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jority of them, shall cause two of those six to be designated Sec. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this artins by lot.
by appropriate legislation. From those two the college shall choose one, who shall be President for the next ensuing term of four years, and the
April 5–Mr. Davis moved to strike out the other shall be the Vice President for that term.
above and insertThe voting by class or college shall be viva voce in open session of the college.
No negro, or person whose mother or grandmother is In cases of tie, the casting yote shall be given by the pre- eligible to any civil or military office, or to any place
was a negro, shall be a citizen of the United States, or 1. siding officer, who, if he be also an elector, shall not vote
trust or profit under the United States. except in cases of tie.
The college may adopt rules for expediting a decision Which was disagreed to-yeas 5, naye 32, 44 by the several classes, and to prevent more than two per- follows: sons from receiving an equality of votes on the final vote of a class.
YEAB-Messrs. Buckalow, Davis, Powell, Riddle, Saul If there be a failure to choose one of the six from any
bury-5. class within the time prescribed by the college, the mem
Nays-Messrs. Anthony, Chandler, Clark, Collamer, Con bers of that class shall themselves make the choice. ness, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, Grimes, llale, Har There shall be no reconsideration of a vote given.
ding, Harlan, Harris, Howard, Howe, Johnson, Lane of In Sec. 5. If the college fail, except from exterior violence diana, Lane of Kansas, Morgan, Morrill, Pomeroy, Ramsey, or intimidation, to make an election of President and Vice Sherman, Sprague, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Fan President within twenty-four hours from the time when the Winkle, Wade, Willey, Wilson–32. college was formed, it shall be dissolved, and the offices of Mr. Powell moved to amend by adding to its electors vacated.
Thereupon the presiding officer shall order a new election section 1, the words, of electors on any day, not less than thirty from the date No slave shall be emancipated by this article, unless this of his proclamation, and at least thirty before the next owner thereof shall be first paid the value of the slave og month of June, which election shall be held, and the electors slaves so emancipated. chosen shall convene at the time and place designated by the proclamation, and proceed to the election of a President
Which was disagreed to--yeas 2, (Messrs. and Vice President as before directed, within twenty-four Davis and Powell,) nays 34: hours from the time of their formation into a college, and
Nars -- Messrs. Anthony, Buckaler, Chrlite, Chandler, under like penalty for their failure. Should the failure to clect be caused by exterior violence Grimes, Halo, Harding,' Harlan, Harris, Howard, Bows
Clark, Collamer, Conness, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessender, Foot or intimidation, the functions of the college shall not cease, Johnson, Lane of Indiana, Land of Kansas, Morgan, Morbut it shall reconvene when and where a majority of its members shall by proclamation direct, and make or com
rill, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sherman, Sprague, Sumner, Ten pleto an election as before directed, within the time spoci- Eyck, Trumbull, Van Winkle, Wade, Willey, Wilson–34.
April 6–Mr. Powell moved to add a new SEC. 6. Should no clection of President and Vice Presi: article to the Constitution, as follows: dent be made by an electoral college before the 1st day of June next ensuing the commencement of a presidential
ARTICLE XIV. term, the Senate of the United States shall convene in its
The President and Vice President shall hold their offices Chamber at noon of the first Monday in July next thereaf- for the term of six years. A person who has filled the tor, constitute all its elected members, whether present or
office of President shall not be re-eligible. not, into an electoral college, as though each Senator had Which was disagreed to--yeas 12, nays 32: been elected an elector, and proceed in all respects as before directed, within twenty-four hours, to choose a Presi
YEAs-Messrs. Brown, Daris, Foster, Grimes, Hendricks, dent and Vice President to all the vacancy.
Nesmith, Pomeroy, Powell, Riddle, Saulsbury, Wade, Wilk Should the Senate fail to elect, the discharge of the duties inson-12. of President and Vice President for the residue of that term
NAYS–Messrs. Anthony, Chandler, Clark, Collamer, Conshall devolve upon such officers of the Government as Con- ness, Cowan, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, Hale, Hard. gress shall have theretofore directed.
ing, Harlan, Harris, Henderson, Iloward, Howe, Johnson Sec. 7. No office shall be incompatible with that of an
Lane of Indiana, Lane of Kansas, McDougall, Morgan, Mon elector except the office of Chief Justice of the United States. rill, Ramsey, Sherman, Sprague, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Trum
Sec. 8. An act or resolutaon passed by Congress, which bull, Van Winkle, Willey, Wilson–32.
lows: elected thereto,
ARTICLE XV. Sec. 9. It shall not be deemed compatible with the duty The principal officer in each of the Executive Departof a President habitually to use the patronage of his offico ments, and all persons connected with the diplomatic ser for the special advantage of any particular political party, vico, may be removed from office at the pleasure of the or to suffer the patronage of any subordinato office so to be President. All other civil officers of the Executive Departused.
ments may be removed at any time by the President, or other Sec. 10. Should a vacancy occur in both the office of Pres- appointing power, when their services are unnecessary, of ident and in that of Vice President while there are two for dishonesty, incapacity, inefficiency, misconduct, or neg. years remaining of tho then presidential term, the Chief lect of duty; and when so removed the removal shall be Justice of the United States, or in his absence the Secretary reported to the Senate, together with the reasons therefor. of State, shall conveno the electoral collego after thirty days' notice by proclamation, who shall fill the vacancies for the
Which was disagreed to-yeas 6, nays 38, as remainder of the term in all respects as if it were an original follows: election. Sec. 11. Every elector, before entering on the duties of
YEAS-Messrs. Davis, Hendricks, Poroell, Riddle, Szule. his office, shall, by oath or affirmation, promise to support
bury, Wado-6. the Constitution of the United States, and declare that he
NAYS— Messrs. Anthony, Brown, Chandler, Clark, Collahas not, and will not, pledge his voto as an elector in favor Foster, Crimes, Halo, Harding, Harlan, Ilarris, Henderson,
mer, Conness, Cowan, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, of any person or toward aiding any political party.
Howard, Ilowo, Johnson, Lane of Indianı, Lane of Kansas, AMENDMENT FOR THE EXTINCTION OF SLAVERY. McDougall, Morgan, Morrill, Nesmith, Pomeroy, Ramsey, 1864, February 10--Mr. TRUMBULL, from the Winkie, Wilkinson, Willoy, Wilson–38.
Sherman, Sprague, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Tan Committee on the Judiciary reported a joint Mr. POWELL offered a new article, as follows: resolution :
ARTICLE XVI. Be it resolved, dt., That the following article be proposed to the legislatures of the several States as an amendment to
Every law, or resolution having the force of law, shall the Constitution of the United States, which, when ratified relato to but one subject, and that shall be expressed in the by three fourths of said legislatures, shall be valid, to all title. intents and purposes, as a part of the said Constitution, Which was disagreed to-yeas 6, nay8 37, as namely:
follows: ARTICLE XIII. SECTION 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, YEAS-Messrs. Cowan, Davis, Hendricks, Powell, Middle, cept as a punishment for crime, whereof tho party shall Saulstury--6. Bai
boen duly convicted, shall exist within the United NAYS--Messrs. Anthony, Brown, Chandler, Clark, ConS. Bli or any place subject to their jurisdiction.,
ness, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Grimes,
Halo, Harding, Harlan, Harris, Henderson, Howard, Howe, \ a writ of error to the Supremo Court of the United
rection or acts of domestic violence, or to abscond, are
hereby prohibited and declared to be a penal offence, and April 8--Mr. SaulSBORY moved to strike all the courts of the United States shall be open to suppress out all after the word “ Article xiii," and insert and punish such offences at the suit of any citizen of the the following:
United States or the suit of any State.
Sec. 16. All conspiracies in any State to interfere with SECTION 1. All persons shall havo the right peaceably to lawful rights in any other State or against the United States essemble and worship God according to the dictates of their shall be suppressed; and no State or the people thereof own conscience.
shall withdraw from this Union without the consent of Sec. 2. The use of the public press shall not be obstructed; three fourths of all the States, expressed by an amendment but criminal publications made in ono State against the proposed and ratified in the manner provided in article five lawful institutions of another State shall not be allowed. of the Constitution.
Sec. 3. The right of citizens to free and lawful speech in Sec. 17. Whenever any State wherein involuntary servi. public assemblies shall not be denied. Access of citizens to tudo is recognized or allowed shall propose to abolish such the ballot-box shall not be obstructed either by civil or servitude, and shall apply for pecuniary assistance therein, ailitary power. The military shall always be subordinate the Congress may in its discretion grant such relief, not exto the existing judicial authority over citizens. The privi, ceeding one hundred dollars, for each person liberated; but lege of the writ of habeas corpus shall never be suspended Congress shall not propose such abolishment or relief to in the presenco of the judicial authority.
Congress may assist free persons of African SEC. 4. The militia of a Stato or of the United States shall descent to emigrate and civilizo Africa. not be employed to invade the lawful rights of the people Sec. 18. Duties on imports may be imposed for revenue, of any of the several States; but the United States shall but shall not be excessive or prohibitory in amount. not bo hereby deprived of the right and power to defend Sec. 19. When all of the several States shall have aboland protect its property and rights within the limits of any ished slavery, then and thereafter slavery or involuntary of the States.
servitude, except as a punishment for crime, shall never be Sec. 5. Persons held to service or labor for life, in any established or tolerated in any of the States or Territories State under the laws thereof, may be taken into any Ter- of the United States, and they shall be forever free. ritory of the United States south of north latitude 36° 30, Sec. 20. The provisions of this article relating to involand the right to such servico or labor shall not bo impaired untary labor or servitude shall not be altered without the thereby, and the Territorial Legislature thereof shall have consent of all the States maintaining such servitude. the exclusive right to make and shall make all needful rules and regulations for the protection of such right, and
Which was rejected, without a division. also for the protection of such persons: but Congress or The joint resolution proposing the amendaby Territorial Legislature shall not have power to impairment, as reported from the Committee on the in a territorial condition without the consent of all the Judiciary, was then passed-yeas 38, nays 6, as States south of said latitude which maintain such service. follows:
Seo. 6. Involuntary servitude, except for crime, shall not be permanently established within the district set apart for lamer, Conness, Cowan, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot,
YEAB-Messrs. Anthony, Brown, Chandler, Clark, Col. the seat of government of the United States: but the right Foster, Grimes, Hale, Harding, Harlan, Harris, Fessenden, of sojourn in such district with persons held to service or Howard, Howe, Johnson, Lano of Indiana, Lano of Kansas, labor for life shall not be denied.
Sec. 7. When any Territory of the United States south of Morgan, Morrill, Nesmith, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sherman, north latitude 360°30' shall have a population equal to the Springue, Sumper, Ten Eyck, Trumbull
, Van Winkle,
Wilkinson, Willey, Wilson–38. ratio of representation for one member of Congress, and the people thereof shall have formed a constitution for a re- Riddle, Saulsbury—6.
Nays-Messrs. Davis, Hendricks, McDougall, Powell, publican form of government, it shall be admitted as a štate into tho Union, on an equal footing with the other VOTE IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATINES. States; and the people may in such constitution either probibit or sustain the right to involuntary labor or service, May 31—This joint resolution coming up, and alter or amend the constitution at their will.
Sec. 8. The present right of representation in soction Mr. Holman objecting to its second reading, two, article ono, of this constitution shall not be altered the vote on rejecting the bill was geas 55, nays without the consent of all the States maintaining the right 76, as follows: to involuntary service or labor south of latitudo 36° 30', but nothing in this Constitution or its amendments shall be
YEAS—Messrs. James C. Allen, Ancona, Bliss, Brooks, construed to deprive any State sou
of said latitude 36° 30 James S. Brown, Chanler, Cofroth, Cox, Crarens, Dawson, of the right of abolishing involuntary servitude at its will Denison, Eden, Edgerton, Eldridge, Finck, Ganson, Grider,
Sec. 0. The regulation and control of the right to labor Hal, Harrington, Herrick, Holman, Philip Johnson, Wil. or service in any of the States south of latitude 36° 30liam Johnson, Kalbfleisch, Kernan, King, Knapp, 'Lawa. is hereby recognized to be exclusively tho right of each Long, Mallory, Marcy, McAllister, McDowell, James : State within its own limits; and this Constitution shall not Morris, Morrison, Nelson, Noble, Odell, Pendleton, Pruyn, be altered or amended to impair this right of each State Radford, William H. Randall, Ross, John B. Steele, wit without its consent: Provided, This article shall not be liam G. Steele, Stiles, Sweat, voorhees, Wadsworth, Ward, construed to absolve the United States from rendering as Wheeler, Chilton A. White, Joseph W. White, l'infield, Fer Eistance to suppress insurrections or domestic violence,
nando Wood—55. when called upon by any State, as provided for in section
Nars-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Anderson, John D. four, article four, of this Constitution.
Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Blaine, Jacob B. Blair, Boyd, Sec. 10. No State shall pass any law in any way interfer- Broomall, Ambrose W. Clark, Cobb, Cole, Creswell,
Henry ing with or obstructing the rocovery of fugitives from jus- Winter Davis, Thomas T. Davis, Dawes, Donnelly, Driggs tice, or from labor or service, or any law of Congress made Eckley, Eliot, Fenton, Frank, Gartield, Gooch, Grinnell, under article four, section two, of this Constitution; and Griswold, Hale, Higby, plooper, Hotchkiss, Asahel w. all laws in violation of this section may, on complaint made Hubbard, John H. Hubbard, Hulburd, Ingersoll, Jenckes, by any person or State, be declared void by the Supremo Kelley, Francis W. Kellogg, Orlando Kellogg, Littlejohn, Court of the United States.
Loan, Longyear, Marvin, McClurg, Morrill, Daniel Morris, Sec. 11. As a right of comity between the several States Amos Myers, Leonard Myers, Charles O'Neill, Orth, Pat. south of latitude 36° 30' the right of transit with persons terson, Perham, Piko, Pomeroy, Price, Alexander H. Rice, held to involuntary labor or service from one state to John H. Rice, Edward H. Rollins, Schenck, Scofield, Shan. another shall not be obstructed, but such persons shall not
Sloan, Spalding, Stevens, Tbomas, Traoy, Upson, be brought into tho States north of said latitude.
Ellihu B. Washburne, William B. Washburn, Webster, Sec. 12. The traffic in slaves with Africa is hereby forever Whaley, Williams, Wilder, Wilson, Windom-76. prohibited on pain of death and the forfciture of all the June 14– Mr. WHEELER offered an amend. rights and property of persons engaged therein; and the descendants of Africans shall not be citizens.
ment, to add this proviso: SEC. 13. Alleged fugitives from labor or service, on re That this article shall not apply to the States of Kentucky, quest, shall have a trial by jury before being returned. Missouri, Delaware, and Maryland until after tho expiration
8.c 14. All alleged fugitives charged with crime com- of ten years from the time the same shall bo ratified.
June 15—The amendment offered by Mr. citizen of another state, shall have a right to appoal or of WHEELER was, disagreed to. Also the amende
ment of Mr. PENDLETON, that the proposed|lution, which was referred to the Committee on amendments to the Constitution be submitted the Judiciary: to conventions instead of the Legislatures of the Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives, eti, States, so that the ratification, if at all, shall be That (two thirds of both Houses concurring) the following by conventions of three fourths of the States. article be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States
as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, The joint resolution of the Senate was then which, when ratified by three fourths of said Legislatures, rejected-yeas 95, nays 66, (two-thirds being shall be valid, to all intents and purposes, as part of said
Constitution, namely: necessary,) as follows:
ARTICLE 13. YEAS-Mossrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Anderson, Arnold, Sec. 1. Neither elavery nor involuntary servitude, except Baily, J. D. Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Blaine, J. B. Blair, as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have Blow, Boutwell, Boyd, Brandegee, Broomall, Ambrose W. been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States Clark, Freeman Clarke, Cobb, Cole, Creswell, Dawes, Dem or any place subject to their jurisdiction. ing, Dixon, Donnelly, Driggs, Eckley, Eliot, Farnsworth, SEC. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article Fenton, Frank, Garfield, Gooch, Griswold, Hale, Higby, by appropriate legislation. Hooper, Hotchkiss, Asahel W. lIubbard, John H. Hubbard, Hulburd, Ingersolí, Jenckes, Julian, Kamson, Kelley,
1864, March 28-Mr. STEVENS offered the fol.
Francis W. Kellogg, Orlando Kellogg, Littlejohn, Loan, Long- lowing joint resolution : year, Murvin, McClurg, McIndoe, Samuel F. Miller, Moor.
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representations of head, Morrill. Daniel Morris. Amos Myers, Lennard Myers, the United States of America in Congress assemblei, That the Norton, Olell, Charles O'Niell, Orth, Patterson. Perham, following articles be proposed to the several States as Pike, Price, Alexander II. Rice, John H. Rice, Edward H.
amendments to the Constitution of the United States: Rollins, Schenck, Scofield, Shannon, Sloan, Smith, Smithers,
ARTICLE 1. Slavery and involuntary servitude, except for Spalding, Starr, Stevens, Thayer, Thomas, Tracy, Upson, the punishment of crimes whereof the party suall have Van Valkenburgh, Ellibu B. Washburne, W'm. B. Wash been duly convicted, is forever prohibited in the United burn, Webster, Whaley, Wheeler, Williams, Wilder, Wil
States and all its Territories. son, Windom, Woodbridge--95.
ART. 2. So much of article four, section two, as refers to NAYS--Messrs. James C. Allen, Wm. J. Allen, Ancona, the delivery up of persons held to service or labor escap Ashley, Augustus C. Baldwin, Bliss. Brooks, James S. Brown, ing into another State is annulled. Chanier, Cofirolli
, Cox, Cruvens, Dawson, Denison, Eden, Edgerum, Eldridge, English, Finck, Ganson, Gridır, Hard
On a motion to reject the resolution, the ing, Harrington, Herrick, Ilolman, Hulchins, Philip John- yeas were 45, nays 75, as follows: son, William Johnson, Kalbfleisch, Kernan, King, Law,
YEAS-Messrs. James C. Allen, William J. Allen, Ancong, Lazear, Le Blond, Long, Mallory, Marcy, McAllister, McDowell, McKinnoy, Win. II. Miller, James R. Morris, Morri- Augustus C. Bullwin, Bliss, Brooks, James S. Brown, bir son, Noble, J.O Neill
, Pendleton, Perry, Pruyn, Radford, s. ler, Clay, Crarens, Dawson, Denism, Eldridge, English, Finck, J. Randall
, Robinson, Rogers, James S. Rollins, Ross, Scott, Gonson, Grider, Hull, Harding, Harrington, Benjamin G. John B. Sterle, I'm. G. Sicele, Stiles, Strouse, Stuart, Sweat, Harris, Herrick, Jolman, Philip Johnson, Knapp, Lax, Warlsworth, Ward, Chilton A. While
, Joseph' w. White, Fer? Mallory, Morcy, James R. Morris, Morrison, Noble, John mundo WM-16.
O'Neill, Pendleton, Perry, Pruum, Samuel J. Randall, Nor Voting-Messrs. William G. Brown, Clay, Henry Rogers, James S. Rollins, Rose, Scott, John B. Steele, Wilhe Winter Davis, Thomas T. Davis. Di:mout, Grinnell, Hall, G. Sterle, Sweat, Winfald, Yeuman--45. Benjamin G. Harris, Charles M. Harris, Knoppi McBride Boily, John D. Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Blaube, Francis P.
NaYa_Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Anderson, Ashley, Middleton, Nelson, Pomeroy, Wm, H. Randall, Stebbins, Blair, jr., Blow, Boutwu 11, Bovd, Brandegee, Broomall, Am Voorlees, Winfield, Benjamin Wood, Feaman-20.
browo W.Clark, Cobb, Cole, llenry Winter Davis, Thomas T. Same day, Mr. Asuley entered a motion to Davis
, Deming, Dixon, Drives, Dumont, Eckler, Eliot, reconsider the above vote.
Frank, Garfield, Grinnell, Hale, Iligby, Ilooper, Hotehkise,
Asabel W. Ilubbard, John II, Ilubbard, Hulburl, Jenckes OTHER PROPOSITIONS.
Julian, Kasson, Kelley, Francis W. Kellogg, longyear, Me IN HOUSE.
Bride, McClurg, Samuel F. Miller, Moorhead, Morrill,
Leonard Myers, Norton, Charles O'Neill, Orth, Perhat, 1864, February 15– Mr. Arnold offered this Pikç, Pomeroy, Price, Alexander H. Rice, John R. Rice, resolution :
Edward II. Rollins, Schenck, Scofield, Shannon, Smithers,
Spalding, Stevens, Thomas, Tracy, Upson, Van Valkenburgh, Resolred, That the Constitution should he so amended as Ellilu B. Washburne, William B. Washburn, Welster, to abolish slavery in the United States wherever it now ex- Whaley, Wilson, Windom-75. ists, and to prohibit its existence in every part thereof for. It was then laid orer. The House refused to table it-yeas 58, nays cle was stricken out.
On motion of Mr. STEVENS the second arti79; and passed it-yeas 78, nays 62, as follows:
IN SENATE. YEA8—Messrs. Allison, Anderson, Arnold, Ashley, Baily,
18134, Feb. 8—Mr. ANTHONY offered : joint John D. Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Jacob B. Blair, Blow, resolution to repeal the joint resolution to Boutwell, Buyd, Brandegec, Broomall, Cobh, Cole, Creswell, amend the Constitution of the United States, Henry Winter Davis, Thomas T. Davis, Dawes, Dixon, Donnelly, Driggy, Dumont, Echl«y, Eliot, Farnsworth, Frank, approved March 2, 1861, which was as fol. Cartield, livoch, Grinnell, lligby, llooper, Asahel W. llub- lows: baru, Joh II. llubbard, lIulburd, Jen kes, Julian, Kelley,
Resolved, dc., That the following article be proposed to Francis W. Kellogg, Loan, Longyear, Marvin, McClurs, the Legislatures of the several States as an amendment to Samuel F. Miller, Moorhead, Morrill, Daniel Morris, Amos
the Constitution of the United States, which, when ratified Myers, Leonard Myers, Norton, Charles O'Neill, Orth, Pnt by three fourths of said Legislatures, shall be valid to all terron, Perhim, Piko, Pomeroy, Price, Alexander H. Rice, intents and purposes as part of the said Consutution, John II. Rice, Elward II. Rollins, Schenck, Scofield, Shun
nainely : non, Smithers, Spalding, Stevens, Thayer, Thoma, Upson, ART. XIII. No amendment shall be made to the ConstiVan Valkenburgh, Ellihu B. Washburne, William B. Wash
tution which will authorize or give to Congress the pwver burn, Wuloy, Williams, Willer, Wilson, Windom–78. NA93-Mosstr. James C. Allin, William J. Allen, Ancona, institutions theroof, including that of persons held to labor
to abolish or interfere within any State with the domestic Augustus (. Baldwin, Bliss, Brooks, James S. Brouen, Clay, or service by the laws of said State. Ofrolli, Cox, Crarens, Dau son, Denison, Elen, Eigerton, Euridge, Finck, Gunson, Grider, Hall, Harding, Harring
May 11-On motion of Mr. TRUMBULL, the tom, Benjamin G' Harris, Irrick, Holman, William Johnson, Committee on the Judiciary were discharged Orlando Kellogg, Kronan, King, Knapp, Lam, Lazear, Long, from its further consideration. Mallory, McAllister, McBride, McDowall, McKinney, Wm. H. Millar, James R. Morris, Morrison, Nelson, Noble, Odell,
OTHER PROPOSED AMENDMENTS. John O'Neill, Pendletom, Perry, Samuel J. Randall, William II. Randall, Robinson, James S. Rollins, Ross, Gotl, John B. A convention beld in Alleghany City, Penn., Stcel, Stiles, Strouse, Stuart, Sweat, Chillon A. White, Joseph January 27, 1864, adopted the following resoW. White, Winfield, Herruindo Wood—62.
lutions : February 15-Mr. WINDOM offered this reso Resolved, First, That we deom it a matter of paramount
importance to the life and prosperity and permanency of of the States, and especially the right of each State to or. our nation that the Constitution be so amended as fully to der and control its own domestic institutions according to express the Christian national character.
its own judgment exclusively, is essential to tbat balance Resolred, Second, That we are encouraged by the success of power on which the perfection and endurance of our attending the labors of the friends of this movement to political fabric depend. persevere in the hope that, with the blessing of God, it will speedily result in the consummation of its great object.
Mr. STEVENS moved to lay it on the table; Resolved, Third, That the late proclamation of his Ex- which was lost-yeas 73, nays 75, as follows: cellency the President of the United States, recommending the observance of days of national fasting, humiliation,
YEAS-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Ashley, John D. and prayer, as suggested by the Senate, for the purpose of Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Jacob B. Blair, Boutwell, Boyd, confessing our national sins, which have provoked the Brandegye, Broomall, Ambrose W. Clark, Freeman Clarke, divine displeasure, and of imploring forgiveness through Cole, Creswell, Thomas T. Davis, Deming, Dixon, Donnelly, Jesus Christ; and also days of national thanksgiving for the Driggs, Eckley, Eliot, Farnsworth, Frank, Garfield, Gooch, purpose of making grateful acknowledgm nts of God's Grindell, Higby, Hooper, Hotchkiss, Asahel W. Hubbard, mercies; we have pleasing evidence that God is graciously Hulburd, Jenckes, Julian, Kelley, Francis W. Kellogg, Or inclining tho hearts of those who are in authority over us
lando Kellogs, Loan, Longyear, Marvin, McBride, McClurg, to recognize Ilis hand in national affairs, and to cherish a McIndoo, Samuel F. Miller, Moorhead, Morrill, Daniel sense of our dependence as a nation upon Him.
Morris, Leonard Myers, Charles O'Neill, Patterson, Perham, Which was subsequently presented to the schenck, Smithers, Spalding, Stevens, Thayer, Thomas,
Pike, Pomeroy, Price, John H. Rice, Edward H. Rolline, President by a committee of the convention, Upson, Ellihu B. Washburne, William B. Washburn, Whawith an address. The President made this reply: ley, Williams, Wilder, Wilson, Windom, Woodbridge—73.
Nars-Messrs. Jumes C. Allen, William J. Allen, Ancona, GENTLEMEN: The general aspect of your movement I | Augustus C. Baldwin, Francis P. Blair, jr., Blirs, Brooks, cordially approve. In regard to particulars I must ask James S. Brown, W. G. Brown, Chanler, Clay, Coffroth, Cox, time to deliberate, as the work of amending tho Constitu- Cravens, Dawson, Denison, Eden, Edgerton, Eldridge, Enge tion should not be done hastily. I will carefully examine | lish, Finck, Ganson, Grider, Griswold, Hale, Hall, Harding, your paper in order more fully to comprehend its contents Harrington, Benjamin G. Harris, Herrick, Holman, Hutchthan is possible from merely hearing it read, and will take ins. William Johnson, Kernan, King, Knapp. Lazear, Le such action upon it as my responsibility to our Maker and Blond, Long, Marcy, McAllister, Mc Dowell, McKinney, Midour country demands.
dleton, Wm. H. Miller, James R. Morris, Morrison, Amos Numerously signed petitions were presented Myers, Nelson, Noble, John O'Neill, Orth, Pendleton, Wm.
H. Randall, Robinson, James S. Rollins, Ross, Scofield, to Congress during the late session.
John G. Scott, Smith, John B. Steele, Stiles, Strouse, Stuart, 1864, April 11-Mr. Cravens offered thege Sweat, Tracy, Voorhees, Wadsworth, Webster. Wheeler, Chil resolutions, which went over, under the rule: ton A. White, Joseph W. White, Winfield, Fernando Wood,
Yeaman--75. Resolred, That in the present condition of the country, when the passions of the people are inflamed and their
It was then referred to the Committee on the prejudices are excited, it is unwiso and dangerous to attempt Rebellious States-yeas 83, nays 68, as follows: to alter or amend the Constitution of the United States; that ample power is contained within its limits as it now
YEAS-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Arnold, Ashley, John exists to protect and defend the national life, and the exor
D. Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Blaine, Jacob B. Blair, Boute cise of power not warranted by its provisions would be to well, Boyd, Broomall
, Ambrose W. Clark, Freeman Clarke, enter the field of revolution, and dangerous to the liberties Cloy, Cole, Creswell, Thomas T. Davis, Dawes, Deming, of the people, tending to tho establishment of military des
Dixon, Donnelly, Driggs, Eckley, Eliot, Farnsworth, Fenton, potism and the final overthrow of free government in Amer Frank, Garfield, Gooch, Grinnell, Higly, Hotchkiss, John
II. Hubbard, Ilulburd, Jenckes, Julian, Kayson, Kelley, Resolred, That any attempt by Congress to reduce States Orlando Kellogs, Loan, Longyear, Lovejoy, Marvin, McBride, to the condition of Territories is as odious and as revolution. McClurg, McIndoe, Samuel F. Miller, Moorhead, Morrill,
Daniel Morris, Amos Myers, Leonard Myers, Charles O'Neill, ary in its character and tendency as secession itself. Resolved, That it is tho duty of tho Governinent to listen
Orth, Patterson, Perham, Pike, Pomeroy, Price, Alexander to and consider any proposition for reconciliation that may
II. Rice, John II. Rice, Edward II. Rollins, Schenck, Scobe offered by the insurgents which does not involve the
field, Shannon, Smithers, Spalding, Stevens, Thayer, Thomas, question of separation.
Upson, Van Valkenburgh, Ellihu B. Washburne, William Resolred, That the thanks of the nation are due, and aro
B. Washburn, Webster, Whaley, Williams, Wilder, Wilson, hereby tendered, to the officers, soldiers, and seamen who
Windom, Woodbridge-$3. have to gallantly borne our flag in this hour of peril to our
NAYS-Messrs. James C. Allen, William J. Allen, Ancona, country.
Augustus C. Baldwin, Francis P. Blair, jr., Brooks, James S.
Brown, William G. Brown, John W. Chanler, Cox, Cravens, March 24-Mr. BLAINE offered this resolu- Dawson, Denison, Edon, Elgerton, Eldridge, English, Finck, tion, which was adopted :
Ganson, Grider, Griswold, Hale, Hall, Harding, Harring
ton, Benjamin G. Harris, Herrick, Holman, Hutchins, Wil Resolred, That the Judiciary Committee be directed to livm Johnson, Kernan, king, Knapr, Le Blond, Log, Marcy, inquirc into the expediency of proposing an amendment to
McAllister, Mc Dowell, McKinney, Middleton, William H. the Constitution of the United States, by striking out the Miller, James R. Vorris, Morrison, Nelson, Noble, John fifth clause of section nine, article one, which forbids the O'Neill, Penolleton, Rudford, Samuel J. Randall, Robinson, levying of a tax on articles exported from any State.
James S. Rollins, Ross, Scott, Smith, John B. Stecle, Stiles, IN SENATE.
Strouse, Stuart, Sweat, Tracy, Voorhees, Wadsworth, Wheeler,
Chillon A. White, Joseph W. While, Winfield, Fernando March 3—Mr. Davis presented, for printing, Wond, Yeaman—cs. an amendment he proposed to offer to the amend
1864, February 29-Mr. MorrISON offered the ment of the Constitution reported by the Judi- following resolution ; which was laid over under ciary Committee:
the rule : First. That no negro or person whose mother or grand Resolred, That slavery legally exists in some of the States mother is or was a llegro shall be a citizen of the United of the Union by virtue of the Constitution and laws of such States, or he eligible to any civil or military office, or to any States, and that neither the Government of the United place of trust or profit under the United States.
States nor the people, as such, are responsible therefor, nor Second. That the Statos of Maine and Marsachusetts shall have they any legal duty to perform in relation thereto exform and constitute ene State of the United States, to be cept such as is enjoined by section two, article four, of tho callat Eit Nes England, and the States of New Hamp-Feileral Constitution, in these words: “No person held to bhire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and Vermont shall form service or labor in one State, under the laws thereof, escap and constitute one State of the United States, to be called ing into another, shall in consequence of any law or reguWest New England.
lation therein, be discharged from such service or labor, but
shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such Resolutions on Slavery.
service or labor may be due.” First Session Thirty-Eighth Congress.
Bureau of Freedmen's Affairs. 1864, Jan. 18—Mr. HARDING offered this res
IN HOUSE olotion :
Rezolved, That the maintenance inviolate of the rights 1864, March 1-The House passed a bill ta
establish a Bureau of Freedmen's Affairs-yeas
NAY8_Messrs. Anthony, Brown, Clark, Conness, Dixos,
Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, Hale, Harlan, Harris, Howe, 69, nays 67, as follows:
Lane of Indiana, Lane of Kansas, Morgan, Morrill, Ramsey, Yxas-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Anderson, Arnold, Sherman, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wade, WilsonJohn D. Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Blow, Boutwell, Boyd, The amendment of Mr. SAULSBURY (offered Brandegee, Ambrose W. Clark, Cobb, Cole, Creswell, Dawes, Dixon, Donnelly, Driggs, Dumont, Eckley, Eliot, Farns- on the 13th) to add this new section : worth, Fenton, Frank, Garfield, Grinnell, Higby, Hooper, That all white persons in the States not in revolt sball be Hotchkiss, Asahel W. Hubbard, John 11. Hubbard, Jenckes, protected, in their constitutional rights, and that no such Julian, Kasson, Kelley, Francis W. Kellogg, Orlando Kel- person shall be deprived of life, Liberty, or property, with. logg, Longyear, Lovejoy, Marvin, McClurg, McIndoe, Sam- out due process of law; nor shall any such person be held uel F. Miller, Moorhead, Morrill, Daniel Morris, Amos Myers, to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime unless Norton, Charles O'Neill, Perham, Pike, Pomeroy, Price, on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury except in Alexander H. Rice, John H. Rice, Schenck, Shannon, Sloan, cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militis Smithers, Stevens, Thayer, Van Valkenburgh, William B. when in actual service in time of war or public danger; DOC Washburn, Wilder, Wilson, Windom, Woodbridge--69.
shall any such person, except as aforesaid, be tried for any Nays-Messrs. Ancona, Baily, Augustus C. Baldwin, Fran- crime or offence whatever by court-martial or military comcis P. Blair, jr., Jacob B. Blair, Brooks, James S. Brown, mission. William G. Brown, Chanler, Clay, Coffroth, Cox, Dawson, Denison, Eden, Eldridge, Finck, Ganson, Grider, Griswold, Hale,
Was rejected-yeas 8, nays 29, as follows: Hall, Harding, Harrington, Harris, Herrick, Holman, Hutch Yeas-Messrs. Buckalew, Carlile, Davis, Hendricks, Power ins, Kalbfleisch, Kernan, King, Knapp, Law, Long, Mallory, ell, Richardson, Riddle, Saulsbury—8. McAllister, McBride, McDowell, McKinney, Middletom, Wil
NAY8—Messrs. Anthony, Brown, Clark, Conness, Dixon, ham H. Miller, Morrison, Nelson, Noble, Pendleton, Radford, Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Grimes, Hale, Harlan, Samuel J. Randall, Rogers, Ross, Scott, Stebbins, John B. Harris, Hicks, Howe, Johnson, Lane of Indiana, Morgan, Steele, William G. Steele, Stiles, Strouse, Stuart, Sweat, Thomas, Morrill, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sherman, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Tracy, Voorhees, Wadsworth, Webster, Whaley, Chilton A. Trumbull, Van Winkle, Wade, Willey, Wilson—29. White, Joseph W. White, Williams, Winfield-67.
June 28—The bill passed-yeas 21, nags 9, [The bill created in the War Department a
as follows: Bureau of Freedmen's Affairs, with a Com
YEAs—Messrs. Anthony, Chandler, Clark, Conness, Doo missioner, (at a compensation of $4,000 per little, Foot, Foster, Harlan, Howe, Lane of Indiana Mor annum,) to whom shall be referred the adjust- gan, Morril, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sprague, Sumner, Tramment and determination of all questions con
bull, Van Winkle, Wade, Wilkinson, Wilson-21.
NAY8_Messrs. Buckolew, Carlile, Cowan, Davis, Har cerning persons of African descent, and per- dricks, McDougall, Powell, Riddle, Willey—. sons who are or shall become free by virtue of During the pendency of the bill in the Senate any proclamation, law, or military order issued as in Committee of the Whole, Mr. WILLEY during the present rebellion, or by virtue of offered this as a new section: any State act of Emancipation, or who shall be That whenever the said Commissioner cannot find abanotherwise entitled to their freedom. The Com- doned real estate on which to employ all of the freedmen missioner is authorized to make all needful who may come under his care and control by virtue of
this act, it shall be his duty, so far as may be practical, to rules and regulations for the general superin-provide for them homes and employment with humane and tendence, direction, and management of all such suitable persons at fair and just compensation for their persons, and to appoint a chief and other clerks. services; and that in order the more effectually to accomAll military and civil officers charged with the plish this purpose the said Commissioner shall open a cor
respondence with the Governors and the various municipal execution of any law or order liberating slaves, authorities of the different Slates requesting their cooperare required to make returns of their proceed. ation in this behall. ings to the Commissioner, who is authorized Which was agreed to-yeas 19, nays 15, as to establish regulations for the treatment and follows: disposition of all freedmen, that their rights
Yeas—Messrs. Anthony, Brown, Clark, Davis, Doolittle, and those of the Government may be duly de- Lane of Indiana, Ramsey, Riddle, Saulsbury, Sprague, Van
Foot, Grimes, Harlan, Harris. Henderson, Hicke, Home, termined and maintained. Assistant Commis- Winkle, Willey—19. sioners of Freedmen are to be appointed in the dricks, Lane of Kansas, Morgan, Morrill, Fowell, Sumner,
Nars-Messrs. Buckaler, Conness, Cowan, Foster, Llenrebellious States when brought under military Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wade, Wilkinson, Wilson–15. authority, (each with an annual salary of
In open Senate$2,500,) with power to permit freedmen to cul
Mr. Wilson moved to strike out these words; tivate lands in those districts which have been, which was rejected-yeas 14, nays 14, as folor may be, abandoned by their former owners, lows: and all real estate within such districts to which
Yeas-Messrs. Buckalew, Chandler, Clark, Conness, Her the United States shall have acquired title and dricks, Morgan, Morrill, "Pomeroy, Sumner, Ten Eyck, not previously appropriated to other uses, to Trumbull, Wade, Wilkinson, Wilson-14.
NAY8-Messrs. Brown, Davis, Foot, Grimes, Harlan, Har. adjust wages, receive returns, &c.]
ris, Hicks, Jobuson, Lane of Indiana, Powell, Ramsey, IN SENATE.
Saulsbury, Van Winkle, Willey-14. 1864, April 12–Mr. Sumner reported from wards stricken out as unnecessary, the Commis
The last clause, “and that,” &c., was afterthe Committee on Slavery and Freedmen a bill sioner having full discretion over the subjectto establish a Bureau of Freedmen, which was matter, and being accessible to all persons interread and passed to a second reading.
ested. May 25 — Mr. SUMNER reported back the House bill with an amendment in the nature
June 30—The bill as amended by the Senate, of a substitute.
was referred to the Select Committee in the June 8-It was considered in the Senate.
House, who recommended a non-concurence in June 15-Mr. Carlile moved to postpone the the Senate amendments; when the bill wag bill until the first Monday of December next;
postponed to December 20th next. which was rejected-yeas 13, nays 23, as fol- tled the proposition to repeal the joint resolu:
The postponement of the bill leaves unsetlows:
tion amendatory of the confiscation act. Each Yras-Messrs. Buckalero, Carlite, Davis, Grimes, Hendricks, Hicks, Johnson, Powell, Richardson, Riddle, Sauls- House passed a repealing section, but neither bury, Van Winkle, Willoy-13.
passed the other's.