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The copy of the Constitution of the United States is believed to be strictly accurate in text and punctuation, which, it is understood, can be said of only one other copy in print that in the work known as Hickey's Constitution. The statement of the differences between it and the Rebel Constitution has been made with extreme care. The common index to the two instruments shows, at a glance, wherein they differ, and will be found both interesting and convenient-the whole chapter possessing special value to large classes of persons.

In presenting the facts upon each subject of legislation, the general plan has been: first, to state the result reached, with the final votes; and, then, such proceedings, in the intermediate stages, as are of adequate importance, or necessary to explain the position of Members. This preparation involved constant selection, concerning which there may be differences of opinion-some thinking that too much detail on one subject is given; others, too little of another. In all cases the rule stated, governed. As far as it has been possible to obtain the Rebel legislation on the same or corresponding subjects it has been added, with such of their orders and proclamations as were connected with them. A comparison of the two, and the dates of enactment or issue, will prove of service in dispelling delusions and correcting general misconceptions.

Besides the legislation proper, the volume contains, in a classified form, all the Messages, Proclamations, Orders, Correspondence, and Addresses of the President; the Diplomacy of the Secretary of State; valuable letters and papers from the Secretaries of the Treasury, of War, of the Navy, of the Interior, and from the Postmaster General; Opinions of the Attorney General upon permanent public questions; those of the Orders of Commanding Officers which are within the scope of the work; the Decisions of the Courts; and such other data as properly belong therein-the whole forming a multitudinous mass of facts, to any one of which the classification adopted, and the copious index appended, will, it is hoped, make it easy to refer.

The votes by Yeas and Nays have been carefully compared with the Official Journals of Congress. In preparing these lists, the names of those persons have, for comparison's sake, been italicized, who were elected by, or were at the time generally co-operating with, the Democratic party. All others are in roman.

Under "Our Foreign Relations" will be found much of permanent value, as well as of current interest and dispute.

The chapter on the "Conspiracy of Disunion" contains several very interesting documents, chief of which are the extract from U. S. Senator Maclay's journal of 1789, recording, probably, the first threat of disunion uttered in Congress, and upon a subject which remained a matter of complaint in some quarters down to the period. of Secession; and the Minutes of the Proceedings of the Police Commissioners of Baltimore in 1861, one of the most flagrant as well as one of the latest outbursts of treason. Other portions of this chapter will richly bear examination. I greatly regret that want of space has required the omission of many other facts, gathered from

our political history, tending to reveal the true character of this foul conspiracy against Liberty, this crime against Humanity.

The lists of the organization of the Rebel "Provisional" and "Permanent” Government have been made up from every accessible source, and, though not complete, are more nearly so than any other yet published north of the Potomac, and as nearly so as present facilities afford. They are the result of careful and extensive examination. As a matter of interest, the names of those of the conspirators who were once members of the Congress of the Union have been put in italic.

This work was undertaken a few months ago without a realizing sense of the labor it involved. I can scarcely hope to have escaped errors, both of omission and commission, but have striven to make it fair, impartial, and truthful. It deals with the most momentous events of this Century, which will be studied while civil Government exists. I trust that the volume will be of service to those consulting it, and that its general effect will be to help strengthen the purpose of the American people to maintain their Unity, their Freedom, and their Power.

August 11, 1864.

EDWARD MCPHERSON.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

THE ELECTORAL AND POPULAR VOTE FOR

PRESIDENT, IN 1860......

DEVELOPMENT OF THE SECESSION MOVEMENT

Action of Conventions in South Carolina, Geor
gia, Mississippi, Florida, Louisiana, Alabama,
Arkansas, Texas, North Carolina, Tennessee,
Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri-Insurrec
tionary Proceedings in Delaware and Maryland
-Inter-State Commissioners-Organization of
a "Southern Congress," and Provisional Gov-
ernment-Address of South Carolina to the
Slaveholding States, her Declaration of Inde
pendence, and Debates on them-Speech of
Alexander H. Stephens before the Georgia Legis
lature, Nov. 14, 1860-Extracts from Addresses,
by A. H. Stephens, July, 1859, and Jan., 1861,
James H. Hammond, October, 1858; and R. M.
T. Hunter, 1860-Extract from the Appeal for
Recognition, by Yancey, Rost, and Mann, and
Earl Russell's Reply-Seizure and Surrender of?
Public Property, from November 4, 1860 to March
4, 1861-Changes in President Buchanan's Cab-
inet Correspondence between President Buch-
anan and the South Carolina. "Commission.
ere"-Demand for Surrender of Fort Sumter-
Report on the Transfer of Arms to the South,
in 1859 and 1860-Davis's Bill for the Sale of
Government Arms to the States-How the Tel
egraph aided Secession-Intrigues for a Pacific
Republic-Mayor Wood's Message Recommend
ing that New York be made a Free City Per
sonal Liberty" Laws.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE GOVERNMENT IN RE

LATION TO THE ACTION OF THE INSURREC

TIONARY STATES....................................................................❤

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Names of the Senators and Representatives of

the Thirty-Sixth Congress, Second Session-
President Buchanan's Last Annual Message-
Attorney General Black's Opinion on the Powers,
of the President-The House Committee of
Thirty-Three and their Proposition for Adjust
ment, together with abstracts of all other Propo
sitions, and votes thereon-Votes on Resolutions,
respecting the "Personal Liberty" Laws, the
Union, Major Anderson's Course, Coercion, Non-
Interference with Slavery, and on the Bills to
Suppress Insurrection, and to provide for the
Collection of Customs-Report of Committee,
upon the Danger of the Capital, and Vote upon
Branch's Resolution to withdraw Troops from
the District of Columbia, with Secretary Holt's
Report-Disposition of the Navy, and Vote of
Censure upon Secretary Toucey-Propositions
in Congress by Mason, Hunter, Clingman, Craige,
and others-Settlement of the. Question of Sla
very in the Territories.

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