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Is there any annual examination of the children ?—Yes, the first Sabbath in April.
And the improvement noted down?—Yes; each teacher is in the habit of putting down every Sabbath what the child learns, to prevent the child repeating the lesson a secondtime, and being able at any period to discover what that child has learnt while in the school.
Have you made any calculation of the annual expense of each child?--I have not.
But the whole of your expenses do not exceed 70l. per annum? They do not, for 500 children. We receive 500 nearly, in the course of the year: upon the average, we have admitted twelve children every Sabbath for the last three months. As a proof of the willingness of the poor to learn, we have no trouble now to go round to get children into the school; they come with their parents.
Do you make a point of examining the children with respect to cleanliness? We do; and consider it the duty of the teacher to impress upon the minds of their parents, when visiting, that we require them to come in a cleanly condition; that is the only provision we make; we regard not their dress, if they are cleanly.
How many teachers have you in the school?-About twenty, male and female.
Do they attend twice a day?-Three times each teacher.. How many children are attached to one teacher?—In the Bible and Testament classes about eighteen to each teacher, sometimes twenty; in the lower classes, thirty or forty; they are taught, by lessons hung against the wall, in distinct classes. Have you any monitors to assist the teachers?-Only in the lower classes.
The monitors are selected from the senior children?Yes, and those who are most sedate in their conduct.
Are you of opinion that the extension of Sunday schools throughout the Metropolis would greatly benefit the lower classes of society?-Yes, judging from the manifest improvement in the vicinity of our schools, among the families of the very poorest who attend.
RULES for the INTERNAL MANAGEMENT of SUNDAY
WE have been favored by a Correspondent, with the following Rules for the internal management of a Sunday school; we think them in general very excellent; but as different
plans are adopted in different schools, we shall be obliged to any of our readers who will point out any improvement which they may have made, or any plans which they may deem more useful than these now presented to their notice.
The following RULES are for the INTERNAL MANAGEMENT of SUNDAY SCHOOLS, they may be had of Mr. J. C. Kelly, 32. Houndsditch, London, printed on a large sheet, for the purpose of being pasted on board, and hung up in the SchoolRooms. The blank spaces are left to be filled up according to the time allotted for teaching. The great utility of these Rules consists in their reducing the mode and order of Teaching to a regular system, so that all the Teachers in the School easily act upon one uniform plan.
Time of Attendance.
THE School is to begin at morning,
o'clock in the o'clock in the afternoon, and o'clock in the evening; could however, any of the scholars be collected together sooner, the time to be spent in learning to sing; to encourage which, the teachers are requested to attend as early a spossible.
The teacher of each class should be provided with a classbook, so ruled as to have columns of squares adapted for each Sunday morning and afternoon. In the first place the attendance for the whole quarter is to be taken. A second place to be appropriated for recording the stations of the scholars when they leave off reading. A third place for the stations in spelling. A fourth place to shew the progress in catechisms for the whole quarter. Some pages may be allowed to enter (if the teachers wish to do it) whatever else the scholars may learn, such as Hymns, Scripture, &c. The names of the scholars to be entered in the various places of the class-books by the secretary, or by each teacher.
MODE OF TEACHING.
All the scholars of the same class or division, are to learn the same lessons in reading and spelling, and are to be heard collectively: that is, the whole class or division is to be exercised in reading or spelling at the same time; and while thus exercising, if any scholar repeat a word wrong, the next in rotation, that can correct the mistake, is to take such scholar down.
The scholars in the Bible and Testament classes, are to read each one verse at a time, and in the other classes, each to a full stop; and when they have read once round, the teachers are to ask any questions they may think proper, which belong to the subject they have been reading about. They are then to read again, and be questioned as before.
The teachers must be careful to make their scholars while reading, pay great attention to their stops, and lay the proper emphasis on the words they read; also to make them repeat their lessons with an audible voice and distinct articulation, so that the last scholar in a class may distinctly hear what the first is saying; and only those scholars who are engaged with their respective teachers are to be heard speaking at the same time.
The lessons in catechisms, &c, must not be promiscuously chosen, but must be begun with the first, and learnt regularly throughout.
In rehearsing, the teachers must first hear all those who are in the lowest catechism, then those who are in the next sort, and so on, till they have all rehearsed. They are then to repeat their hymns, (such only as are for the use of the school,) then their scripture lessons, or whatever they may have to rehearse, as far as the time appointed will admit.
They are to go twice through the first catechism before they proceed to learn the others.
If there be sufficient room in the school, the lower classes are to be taught by lessons printed with large type, and pasted on boards; and the scholars to stand outside a circle drawn before them. The teachers are to point to the letter or word to be repeated or spelt; they are also to be provided with small boards or cards, with printed lessons pasted thereon, to be used by the children while sitting down.
The children with their tickets should purchase the books used in the school, that they may learn their lessons at home,
At o'clock the roll-book is to be called over by the superintendent, or the secretary in his absence, if both are absent, by one of the teachers, when the attendance of all the teachers and children present, is to be taken; but if the school be too large, the teachers can take the attendance in their respective class-books
The teachers being at the head of their respective classes, and the monitors at the bottom on the command being given, "Shew clean hands," they will see that the childrens' hands and faces are clean; the superintendent or secretary must then inspect each class, to see that they are properly supplied and arranged, and the scholars present are to be rewarded with a small ticket each, for their early attendance.
At command, the whole will rise and sing an hymn, to be given out by the person appointed, who is then to engage in prayer, which is not to occupy more than five minutes, so that teaching may begin at o'clock. The whole will then sit down and prepare for reading.
Order of Teaching.
Begin reading at
They will commence reading, which is to continue till
The teachers are then to record in their class-books the rotation in which their scholars stand, when they leave off.
The late attendance is here to be taken as directed before.
Begin spelling at They are then to commence spelling, which is to be con tinued, without interruption or deviation, till
Let them spell a few rounds in book, to refresh their memories, before they repeat it by heart.
Should any class have gone through the appointed lesson before this time, the teacher is nevertheless to keep exercising the scholars of that class by miscellaneous words in the lesson, till the time appointed to cease.
The teachers are to record the rotation of their scholars as before.
The lower classes are also to be taught their spelling, making them spell one word at a time in rotation, looking at the book or board, and take each other down.
The teachers to reward the two first of each class or division for spelling.
Begin catechisms, &c. at
As the scholars rehearse their lessons, the teachers must record in their respective class-books, the number of the question in the catechism, where they leave off.
While one scholar is rehearsing, the rest are not to remain idle, but are to be assiduous in preparing to rehearse their succeeding lessons, so that the whole time allotted for catechisms, &c. may be properly filled up.
Only one lesson is to be rehearsed by the same scholar, till the rest of the class have been heard.
While the catechisms, &c. are rehearsing, the lower classes are to repeat their spelling, without book or board; or part of the time may be occupied in asking the little children questions. The rehearsing is to cease at o'clock, and the teachers to reward their scholars for what they have rehearsed, according to the scale of rewards.
Conclusion of the School.
The whole are then to rise at command, and sing an hymn, to be given out by the person appointed, who is to conclude the school with an exhortation and prayer, the exhortation to occupy only ten minutes.
Note. [Should the children attend public worship in the morning, it may be found necessary to shorten the exercises, perhaps by omitting the catechism, and the various blanks may be filled up to suit the order of the school. The children
to be conducted to the place of worship by the teachers, a sufficient number of whom are to be appointed in rotation to remain with them during the public service.]
Before retiring to go home, they are, at command, " prepare to go," to receive their hats, coats, &c. of the monitors, but no scholars must stir from their seats till they are ordered to retire class by class.
o'clock the children are to retire when ordered, class by class, in single rank, led by their monitors. Let the girls retire completely out of sight before the boys One of the teachers to take his station in the street to see that the children go home orderly.
o'clock the school is to re-commence, and the whole being arranged according to their respective classes, the attendance is to be taken, as in the morning.
The classes are then to be inspected.
The whole will then rise at command, and sing an hymn, and the person appointed will engage in a short prayer.
Begin reading at
They will commence reading, which is to continue till o'clock, when the rotation will be recorded as in
The late attendance to be taken, as in the morning. Begin spelling at o'clock.
The children being arranged as they left off spelling in the morning, spelling is then to commence, and continue without interruption or deviation, till o'clock, when it is to cease, and the teachers to reward the scholars for spelling, and record the rotation as directed in the morning.
Begin catechisms, at
For directions see the morning rules.
At o'clock the rehearsing to cease, and the school to be concluded as in the morning.
o'clock the scholars to be dismissed as
in the morning.
o'clock when arranged according to their respective classes, they are to be inspected, and the school to begin as before.
If there be plenty of time, the evening can be devoted to rehearsing Scripture, and asking them questions connected with what they rehearse, or the evening exercises may be conducted on any plan agreed upon by the teachers.
Words of Command.
(To be given by the superintendent or his substitute.)
Shew clean hands!