign. The time has been renovated health, at a time when his services might and I hope the time will come again, when a better prove most valuable to his constituents. He would appreciation of our Union will prevent any one de not now speak in passion. It would not befit the nying that each State is a sovereign in its own right. solemn and portentous issues of the hour. They Therefore, I say I concur in the act of my State, and were in the midst of great events. It might be feel bound by it. It is by this confounding of nulli. I that they were in the dying days of the Republic
and he would not therefore utter, even in a whisper, only narrow his mind and give up to party what one word which might tend to bring down the im- was meant for mankind, but he must recede as subpending avalanche upon the quiet homes of the peo- missively as a blind horse in a bark mill to every ple. He would at the same time speak as a South- perverted opinion which sits, whip.in hand, on tho ern man, identified with all the interests of the revolving shaft, at the end of which he is harnessed. South. He would speak as a Western Virginian, To be a diamond of the first water, he must stand and as the custodian of those who were not old in the Senate House of his country, and in the face enough to know the perils to which they were ex- of a forbearing people, glory in being a traitor and posed, by those who were now riding on the crest a rebel. He must solemnly proclaim the death of of the popular wave, but who were, nevertheless, the nation to which he had sworn allegiance, and destined to sink into the very trough of the sea to with the grave stolidity of an undertaker, invite its a depth so unfathomable that not a bubble would citizens to their own funeral. He must dwarf and ever rise, to mark the spot where they went so ig- provincialize his patriotism to the State on whose nominiously down. Well might those who had local passion he thrives, to the country where he inaugurated the revolution which was now stalking practises court, or to the city where he flaunts in over the land, cry out with uplifted hands for peace, all the meretricious dignity of a Doge of Venice. and deprecate the effusion of blood. It was the He can take an oath to support the Constitution of inventor of the guillotine who was its first victim, the United States, but he can enter with honor into and the day was not far off when they would find a conspiracy to overthrow it. He can, under the among their own people, those who would have to sanctity of the same oath, advise the seizure of rely upon the magnanimity of that population, forts and arsenals, dockyards and ships, and money whom they had most cruelly outraged and deceived. belonging to the Union, whose officer he is, and find He had not the heart to enter into a detail of the a most loyal and convenient retreat in State authorarguments, or to express the indignant emotions, ity and State allegiance. He was ready to laugh in which rose to his lips for utterance. But before their faces if they only told him that, before the God, and in his inmost conscience he beliered that time when he was “muling and puking in his Slavery would be crucified, should this unhappy nurse's arms," there lived a very obscure person controversy end in a dismemberment of the Union. named George WASHINGTON, who, before he died, If not crucified, it would carry the death-rattle in became eminent by perpetrating the immortal joko its throat. It remained to be seen whether treason of advising the people of the United States, that it could be carried out with the same facility with was of infinite moment, that they should properly which it has been plotted. There was a holy cour- estimate the immense value of their national Union age among the minority of every State that might -that they should cherish a cordial, habitual and imbe for the time overwhelmed. Lazarus was not movable attachment to it—that they should watch dead, but slept; and ere long the stone would be its preservation with jealous anxiety, discountenance rolled away from the mouth of the tomb, and they whatever might suggest a suspicion that it could would witness all the glories of a resurrection. It in any event be abandoned, and indignantly frown would not be forgotten, that among the clans of down the first dawning attempt to alienate any Scotland, beacon fires used to be lit by concerted portion of the country from the rest, or to enfeeble signals from crag to crag, in living volumes of the sacred ties which linked together its various flame, yet expiring even in its own ficrceness, and parts. WASHINGTON saw into the future, and dissinking into ashes as the fagots which fed them covered that disastrous period in our history against were consumed. To such a picture as that might be which he warned his countrymen when he told likened a rebellion such as political leaders some them to “beware of geographical parties.” Theso times excite for a brief hour; but the fires of re- extreme parties, North and South, had at last met. bellion burnt out with the fagots, and all was cold Their differences had been created and carried on and dark again. There was a striking contrast by systematic perversions of each other's aims and between such a movement, between such a rebel- objects. In the North it had been represented that lion as he alluded to, and the uprising of the masses the South desired and intended to monopolize with of the people in vindication of violated rights. As slave territory all the public lands, and to drive there. great a difference as there was between Snug, the from free labor, to convert every free State into joiner, and Bottom, the weaver, who “could roar common ground for the recapture of colored persons you as fierce as a lion, or coo you as gently as s as slaves who were free, and to put the Federal Govsucking-dove." One was the stage-trick of a polit- crnment in all its departments under the control of a ical harlequin, the other was a living reality-the slave oligarchy. These and all other stratagems that one was a livid and fitful flame, the other was a could be resorted to aroused antagonistic feelings, prairie on fire, finding in every step of its progress which were welded with turbulent passions. As they food for its all-ravening maw. In the present emer- planted so they reaped. Now that victory had been gency, before this political conspiracy, it might be won by the Republican party, and the Government that he would stand alone with his colleague, (Mr. must be administered upon national policy; the fisWilson.) Let it be so. He sought no office. His sures in the ground occupied by them became appolitical race was very nearly voluntarily run. His parent, and hence there would necessarily be a large tory would record the proceeding of this turbulent defection in its ranks among the more ultra of its period, and time--the gentle but infallible arbiter adherents, who were, as a general thing, ideal, specuof all things earthly-would decide the truth. Upon lative, and not practical men.
Out of actual power, that he would take his stand. They lived in an a party was apt to be radical. Vest it with power, age of political paradoxes. Broad, expansive love and it became conservative. This was the ordeal of country had become a diseased sentimentality. through which the Republican, like all other parties, Patriotism had become a starveling birdling, cling- was now passing, and he hoped for the peace of tho ing with unfledged wings arouud the nest of twigs country, and the triumph of practical, rather than where it was born. À statesman must now not l ideal policy and measures. Herein coursisted the
almost insuperable difficulty of coming to any feas- | which appeared a few days after the secession of ible adjustment upon the existing discontents. The South Carolina, in which Garrison said that "the bulk of politicians, North and South, were bound by last covenant with death was annulled, and the agreea past record and past professions. They were, in ment with hell broken, by the action of South Carofact, thinking all the while "what Mrs. Grundy would lina herself;" closing with an appeal to Massachusetts, say.” The people themselves understood the cause cnding with the words, “ How stands Massachusetts of the difficulty, and if they but once interfered, the at this hour in reference to the Union ?-in an atticountry would be saved. What was the difficulty tude of hostility.” Mr. CLEMENS then quoted from a now? He appealed whether it was not that in the speech of WENDELL PHILLIPs, delivered in the Music hands of ultras, North and South, the slaveholder had Hall, at Boston, a few days ago, in which PHILLIPS been used as a shuttledore, who, for purposes utterly declared, “We are Disunioniste, not for any love of dissimilar, had been banded from South Carolina to separate confederacies,” &c., ending with a reference Massachusetts, and from Massachusetts back again to to South Carolina, “and Egypt will rejoice that she South Carolina, until now the last point of endurance has departed." The people had, therefore, arrayed had been reached ? Every violent word uttered North against them these knights of a new crusade. The had been sent South, and the South had responded Constitution of the United States was the sanctified in the spirit. The abolitionist himself had been Jerusalem against which their deluded cohorts batgranted an audience in every Southern city, at every tled. They contended that the only mode to overSouthern political meeting, and the most violent throw slavery was to overthrow the constitution. insulting, agrarian speeches repeated even in the These men claimed that their allegiance was only due hearing of the slaves themselves. Was it not bu- to the States wherein they lived. They claimed to miliating to confess, that the very people who would be States' rights men of the strictest sect, and they burn in effigy, if not at the stake, a postmaster who would wield the legislative power of the State for the would dare to distribute a copy of abolition speeches, cxtinction of slavery, as South Carolina professed to honor as among their chief defenders the candidates wield it for the perpetuation of slavery. In this crisis who could quote the most obnoxious passages from it was meet that Massachusetts, so largely partaking all who had made Southern politics a vast hot-bed of the common glory in the past-Massachusetts, for the propagation of abolition sentiments ? The where the first blood for American Liberty had been two great sections of the nation stood at that mo- shed-should tise superior to the convulsions of the ment towards each other like two encamped armies, hour, and give an earnest at least that the spirit of waiting the orders to engage. The patriot planned, conciliation, of inter-State comity, of fraternal affecdeplored, and appealed, but found little succor in the tion, was not yet wholly lost. As the worn traveller only quarter whence succor could come. The abo- in the midst of the snows of the Alps lingered with litionist revelled in the madness of the hour. He saw delighted gaze upon the friendly light which peered the cracks in the iceberg at last. To him the desert from the windows of the convent where from the and the battle-field were alike welcome. He had desolation of the storm around him he might at last knelt down in the desert with the camels, for a speck find reposc, so did he hail the little gleam of hope in in the far distance showed that the simoom was com- the future. Mr. CLEMENS gave statistics of populaing. IIe looked into the future as into a dark cloud tion and slavery in the Border States and in the Gulf in the morning, when nothing but the carly lark was States, for the purpose of showing, as he said, that on the wing. But soon history, like the light of the there was an irreversible law of population governing eastern horizon, would curtain back that cloud, and the question, and that the South wanted population paint in blood's ruddiest tints field and forest, hamlet and capital rather than territory. If secession were and city, the very mountains to their pine-crowned allowed to be carried out, he would show them a tops, and the great ocean itself, as an ensanguined Southern Confederacy from which every man would flood, where brother contending with brother should turn back affrighted and pale, because it would be on find a nameless sepulchre. No anaconda, with his the bloody hand that his rights of property would filthy folds around the banyan tree, threw out the have to depend. Slavery cannot expand rapidly, Fenomous tongue and yearned with fiercer passion either within the Union or without the Union, so long for the crushed bone and the pulpy flesh than he, thc as slaves remained at their present high prices. The abolitionist, now expectant of his prey, yearned for only mode by which slavery could ever expand, was this long-proposed repast Well might he cry that to reduce the price, and have a new source of supply. the day of jubilee had come. Well might he marshal That was, in fact, the real design of the coast States. his hosts to the last great war of sections and of Mr. CLEMENS, in proof of this, referred to all the
Defeated, stigmatized, insulted, scoffed at, Southern Conventions of late years, and cited the ostracized and gibbeted by his countrymen, he now admissions of Messrs. Miles, BONHAM, McRae, and gloated over the most fearful of all retributions. His CRAWFORD, in the House, to show that the object was deadliest foes in the South had now struck hands in the re-opening of the slave-trade. Suppose, said he, a solemn league of kindred designs, and with exult- that they do not get, out of the Union, this equality ant tramp, stolidly marched, adorned, like a Roman ox, which they now claim ? That is a little problem in with the garlands of sacrifice, to their eternal doom. the Rule of Three, which will be ciphered out if these At this moment, when a sudden frenzy had struck events are much longer pending. The Border Slave blind the Southern people, this picture could not even States might as well be prepared first as last for the be realized in all its horrors. When he looked at his realization of the truth.' But where was slavery to country, and its present distracted and desolate con- expand ? If the South left the Union, she would dition, and its possible fate, he felt almost ready to never get as much of the present territory as he close the quick accents of speech, and allow the heart could grasp in his hand. A war of thirty years would to sink down voiceless in its despair. He would never get it back, nor could there ever be extorted refer them to the words of LLOYD GARRISON, and from the North a treaty giving the same guarantees demand what answer would be given to them.' Mr. to slavery that it now had. Where was slavery to CLEMENS then referred to an article in the Liberator, I expand ? Not to Central America, for England exer
cised sovereignty over one-half her domain. Not to It may well be imagined that the American peoMexico, for England had caused the abolition of ple have been taken by surprise, both by the sudslavery there also. Their retiring confederates ought denness and violence of the outcry for secession, not to forget the events of 1834, when GEORGE and by the ready concessions of the President. Thompson, the English abolitionist, was sent to en. From the day the message appeared it was evident lighten the dead conscience of the American people that South Carolina no longer formed part of the In this connection he cited a letter from THOMPSON Union. The State had, by every organ which it to MURRELL, of Tennessee, in which was this sen- possessed-by its Senators, its Representatives, by tence: "The dissolution of the Union is the object the voice of the Press, of the great slavcowners, to be kept steadily in view.” In the event of a and of the multitude declared its resolution to seSouthern Confederacy, there will be, besides the cede. Only courage like that of General Jackson African slave-trade, other elements of discord and could have quelled the “ Gamecock State," as we agitation. Slavery was the great ruling interest of perceive some of its admirers call it. But there the extreme States, while the other States had other was a middle path between civil war and such an great interests which could not be lightly abandoned. instant recognition as Mr. Buchanan thought advisIt would be for the interest of the coast States to able. As one charged with the duty of upholding have free trade in manufactured goods; but how the Federal power, he might have casily used the would that operate on the mechanical and manufac- authority vested in him to delay the movement, and turing industry of Missouri, Kentucky, Virginia, give the Union and South Carolina itself time for Maryland and Delaware? There would be, therefore, reflection. - Mr. Cass would, probably, deprecate in the proposed Union, an antagonism quite as great holding a State by force, but he still declined to re as there ever has been in this. "But if manufactories main in the cabinet of the statesman who would not were to be protected and encouraged in the Border reinforce Fort Moultrie, and assert, during the short Slave States, their white population would increase remainder of his term of office, the supremacy of 60 fast that they would be but nominally Slave States, the constitution. But as things went the action of and would finally become Free States. He appealed South Carolina was predetermined. On the 20th to the North to guarantee by constitutional enact- of December that State seceded from the Union by ments the principle secured by the decision of the an unanimous vote, and by this time has probably Supreme Court in the Dred Scott case. Let us feel, gained possession of all the Federal property within he said, that we have a country to save instead of a its borders, and established a post-office and customgeographical section to represent. Let us act as house of its own. The instruments which the Carmen, and not as partisans, and the old Constitution, olinians drew up on this occasion are singular and now in the trongh of the sea, with battered masts almost amusing. The philosophy and phraseology and sails, will weather the storm.
of the Declaration of Independence of 1776 are imiTimes, Jan. 23. tated. Whole paragraphs are copied from that fa
mous document. The thoughts and style of Jeffer
son were evidently influenced by the great writers Doc, 25.—THE DISUNION MOVEMENT. of his age, and we may trace Montesquieu and Rous
seau in every line of his composition. It is rather Never for many years can the United States be to interesting to see his language, which denounced the world what they have been. Mr. Buchanan's mes- King George's violation of the social compact, used sage has been a greater blow to the American peo- by a conclave of frantic negro-drivers to stigmatize ple than all the rants of the Georgian Governor or the conduct of those who will not allow a Southern the "ordinances” of the Charleston Convention. gentleman to bring his “body servant” into their The President has dissipated the idea that the territory. South Carolina, however, has shown wisStates which clected him constitute one people. dom in thus taking high ground. People are genWe had thought that the Federation was of the na- erally taken at the value which they set on them. ture of a nationality; we find it is nothing more selves, and Carolina does right to play the part of than a partnership. If any State may, on grounds outraged patience and indignant virtue. She has satisfaciory to a local convention, dissolve the union declared, in the language of the Fathers of the Rebetween itself and its fellows; if discontent with the public, that the Federal Union no longer answers election of a President, or the passing of an obnox- the ends of its foundation by insuring the happiness ious law by another State, or, it may be, a restrict- and prosperity of South Carolina, and that the conive tariff, gives a State the right of revolution,” duct of several States having been a violation of the and permits it to withdraw itself from the commu- compact made by all, South Carolina resumes her nity, then the position of the American people with rights as a sovereign community, and will make war respect to foreign Powers is completely altered. It is or peace, conclude treaties, or establish commerce, * strange that a race whose patriotic captiousness independently of the Government at Washington. when in the society of Europeans is so remarkable, This bold course has its natural effect on the exshould be so ready to divide and to give up the ties citeable slaveowners. The secession of South Carof fellow-citizenship for a cause which strangers are olina has been received everywhere with enthusiunable to appreciate. Still stranger is it that a It may, perhaps, be said that the other States chief magistrate, who would have plunged the world have feigned an approbation which they do not feel, in war rather than a suspicious craft should be in order to bring the North to terms by the menace boarded by English officers after it had displayed of a Southern Republic. But, whether from feeling the Stars and Stripes, or would have done battle or policy, the secession cry was just at its loudest at against despots for any naturalized refugee from the close of the year. It was looked upon as cerContinental Europe, should, without scruple, and tain that six or seven States would separate from against the advice of his own Secretary of State, de- the Union in the first days of 1861. Georgia leads clare the Federal Union dissolved enever a re- the van, The ordinance of secession was looked fractory State chooses to secede.
upon as already passed. The North Carolina Leg
islature had read a second time the bill for arming of his most intimate friends have given their adhethe State. Alabama had voted, by a large majority, sion to the scheme of compromise brought forward by in favor of secession. In Virginia, the oldest, the Mr. Crittenden. But whatever may be the final remost conservative, and the most cautious of the sult, we may expect to hear shortly that other States Slave States, we are told that the secession feeling have followed the example set by South Carolina. was gaining ground. State conventions are to meet
- London Times, Jan. 9. in Florida on the 3d of January, in Alabama on the 7th, in Texas on the 8th, in Georgia on the 9th, and Doc. 26.–CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN SENAin Louisiana on the 23d; and our correspondent believes that “there will be a majority in each of
TOR TOOMBS AND MAYOR WOOD. them in favor of immediate and separate secession."
MILLEDGEVILLE, Jan. 24, 1861. Hence in a few days more the United States of To Itis Ionor Mayor Wood : America, as the world has hitherto known them, Is it true that any arms intended for and conwill cease to exist.
signed to the State of Georgia have been seized by But now comes the most singular part of this public authorities in New York? Your answer is history. Till within a few weeks hardly any body important to us and to New York. Answer at once. in this country believed in the dissolution of the
R. Toombs. Union. People thought that instincts of patriotism and private interest would prevail, and that the
To this the Mayor returned the following answer: Yankees and the Southerners would quarrel barmo- Ilon, Robert Toombs, Jilledgevillo, Ga.: niously for many years to come.
The event seems In reply to your dispatch, I regret to say that to be against these anticipations, and Englishmen arms intended for and consigned to the State of are content to look ou in silence and wonder. Not Georgia, have been seized by the Police of this 80 the Americans. While every mail is bringing State, but that the City of New York should in no news of fiery speeches and the planting of palmetto way be made responsible for the outrage. trees, the almost universal tone of private letters is As Mayor, I have no authority over the Police. that there is nothing in it at all. South Carolina If I had the power I should summarily punish the cannot secede, or if she does she must come back authors of this illegal and unjustifiable seizure of priagain. The other States only want to make terms vate property.
FERNANDO Wood. and to come back into the Union after having ex
-N. Y. Times, Jan. 26. torted new concessions as the price of reconciliation. The wish may be father to the thought, but that such is the thought is to be learnt from the Doc. 27.—LOUISIANA SECESSION ORDINANCE. most cursory glance at the American newspapers.
" AN ORDINANCE TO DISSOLVE THE UNION BETWEEN The course of proceeding is to be as follows: South Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, Texas, per
THE STATE OF LOUISIANA AND THE OTHER STATES haps Louisiana, are to separate, form a federation
UNITED WITH HER, UNDER TIIE COMPACT ENTITLED of their own, and then treat on equal terms with
THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF those who remain faithful to Mr. Lincoln. The
AMERICA : Northern Slave States, with Virginia and North “We, the people of the State of Louisiana, in ConCarolina at their head, are to act as mediators, and vention assembled, do declare and ordain, and it is enforce concessions by the threat of joining the hereby declared and ordained that the ordinance Southern league, which would then number fifteen passed by the State of 220 November, 1807, whereSlave States, with a vast territory, and the prospect by the Constitution of the United States of America of conquering all the riches of Mexico. the Pres- and the amendments of said Constitution were ident, it is whispered, is in favor of compromise ; Gov. adopted, and all the laws and ordinances by which Seward is in favor of compromise; in short, now that Louisiana became a member of the Federal Union, the loss of Southern wealth threatens them, greatnum- be, and the same are hereby repealed and abrobers of the stanchest Anti-Slavery men are in favor gated, and the Union now subsisting between of compromise. What the terms of the compromise Louisiana and the other States, under the name of shall be of course remains in doubt. The hope of the United States of America, is hereby dissolved. the democratic party in the North is that the slave- “We further declare and ordain, that the State of holders will not be too exacting, or insist on the re. Louisiana hereby resumes the rights and powers peal of the personal liberty acts, by which some of heretofore delegated to the Government of the the Abolitionist States have nullified the Fugitive United States of America, and its citizens are abSlave act. Many of the Republicans are anxious to solved from allegiance to the said Government, and revive the Missouri compromise, by which slavery she is in full possession of all the rights and will be prohibited in any part of the United States sovereignty that appertain to a free and independent territory north of 36° 30'. But as the abolition of State. this compromise and the assertion of the slaveown- “We further declare and ordain, that all rights accrs' right to carry negroes
into any part of the ter- quired and vested under the Constitution of the ritory is a recent and very great victory, it is hard. Únited States, or any act of Congress, or treaty, or ly likely that the South will concede this. No one under laws of this State not incompatible with this in this country can pretend to judge of the event; ordinance, shall remain in force, and have the same but this we may conclude from the tone of Ameri- effect as though this ordinance had not passed.” can discussion, that the North will not be too rigid, and that the slaveowners will receive what all but
A resolution was reported to the Convention that the most rabid of them will consider satisfaction. the following be added to the ordinance : Gov. Seward, who first spoke of the “irrepressible “We, the people of Louisiana, recognize the conflict” which was impending, now prophesies right of free navigation of the Mississippi River and peace and harmony at no distant day, while many | tributaries by all friendly States bordering thereon,