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Maine..... New Hampshire Massachusetts... Rhode Island. Connecticut, Vermont New York.... New Jersey Pennsylvania.. Delaware... Maryland... Virginia .... North Carolina.. South Carolina... Georgia.... Kentucky Tennessee... Ohio .... Louisiana Mississippi... Indiana ... Illinois Alabama Missouri...... Arkansas. Michigan Florida Texas... Iowa ... Wisconsin. California Minnesota Oregon

2,046 26,693 6,368

441 25,881 2,112 22,331 34,372 5,939

*7,707 3,291 15,522 14,641 1,969 6,849 218


*62,801 12,776 16,765 *178,871

3,864 1,023 7,337 41,760 5,966 42,482 74,681 16,290 74,323 44,990 2,701 48,539

No popular vote. 42,886 11,590 51,889 66,058 25,651 53,143 69,274 11,350 64,709 12,194 187,232 11,405 20,204 7,625 22,681 25,040 3,283 40,797 5,306 115,509 12,295 4,913 160,215 2,404 27,875 13,651 48,831 58,372 58,801 31,317 20,094 5,227 28,732 405

65,057 805 5,437 367 8,543 *15,438

47,548 1,763 55,111 1,048 161

65,021 6,817 38,516

34,334 62 11,920 748 183 3,951 5,006


72 1,866,452 590,631 1,375,157 847,953

Lincoln over Douglas.....


Bell ...... Other candidates over Lincoln ...

491,295 1,018,499 1,275,821


* Fusion.


IMMEDIATELY thereupon, and clearly by nouncing the repeal, Dec. 20th, 1860, by the concert of action previously arranged, vari- good people of South Carolina," of the Ordious disunion Governors hastily took steps to nance of May 23d, 1788, and “the dissolution procure the passage of ordinances of se- of the union between the State of South cession by Conventions of their States, art- Carolina and other States under the name fully using the unsettled excitements of the of the United States of America," and pro Presidential canvass to that end.

claiming to the world “ that the State of These proceedings in brief were as follows: South Carolina is, as she has a right to be,

a separate, sovereign, free and independent SOUTH CAROLINA.

State, and, as such, has a right to levy war, Vorember 6th, 1860. Legislature met to conclude peace, negotiate treaties, leagues, choose Presidential electors, who voted for or covenants, and to do all acts whatsoever Breckinridge and Lane for President and that rightfully appertain to a free and inVice President. Gov. William H. Gist dependent State. recommended in his message that in the * Done in the eighty-fifth year of the event of Abraham Lincoln's election to the sovereignty and independence of South Presidency, a convention of the people of Carolina." the State be immediately called to consider Jan. 3d, 1861. South Carolina Commis. and determine for themselves the mode and sioners left Washington. measure of redress. He expressed the 4th. Convention appointed T. J. Withers, opinion that the only alternative left is the L. M. Keitt, W.W. Boyce, Jas. Chesnut, Jr., ** secession of South Carolina from the Fed. R. B. Rhett, Jr., R. W. Barnwell, and C. G. eral Union.”

Memminger, delegates to Southern Con. 7th. United States officials resigned at gress. Charleston.

5th. Convention adjourned, subject to the 10th. U. S. Senators JAMES H. HAMMOND call of the Governor. and James CHESNUT, Jr., resigned their seats 14th. Legislature declared that any atin the Senate. Convention called to meet tempt to reinforce Fort Sumter would be Dec. 17th. Delegates to be elected Dec. 6th. considered an open act of hostility and a

13th. Collection of debts due to citizens declaration of war. Approved the Govof non-slaveholding States stayed. FRANCIS ernor's action in firing on the Star of the W.Pockers elected Governor, who appointed West. Accepted the services of the Catawba a cabinet consisting of A. G. Magrath Sec.Indians. retary of State, David F. JAmisoy Secretary 27th. Received Judge Robertson, Com. of War, C. G. MEMMINGER Secretary of Treas- missioner from Virginia, but rejected the ury, W. W. HARLLEE P. M. General, ALBERT proposition for a conference and co-operative C. GARLINGTON Secretary of Interior. action.*

17th. Ordinance of Secession adopted unanimously.

* The resolutions are: 21st. Commissioners appointed (BARN Resolved unanimously, that the General Assembly of WELL, A Dams, and Orr) to proceed to Wash-South Carolina tenders to the Legislature of Virginia their ington to treat for the possession of U. S. the mission entrasted to Hon. Judge Robertson, her ComGovernment property within the limits of South Carolina. "Commissioners appointed the long-continued sympathy and respect which has sub

Resolved unanimously. That candor, which is due to to the other Slaveholding States. Southern sisted between Virginia and South Carolina, induces the Congress proposed.

Assembly to declare with frankness that they do not deemn

it advisable to initiate negotiations, when they have no 24th. Representatives in Congress with desire or intention to promote the ultimate

object in view. drew.

That object is declared, in the resolation of the Virginia

Legislature, to be the procurement of amendments to. or Gov. Pickens issued a proclamation "an- new guarantees io, the Constitution of the United States



March 26th. Convention met in Charles


November 26th, 1860. Legislature met April 3d. Ratified “Confederate” Consti- Nov. 26th, and adjourned Nov. 30th. Electution-yeas 114, nays 16.

tion for Convention fixed for Dec. 20th, Con8th. Transferred forts, etc. to “Confeder- vention to meet Jan. 7th. Convention bills ate” government.

and secession resolutions passed unaniGEORGIA.

mously. Commissioners appointed to other November 8th, 1860. Legislature met puration in effecting measures for their common

Slaveholding States to secure “their co-opersuant to previous arrangement. 18th. Convention called. Legislature ap

defence and safety.”

Jan. 7th, 1861. Convention assembled. propriated $1,000,000 to arm the State. Dec. 3d. Resolutions adopted in the Leg- 84, nays 15.

9th. Ordinance of Secession passed-yeas islature proposing a Conference of the South

In the ordinance the people of the State ern States at Atlanta, Feb. 20th.

January 17th, 1861. Convention met. Re- of Mississippi express their consent to form ceived Commissioners from South Carolina a federal union with such of the States as

have seceded or may secede from the Union and Alabama. 18th. Resolutions declaring it the right basis of the present Constitution of the

of the United States of America, upon the and duty of Georgia to secede, adopted— United States

, except such parts thereof as yeas 165, nays 130. 19th. 'Ordinance of Secession passed States.

embrace other portions than such seceding yeas 208, nays 89.

10th. Commissioners from other States 21st. Senators and Representatives in Con

received. Resolutions adopted, recognizing gress withdrew.

South Carolina as sovereign and independent. 24th. Elected Delegates to Southern Con

Jan. 12th. Representatives in Congress gress at Montgomery, Alabama.

withdrew. 28th. Elected Commissioners to other Slaveholding States.

19th. The committee on the Confederacy 29th. Adopted an address “to the South

in the Legislature reported resolutions to and the world."

provide for a Southern Confederacy, and to

establish a provisional government for seMarch 7th. Convention reassembled.

16th. Ratified the “Confederate” Consti- ceding States and States hereafter seceding. tution-yeas 96, nays 5.

21st. Senators in Congress withdrew.

March 30th. Ratified Confederate" Con20th. Ordinance passed authorizing the “Confederate” government to occupy, use

stitution-yeas 78, nays 7. and possess the forts, navy yards, arsenals,

FLORIDA. and custom houses within the limits of said November 26th, 1860. Legislature met. State.

Governor M. S. Perry recommended immeApril 26th. Governor Brown issued a diate secession. proclamation ordering the repudiation by Dec. 1st. Convention bill passed. the citizens of Georgia of all debts due Jan. 3d, 1861. Convention met. Northern men.

7th. Commissioners from South Carolina

and Alabama received and heard. Resoloed unanimously, That the separation of South 10th. Ordinance of Secession passedCaroline from the Federal Unlon is final, and she has no further interest in the Constitution of the United States; yeas 62, nays 7. and that the only appropriate negotiations between her and lbe Federal Government are as to their mutual re- Congress at Montgomery.

18th. Delegates appointed to Southern lations as foreign States.

Resolped unanimously, That this Assembly further 21st. Senators and Representatives in owes it to her friendly relations with the State of Virginia Congress withdrew. to declare that they have no confidence in the Federal Government of the United States; that the most solemn Feb. 14th. Act passed by the Legislature pledges of that government have been disregarded ; that declaring that after any actual collision bebeen attempted to be introduced into one of the fortresses tween Federal troops and those in the emof this state, concealed in the hold of a vessel of com- ploy of Florida, the act of holding office Iberce, with a view to subjugate the people of South Car. under the Federal government shall be deoliba, and that even since the authorities at Washington clared treason, and the person convicted & vessel of war has been sent to the South, and troops and shall suffer death. Transferred control of munitions of war conceutrated on the soil of Virginia,

Resoloed unanimously, That in these circumstances government property captured, to the “Con. this Assembly, with renewed assurances of cordial re- federate" government. spect and esteem for the people of Virginia, and high con. sideration for her Commissioner, decline entering into the

LOUISIANA. Degotiations proposed.

The Charleston Mercury of an earlier date thus alladed December 10th, 1860. Legislature met. to Border Slate embassies : ** [lear them, if you please ; treat them with civility;

11th. Convention called for Jan. 23d. Milfeed them, and drench them in champagne-and let them itary bill passed. go! Let 18 act as if they bad never come, as if they

12th. Commissioners from Mississippi Lad not spoken, as if they did not exist ; and let them etek to preserve their Treasury pap through some more received and heard. Governor instructed sopple agency than onts. The time has gone by when to communicate with Governors of other the voice of a Virginia politician, though be coo like a dove, should be heard in the land of a patriotic people." I southern States.

January 23d, 1861. Convention met and yeas 87, nays 6. Transferred control of organized. Received and heard Commis- arsenals, etc., to “ Confederate" Governi sioners from South Carolina and Alabama. 25th. Ordinance of Secession passed

ARKANSAS. yeas 113, nays 17. Convention refused to January 16th, 1861. Legislature p submit the ordinance to the people by a vote Convention Bill. Vote of the people o of 84 to 45. This was subsequently' recon- Convention was 27,412 for it, and i sidered, and the ordinance was submitted. against it. The vote upon it as declared was 20,448 in February 18th. Delegates elected. favor, and 17,296 against.

March 4th. Convention met. Feb. 5th. Senators withdrew from Con 18th. The Ordinance of Secession gress, also the Representatives, except John feated-yeas 35, nays 39. The Conve E. Bouligny. State flag adopted. Pilots at effected a compromise by agreeing to su the Balize prohibited from bringing over the the question of co-operation or secessi bar any United States vessels of war. the people on the 1st Monday in Augu March 7th. Ordinance adopted in secret

May 6th. Passed Secession Ordinai session transferring to “ Confederate” States yeas 69, nays 1. Authorized her dele government $536,000, being the amount of to the Provisional Congress, to transfe bullion in the U. S. mint and customs seized arsenal at Little Rock and hospital at N

leon to the “Confederate" Government by the State.* 16th. An ordinance voted down, submit

TEXAS. ting the “Confederate" Constitution to the January 21st, 1861. Legislature met. people-yeas 26, nays 74.

28th. People's State Convention met 21st. Ratified the “Confederate" Consti 29th. Legislature passed a resolutio tution-yeas 101, nays 7. Governor au- claring that the Federal Government h thorized to transfer the arms and property power to coerce a Sovereign State afte captured from the United States to the has pronounced her separation from “ Confederate" Government.

Federal Union. 27th. Convention adjourned sine die. February 1st. Ordinance of Sece

passed in Convention-yeas 166, nay ALABAMA.

Military Bill passed. January 7th, 1861. Convention met. 7th. Ordinance passed, forming the

8th. Received and heard the Commissioner dation of a Southern Confederacy. from South Carolina.

gates to the Southern Congress ele 11th. Ordinance of Secession passed in Also an act passed submitting the Ordin secret session-yeas 61, nays 39. Proposi- of Secession to a vote of the people. tion to submit ordinance to the people lost 23d. Secession Ordinance voted or - yeas 47, nays 53.

the people; adopted by a vote of 34,7 14th. Legislature met pursuant to previous favor, and 11,235 against it. action.

March 4th, Convention declared the 19th. Delegates elected to the Southern 'out of the Union. Gov. Houston issu Congress.

proclamation to that effect. 21st. Representatives and Senators in Con 16th. Convention by a vote of 127 gress withdrew.

deposed Gov. Houston, declaring his 26th. Commissioners appointed to treat vacant. Gov. Houston issued a procl with United States Government relative to tion to the people protesting against the United States forts, arsenals, etc., within action of the Convention. the State.

20th. Legislature confirmed the actio The Convention requested the people of the Convention in deposing Gov. Hou the States of Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, by a vote of 53 to 11. Transferred forts, North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, to“ Confederate” Government. Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Ar 23d. Ratified the “Confederate" Col kansas, Tennessee, Kentucky and Missouri tution-yeas 68, nays 2. to meet the people of Alabama by their delegates in Convention, February 4th, 1861,

NORTH CAROLINA. at Montgomery, for the purpose of consult

November 20th, 1860. Legislature ing as to the most effectual mode of securing Gov. Ellis recommended that the Legisla concerted or harmonious action in whatever invite a conference of the Southern St. measures may be deemed most desirable or failing in that, send one or more deleg for their common peace and security.— to the neighboring States so as to se Military Bill passed. Commissioners ap

concert of action. He recommended pointed to other Slaveholding States. thorough reorganization of the militia,

March 4th. Convention re-assembled. the enrolment of all persons between 18 13th. Ratified “Confederate” Constitution, 45 years, and the organization of a corp

ten thousand men; also, a Convention, to

semble immediately after the proposed * March 14th, 1861. The "Confederate" Congress passed sultation with other Southern States s

resolution accepting these funds, with “a high sense of the patriotio liberality of the State of Loulsiana."

have terminated.

nays 3.

Decernber 9th. Joint Committee on Federal | Passed the Senate, yeas 14, nays 6, absent Relations agreed to report a Convention Bill. and not voting 5; the House, yeas 42, nays

17th. Bill appropriating $300,000 to arm 15, absent and not voting, 18.* Also a Dethe State, debated.

claration of Independence and Ordinance 18th. Senate passed above bill-yeas 41, dissolving the Federal relations between

Tennessee and the United States, and an or20th. Commissioners from Alabama and dinance adopting and ratifying the ConfederMississippi received and heard—the latter, ate Constitution, these two latter to be voted J. Thompson, by letter.

on by the people on June 8th, were passed. 22d. Senate Bill to arm the State failed to June 24th. Gov. Isham G. Harris declared pass the House.

Tennessee out of the Union, the vote for 22d. Adjourned till January 7th. Separation being 104,019 against 47,238.

January 8th, 1861. Senate Bill arming the State passed the House, yeas 73, nays 26.

VIRGINIA. 30th. Passed Convention Bill-election to January 7th, 1861. Legislature convened. take place February 28th. No Secession Or 8th. Anti-coercion resolution passed. dinance to be valid without being ratified by 9th. Resolution passed, asking that the a majority of the qualified voters of the State. status quo be maintained.

31st. Elected Thos. L. Clingman United 10th. The Governor transmitted a desStates Senator.

patch from the Mississippi Convention, anFebruary 13th. Commissioners from Geor- nouncing its unconditional secession from gia publicly received.

the Union, and desiring on the basis of the 20th. Mr. Hoke elected Adjutant General old Constitution to form a new union with of the State. Military Bill passed.

the seceding States. The House adopted 28th. Election of Delegates to Convention yeas 77, nays 61,—an amendment submittook place.

ting to a vote of the people the question of 28th. The vote for a Convention was 46,671; referring for their decision any action of against 47,333—majority against a Conven- the Convention dissolving Virginia's contion 661.

nection with the Union, or changing its May 1st. Extra session of the Legislature organic law. The Richmond Enquirer met at the call of Gov. Ellis. The same day denounced "the emasculation of the Conthey passed a Convention Bill, ordering the vention Bill as imperilling all that Virginians election of delegates on the 15th.

hold most sacred and dear." 20. Legislature adjourned.

16th. Commissioners Hopkins and Gil. 13th. Election of delegates to the Conven- mer of Alabama received in the Legislature. tion took place.

17th. Resolutions passed proposing the 20th. Convention met at Raleigh. Crittenden resolutions as a basis for adjust

21st. Ordinance of Secession passed; also ment, and requesting General Government to the ** Confederate" Constitution ratified. avoid collision with Southern States. Gov.

June 5th. Ordinance passed, ceded the Letcher communicated the Resolutions of arsenal at Fayetteville, and transferred the Legislature of New York, expressing magazines, etc., to the “Confederate” Go- the utmost disdain, and saying that “the vernment.

threat conveyed can inspire no terror in

freemen." The resolutions were directed to TENNESSEE.

be returned to the Governor of New York. January 6th, 1861. Legislature met.

18th. $1,000,000 appropriated for the 12th. Passed Convention Bill.

defence of the State. 30th. Commissioners to Washington ap 19th. Passed resolve that if all efforts pointed.

to reconcile the differences of the country February 8th. People voted no Convention : 67,360 to 54,156. May 1st. Legislature passed a joint resolu

* The following is the vote in the Senate on the adoption

of the league: tion authorizing the Governor to appoint YEAS.-Messrs. Allen, Horn, Hunter, Johnson, Lane, Commissioners to enter into a military Minnis, McClellan, McNeilley, Payne, Peters, Stanton, league with the authorities of the “Confed- Thompson, Wood, and Speaker Stovall

. Nays. ---Messrs.

Boyd, Bradford, Hildreth, Nash, Richardson and Stokes. erate" States.

Absent and not voting.-Messrs. Bumpass, Mickley, New. 7th. Legislature in secret session ratified man, Stokely, and Trimble.

The following is the vote in the House : the league entered into by A. 0. W. Totten, YEAs.-Messrs. Baker of Perry, Baker of Weakley, Gustavus A. Henry, Washington Barrow, Bayless, Bicknell, Bledsoe, Cheatham, Cowden, Davidson, Commissioners for "Tennessee, and Henry Gantt, Guy, 'Havron, 'Hart, logram, Jones, Kepper, W. Hilliard, Commissioner for "Confed- McCabe, Morphies, Nall, Hickett, Porter, Richardson, erate" States, stipulating that Tennessee Roberts, Shield, Smith, Sevel, Trovitt, Vaughn, Whituntil she became a member of the Con- Armstrong, Brazelton, Butler, Caldwell, Gorman, Greene, federacy placed the whole military force of Morris, Norman, Russell, Senter, Strewsbury, White of the State under the control of the President Absent and not voting -Messrs. Barksdale, Beaty, Benof the Confederate" States, and turned over dett, Britton, Critz, Doak, East, Gillespie, Harris, Hebb, to the Confederate" States all the public Johnson, Kincaid of Anderson; Kincaid of Claiborne

Trewhitt, White of Dickson, Williams of Franklin, Wilproperty, naval stores and munitions of war. Iliams of Hickman, and Williamsou.

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