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the tables were being cleared, the chil- the New Road, leading from Finsburydren marched round the room to the Square to Paddington, in order to reach sound of the fife played by one of the the lines leading to the north-west and elder scholars. When settled in their northern parts of our island. But this appointed places, the teacher having was soon felt to be a great grievance, briefly addressed the little ones, the and for some years efforts have been pastor (Rev. A. McMillan) gave them an made to remove it. It was at length address previously to their joining in suggested that a railway might be conseveral games ; after which their young structed below the surface of the roads, hearts were made glad by each receiving proceeding from Paddington, and passing a prize from a large and well furnished near the stations of the North Western Christmas tree. The proceedings were and Great Northern Railways, having a enlivened by the children singing a terminus in the valley of the Fleet near number of familiar hymns, accompanied Holborn Bridge. It was long before the by the harmonium.
design took any practical shape; adeA MEETING of the senior scholars, quate pecuniary support was not obtained, formerly, and now, in the SYDNEY STREET and all hope of carrying out the plan CHAPEL SCHOOL, Twig FOLLY, BETHnal seemed abandoned. The failure of anGreen, was held on Twelfth-night, 6th other undertaking, however, opened the January, 1863. About sixty, including way to the carrying out this, as it is the teachers, sat down to tea; after commonly called, underground, but more which the Rev. T. Temple, president of correctly, METROPOLITAN Railway. The the school, took the chair; the superin- Corporation of London had been induced tendent, Mr. B. Pryor, Messrs. Burt, to open a new road from Holborn Bridge Ellison, Fletcher, and some of the scho- in continuation of Farringdon Street, lars addressed the meeting. Refresh- with a view of making a more convements were provided, together with mu- nient way to the north. A large quantity sic, &c., and it was manifest throughout of property was necessarily destroyed, the evening that each one present en- the road was constructed, but no one joyed the opportunity of seeing each would erect buildings on either side of other after a lapse of years.
it, and a large quantity of land belongWhatever opinions our readers may ing to the City was thus lying unoccuentertain on the subject of excursion pied. It occurred to the late Mr. Charles trips, they will probably all admit that Pearson, the Solicitor to the Corporation, the examples here set are worthy of that if this new railway could be conimitation. The manifestation by the structed, this land, which would be teachers of sympathy with the scholars wanted for the station, would become in their innocent recreations cannot but valuable; in addition to which great
facilities would be afforded to the dead be productive of good.
meat market, which it was proposed to
establish in Smithfield. He therefore It will be in the recollection of many, induced the Corporation not only to prothat when the great lines of railway mote the scheme, but to render large from London to various parts were pecuniary help, aided by which it has at opened, care taken that their length, after more than ordinary diffimetropolitan stations should be kept culties in its construction, been comat a distance from the business parts pleted, and was opened for traffic on of London, Thus it became necessary January 10th. We were coming out of to travel to Paddington to take the Gloucestershire that morning, and availed rail to Bristol; to Euston Square or to ourselves of this opportunity of getting King's Cross, both on the north side of to Fleet Street. The motion was re
markably smooth, and no inconvenience nate in the metropolis. From day-break was sustained from the tunnels, which to midnight, the stream of life rushes occupy 'a considerable portion of the through our streets; it never ebbs, exdistance, although not the whole. The cept for the few cold hours that come rail appears to be found exceedingly con- between extreme night and the earliest venient, and the number of passengers dawn. Before the man of fashion-and already exceeds 20,000 daily. There is not even he is idle-has left bis last another line approaching Farringdon party, the market-carts are rumbling Street from the South, connected with into Covent-garden, and Billingsgate is the London, Chatham, and Dover Rail- awake. London never sleeps through way, and which will cross the Thames out her whole length and breadth. At near Blackfriars Bridge. By the aid of all hours there is some twitching in her these lines, there will be connected mighty limbs-some muttering from her railway communication between the giant lips—some restless tossings to and Continent and the whole of the North fro. Our citizens relieve each other, even and West of England, as well as Wales, as sentries do; but perpetually there is Ireland, and Scotland.
some one on the watch. No imaginaIn addition to this, other lines are in tive drama was ever so full of strange progress, and still more contemplated, and startling contrasts, of sudden surwhich will carry railways through some prises, of splendour and squalor, of of the busiest districts of the metropolis. enjoyment pushed to its wildest heights The comfort of the residents, and the and sorrow thrown into its most hidden aspect of the public ways, are not in- depths, as one single day of real metrocreased by these undertakings, which politan life. There was never a painter in the South of London require arches who could limn the scene in its entirety. and bridges, but the continually in- No smaller man than Turner could ever creasing traffic seems to render them a suggest to us the sombre splendour of necessity. On the day the Metropolitan our London sunsets, when the sun burns Railway was opened, The Daily Tele- slowly down through clouds which are graph published an article on the streets blurred with the smoke of a mighty of London, part of which we extract city; no weaker hand than Hogarth's for the amusement of our readers :
could reproduce the busy and bustling “Wonderful are our London streets; crowds who sweep onward, intent on no city in the world presents a panorama pleasure or on gain.” at once so swift, so varied, and so full. Life with us is at fever heat; no hour of the day is without its business or its The DISTRESS IN THE COTTON DISTRICTS excitement. We are a nation tremen- has somewhat abated, so far as can be dously at work; as ceaselessly as the judged by the number of applicants for hammer beats upon the anvil, so cease- parochial relief, but it is feared that it is lessly throbs the brain. There is little beginning to be felt more severely by idleness in England. Our country many whose means have enabled them gentlemen, when they are not labouring to encounter it hitherto. It is not the through thick covers or sharging at five- want of cotton which is felt now, but its barred gates, are visiting gaols, attend- high price, which renders the manufacing quarter sessions, or examining blue- ture of it unprofitable. Trade cannot books. Age itself has not the privilege be resumed to any extent until the prices of being lazy. Genially and cheerfully of the raw material, and of the manuto the last, the Englishman of sixty factured article bear a fairer proportion
This activity, this in- to each other. The kind and liberal cessant toil, this fiery speed, all culmi- effort made in New York to assist in this
season of trial has been most successful. were on board of that ship, 11,236 barrels We copy from The New York Times an of flour, 200 boxes of bacon, 50 barrels account 'of the departure of the ship of pork, 500 bushels of corn, 500 barrels “ George Griswold," which, it will be and boxes of bread, 200 boxes of bacon, remembered, has been gratuitously 1,500 barrels of flour, and 50 barrels of granted by its owner, from New York pork by the Produce Corn Exchange. for England on the 10th January. It is There remained yet in hand 30,900 gratifying to our common humanity to dollars in cash, a sum sufficient to have to record such acts of sympathy inaugurate another movement similar with our Lancashire sufferers.
to this. More sums were being sent in." “ So peculiar an event as the sending We notice in The Sunday School of a ship laden with food from our shores World a collection made for this Fund to the land where dwell our bitterest at Yonkers, New York, after a very enemies and our most malignant tra- singular service, which we record as being ducers,* is too significant and too the only instance of the sort which ever thoroughly an exponent of our national came under our notice. habit to be permitted without the custo- “Six congregations were united on mary reception, Accordingly, the good the occasion, completely filling the ship was decked in her brightest holiday first Presbyterian church, and six garb. From every available point waved pastors, representing the two schools of to the breeze an emblem of nationality the Presbyterian church, the Dutch and an insignia of power. Upon her Reformed, the Episcopal, the Baptist, deck was gathered a company of New and the Methodist churches, took part York merchants and philanthropists, in the services, and joined in preaching with many of the fairer sex, who, one and the same sermon! The text of though not of the former class, are the discourse was Eph. v. 20, ‘Giving honorary and working members of the thanks always, for all things, unto God latter. But more especially we noticed and the Father, in the name of our Lord the Rev. Dr. Vinton, Rev. Dr. Adams, Jesus Christ.' The Dutch Reformed Rev. Dr. S. H. Cox, Rev. Dr. Cuyler, pastor introduced the sermon, and very Rev. Dr. Smith, J. C. Green, A. T. naturally divided it into six parts. Stewart, W. A. Dodge, A. A. Low, Each part had been assigned to one of S. B. Chittenden, G. Griswold, David the preachers, and at the end of an Dowes, H.W.T. Mall, Jonathan Sturges, hour the large congregation had heard, B. H. Field, J. T. Johnston, S. Sloan. with evident satisfaction, a well-jointed,
“ The Rev. Dr. Adams invoked the and interesting sermon, preached by six blessing of God upon the work so ministers of as many different denomiauspiciously begun.
nations! At the close of it, a collection " Mr. Green gave an account of the was taken up for the suffering operatives proceedings of the Executive Committee. of Lancashire, England." It was distinctly asserted that they had The contributions from Sunday schools no object in the work in which they towards relieving the Lancashire distress were engaged other than to come to the remitted to the Sunday School Union, rescue of suffering humanity.
have amounted to £2,792. 18s. 4d.
AMERICAN over 108,000 dollars. other organisations not reported. There Slaves is proceeding. In addition to
the measure proposed to the Congress by We wish our American friends would not President Lincoln (as recorded in our last use such strong language. They will do us
number) for effecting the voluntary more justice by and by.- ED.
emancipation of all by the year 1900, he free, and that the Executive Governhas issued, pursuant to his threat as ment of the United States, including the formerly announced, & proclamation military and naval authorities thereof, declaring the freedom of all slaves in the will recognise and maintain the freedom territories now in revolt against the of said persons. Federal Government, This proceeding
“ And I hereby enjoin upon the peois so important, that we feel it our duty ple so declared to be free, to abstain from to place it fully before our readers. After all violence unless in necessary selfreciting his former proclamation, the defence, and I recommend to them that President proceeds :
in all cases, when allowed, they labour “Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, faithfully for reasonable wagos. President of the United States, by virtue “And I further declare and make of the power in me vested, as Commander- known that such persons of suitable conin-Chief of the army and navy of the dition will be received into the armed United States, in time of actual armed service of the United States, to garrison rebellion against the authority and Go- forts, positions, stations, and other places, vernment of the United States, and as a fit and to man vessels of all sorts in said and necessary war measure for suppress- service. ing said rebellion, do, on this first day of “ And, upon this sincerely believed January, in the year of our Lord one to be an act of justice, warranted by the thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, constitution- upon military necessity--I and in accordance with my purpose so to invoke the considerate judgment of mando, publicly proclaimed for the full period kind and the gracious favour of Almighty of one hundred days from the day of the God. first above-mentioned order, and desig- “ In witness whereof I have hereunto nate as the States and parts of States set my hand and caused the seal of the wherein the people thereof respectively United States to be affixed. are this day in rebellion against the Done at the City of Washington, United States, the following, to wit:
this first day of January, in the “ Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana-except year of Our Lord one thousand the parishes of St. Barnard, Picquemines, [SEAL.] eight hundred and sixty-three, Jefferson, St. John, St. Charles, St. and of the Independence of the James, Ascension, Assumption, Terre United States of America the Bonne, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, eighty-seventh. and Orleans, including the city of New (Signed) Orleans-Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, By the President, Abraham Lincolx, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina,
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, and Virginia-except the forty-eight
Secretary of State." counties designated as West Virginia, The importance of this measure can and also the counties of Berkley, Acco- hardly be exaggerated. It seems to mac, Northampton, Elizabeth City, sound the knell of slavery throughout York, Princess Ann, and Norfolk, in- the whole North American continent; cluding the cities of Norfolk and Ports- for although its provisions only profess to mouth, and which excepted parts are for affect the States now in rebellion against the present left precisely as if this pro- the Federal Government, yet they will clamation were not issued.
certainly come to the knowledge of the And, by virtue of the power, and for slaves in those slave States which still the purpose aforesaid, I do aver and adhere to the Union, and must be cardeclare that all persons held as slaves ried out there. The President has been within said designated States and parts reproached with inconsistency in not of States are, and henceforward shall be making the emancipation universal; but
this the Constitution forbids. He has In Texas, the Confederates have captudone all in his power, in this respect, by red Galveston and the steamer Harriet his Message to Congress, noticed in our Lane, but it is doubtful whether they last number, recommending the States to will be able to retain their conquest of adopt a system of emancipation. The the former. present proclamation is essentially a We are happy to perceive some slight war measure,—it is so treated by the symptoms in the Federal States of a President, and it is thus only that it desire for peace. The Emperor of the can be justified. Doubtless, he hesitated French has also addressed to the Governlong before employing this most awful ment at Washington, an expression of means of bringing the conflict to an end. his desire that some means may be found It is an attempt, however it may be for putting an end to the conflict. In disguised, to raise the slave population of this desire the whole civilized world will the States designated, against their most heartily concur. masters; and may lead to scenes of The army of the Potomac was again horror, compared with which the blood put in motion at the end of January, but already shed in this war will be but as the state of the roads, and attendant dea drop in the ocean. The only effect of lay in supplying the necessary applianit hitherto has been to increase the bit- ces, compelled its return to its former terness of hatred on the part of the position. This has been followed by the South, and, we fear, to lead to acts on resignation of General Burnside, and the their part which do not surprise although appointment of General Hooker in his they deeply grieve us.
place. Generals Sumner and Franklin
have also been relieved of their comTHE WAR IN AMERICA does not ex-mands. hibit any symptoms of coming to an end. Mr. Cuyler, of Brooklyn, whose animated address in reference to the relief proposed to be sent to our Lanca
THE EMPEROR OF THE FRENCH has shire operatives we reported last month, been usefully employed in distributproves to have been mistaken in his ing prizes to the Exhibitors at the opinion of the expedition under General recent International Exhibition. He Banks, about which there appeared to be took the opportunity of having a laugh so much mystery.
It was destined for at us, for the fears entertained, about New Orleans, where General Banks two years back, of the hostile intentions has superseded General Butler, whose of his people towards us, and told his proceedings there have procured him audience that they had really invaded such an unenviable notoriety.
England, and had learnt much that In Tennessee, a five days' conflict would be profitable to them. He also ended in the Confederate General Bragg took the opportunity of paying a compliquietly withdrawing his army, without ment to this country, which our Governany interference from the Federals under ment has thought it courteous to acknowGeneral Rosecranz, thus strictly fol- ledge officially. We quote it as the lowing the precedents set in this war. testimony of an intelligent and impartial
Vicksburg, on the Mississippi, against observer, and as embodying an important which the Federals failed last campaign, principle, “ That regard for the laws is has been again attacked, but without the best foundation for real liberty." While, in other parts, there
" From these material exchanges an has been an alternation of victory and exchange still more valuable arises, that defeat on a smaller scale, but without of ideas. If foreigners envy us many leading to any decisive result.
useful things, we also have much to