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of America. I do not believe a word of it; and I do I to do. One is to be unfaithful to her. The other not believe it, for a good many reasons. Some I is to be out of temper with her. I do not know a have already hinted at; and one is, because I do not man on carth whoeven though his wife was as see any good reason given for it. The best reason troublesome as the wife of Socratcs--cannot keep I see given for it is, that the people of some of the his wife if he wants to do so; all that he needs is, southern states hate us of the free states very bad- to keep his own virtue and his own temper. [Aply, and they say that we hate them, and that all love plause.) Now, in all this business I propose that is lost between us. Well, I do not believe a word of we shall keep our own virtue, which, in politics, is that. On the other hand, I do know for myself and loyalty, and our own temper, which, in politics, for you, that, bating some little differences of opinion consists in remembering that men may differ, that about advantages, and about proscription, and about brethren may differ. If we keep entirely cool and office, and about freedom, and about slavery and entirely calm, and entirely kind, a debate will ensuo all those which are family difficulties, for which which will be kindly in itself, and it will prove very we do not take any outsiders in any part of the soon either that we are wrong-and we shall conworld into our councils on either side, there is not cede to our offended brethren-or else that we aro a state on the earth, outside of the American Union, right, and they will acquiesce and come back into which I like half so well as I do the state of South fraternal relations with us. I do not wish to antiCarolina-[cheers]-neither England, nor Ireland, cipate any question. We have a great many statespor Scotland, nor France, nor Turkey; although men who demand at once to know what the North from Turkey they sent me Arab horses, and from propose to do-what the Government proposes to South Carolina they send me nothing but curses. do-whether we propose to coerce our southern Still, I like South Carolina better than I like any of brethren back into their allegiance. They ask us, them; and I have the presumption and vanity to be as of course they may rightfully ask, what will be lieve that if there were nobody to overhear the state the value of fraternity which is compelled? All I of South Carolina when she is talking, she would have to say on that subject is, that so long ago as confess that she liked us tolerably well. I am very the time of Sir Thomas More, he discovered, and sure that if anybody were to make a descent on sct down the discovery in his writing, that there New York to-morrow—whether Louis Napoleon, or were a great many schoolmasters, and that while the Prince of Wales, or his mother [laughter], or there were a very few who knew how to instruct the Emperor of Russia, or the Emperor of Austria, children, there were a great many who knew how all the hills of South Carolina would pour forth to whip them. [Laughter.] propose to have no their popnlation for the rescue of New York. question on that subject, but to hear complaints, to [Cries of “Good,” and applause.] God knows how redress them if they ought to be redressed, and if this may be. I do not pretend to know, I only we have the power to redress them; and I expect conjecture. But this I do know, that if any of those them to be withdrawn if they are unreasonable, bepowers were to make a descent on South Carolina, cause I know that the necessities which made this I know who would go to her rescue. [A voice-Union exist, for these states, are stronger to-day “We'd all go.") We would all go-everybody. than they were when the Union was made, and that (“That's so," and great applause.] Therefore they those necessities are enduring, while the passions do not humbug me with their secession. [Laugh- of men are short lived and ephemeral. I believe ter. And I do not think they will humbug you; that secession was stronger on the night of the 6th and I do not believe that, if they do not humbug of November last, when a President and Viceyou and me, they will much longer succeed in hum- president who were unacceptable to the Slave States bugging themselves. (Laughter.] Now, fellow- were elected, than it is now. That is now some citizens, this is the ultimate result of all this busi- fifty days since, and I believe that every day's sun ness. These states are always to be together, which set since that time, has set on mollified pasalways shall. Talk of striking down a star from sions and prejudices, and that if you will only give that constellation. It is a thing which cannot be it time, sixty days' more suns will give you a much done. [Applause.) I do not see any less stars to- brighter and more cheerful atmosphere. [Loud day than I did a week ago, and I expect to see and long continued applause.] more all the while. [Laughter.] The question then is, what in these times when people are laboring under the delusion that they are going out of Doo. 5.-TOOMBS' ADDRESS, DEo. 23, 1860. the Union and going to set up for themselves ought we to do in order to hold them in. I do not I came here to secure your constitutional rights, know any better rule than the rule which every and to demonstrate to you that you can get no good father of a family observes. It is this. If a guarantee for those rights from your Northern conman wishes not to keep his family together, it is federates. The whole subject was referred to a the easiest thing in the world to place them apart. Committee of Thirteen in tbe Senate. I was apHe will do so at once if he only gets discontented pointed on the Committee, and accepted the trust. with his son, quarrels with him, complains of him, I submitted propositions, which, so far from retorments him, threatens him, coerces him. This is ceiving decided support from a single member of the way to get rid of the family, and to get them the Republican party of the Committee, were al all out of doors. On the other hand, if you wish treated with derision or contempt. A vote was to keep them, you have got only one way to do it. then taken in the Committee on amendments to That is, be patient, kind, paternal, forbearing, and the Constitution proposed by Hon. J. J. Crittenden, wait until they come to reflect for themselves. The and each and all of them were voted against unaniSouth is to us what the wife is to her husband. Imously by the Black Republican members of the do not know any man in the world who cannot get Committee. In addition to these facts, a majority rid of his wife if he tries. I can put him in the of the Black Republican members of the Committee way to do it at once. [He has only got two things declared distinctly that they had no guarantees te
offer, which was silently acquiesced in by the other eight men, embarked on board of their own row members. The Black Republican members of this boats, and proceeded to Fort Sumter, which they Committee of Thirteen are representative men of garrisoned at once, and where they met the persons the party and section, and, to the extent of my who had left in the schoouers, with many munitions information, truly represent them.
of war which they had surreptitiously taken from The Committee of Thirty-threo on Friday ad- Fort Moultrie. The few men left at the fortification journed for a week, without coming to any rote, last night, under the command of Captain Foster, after solemnly pledging themselves to vote on all as soon as the evacuation had taken place, at once the propositions then before them on that day. It commenced the spiking of the guns, the cutting is controlled by the Black Republicans, your ene- down of the flag-staj, and the burning of the gun. mies, who only seek to amuse you with delusive carriages, the smoke of which could be seen this hope until your election, that you may defeat the morning from our wharves. friends of secession. If you are deceived by them, Fort Moultrie in a mutilated state, with useit shall not be my fault. I have put the test fairly less guns, and flames rising in different portions of and frankly. It is decisive against you now. I it, will stand to show the cowardly conduct of the tell you, upon the faith of a true man, that all officers who had charge of it, and who in times of further looking to the North for security for your peace basely deserted their post and attempted to constitutional rig!ts in the Union ought to be destroy a fortification which is surrounded with so instantly abandoned. It is fraught with nothing many historical reminiscences that the arm of the but ruin to yourselves and your posterity. Seces- base scoundrel who would have ruined it should have gion by the 4th day of March next should be thun- dropped from its socket. dered from the ballot-box by the unanimous vote The schooners, we are informed, although preof Georgia on the 20 day of January next. Such a tending to sail for Fort Johnson, stood off and on voice will be your best guarantee for liberty, secu- until nightfall when they put into the wharf at Fort rity, tranquillity, and glory. R. ToomBS. Sumter. We feel an anxiety to know tho names of
these vessels and their captains, and shall endeavot
to find them out. Doc. 6.-LETTER OF SOUTH CAROLINA CON- About half-past seven o'clock last evening two
GRESSMEN TO THE SPEAKER OF THE heavy discharges from Fort Moultrie, were beard id HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
the city, and was the object of considerable talk,
and the news of this morning satisfied us that id Sir: We avail ourselves of the earliest oppor- must have been the signal of the debarkation of the tunity since the official communication of the troops.-Charleston News, Dec. 27. intelligence, of making known to your honorable body that the people of the State of South Carolina, in their sovereign capacity, have resumed the powers heretofore delegated by them to the Federal Doc. 8.-FORTS SUYTER AND MOULTRIE. Government of the United States, and have thereby dissolved our connection with the House of Re- “ In order to ascertain truthful statements of the presentatives. In taking leave of those with whom actual damage done to the forts, of the causes of we have been associated in a common agency, we, the movement, and of the state of affairs generally, as well as the people of our Commonwealth, desirc reporters were despatched to the scene during the to do so with a feeling of mutual regard and respect forenoon. On the way across the harbor, the hoistfor each other—cherishing the hope that in our ing of the American flag from the staff of Fort future relations we may better enjoy that peace Sumter, at precisely 12 v'clock, gave certain indica., and harmony essential to the happiness of a free tion that the stronghold was occupied by the troops and enlightened people.
of the United States. On a nearer approach the
Joux MCQUEEN, fortress was discovered to be occupied, the guns Dec. 24.
M. L. BONHAM, appeared to be mounted, and sentinels were discov-
occupancy and military discipline. The grim fortTo the SPEAKER of the IIouse of Representatives. ress frowned defiance on every side; the busy
notes of preparation resounded through its unfor
bidding recesses, and everything seemed to indiDoc. 7.-EVACUATION OF FORT MOULTRIE. cate the utmost alacrity in the work on hand.
“Turning towards Fort Moultrie, a dense cloud It was given out yesterday at Fort Moultrie, on of smoke was seen to pour from the end facing the Sullivan's Island, that an attack was expected to be sea. The flagstaff was down, and the whole place made upon it by the people of this city, and that had an air of desolation and abandonment quite the therefore it would be necessary to remove the wives reverse of its busy look one week ago, when scores and children of the men to a more secure place. of laborers were engaged in adding to its strength Accordingly three schooners were engaged, which all the works skill and experience could suggest. hauled up to the Fort wharf and loaded with wbat “In the immediate vicinity of the rear or landwas supposed by the few persons resident on the side entrance, however, greater activity was noticeisland, to be the bedding and furniture of the men's able. At the time of our visit, a large force of families. It was given out that these vessels were bands had been summoned to deliver up their im. to land their passengers and their goods at Fort plements for transportation to Fort Suniter. Around Johnson, on James Island; and they hoisted sail and on every side were the evidences of labor in the apparently steered for that point.
fortification of the work. In many places, a por On last night, at about half-past nine o'clock, tion of the defences were strengthened every entire force, with the exception of about six or appliance that art could suggest or ingenuity de vise; while, in others, the uncompleted works gave a prouder beating of the heart. We could not bu evidences of the utmost confusion. On all hands fcel once more that we had a country—a fact which the process of removing goods, furniture, and mu- has been to a certain degree in suspense for some nitions was yet going on. The heavy guns upon weeks past. What is given up for the moment is the ramparts of the fort were thrown down from of no consequence, provided the one point stands their carriages and spiked. Every ounce of powder out clear, that the United States means to maintain and every cartridge had been removed from the its position, where its rights exist, and that its ofimagazines; and, in fact, every thing like small cers, civil and military, intend to discharge their duty. arms, clothing, provisions, accoutrements, and The concentration of the disposable force in Charlesother munitions of war had been removed off and ton harbor in a defensible post, is thus a bond of deposited—nothing but licavy balls and useless union. It is a decisive act, calculated to rally the cannon remained.
national heart. * We are not disposed to “ The entire place was, to all appearances, littered allow the Union to be broken up for grievances of up with the odds, ends, and fragments of war's South Carolina, which might be settled within the desolation. Confusion could not have been more Union; and if there is to be any fighting, we prefer complete had the late occupants retired in the face it within, rather than without. The abandonment of a besieging foe. Fragments of gun carriages, of Fort Moultrie was obviously a necessary act, in &c., broken to pieces, bestrewed the ramparts. order to carry into effect the purpose contemplated Sand bags, and barrels filled with earth, crowned with such an inferior force as that under the comthe walls, and were firmly imbedded in their bomb- indnd of Major Anderson.—Boston Courier. proof surface, as an additional safeguard—and notwithstanding the heterogeneous scattering of mate
If anybody ever doubted Major Anderson's emirials and implements, the walls of the fort evinced nent military capacity, that doubt must be dispelled a vague degree of energy in preparing for an attack. by the news that we publish in another column. A ditch some fifteen feet wide and about the same of his own accord, without orders from Washingin depth surrounds the entire wall on three sides. ton, but acting on the discretion which an officer in On the south side, or front, a glacis has been com
an independent command always possesses. Major menced and prosecuted nearly to completion, with Anderson, commander of the defences of Charleston a rampart of sand bags, barrels, &c.
harbor, transports his troops to the key of his posi“On one side of the fort a palisade of Palinetto tion, Fort Suinter, against which no gun can be logs is extended around the ramparts as a complete laid which is not itself commanded by a 10-inch defence against an escalading party. New embra- columbiad in the embrasures of that octagon citasures have been ent in the walls so as to command del. This rapid, unexpected maneuvre has disthe faces of the bastion and ditch. These new de concerted treason, and received the highest military fences are all incomplete, and are evidence of the commendation in the country. haste with which they were erected. Considering
Brave Major of Artillery, true servant of your the inferior force, in point of numbers, under his country, soldier of penetrating and far-seeing command, Major Anderson had paid particular at- genius, when the right is endangered by fraud or tention to strengthening only a small part of the force, at the proper time the needed man is always fort.
provided. The spirit of the age provides him, and “A greater portion of the labor expended was
he always regards the emergency.
WASHINGspent upon the citadel or centre of the west point Ton, GaribalDI, ANDERSON.—Boston Atlas and of the position. This he had caused to be strength
Bee. ened in every way; loop-holes were cut and every The announcement of the evacuation of Fort thing was so arranged that in case a well-concerted Moultrie and the occupation of Fort Sumter, was attack was made, he would have retired from the received with various expressions of opinion ; but outer bastions to the citadel, and afterwards blow the predominant one was a feeling of admiration for up the other portions of the fort. For this purpose the determined conduct and military skill of Col. mines had already been sprung, and trains had been Anderson in abandoning an indefensible position, laid ready for the application of the match. The and, by a strategetic coup de main which has rebarrack rooms and every other part of the fort that versed the whole position of affairs, transferring his was indefensible would bave gone at a touch.
force to Fort Sumter, the strongest of the Charles“On the ramparts of the fort fronting Fort Sum- ton fortifications, and the key of its defences. Col. ter, were nine eight-inch columbiads, mounted on ANDERSON is beliered to have acted in this matter wooden carriages. As soon as the evacuation of without special orders, but as he has charge the fort was complete, the carriages of these guns of all the forts, the disposition of the force were fired, and at the time of visiting the fort yes- under his command is a matter in regard to terday, were nearly consumed, and the guns thereby which he may be supposed to have full authority.dismounted. These guns, as well as those consti- Baltimore American. tuting the catire armament of the fortress, were spiked before it was abandoned. This is the only
Concerning the object of the movement of Major damage done the fortification, further than cutting ANDERSON, we can, as at present informed, say litdown the flagstaff, and the breaking up of ammu- tle. But whether he acted in pursuance of orders nition wagons to form ramparts on the walls of the from head-quarters, or consulted merely his own fort."-Charleston Courier, Dec. 28.
judgment, the step he bas taken must be conceded to have been a wise and prudent one. He could
not, with the force under his command, have deDoc. 9.-MAJOR ANDERSON'S MOVEMENT. fended both Fort Moultrie and Fort Sumter; and by
retiring to the one which is not only the strongest We must own that the news of the transaction in in itselt, but is the key of the position, he has Charleston harbor was learned by us yesterday with rendered an attack upon his post less probable than
it was before, and has placed himself in a better / general Holt to administer the affairs of the Desituation to resist it.—Baltimore Exchange. partment until your successor shall be appointed.
Yours, very respectfully,
JAMES BUCHANAN. Doc. 10.-SECRETARY FLOYD TO THE PRE
Hon. John B. FLOYD.
Doc. 11.-GENERAL WOOL'S LETTERS TO A
FRIEND IN WASHINGTON. Sır: On the morning of the 27th inst. I read the following paper to you in the presence of the
Troy, December 31, 1960. Cabinet :
My Dear Sir:-South Carolina, after twentyCOUNSEL CHAMBER, EXECUTIVE MANSION. seven years—Mr. Rhett says thirty years-of conSir: It is evident now from the action of the stant and increasing efforts by her leaders to induce Commander of Fort Moultrie, that the solemn pledges her to secede, has declared herself out of the Union; of the Government have been violated by Major and this, too, without the slightest wrong or injusAnderson. In my judgment but one remedy is tice done her people on the part of the government now left us by which to vindicate our honor and of the United States. Although she may have prevent civil war. It is in vain now to hope for scized the revenuc cutter, raised ler treasonable confidence on the part of the people of South Caro- Palmetto flag over the United States Arsenal, the lina in any further pledges as to the action of the Custom-house, Post-office, Castle Pinckney, and Fort military. One remedy is left, and that is to with Moultric, she is not ont of the Union, nor beyond draw the garrison from the harbor of Charleston. the palc of the United States. Before she can get I hope the President will allow me to make that out of their jurisdiction or control, a re-construcorder at once. This order, in my judgment, can
tion of the constitution must be had or civil war alone prevent bloodshed and civil war.
ensuc. In the latter case it would require no proph
et to foretell the result.
It is reported that Mr. Buchanan has received
informally the Commissioners appointed by the rebels
of South Carolina to negotiate for the public propI then considered the honor of the Administration crty in the harbor of Charleston, and for other pur. pledged to maintain the troops in the position they poses. It is also reported that the President disoccupied, for such had been the assurances given to approved of the conduct of Major Anderson, who, the gentlemen of South Carolina who had a right to being satisfied that he would not be able to defend speak for her. South Carolina, on the other hand, Fort Moultric with the few men under his comgave reciprocal pledges that no force should be mand, wisely took possession of Fort Sumter, brought by them against the troops or against the where he could protect himself and the country property of the United States. The sole object of from the disgrace which might have occurred, if he both parties in these reciprocal pledges was to pre- had remained in Fort Moultrie. Being the comvent à collision and the effusion of blood, in the mander in the harbor, he had the right to occupy hope that some means might be found for a peace- Fort Sumter, an act which the safety of the Union ful accommodation of the existing troubles, the as well as his own honor demanded.' It 15 likewise two Houses of Congress having both raised Com- stated that apprehensions are entertained that mittees looking to that object. Thus affairs stood Major Anderson will be required to abandon Fort until the action of Major Anderson, taken unfors Sumter and re-occupy Fort Moultrie. There can tunately while the Commissioners were on their be no foundation for such apprehensions; for surely way to this capital on a peaceful mission looking to the President would not surrender the citadel of the the avoidance of bloodshed, has complicated inat- harbor of Charleston to rebels. Fort Sumter comters in the existing manner. Our refusał or even mands the entrance, and in a few hours could dedelay to place affairs back as they stood under molish Fort Moultrie.
So long as the United agreement, invites a collision and must inevitably States keeps possession of this fort, the indeinaugurate civil war. I cannot consent to be the pendence of South Carolina will only be in name agent of such calamity. I deeply regret that I feel and not in fact. If, however, it should be surrenmyself under the necessity of tendering to you my dered to South Carolina, which I do not apprehend, resignation as Secretary of War, because I can no the smothered indignation of the free states would be longer hold it under my convictions of patriotism, roused beyond control. It would not be in the power ror with honor, subjected as I am to a violationrofl of any one to restrain it. In twenty days two hunsolemn pledges and plighted faith.
Adred ihousand men would be in readiness to take ven. With the highest personal regard,
Seance on all who would betray the Union into the I am most truly yours,
hands of its enemies. Be assured that I do not ex
John B. FLOYD. aggerate the feelings of the people. They are To His Excellency the PRESIDENT
already sufficiently excited at the attempt to disof the United States.
solve the Union, for no other reason than that they
constitutionally exercised the most precious right TIIE PRESIDENT'S REPLY.
conferred on them, of voting for the person whom WASHINGTON, Dec. 31, 1860. they considered the most worthy and best qualified My Dear Sir: I have received and accepted your to fill the office of President. Fort Sumter thereresignation of the office of Secretary of War; and fore ought not, and I presume will not, be delivered not wishing to impose upon you the task of per-over to South Carolina. forming its mere routine duties, which you have so I am not, however, pleading for the free States, kindly offered to do, I have authorized Postmaster for they are not in danger, but for the Union and
the preservation of the cotton States. Those who that to send at this time troops to that harbor Sow the wind may expect to reap the whirlwind would produce great excitement among the people. The leaders of South Carolina could not have no- That is nonsense, when the people are as much exticed that we live in an age of progress, and that all cited as they can be, and the leaders are determined Christendom is making rapid strides in the march to execute their long meditated purpose of sepaof civilization and freedom. If they had, they would rating the state from the Union. So long as you have discovered that the announcement of every command the entrance to the city of Charleston, victory obtained by the hero of the nineteenth cen. South Carolina cannot separate herself from the tury, Garibaldi, in favor of the oppressed of Italy, did Union. Do not leave the forts in the harbor in a not fail to electrify every American heart with joy condition to induce an attempt to take possession and gladness. “Where liberty dwells there is my of them. It might casily be done at this time. If country," was the declaration of the illustrious South Carolina should take them it might, as she Franklin. This principle is too strongly implanted anticipates, induce other states to join ber. in the heart and mind of every man in the free States, Permit me to entreat you to urge the President to to be surrendered because South Carolina desires it send at once three or four companies of artillery to in order to extend the area of slavery. With all Fort Moultrie. The Union can be preserved, but christianized Europe and nearly all the civilized it requires firm, decided, prompt and energetic world opposed to slavery, are the Southern States measures on the part of the President. He has prepared to set aside the barriers which shield only to exert the power conferred on him by the and protect their institutions under the United Constitution and laws of Congress, and all will be States government? Would the separation of safe, and he will prevent a civil war, which never the South from the North, give greater secarity fails to call forth all the baser passions of the to slavery than it has now under the Constitution of human heart. If a separation should take place, the Union? What security would they bave for you may rest assured blood would flow in torrents, the return of runaway slaves ? I apprehend none; followed by pestilence, famine, and desolation, and whilst the number of runaways would be greatly Senator Seward's irrepressible conflict will be brought augmented, and the difficulties of which slavehold to a conclusion much sooner than he could possibly ers complain would be increased ten-fold. How- have anticipated. Let me conjure you to save the ever much individuals might condemn slavery, the Union, and thereby avoid the bloody and desolating Free States are prepared to sustain and defend example of the states of Mexico. A separation of it as guarantied by the Constitution.
the States will bring with it the desolation of the In conclusion, would avoid the bloody and cotton States, which are unprepared for war. heir desolating example of the Mexican States. I am weakness will be found in the number of their now, and forever, in favor of the Union, its pres- slaves, with but few of the essentials to carry on ervation, and the rigid maintenance of the rights war, whilst the free States will have all the elements and interests of the States, individually as well as and materials for war, and to a greater extent than collectively. Yours, &c., Joux E. Wool. any other people on the face of the globe.
Think of these things, my dear General, and GENERAL GENERAL CASS, BEFORE
save the country, and save the prosperous South from pestilence, famine, and desolation, Peaceable
secession is not to be thought of. Even if it [Private.] Troy, Dec. 6, 1860.
should take place, in three months we would have MY DEAR GENERAL : Old associations and former a bloody war on our hands. friendship induce me to venture to address to yori Very truly your friend, John E. Wool. a 'few words on the state of the country. My
Hon. Lewis Cass, Secretary of State, letter is headed “private,” because I am not author
Washington, D. C. ized to address you officially.
- Troy Times, Dec. 31, I have read with pleasure the President's Message. South Carolina says she intends to leave the Union. Her representatives in Congress say she Doc. 12.—THE CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN has already left the Union. It would seem that she THE SOUTH CAROLINA COMMISSIONERS is neither to be conciliated nor comforted. I com- AND THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED mand the Eastern Department, which includes South STATES. Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, and Missis
WASHINGTOX, Dec. 29, 1860. sippi. You know me well. I bave ever been a Sir: We have the honor to transmit to you a firm, decided, faithful, and devoted friend of my copy of the full powers from the Convention of the country. If I can aid the President to preserve the people of South Carolina, under which we are Union I hope he will command my services. It will "authorized and empowered to treat with the Govnerer do for him or you to leave Washington without ernment of the United States for the delivery of every star in this Union is in its place. Therefore, the forts, magazines, light-houses, and other real no time should be lost in adopting measures to estate, with their appurtenances, in the limits of defeat those who are conspiring against the Union. South Carolina; and also for an apportionment of Hesitancy or delay may be no less fatal to the the public debt, and for a division of all other propUnion than to the President or your own high erty held by the Government of the United States, standing as a statesman.
as agent of the Confederated States, of which South It seems to me that troops should be sent to Carolina was recently a member, and generally to Charleston to man the forts in that harbor. You negotiate as to all other measures and arrangements have eight companies at Fort Monroe, Va. Three proper to be made and adopted in the existing relaor four of these companies should be sent, without a tion of the parties, and for the continuance of peace moment's delay, to Fort Moultrie. It will save the and amity between this Commonwealth and the U:ion and the President much trouble. It is said / Government at Washington."