« PreviousContinue »
The copy of the Constitution of the United States is believed to be strictly accurate in text and punctuation, which, it is understood, can be said of only one other copy in print—that in the work known as Hickey's Constitution. The statement of the differences between it and the Rebel Constitution has been made with extreme care. The common index to the two instruments shows, at a glance, wherein they differ, and will be found both interesting and convenient—the whole chapter possessing special value to large classes of persons.
In presenting the facts upon each subject of legislation, the general plan has been : first, to state the result reached, with the final votes; and, then, such proceedings, in the intermediate stages, as are of adequate importance, or necessary to explain the position of Members. This preparation involved constant selection, concerning which there may be differences of opinion-some thinking that too much detail on one subject is given; others, too little of another. In all cases the rule stated, governed. As far as it has been possible to obtain the Rebel legislation on the same or corresponding subjects it has been added, with such of their orders and proclamations as were connected with them. A comparison of the two, and the dates of enactment or issue, will prove of service in dispelling delusions and correcting general misconceptions.
Besides the legislation proper, the volume contains, in a classified form, all the Messages, Proclamations, Orders, Correspondence, and Addresses of the President; the Diplomacy of the Secretary of State; valuable letters and papers from the Secretaries of the Treasury, of War, of the Navy, of the Interior, and from the Postmaster General; Opinions of the Attorney General upon permanent public questions; those of the Orders of Commanding Officers which are within the scope of the work; the Decisions of the Courts; and such other data as properly belong therein the whole forming a multitudinous mass of facts, to any one of which the classification adopted, and the copious index appended, will, it is hoped, make it easy to refer.
The votes by Yeas and Nays have been carefully compared with the Official Journals of Congress. In preparing these lists, the names of those persons have, for comparison's sake, been italicized, who were elected by, or were at the time generally co-operating with, the Democratic party. All others are in roman.
Under “Our Foreign Relations" will be found much of permanent value, as well as of current interest and dispute.
The chapter on the “Conspiracy of Disnnion” contains several very interesting documents, chief of which are the extract from U. S. Senator Maclay's journal of 1789, recording, probably, the first threat of disunion uttered in Congress, and upon a subject which remained a matter of complaint in some quarters down to the period of Secession; and the Minutes of the Proceedings of the Police Commissioners of Baltimore in 1861, one of the most flagrant as well as one of the latest outbursts of treason. Other portions of this chapter will richly bear examination. I greatly regret that want of space has required the omission of many other facts, gathered from
our political history, tending to reveal the true character of this foul conspiracy against Liberty, this crime against Humanity.
The lists of the organization of the Rebel “Provisional” and “Permanent” Government have been made up from every accessible source, and, though not complete, are more nearly so than any other yet published north of the Potomac, and as nearly so as present facilities afford. They are the result of careful and extensive examination. As a matter of interest, the names of those of the conspirators who vere once members of the Congress of the Union have been put in italic.
This work was undertaken a few months ago without a realizing sense of the labor it involved. I can scarcely hope to have escaped errors, both of omission and commission, but have striven to make it fair, impartial, and truthful. It deals with the most momentous events of this Century, which will be studied while civil Government exists. I trust that the volume will be of service to those consulting it, and that its general effect will be to help strengthen the purpose of the American people to maintain their Unity, their Freedom, and their Power.
EDWARD MOPHERSON. August 11, 1864.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
tilities against the United States, and Why
The “War Power” called out-Call for 75,000)
Men, and all subsequent Calls arranged in
Chronological Order-National Legislation on
Military Affairs-"Confederate" Legislation
and Proclamations and Orders—The Thirty-
Seventh Congress-President's Message of July,
1861, December, 1861, and December, 1862-Ther
Thirty-Eighth Congress-Annual Message, 1863)
Proclamations, and Circular of the
Attornoy General-Proclamations concerning?
the Blockade, Non-Intercourse with States in Ro
bellion, and declaring Boundaries of the. Res
The Seward-Lyons Treaty-Vote in the Senate
upon bill to give it effect-Action of the “Con-
federate" Congress on Slave Trade-Jefferson
Davis's Veto thereof - Intercepted Despatch
from Judah P. Benjamin to L. Q. C. Lamar.
ARREST OF CITIZENS, THE WRIT OF HABEAS
CORPUS, AND SUPPRESSION OF NEWS,
Arrest of Members of the Maryland Legislature
and of the Baltimore Police Commissioners
Orders of Gen. McClellan and Secretary Camo
ron-John Merryman's Case and Chief Justice
Taney's Opinion-Attorney General Bates's
Opinion on the President's Power to Arrest andi
to Suspend the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas
Corpus-Views of Horaco Binney and Theophilus,
48 Parsons-Case of C. L. Vallandigham; Decisiom
of the Supreme Court therein; his Letter om
Retaliation; his return to Ohio, and Speech at
Hamilton-Proclamations of the President Sus.
pending the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas)
Corpus-Indernnification of the President-De
cision of the New York Supreme Court in the
Case of George W. Jones vs. W. H. Soward
“Confederate” Legislation upon the Suspension
of the Writ-Suppressions and seizures of News
papers, with the Proceedings of the Courts,
Congress, and the Post Office Department
The Confiscation Bills, and Amendatory Joint
Resolution, and Special Message thereon-
Emancipation in the Thirty-Seventh Congresso
Proposed Repeal of the Joint Resolution afore,
said-Sequestration in the Rebel States Judi-
cial and Military Proceedings under the Confis-
cation Law-Proclamation thereon-President's
Message, March, 1862, recommending Compen
sated #mancipation-Congressional Proceedingas
91 thereon-Interview of Border State Congress
men with the President-Emancipation in
the District of Columbia-The President's Ap-
peal to the Border State Congressmen, and thein
Reply-Extract from the President's Annual
Message, December, 1862--Emancipation in
Maryland and Proceedings of the Constitutional
Convention thereof-Emancipation Proclamam
mations-Votes thereon and Resolutions con-
cerning them-Interview betweon the Chicago
Deputation and the President-Address of the
Loyal Governors–Mr. Boutwell's Statement,
concerning the issue of the Proclamation-Lets
ters of Charles Sumner, and Owen Lovejoy.
REPEAL OF TIDE FOGITIVE SLAVE LAWS, "CON MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS AND SPEECHES OF
Message of May 29, 1862–Remarks at Union
Meeting in Washington City, August 6, 1862-
Response to a Serenade, July, 1863—Speech at
the Philadelphia Fair, June 16, 1864-Letters to
Horace Greeley, to the Springfield Mass Conven
Proposed Removal of the Disqualification of
OUR FOREIGN RELATIONS.....
The Trent Affair-Monarchical Intrigues in Cen
tral and South America—Allegod Foreign En-
listments-Foreign Mediation, being Letters
from Secretary Seward to Governor Hicks and
M. Drouyn de l'Huys, and from Lord Lyons to
Earl Russell, with his Views on those of New
York Democrats respecting Foreign Mediation-
The French in Mexico-Congressional Action
thereon-The Arguelles Case.
Summary of Financial Legislation from Decem
ber, 1860, to June 30, 1864_Special War Income
Tax, and Votes thereon-Thé “Legal Tender"
Question-Loan Bill of 1864-National Currency
Acts-Internal Revenue Acts-Proposed Tax
on Slaves—Tariff Acts of 1862 and 1861_Taxes
in Insurrectionary Districts—The Public Credit
in 1860 and 1861-Statements of Public Debu
The Enrollment Acts of 1863 and 1864, with the
patibility of Civil and Military Office-Fishing
Bounties--Acts to Prohibit Polygamy; declaring
certain Persons ineligible to Office; and to pun-
ish Conspiracy-Letters of Marque-Enabling
Act for Nebraska-Admission of West Virginia
- Opinions of Attorney General Bates on Citizen
ship, and on the pay of Colored Soldiers-
-McClellan's Letters recommending a Polit-
ical Policy in the Conduct of the War, and
favoring Woodward's Election in Pennsylvania
-Proposed Censuro of President Lincoln and
Ex-President Buchanan-Censure of Repre-
Troops and their Officers-Homesteads for Solo
Threats of Dissolution in the First Congress
1789–Prophetic Utterances of Jackson, Benton,
and Clay-Southern Disunion Congressional
Caucus in 1835-Early Hopes of the Rebels
Ex-President Pierce's Letter to Jefferson Davis,
1860—The Disunion Programme-Letter of D..
L. Yulee, January 7, 1861 -- Douglas's Last
Words-Progress of the Conspiracy in Maryland
-Minutes of the Baltimore Police Commission-
ers during "the Reign of Terror"-Report to
the Baltimore Councils on Expenditure of the
Legislative Action thereon, and other
*Permanent” Administration-The First Con-