Abraham Lincoln and the Downfall of American Slavery

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G.P. Putnam's sons, 1894 - 471 pages
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Better than almost any book written after 1920 as far as what happened in Kansas, which of course started it all.
Brooks wrote at a time it was still common knowledge about South's invasion of
Kansas and the killers under the control of Jeff Davis and David Rice Atchison
Brooks does not seem to know or say a fundamental fact -- these were paid men. While Atchison used "volunteers" that may or may not have been paid early on, he simply did not have enough men to terrorize and kill the growing number of white males moving into Kansas.
Now we know -- from newspapers that Brooks probably never saw -- that Atchison took out ads in Southern papers for men to do the killing. The plan was to pass KS act, which Atchison did, rush to Kansas, and force slavery into Kansas by creating their own legislature, which they did, and applying to be a slave state, which they did.
It very nearly worked.
Had he gotten there earlier with more men, his plan (with Davis and Stephen Douglas help) would have worked.

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Page 163 - A house divided against itself cannot stand." I believe this Government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved, I do not expect the house to fall, but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other. Either the opponents of slavery will arrest the further spread of it, and place it where the public mind shall rest in the belief that it is in the course of ultimate extinction; or its advocates will push...
Page 316 - Navy of the United States, in time of actual armed rebellion against the authority and Government of the United States, and as a fit and necessary war measure for suppressing said rebellion, do, on this first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and in accordance with my purpose so to do, publicly proclaimed for the full period of one hundred days from the day first above mentioned, order and designate as the States and parts of States wherein the people...
Page 314 - All officers or persons in the military or naval service of the United States are prohibited from employing any of the forces under their respective commands for the purpose of returning fugitives from service or labor who may have escaped from any persons to whom such service or labor is claimed to be due, and any officer who shall be found guilty by a court-martial of violating this article shall be dismissed from the service. " SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That this act shall take effect...
Page 188 - Let us have faith that right makes might, and in that faith let us to the end dare to do our duty as we understand it.
Page 314 - An act to suppress insurrection, to punish treason and rebellion, to seize and confiscate property of rebels, and for other purposes," approved July 17, 1862, and which sections are in the words and figures following : SEC.
Page 190 - But you will not abide the election of a Republican President! In that supposed event, you say, you will destroy the Union; and then, you say, the great crime of having destroyed it will be upon us! That is cool. A highwayman holds a pistol to my ear, and mutters through his teeth, "Stand and deliver, or I shall kill you, and then you will be a murderer!
Page 221 - My Friends: No one, not in my situation, can appreciate my feeling of sadness at this parting. To this place and the kindness of these people, I owe everything. Here I have lived a quarter of a century, and have passed from a young to an old man. Here my children have been born, and one is buried. I now leave, not knowing when or whether ever I may return, with a task before me greater than that which rested upon Washington.
Page 316 - Now, therefore, I, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, President of the United States, by virtue of the power in me vested as Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States in time of actual armed rebellion against the authority and Government of the United States, and as a fit and necessary war measure for suppressing said rebellion...
Page 317 - West Virginia, and also the counties of Berkeley, Accomac, Northampton, Elizabeth City, York, Princess Anne, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth, and which excepted parts are, for the present, left precisely as if this proclamation were not issued.
Page 166 - Volunteers, a success which gave me more pleasure than any I have had since. I went [through] the campaign, was elated, ran for the Legislature the same year (1832), and was beaten — the only time I have ever been beaten by the people. The next and three succeeding biennial elections I was elected to the Legislature. I was not a candidate afterwards. During this legislative period I had studied law and removed to Springfield to practise it.

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