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addresses were delivered by the Revs. you." At the close of the service, a tea T. Davies of Putney, I. M. Soule, of meeting took place in the new rooms. Battersea, R. Ashton, Secretary of the The tables were gratuitously furnished Congregational Union, and E. Bolton, by the ladies of the congregation, and of of Hackney College. During the past other Christian denominations in the year the school has prospered in all its town. More than 450 persons were departments, Its numbers (carefully present at the tea, and at its close a analyzed for the occasion) are 570. Of public meeting was held, over which these, 170 attend the infant class; and the Rev. J. S. Bright presided. Mr. 80 are in the adult classes. Several mem- C. Rose, the secretary of the building bers have been added to the church committee, gave a detailed statement as from the school, and the teachers are to the origin, 'progress, and successful thankful to know that one of their number, Mr. John Ashton, M.A., has been accepted by the London Missionary Society, as a missionary for India.


completion of the undertaking. Mr. Todman, the treasurer, furnished some interesting particulars as to the finances, especially in regard to the productiveness of the weekly contribution. Interesting addresses were delivered in the course of the evening, by the Revs. J. Graham; Thomas, (Wesleyan); WEST STREET CHAPEL SUNDAY SCHOOLS. G. H. Adency, of Reigate; J. Waite, of These schools were established by a Leatherhead; R. Lewis, of Shore; J. relative of the immortal Raikes, in 1806, Payne, Esq., of Leatherhead; and Mr. At their jubilee celebration in December, A. Mitchell, the superintendent. The 1856, an effort was initiated to obtain cost of the new rooms, with vestry, the erection of new rooms for their ac- offices, and other requisites, to render commodation. Subscriptions lists were them complete, exceeds £700.; toward accordingly opened, and a weekly con- which about £400. has been collected. tribution towards the requisite funds On the following Sabbath the pastor commenced. So successful had been the liberally offered to devote the whole of endeavour, in the spring of the pre- his income derived from the pew consent year, that the Committee appointed tributions for a year, towards the liquiby the Church to superintend the under-dation of the debt, providing the holders taking, felt justified in proceeding with of pews and sittings would double their the work. The site on which it was subscriptions for the same object. As intended to erect the building having there is little doubt of the acceptance of been used for many generations as a this noble offer, it is hoped that the place of sepulture, rendered it difficult amount remaining unpaid will be cleared to secure a solid base for the future su- off during the present year. perstructure. This obstacle was surmounted by the employment of concrete, and the corner stone of the new erection was laid on July 14th, by the Rev. J. S. Bright, the minister of the chapel. The new rooms were opened under very auspicious circumstances, on the 20th October. An excellent sermon on behalf of the building fund was preached in the afternoon, by the Rev. J. Graham, of Craven chapel, from 1 Peter, v. 7, "Casting all your care upon Him for He careth for



THE Bishop of Oxford has offered a prize for the best essay on the following subject:-"The best method of promoting reverence and devotion among school children during Divine worship." Competitors for the prize are confined to the Diocesan Association of Schoolmasters.


in the first place, on the part of teachers -due preparation for teaching—personal piety-fervent prayer, and oftener conversations with the children on soul matters. Much was said in favour of Bible circulation, for home use, by means of the children's own small weekly payments. Libraries, too, and the periodical publications of the Sunday School Union were warmly recommended, as were also Bible Classes, and Week-Evening Free Schools, for the impartation of secular elementary education, coupled with religious instruction,

which are conducted in Alston on a liberal scale, and which it were desirable should obtain wherever Sunday schools are established.


THE annual deputation of the Newcastle-upon-Tyne Sunday School Union, consisting of Messrs. E. Ridley and J. W. Townsend, recently visited Alston, a distance of 45 miles, where they met with the usual cordial reception. Two of the friends met them at the station, and intimated the duties and arrangements, which respectful and businesslike attention were appreciated. The Congregational, Wesleyan, and Methodist schools were visited in the morning, and for the most part found in an active and encouraging state; the number of teachers in all was gratifying. All three went on in their usual way, so that the order, usages, and mode of teaching could be witnessed. A good number of classes were separately gone into, and a kind and seasonable word offered to teacher and child. In several, it was recommended that shorter lessons be read, less time given to the exercise of reading, and more to questioning the children on the lesson, explaining it, and grounding practical instruction thereon. In the afternoon, the schools assem-tained by E. Goddard, Esq., the late bled in one of the largest chapels, when the devotional exercises, with an introductory address, were undertaken by the Rev. J. Harper, after which the teachers and children were severally addressed. A variety of questions were put to the little people regarding some of the leading truths of the Bible, which they readily and satisfactorily answered, thereby indicating their progress in divine knowledge.


SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION.-At the solicitation of the friends connected with this Union, Mr. Fountain J. Hartley, lately visited Ipswich, as a deputation from the London Sunday School Union; and during his stay was kindly enter

mayor, and also by Mr. E. Grimwade.

In accordance with the previous arrangements, a special prayer meeting of the teachers was held on the Saturday evening, at Nicholas Chapel school room, (kindly granted by the Rev. J. Raven.) The attendance of the teachers on the occasion was very gratifying. After prayer had been offered by several friends, an address was delivered by Mr. Hartley, who took for his subject In the evening, there was a still the "Personal aspect of the Sunday larger attendance of parents, teachers, School work," especially in reference to and friends. The services were intro- the teachers themselves. The address duced by the Rev. Mr. Long, after was listened to with great interest and which all parties were suitably ad-pleasure by the friends assembled. dressed, and evinced considerable interest on the occasion.

At the close, a conference of teachers was held, when several practical points were started and warmly recommended. Among the rest, early attendance; and,

On Sabbath morning, Mr. Hartley, accompanied by Mr. Rees, one of the secretaries of the Ipswich Union, paid a brief visit to the following schools in connexion with the Union, viz: Nicholas Chapel, Friar's Street, Globe Lane,

and Tacket Street-(Independents), crowded, from 1,300 to 1,400 children, Market Lane-(Wesleyan,) Turret and a large number of adults, being Green-(Baptist,) Rope Walk,- (Prim- present on the occasion. The children itive Methodist,) and California school, sang with great spirit and effect several in connexion with Nicholas school, and favorite hymns, and the service was situate about a mile and a half distant altogether one of a very pleasing from the town. The attendance of character, and will, we believe, live the children at the various schools was long in the remembrance of the children below the usual average, in some degree present. perhaps owing to the severity of the weather; but it was observed, that the teachers generally were at their posts. Owing to the limited time allowed for this purpose, the visitation made by Mr. Hartley was necessarily brief and hasty; but he was evidently cordially welcomed by the superintendents and teachers of the various schools, and the visits appeared to afford him much pleasure from the hearty reception he met with.

In the evening, Mr. Hartley paid a visit to the Ragged Schools, and at the close of the visit addressed the children present, in his usual happy and felicitous style.

On the Monday evening, a meeting of the ministers and teachers, for conference, was held in the Council Chamber of the Town Hall, (kindly lent by the Mayor) Mr. E. Grimwade presiding. After singing and prayer, by the Rev. J. Gay, the chairman addressed the meeting on the importance of the Union, and referred to the success which had resulted from the canvass held some time since in Ipswich, and called upon Mr. Hartley, who in a very friendly and pleasant manner, stated the impressions produced on his mind by the brief and hasty visits paid by him to the schools on the previous day, kindly pointing out the matters in which he regarded the Ipswich schools as deficient, and suggested various points for their improvement; alluding also to the pleasure he

In the afternoon the children connected with the schools already named, with those of the Ragged Schools, and also of two schools connected with Tacket Street, conducted in villages about three miles distant, met at the new chapel at Tacket Street, (kindly placed at the disposal of the Committee by the Rev. E. Jones,) when a sermon, specially adapted to the juvenile congregation, was preached by Mr. Hartley, from Judges iii. 20, "I have a message from God to thee." In which he showed the children who the mes- experienced in witnessing the healthy sengers were that God sent to men, and vigorous state of the Ipswich viz., angels, ministers, teachers: and Union. then told them that he had a message A conference then took place on the from God for them, and it consisted of following subjects:-"What shall we four things. It was to offer them-1st, do with our Senior Scholars? " "How A free pardon; 2nd, A beautiful dress; should we deal with refractory and un3rd, A safe guide; and 4th, A happy ruly scholars?" "Discipline of the home; and in conclusion told them of school generally;" "Modes of teachanother messenger whom God would ing;" "Separate services," &c.; and send to them all, at a time none could on each of these points the opinions of tell that messenger was Death. In the course of his address, he illustrated his subject by Bible truths and anccdotes; and at the close, briefly questioned the children on the heads of the address. The chapel was densely rence, the chairman, with the Revs. J.

Mr. Hartley, and his experience in connexion with other schools, was solicited. Mr. Hartley replied to each question put to him, to the evident satisfaction of the meeting. In the course of the confe

Cox, E. Jones, and J. Gay, and Messrs. Pitcairn, Thomas Jones, Bull, Prenticé, Seager, Boyce, and Dothie, took part in the discussion. At the close, a hearty and cordial vote of thanks to Mr. Hartley, was proposed by Mr. Rees, and seconded by Mr. Pitcairn, for his kindness in visiting the town on this occasion, to which Mr. Hartley replied; and with a vote of thanks to the Chairman, the meeting was closed with the Doxology and prayer, by the Rev. J. Cox. The visit of Mr. Hartley, it is anticipated, will have an important influence on the schools in the town generally, while it will tend to strengthen the hands of the friends of the Ipswich Union, and lead them to adopt further measures for the welfare and prosperity of the various Sunday schools.



Kindness hath a regal power

In this beauteous world of ours, When dark storms of sorrow lour,

Or in pleasure's brightest hours: Like fair spring, so bright and cheery, O'er the earth its verdure flings, Kindness to the lone and weary, Joy and gladness often brings.

As the genial summer shower

Irrigates the parched earth, Like the dew-drop in the flower, Kindness heightens modest worth: For our errors kindness ever,

Hath an antidote sublime; With harsh words the heart will never Melt until the end of time.

Kindness, beauty hath and splendour,
Like the gorgeous evening glow,
As the sun with glances tender,

Smiles on all the world below; Kindness like some heavenly spirit, Breathes gladness in the darkest hour; Like the luscious dew-drop's visit,

To the little drooping flower.

Let us not forget that kindness
Much of evil will remove,
Let us not with mental blindness,
With an angry word reprove;

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Eccles. xi. 6.

For we "know not which shall prosper,"
That planted here or there,
Or whether both may flourish,
Our anxious hearts to cheer.
Full oft we "go forth weeping," Ps. cxxvi. 6.
For the hardness of the soil,
And the "tares," which, ever springing,
Our earnest efforts foil;
'Matt. xiii. 25. 26.
And oft-times we grow weary

Of the "burden and the heat," Matt. xx. 12. And are fain to leave our labor,

And seek a cool retreat!

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So we praise Him and take courage

To begin our work anew, Resolving not to quit the field

While aught remains to do; We wish for rest no longer,

Till our task is fairly done, Nor seek a "gourd" to shelter From the scorching noon-tide sun; But we stand in closer union

The one beside the other, Exhorting and encouraging Each his faint-hearted brother. Aye, as we labor, praying

For the refreshing rain, Which can impart vitality,

To the newly-planted grain!

Heb. x. 24.

Joel ii. 23.

1 Cor. iii. 7.

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THE MARKS OF A GOOD SUNDAY SCHOOL TEACHER. By the Rev. John Nelson Goulty, of Brighton.

SUNDAY school instruction is a variety in education, which sprang up in this country about the year 1780 and 1781, the seed of which has been scattered in every direction at home, transplanted into other lands, and proved to be adapted to every clime. A plant, so much and so generally admired, presenting so beautiful a sight to the eye, and producing fruit so grateful to the pious taste; affording to the mind such valuable excitement, and filling the heart with such holy satisfaction, ought, indeed, to be cherished, cultivated, and propagated, with the utmost care and skill.

Sunday schools properly consist of two general orders of scholars. 1st. Those who require to be taught to read and reverence the Bible, to observe the Lord's day, and to be disciplined to social order and religious habits, as the basis of personal character.

2nd. Those who, having learnt these first principles, require to be occupied and interested in all that relates to the carrying out, and carrying on, of a work so well begun.

The first of the orders are plants that have sprung up in the wilderness; the other, those that have had some cultivation, and are too often left to wander, exposed to every temptation and danger, at the very period of life which is most interesting and hazardous. Too old, or too big, to be any longer ranked as children, and not having sufficient motive, or sufficient material, for the office of teacher, they are tempted by pride, or permitted, for want of suitable occupation, to steal away into the world, where they soon imbibe its spirit, and fall a prey to its devices. Alas! how many, who once bid fair for the kingdom of God, have, at this door, been let out of the fold, and never returned!

These observations will go far towards assisting us to determine the qualifications of Sunday school teachers. In considering these qualifications, it is proper to notice objects in view. These respect the mind, the soul, and the moral destiny of man.

Every one of our species claims to be considered, and to be treated, as possessing a mind. However true it is, that man is thus elevated above the brutes that perish, it is one of the important effects of education, to make young people feel that they are endowed with mind. Man possesses capabilities of mental exercise, with as much call for suitable cultivation, as his bodily frame calls for discipline and care. There is no part of the frame-work of man which is to be considered as unnecessary; and it is only depravity, that, in any instance, has suggested the suspicion of incapacity, or induced the tyranny, that


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