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copy of the Constitution of the United States is believed to be strictly accurate in text and punctuation, which, it is understood, can be said of only one other copy in print-that in the work known as Hickey's Constitution. The statement of the differences between it and the Rebel Constitution has been made with extreme care. The commou index to the two instruments shows, at a glance, wherein they differ, and will be found both interesting and convenient—the whole chapter possessing special value to large classes of persons.
In presenting the facts upon each subject of legislation, the general plan has been: first, to state the result reached, with the final votes; and, then, such proceedings, in the intermediate stages, as are of adequate importance, or necessary to explain the position of Members. This preparation involved constant selection, concerning which there may
be differences of opinion- —some thinking that too much detail on one subject is given ; others, too little of another. In all cases the rule stated, governed. As far as it has been possible to obtain the Rebel legislation on the same or corresponding subjects, it has been added, with such of their orders and proclamations as were connected with them. A comparison of the two, and the dates of enactment or 1:42, will prove of service in dispelling delusions and correcting general miscon
Besides the legislation proper, the volume contains, in a classified form, all the Messages, Proclamations, Orders, Correspondence, and Addresses of the President; the Diplomacy of the Secretary of State ; valuable letters and papers from the Secretaries of the Treasury, of War, of the Navy, of the Interior, and from the Postmaster General; Opinions of the Attorney General upon commanding public questions; those of the Orders of Commanding Officers which are within the scope of the work; the Decisions of the Courts; and such other data as properly belong therein—the whole forming a multitudinous mass of facts, to any one of which the classification adopted, and the copious index appended, will, it is hoped, make it easy to refer.
The votes by Yeas and Nays have been carefully compared with the Official Journals of Congress. In preparing these lists, the names of those persons have, for comparison's sake, been italicised, who were elected by, or were at the time generally co-operating with, the Democratic party. All others are in roman.
Under “Our Foreign Relations will be found much of permanent value, as well as of current interest and dispute.
The chapter on the “Conspiracy of Disunion" contains several very interesting documents, chief of which are the extract from U. S. Senator Maclay's journal of 1789, recording, probably, the first threat of disunion uttered in Congress, and upon a subject which remained a matter of complaint in some quarters down to the period of Secession; and the Minutes of the Proceedings of the Police Commissioners of Baltimore in 1861, one of the most flagrant as well as one of the latest outbursts of treason. Other portions of this chapter will richly bear examination. I greatly regret that want of space has required the omission of many other facts, gathered from ur political history, tending to reveal the true character of this foul conspiracy
inst Liberty, this crime against humanity.
The lists of the organization of the Rebel “ Provisional and “ Permanent”
Government have been made up from every accessible source, and, though not comer cop
i plete, are more nearly so than any other yet published north of the Potomac, and as of their
Dearly so as present facilities afford. They are the result of careful and extensive
examination. As a matter of interest, the names of those of the conspirators who differ.
were once members of the Congress of the Union have been put in italic.
This work was undertaken a few months ago without a realizing sense of the labor
it involved. I can scarcely hope to have escaped errors, both of omission and combeen:
mission, but have striven to make it fair, impartial, and truthful. It deals with the
I have revised the entire work, and corrected every error ascertained. The
" The Church and the Rebellion " has been gathered with
It would be improper, in issuing this enlarged, and it is hoped improved edition, not
March 24, 1865
PREFACE TO THE FOURTH EDITION,
I have revised every page in the volume, and made a number of corrections. I have not yet found an important error of statement; but this edition has the advantage of being the most accurate. As the book has stood the test of eighteen years' criticism, it may be safe to assume that every statement of fact in it is now secure against assault.
The principal change is the insertion, in place of the first report of Mr. Lincoln's speech at Gettysburg, November 19, 1863, of the authentic and revised report of it made by himself. As this has become an American classic, I have substituted the one copy of it for the other.
The reception given to this book in its various editions by the intelligent public, both in this country and in Europe, has been such as to call for an expression of acknowledgment from me.
EDWARD MCPHERSON. July 5, 1882.
The “War Power" called out-Call for 75,000
Men, and all subsequent Calls arranged in
Chronological Order--National Logislation on
Military AffairsConfederate" Legislation
and Proclamations and Orders-The Thirty-
Seventh Congress President's Message of July,
1861, December, 1861, and December, 1862--The
Thirty-Eighth Congress Annual Message, 1863
Amnesty Proclamation, and Circular of the
Attorney General--Proclamations concerning
the Blockade, Non-Intercourse with States in Re-
bellion, and declaring Boundaries of the Re
The Seward-Lyons Treaty-Vote in the Senate
upon bill to give it effect--Action of the “Con-
federate" Congress on Slave Trade-Jefferson
Davis's Veto thereof--Intercepted Despatch
from Judah P. Benjamin to L. Q. C. Lamar.
ARREST OF CITIZENS, THE WRIT OF HABEAS
CORPUS, AND SUPPRESSION
Arrest of Members of the Maryland Legislature
and of the Baltimore Police Commissioners
Orders of Gen. McClellan and Secretary Came-
ron-John Merryman's Case and Chief Justice
Taney's Opinion Attorney General Bates's
Opinion on the President's Power to Arrest and
to Suspend the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas
Corpus-Views of Horace Binney and Theophilus
Parsous-Case of C. L. Vallandigham; Decision
of the Supreme Court therein; his Letter on
Retaliation; his return to Ohio, and Speech at
Hamilton-Proclamation of the President Sus-
pending the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas
Corpus Indempification of the President-De-
cision of the New York Supreme Court in the
Case of George W. Jones vs. W. 1. Seward-
“ Confederate" Legislation upon the suspension
of the Writ--Suppressions and Seizures of News-
papers, with the Proceedings of the Courts,
Congress, and the Post Office Department.
CONFISCATION AND EMANCIPATION..... 195
The Confiscation Bills, and Amendatory Joint
Resolution, and Special Message thereon-
Emancipation in the Thirty-Seventh Congress
Proposed Repeal of the Joint Resolution aforo-
said-Sequestration in the Rebel States--Judi-
cial and Military Proceedings under the Config
cation Law--Proclamation thereon-President's
Message, March, 1862, recommending Compen-
sated Emancipation-Congressional Proceedings
thereon-Interview of Border State Congress-
men with the President--Emancipation in
the District of Columbia-The President's Ap-
peal to the Border State ('ongressmen, and their
Reply-Extract from the President's Annual
Message, December, 1802-Emancipation in
Maryland and Proceedings of the Coustitutional
Convention thereof-Emancipation Proclama
tions-Votes thereon and Resolutions
cerning the Interview between the Chicago
Deputation and the President--Address of the
Loyal Governors--Mr. Boutwell's Statement
concerning the Issue of the Proclamation--Let-
ters of Charles Sumner and Owen Lovejoy.
Response to a Serenade, July, 1863—Speech at
the Philadelphia Fair, June 10, 1864-Letters to
Horace Greeley, to the Springfield Vans Conven-
tion, to Col. A. G. Hodges, of Kentucky, and
to the Grant Meeting in New York, Juve, 1864.
OUR FOREIGN RELATIONS .........
The 'Trent Affair-Monarchical Intrigues in Cen-
tral and South America- Alleged Foreign En-
listments--Foreign Mediation, being Letters
from Secretary Soward to Governor Hicks and
M. Drouyn de l'Iluya, and from Lord Lyons to
Earl Russell, with hie Views on those of Now
York Democrats respecting Foreign Mediation-
The French in Mexico-Congressional Actiou
thereon--'The Arguelles Case.
Summary of Financial Legislation from Decem-
ber, 1860, to June 30, 1861-Special War Income
Tax, aud Votes thereon---The Legal Tender"
Question--Loan Bill of 1804-National Currency
Acts--Internal Revenue Acts--Proposed Tax
on Slaves-Tariff Acts of 1802 and 186_Taxes
in Insurrectionary Dist icts-The Public Credit
in 1860 and 1801-Stateluents of Pulilic Debt
from June 30, 1800, to June 30, 1864—"Confed-
erate” Finances, with their Tax, Funding, and
The President's Views on Colonization, Incom-
patibility of Civil and Military Office-Fishing
Bounties-Acts to Prohibit Polygamy; declaring
261 certain Persons I neligible to Otiice; and to Pun-
ish Conspiracy-Letters of Marque-Enabling
Act for Nebraski-Admission of West Virginia
-Opinions of Attorney General Bates on Citizen-
ship, and on the Pay of Colorert Soldiers--- Mc-
Clellan's Letters Recommending a Political
Policy in the Conduct of the War, and Fa-
voring Woodward's Election in Pennsylvania-
Proposed Censure of President Lincoln and Ex-
President Buchanan--Censure of Representa
tives Long and Harris.
Threats of Dissolution in the First Congress,
1789— Prophetic Utterances of Jackson, Benton,
and Clay--Southern Dieunion Cougrossional
Caucus in 1856-Carly hopes of the Rebels-Ex
President Pierce's Letter to Jefferson Davis,
1860—The Disupiou Programme--Letter of D.
L. Yulee, January 7, 1861-Douglas's List
Words-Progress of the Conspiracy in Maryland
-Minutes of the Baltimore Police Commission-
ers during “the Reign of Terror"--Report to
the Baltimore Councils on Expenditure of the
$500,000 appropriated for Ordnance Purposes-
Legislative Action thereon, and other Proceed-
ings by the Maryland Legislature of 1861–Sun-
dry Rebel Items.
The Provisional President, Cabinet, and Con-
gress, with Memorandum of Changes - The
"Permanent” Administration - The First Con-
gress, and Changes therein-Tho Second Cor
The National Union Convention and Letters of
Acceptance by President Lincoln and Andrew
Johnson-The Cleveland Convention, and the
Lettors of Acceptance of Fremont and Coch-
rane-Col. Cochrane's Address to his Regiment,
November 13, 1861.
Democratic National Convention-Numerous
Letters, Orders, and Documents on Folitics,
Peace, Slavery, the Draft, Negro Soldiers, Elec:
tione, &c.-- Holt's Report on Secret Orriers, The
Church and the Rebellion-Second Session
Thirty-Eighth Congress, and of Second Rebel
333 Congress-President Lincoln's Last Papers and
Death-Presidential Vote of 1864.