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learn from them. You must, in fact, with being useful, and let us pass a have been struck in England by the quiet, easy, humdrum session." unrestricted liberty in the manifestation The only matter of interest which of all opinions and in the development occurred, was the formal introduction of all interests. You remarked the per- to the House of Peers of the Prince of fect order maintained in the midst of Wales, who took the oaths and his seat the excitement (vivacité) of discussion as a Peer of Parliament. and the perils of competition. It exists because English liberty always respects the principal bases upon which society

A curious fact has come to light and authority are established. This is why it does not destroy, but reforms ; it through a statement made by the French

Ambassador at Rome, which rendered it carries in its hands, not the torch which destroys, but the flambeau which illumi- necessary for the British Government to

make known the circumstances. It nates, and in private enterprises the individual initiative employed with in-appears that in July last, the POPE

made an application to Mr. Odo Russell, defatigable ardour renders it unneces

who represents them unofficially at sary for the Government to be the sole

Rome, to know whether in case he were promoter of the vital forces of a nation ; thus, instead of regulating everything compelled to leave that city he would be

well and hospitably received in England. it leaves to everyone the responsibility of his actions."

We can readily imagine how such a message would embarrass our Ministers,

who could have little disposition to have On Thursday, February 5th, the Par

the Roman Court located here, however liament of Great Britain reassembled for the transaction of business. In the ab- willing they might be to shew our sence of Her Majesty, the Royal Speech his individual capacity. They got out

accustomed hospitality to the Pope in was read by the Lord Chancellor, but did not communicate anything which

of the difficulty by stating that, if the was not previously known. Her Ma- Pope desired to leave Rome, our Admiral

should be instructed to convey him to jesty communicated her approval of the

Trieste, Marseilles, or Valencia, or if he marriage of the Prince of Wales--stated that the estimates for the ensuing year

would prefer it, they would provide him

a suitable residence in Malta, where he would provide for such reduction of ex

would be perfectly uncontrolled. He penditure as appeared to be consistent with the proper efficiency of the public himself of the offer, which however he

has not yet found it necessary to avail service, and that various measures of public usefulness and improvement

gratefully acknowledged. would be submitted for consideration. The debates which ensued did not give much additional information. The Earl THE ANNUAL MEETING OF TWIG FOLLY

SCHOOL, BETHNAL GREEN, of Derby represented the

case very fairly when he said, “ The Government

Was held, Tuesday, January 27th, have not made any very great promises

when about 120 persons sat down to tea. for the future, but the noble Earl who The Rev. Wm. Dorling presided at the seconded the address, referred to one

public meeting. The Report stated that measure relating to convict discipline.

three scholars had joined the Church With this exception the Government during the year. The Rev. T. Temple, have not thrown much light on the Mr. Brain, and other gentlemen also measures they intend to introduce

addressed the meeting. during the session. Let us be content

THE REY. THOMAS BOAZ, LL.D.* We resume our notice of these interesting memorials, in order to extract from them some particulars of the missionary life of Dr. Boaz. Our Number for February contained an account of his early life, while in March our readers were made acquainted with the remarkable circumstances by which he was brought to forsake the paths of folly and sin, and to devote himself to the service of the Saviour. His early and successful efforts in the service of Christ were described ; and it is now our pleasing duty to accompany him to that distant land in which it had long been his desire to labour.

Mr. Boaz left his native shores in August, 1834, and arrived at Calcutta in the following December. At the time of his arrival, the pastorate of the English church, meeting in Union Chapel, was vacant. That chapel owed its existence to the Rev. Henry Townley, who had commenced worship in the hall of his own house, and had been the means of gathering together a congregation, for whose accommodation he had been enabled to raise this building. A gentleman by birth, manners, and education; a pious and devout Christian; a man of amiable disposition; and withal possessed of wealth; Mr. Townley was the man to raise a new and hitherto unpopular interest in Calcutta. While he disarmed opposition by the mildness of his rebuke, and the tender compassion apparent in his conversation, he conciliated the great by his gentlemanly bearing, and attracted the lower classes by his condescension and kindness of deportment. To this day his name is held in high veneration, and his memory revered by all classes. Mr. Townley removed to Chinsurah in 1821, and was obliged soon after to leave India on account of ill health. The pastorate of the church was then undertaken by the Rev. James Hill, who laboured there with great acceptance for eleven years. He was well suited for such a position. Possessed of a singularly musical voice, a chaste delivery, and a pleasing manner, he soon succeeded in gathering together a congregation of eager and attentive hearers, who were charmed and edified by his persuasive eloquence. As a preacher Mr. Hill had few equals, and no superiors in Calcutta. In a short time he became so popular that the chapel was filled with large assemblies, composed not only of the middle classes, but of the elite of society.

“ The Mission Pastor.” Memorials of the Rev. Thomas Boaz, LL.D. Twenty-four years Missionary in Calcutta. By his Widow. Edited by his Brother-in-law. London : John Snow, Pp. 470


Lady Bentinck and suite frequently attended his ministrations. The chapel was thronged with government officers, civil servants, military men, and merchants. This, however, did not continue. The fashionable crowd gradually withdrew, and went to other churches more congenial to their tastes and antecedents. Mr. Hill resigned his pastorate in 1833, and returned to England in 1834. He was succeeded for a short time by the Rev. R. C. Mather; but at the time of Mr. Boaz's arrival the pastorate was vacant, and he was at once appointed to the office by the unanimous vote of the people, and with the concurrence of his brethren in the mission. The directors of the London Missionary Society also gave their sanction. He secured the esteem of his missionary brethren, and gained the love and affection of his people, which he preserved during his long pastorate.

Dharumtaláh, the street in which Union Chapel is situated, is a broad thoroughfare, stretching away from the Chowringhi-road on the west, to the circular road on the east of the city. Entering the street from the Great Maidán, a plain that separates Calcutta from the Hoogly on the west, the passenger has to make his way through a crowded Bazár, where merchandize of all sorts is exposed for sale, and where one sees numbers of natives squatted on the ground busily preparing heaps of cotton-wool for exportation, with implements which, from their harsh sound and strange shape, one would take to be a kind of rude guitars, or curious stringed instruments, adapted to give forth barbaric music. Stifled with clouds of dust, and stunned with a din and hubbub such as are only witnessed in Oriental streets, he is fortunate if he succeeds in driving through the pressing throng without being thrown out of his buggy, or knocking over some of the half-naked natives who seem to enjoy the luxury of standing in the way, and are seldom in a hurry to clear the road, despite the loud shrill vociferations of the Syse as he runs along by the side of his master's carriage, warning the multitude of approaching danger. Ere the upper end of the now broader and more quiet street is reached, Union Chapel, the property of the London Missionary Society, is seen on the left. It is a plain, but graceful structure, with a verandah, and large portico in front, supported by massive Doric columns. At the north-east angle, stands the pastor's house, and the whole is surrounded by a garden, or compound. In the front of the chapel is a grassy lawn, and on either side the garden is filled with brilliant shrubs, evergreens, and flowers of various tints and colours, indigenous and exotic, brought hither from the Himalaya Mountains, from Europe, Africa, and America. The garden was planned, and enriched with its gorgeous

occupants by Mr. Boaz. He took much delight in looking after this favorite spot; he not only laid out considerable sums of money in purchasing seeds and plants from various countries, but cultivated it with his own hands. Morning and evening was he seen with knife, spade, and other implements of horticulture ; pruning here, sowing there, and watering the thirsty ground as occasion required. All the time he could spare from more serious avocations was spent among his flowers, and under his fostering care the compound looked gay and trim at all seasons.

The interior of the chapel presented an appearance very novel to one lately arrived in the country. The form of the chapel was a parallelogram, without galleries ; the lofty roof being supported by two rows of massive pillars. The pulpit was at the further end, and opposite to it the organ-loft. The walls were white, plain, and unadorned; but the monotony of their appearance was relieved by a number of large Venetian windows, painted green, and rising from the basement to the roof. The floor was covered with fine Bengal matting, and the pews consisted of open trellis work, made of polished wood, and containing from six to ten large arm chairs. From the roof were suspended several large white fans, or punkás, with pendent cotton or silk frills stretching across the whole length of the chapel, from the pulpit to the organ-loft. During the worship, a row of sable Hindu attendants, dressed in turbans, and flowing robes, pure and white, stood on either side ; not, however, for the purpose of taking any part, except to pull those gigantic fans that were moving slowly from side to side with the regularity of a pendulum, to keep the worshippers cool and comfortable during divine service. These attendants are called punká-bearers, and but for the occasional movement of their arms, one would take them for so many automata, cut out in ebony, and decked in Oriental costume, so still and seemingly lifeless are they! Not a muscle of the countenance moves, nor is there the slightest indication of any interest in what is going on. All around is a sea of whiteness. The gentlemen dressed in white from head to foot; the ladies also in white, without bonnets, sometimes bareheaded, and at others covered with gossamer veils. The countenances of the congregation shewed at once that it was not wholly composed of Englishmen. The worshippers were from various parts of Europe ; some from America, while many were Eurasians, or the descendants of Englishmen, born in India.

It will be readily believed that Mr. Boaz did not seclude himself from intercourse with his fellow men. His home was open, not only to young men who brought letters of introduction from an old friend or a brother minister, but to young men of whose parents and connexions he knew nothing. Enough, if they were strangers in a foreign land, and were recommended by some respectable person at home. The reception that such persons met with was not cold and formal, consisting of some good advice, an invitation to dinner, and then a polite dismissal, but hearty and cheery. Hence it was, that more young men, particularly midshipmen and others just arrived in the country, found a resting place in the Union Chapel home than in any other private dwelling of the same class in Calcutta. His kindness to his young countrymen did not cease with a few acts of hospitality which might be shewn with little inconvenience. Constituted as Indian society is, two or three guests even in a moderate household do not, as in this country, interfere with the usual routine of the family, or cause any particular commotion among the servants of the establishment. This may be one reason why Englishmen in India are proverbial for their hospitality. But Mr. Boaz not only yielded this hospitality, but assisted his visitors in their future prospects. For many a young man did he solicit and obtain a situation; humble it might be at the first, but which through industry and ability led on to independence, and in some instances to fortune. Sometimes he would write to the heads of Government departments, or to the principals of mercantile establishments on behalf of his protegés; at others he would call at their offices, and advocate his cause so earnestly, that if the situation was already filled he would get a promise of the first vacancy that occurred. This trait in his character was so well known to Government officials and the principal mercantile firms in Calcutta, that whenever his name was announced at an office, the remark that followed was, “there is Padre Boaz, he wants a subscription for some society, or a situation for some scapegrace.” Nor was his interest in his young countrymen confined to such as had letters of introduction to him. He often sought the wanderer in the bazárs of Calcutta, supplied his immediate necessities, and assisted him in finding a situation or in returning home to his parents and friends. He was once informed that a young man, a sailor, was lying in a state of destitution and wretchedness in a low punch-house in the Bow Bazár-the Wapping of Calcutta—the haunt of crimps and pickpockets, and the resort of staggering sailors on liberty. He went immediately to the shop, where he found the poor youth in a most deplorable condition, lying in a damp cellar without food or clothing, and prostrated by a burning fever which probably would have carried him off in a few hours. Mr. Boaz conveyed him to a more

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