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copy of the Constitution of the United States is believed to be strictly accurate in text and punctuation, which, it is understood, can be said of only one other copy in print-that in the work known as Hickey's Constitution. The statement of the differences between it and the Rebel Constitution has been made with extreme care. The commou index to the two instruments shows, at a glance, wherein they differ, and will be found both interesting and convenient—the whole chapter possessing special value to large classes of persons.

In presenting the facts upon each subject of legislation, the general plan has been: first, to state the result reached, with the final votes; and, then, such proceedings, in the intermediate stages, as are of adequate importance, or necessary to explain the position of Members. This preparation involved constant selection, concerning which there may

be differences of opinion- —some thinking that too much detail on one subject is given ; others, too little of another. In all cases the rule stated, governed. As far as it has been possible to obtain the Rebel legislation on the same or corresponding subjects, it has been added, with such of their orders and proclamations as were connected with them. A comparison of the two, and the dates of enactment or 1:42, will prove of service in dispelling delusions and correcting general miscon

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Besides the legislation proper, the volume contains, in a classified form, all the Messages, Proclamations, Orders, Correspondence, and Addresses of the President; the Diplomacy of the Secretary of State ; valuable letters and papers from the Secretaries of the Treasury, of War, of the Navy, of the Interior, and from the Postmaster General; Opinions of the Attorney General upon commanding public questions; those of the Orders of Commanding Officers which are within the scope of the work; the Decisions of the Courts; and such other data as properly belong therein—the whole forming a multitudinous mass of facts, to any one of which the classification adopted, and the copious index appended, will, it is hoped, make it easy to refer.

The votes by Yeas and Nays have been carefully compared with the Official Journals of Congress. In preparing these lists, the names of those persons have, for comparison's sake, been italicised, who were elected by, or were at the time generally co-operating with, the Democratic party. All others are in roman.

Under “Our Foreign Relations will be found much of permanent value, as well as of current interest and dispute.

The chapter on the “Conspiracy of Disunion" contains several very interesting documents, chief of which are the extract from U. S. Senator Maclay's journal of 1789, recording, probably, the first threat of disunion uttered in Congress, and upon a subject which remained a matter of complaint in some quarters down to the period of Secession; and the Minutes of the Proceedings of the Police Commissioners of Baltimore in 1861, one of the most flagrant as well as one of the latest outbursts of treason. Other portions of this chapter will richly bear examination. I greatly regret that want of space has required the omission of many other facts, gathered from ur political history, tending to reveal the true character of this foul conspiracy

inst Liberty, this crime against humanity.

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The lists of the organization of the Rebel “ Provisional and “ Permanent

Government have been made up from every accessible source, and, though not comer cop

i plete, are more nearly so than any other yet published north of the Potomac, and as of their

Dearly so as present facilities afford. They are the result of careful and extensive

examination. As a matter of interest, the names of those of the conspirators who differ.

were once members of the Congress of the Union have been put in italic.

This work was undertaken a few months ago without a realizing sense of the labor

it involved. I can scarcely hope to have escaped errors, both of omission and combeen:

mission, but have striven to make it fair, impartial, and truthful. It deals with the
most momentous events of this Century, which will be studied while civil Government
exists. I trust that the volume will be of service to those consulting it, and that its
general effect will be to help strengthen the purpose of the American people to maip.
taitheir Unity, their Freedom, and their Power.

EDWARD MCPHERSON.
August 11, 1864.

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I have revised the entire work, and corrected every error ascertained. The
Appendix has expanded greatly beyond the original design. Much of the matter in
it is quite inaccessible, and the delays and uncertainties of procuring it led almost
insensibly to an enlargement, and also somewhat disturbed the methodical arrange-
lent elsewhere preserved. The historic papers of the South Carolina Convention,
as now printed , are from official copies, and differ very suggestively from current
versions, in numerous material points. The votes on Secession Ordinances, and
subsequently on the Extinction of Slavery, in several of the rebellious States, form
a pleasing contrast.
The copious chapter on

" The Church and the Rebellion " has been gathered with
great care, and will serve to show their mutual relations and influence, as well as the
singularly diverse views which have prevailed in Church courts. The contributions
from the Bureau of Military Justice illustrate the practical working of the Emanci-
pation policy, and will amply justify attention. To the action of the last session of
Congress, and the record of the Presidential canvass which preceded it—of the result
of which an official tabular statement is furnished-every student of American politics
will have constaut occasion to refer. On the great unsettled question of Reconstruc-
tion, the full record is presented.

It would be improper, in issuing this enlarged, and it is hoped improved edition, not
to express my thanks for the kind reception given the first by the Press and the

Public.

March 24, 1865

EDWARD MCPHERSON

PREFACE TO THE FOURTH EDITION,

I have revised every page in the volume, and made a number of corrections. I have not yet found an important error of statement; but this edition has the advantage of being the most accurate. As the book has stood the test of eighteen years' criticism, it may be safe to assume that every statement of fact in it is now secure against assault.

The principal change is the insertion, in place of the first report of Mr. Lincoln's speech at Gettysburg, November 19, 1863, of the authentic and revised report of it made by himself. As this has become an American classic, I have substituted the one copy of it for the other.

The reception given to this book in its various editions by the intelligent public, both in this country and in Europe, has been such as to call for an expression of acknowledgment from me.

EDWARD MCPHERSON. July 5, 1882.

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THE ELECTORAL AND POPULAR VOTE FOR ADMINISTRATION OF ABRABAN LINCOLN
PRESIDENT, IN 1860........

1 Continued.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE SECESSION MOVEMENT 2 tilities against the United States, and why-

The “War Power" called out-Call for 75,000
Action of Conventions in South Carolina, Geor-

Men, and all subsequent Calls arranged in
gia, Mississippi, Florida, Louisiana, Alabama,

Chronological Order--National Logislation on
Arkansus, Texas, North Carolina, Tennessee,

Military AffairsConfederate" Legislation
Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri -Insurrec-

and Proclamations and Orders-The Thirty-
tionary Proceedings in the State of Maryland

Seventh Congress President's Message of July,
Later-State Commissioners--Organization of

1861, December, 1861, and December, 1862--The
a "Southern Congress," and Provisional Gov-

Thirty-Eighth Congress Annual Message, 1863
ernment-Address of South Carolina to the

Amnesty Proclamation, and Circular of the
Slaveholding States, hor Declaration of Inde-

Attorney General--Proclamations concerning
pendence, and Debates on them--Speech of

the Blockade, Non-Intercourse with States in Re-
Alexander H. Stephens before the Georgia Legis-

bellion, and declaring Boundaries of the Re
lature, Nov. 14, 1860--Extracts from Addresses

bellion.
by A. II. Stephens, July, 1859, and Jan., 1861;
James H. Hammond, October, 1858; and R. M.
THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE.........

150
T. Hunter, 1860-Extract from the Appeal for

The Seward-Lyons Treaty-Vote in the Senate
Recognition, by Yancey, Rost, and Mann, and

upon bill to give it effect--Action of the “Con-
Earl Russell's Reply-Seizure and Surrender of

federate" Congress on Slave Trade-Jefferson
Public Property from November 4, 1860,to March

Davis's Veto thereof--Intercepted Despatch
4, 1861-Changes in President Buchanan's Cab-

from Judah P. Benjamin to L. Q. C. Lamar.
inct--Correspondence between President Buch-
anun and the South Carolina "Commission-

ARREST OF CITIZENS, THE WRIT OF HABEAS
ers"-Demand for Surrender of Fort Sumter-

CORPUS, AND SUPPRESSION

Or News-
Report on the Transfer of Arms to tho South

PAPERS....

153
in 1859 and 1860.-Davis's Bill for the Sale of
Government Arms to the States--How the Tel-

Arrest of Members of the Maryland Legislature
ograph aided Secession-Intrigues for a Pacific

and of the Baltimore Police Commissioners
Republic-Mayor Wood's Message Recommend-

Orders of Gen. McClellan and Secretary Came-
ing that New York be made a Free City-"Per-

ron-John Merryman's Case and Chief Justice
vonal Liberty” Laws.

Taney's Opinion Attorney General Bates's
PROCEEDINGS OF THE GOVERNMENT IN RE-

Opinion on the President's Power to Arrest and

to Suspend the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas
LATION TO THE ACTION OF THE INSUR-

Corpus-Views of Horace Binney and Theophilus
KECTIONAKY STATES.................

48

Parsous-Case of C. L. Vallandigham; Decision

of the Supreme Court therein; his Letter on
Names of the Senators and Representatives of

Retaliation; his return to Ohio, and Speech at
the Thirty-Sixth Congress, Second Session-

Hamilton-Proclamation of the President Sus-
President Buchanan's Last Annual Message

pending the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas
Attorney General Black's Opinion on the Powers

Corpus Indempification of the President-De-
of the President- The House Committee of

cision of the New York Supreme Court in the
Thirty-Three and their Proposition for Adjust-

Case of George W. Jones vs. W. 1. Seward-
ment, together with abstracts of all other propo-

“ Confederate" Legislation upon the suspension
sitions, and votes thereon--Votes on Resolutions

of the Writ--Suppressions and Seizures of News-
respecting the “ Personal Liberty” Laws, tho

papers, with the Proceedings of the Courts,
Union, Major Anderson's Course, Coercion, Non-

Congress, and the Post Office Department.
Interference with Slavery, and on the Bill to

CONFISCATION AND EMANCIPATION..... 195
Suppress Insurrection, and to provide for the
Collection of Customs-Report of Committee

The Confiscation Bills, and Amendatory Joint
upon the Danger of the Capital, and Vote upon

Resolution, and Special Message thereon-
Branch's Resolution to withdraw Troops from

Emancipation in the Thirty-Seventh Congress
the District of Columbia, with Secretary Holt's

Proposed Repeal of the Joint Resolution aforo-
Report_Disposition of the Navy, and vote of

said-Sequestration in the Rebel States--Judi-
Censure upon Secretary Toucey-Propositions

cial and Military Proceedings under the Config
in Cougress by Mason, Hunter, Clingman, Craige,

cation Law--Proclamation thereon-President's
and others Settlement of the Question of Sla

Message, March, 1862, recommending Compen-
very in the Teritories.

sated Emancipation-Congressional Proceedings
THE CONSTITUTION

91

thereon-Interview of Border State Congress-

men with the President--Emancipation in
Constitution of the United States-Points of

the District of Columbia-The President's Ap-
Difference between It and the Confederate"

peal to the Border State ('ongressmen, and their
Constitution, with an Index to both-Speech of

Reply-Extract from the President's Annual
Alexauder H. Stephens, expounding the “COD-

Message, December, 1802-Emancipation in
federate" Constitution.

Maryland and Proceedings of the Coustitutional

Convention thereof-Emancipation Proclama
ADMINISTRATION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN.... 105

tions-Votes thereon and Resolutions
Presideat Lincoln's Inaugural Address-Secre-

cerning the Interview between the Chicago
tary Beward and the “Confederate Commis-

Deputation and the President--Address of the
tioners," with Statements of Judge Campbell

Loyal Governors--Mr. Boutwell's Statement
and Thurlow Weed-The President's Reply to

concerning the Issue of the Proclamation--Let-
the Virginia Delegation-Commencement of hos.

ters of Charles Sumner and Owen Lovejoy.

COD)-

INIT OF

Page.

Paga
REPEAL OF THE FUGITIVE SLAVE LAWS,"CON- MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS AND SPEECHES OF
TRABANDS,' AND KINDRED SUBJECTS.. 234 THE PRESIDENT-(Continued.)
Votes on the Passage of the Acts of 1793 and

Response to a Serenade, July, 1863—Speech at
1850-Repealing Movements in the Thirty-

the Philadelphia Fair, June 10, 1864-Letters to
Second, Thirty-Third, Thirty-Seventh, and

Horace Greeley, to the Springfield Vans Conven-
Thirty-Eighth Congresses-bensus Report rela-

tion, to Col. A. G. Hodges, of Kentucky, and
ting to the Escape of Fugitive Slaves from 1850

to the Grant Meeting in New York, Juve, 1864.
to 1860-- The New Article of War-Employment

OUR FOREIGN RELATIONS .........
of Slaves in Government Dock-Yards, &c.-Re-

338
cognition of Hayti and Liberis-Robert Small-

The 'Trent Affair-Monarchical Intrigues in Cen-
Proposed Removal of the Disqualification of

tral and South America- Alleged Foreign En-
Color in Carrying the Mails-Negro Suffrage in

listments--Foreign Mediation, being Letters
the District of Columbia and Montana Territory

from Secretary Soward to Governor Hicks and
• Exclusion of Culored Persons from Rail-cars-

M. Drouyn de l'Iluya, and from Lord Lyons to
Colored Persons as Witnesses-Repeal of Laws

Earl Russell, with hie Views on those of Now
regulating the Coastwise Slave Trade-Orders

York Democrats respecting Foreign Mediation-
and Letters concerning “ Contrabands," by

The French in Mexico-Congressional Actiou
Gens. McClellan und Butler, and Secretary

thereon--'The Arguelles Case.
Cameron-Fremont's Proclamation of Eman-
The Finances......

356
cipation, and Correspondence with the President
thereupon—*Contrabands" in the District of

Summary of Financial Legislation from Decem-
Columbia-Gen. Burnside's Proclamation in

ber, 1860, to June 30, 1861-Special War Income
North Carolina-Orders and Proclamations by

Tax, aud Votes thereon---The Legal Tender"
Gens. Halleck, Buell, Hlooker, McDowell, Double

Question--Loan Bill of 1804-National Currency
day and others-General Instructions by the

Acts--Internal Revenue Acts--Proposed Tax
President concerning “Contrabands" -Gens.

on Slaves-Tariff Acts of 1802 and 186_Taxes
Phelps and Butler on Arming Negroes-Pro-

in Insurrectionary Dist icts-The Public Credit
posed Congressional Ceusure of Gen. Llalleck's

in 1860 and 1801-Stateluents of Pulilic Debt
Order No. 3--Prohibition of Slavery in the Ter-

from June 30, 1800, to June 30, 1864—"Confed-
ritories- Amendments to the Constitution, pro-

erate” Finances, with their Tax, Funding, and
posed in the Thirty-Eighth Congress, First Ses-

Tithing Acts.
siou-Resolutions on Slavery in the States, in the
MISCELLANEOUS Matters....

274
same Congress-Bureau of Freedmen's Affairs.

The President's Views on Colonization, Incom-
LEGISLATION, ORDERS, PROCLAMATIONS AND

patibility of Civil and Military Office-Fishing
PROPOSITIONS, RELATIVE TO THE WAR,

Bounties-Acts to Prohibit Polygamy; declaring
AND TO " Peace”.

261 certain Persons I neligible to Otiice; and to Pun-

ish Conspiracy-Letters of Marque-Enabling
The Enrollment Acts of 1863 and 1864, with the

Act for Nebraski-Admission of West Virginia
votes upon all their leading Features and Char-

-Opinions of Attorney General Bates on Citizen-
acteristics-Resolutions relative to the Enroll-

ship, and on the Pay of Colorert Soldiers--- Mc-
ment-Orders of the War Department enforcing

Clellan's Letters Recommending a Political
the Draft of 1862-Gen. McClellan's Recommen-

Policy in the Conduct of the War, and Fa-
dation of a Draft in 1861-Colored Soldiers and

voring Woodward's Election in Pennsylvania-
their Pay-Opinion of Attorney General Bates

Proposed Censure of President Lincoln and Ex-
respecting the pay of Rev. S. Harrison, colored

President Buchanan--Censure of Representa
Chaplain of the 54th Mass. Regiment-Rules

tives Long and Harris.
and Orders for the Protection of Colored Sol-
diers, and the President's Speech thereon-Use THE CONSPIRACY OF DISUNION...

389
of Colored Men in the “Confederate" Military

Threats of Dissolution in the First Congress,
Service-Negro Enlistment Act of the Tennes-

1789— Prophetic Utterances of Jackson, Benton,
sce Rebel Legislature-"Confederate” Legisla-

and Clay--Southern Dieunion Cougrossional
tion upon the Treatment of captured Colored

Caucus in 1856-Carly hopes of the Rebels-Ex
Troops and their Officers-Homesteads for Sol-

President Pierce's Letter to Jefferson Davis,
diers--Unemployed Generals-Resolutions upon

1860—The Disupiou Programme--Letter of D.
the Oljects and Prosecution of the War, in the

L. Yulee, January 7, 1861-Douglas's List
Thirty-seventh and Thirty-Eighth Congresses-

Words-Progress of the Conspiracy in Maryland
" Peaco” Propositions in the same-Correspond-

-Minutes of the Baltimore Police Commission-
ence between the President and Fernando Wood

ers during “the Reign of Terror"--Report to
—The Niagara Falls Conference and Correspond-

the Baltimore Councils on Expenditure of the
ence-Peace Propositions in the Rebel Congress

$500,000 appropriated for Ordnance Purposes-
--Correspondence between Governor Vance and

Legislative Action thereon, and other Proceed-
Jefferson Davis-Reported Statement of Davis

ings by the Maryland Legislature of 1861–Sun-
to Gilinore.

dry Rebel Items.
MILITARY ORDERS RESPECTING ELECTIONS... 308 The REBEL ADMINISTRATION ........
Orders of Gens. McClellan, Dix, and Schenck-

The Provisional President, Cabinet, and Con-
Governor Bradford's Proclamation of 1863, and
the President's Letter to the Governor-Orders

gress, with Memorandum of Changes - The

"Permanent” Administration - The First Con-
in Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri-Orders

gress, and Changes therein-Tho Second Cor
concerning Impressment of Property--Proposed

gress.
Legislation upon Military Interference in Elec-

NATIONAL POLITICAL
tions.

CONVENTIONS IN
RECONSTRUCTION OF STATES

317
1864....

403
The Reconstruction Bill, with the President's

The National Union Convention and Letters of
Proclamation thereen, and Statement of Sena-

Acceptance by President Lincoln and Andrew

Johnson-The Cleveland Convention, and the
tor Wade and Representativo Davis--Electoral
Vote of Rebel States-Proposed Commission of

Lettors of Acceptance of Fremont and Coch-

rane-Col. Cochrane's Address to his Regiment,
Inquiry-Senators from Arkansas-Process of

November 13, 1861.
Reconstruction in Arkansas, Louisima, and Vir-
ginia-Resolutions by sundry Senators and Rep-
APPENDIX.........

417
resentatives concerning the Relations of Rebel

Democratic National Convention-Numerous
States to the Goverument --Rebel Views of Recon-

Letters, Orders, and Documents on Folitics,
struction, being Resolutions by the First “ Cop-
federate Congress, and Legislatures of Rebel

Peace, Slavery, the Draft, Negro Soldiers, Elec:
States, with Statements of prominent Rebels.

tione, &c.-- Holt's Report on Secret Orriers, The

Church and the Rebellion-Second Session
MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS AND SPEECHES OF

Thirty-Eighth Congress, and of Second Rebel
THE PRESIDENT.........

333 Congress-President Lincoln's Last Papers and

Death-Presidential Vote of 1864.
Message of My 29, 1862-Remarks Union
Mosting in Washington City, August 6, 1862—

INDEX

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