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SECESSION MOVEMENT DEVELOPED.
IMMEDIATELY thereupon, and clearly by nouncing the repeal, Dec. 20th, 1860, by the concert of action previously arranged, vari- good people of South Carolina," of the Ordious disunion Governors hastily took steps to nance of May 23d, 1788, and the dissolution procure the passage of ordinances of se- 1 of the union between the State of South cession by Conventions of their States, art- Carolina and other States under the name fully using the unsettled excitements of the of the United States of America,” and pro. Presidential canvass to that end.
claiming to the world “ that the State of These proceedings in brief were as follows: South Carolina is, as she has a right to be,
a separate, sovereign, free and indepenılent SOUTH CAROLINA.
State, and, as such, has a right to levy war, November 6th, 1860. Legislature met to conclude peace, negotiate treaties, leagues, choose Presidential electors, who voted for or covenants, and to do all acts whatsoever Breckinridge and Lane for President and that rightfully appertain to a free and inVice President. Gov. WILLIAM H. Gist dependent State. recommended in his message that in the · Done in the eighty-fifth year of the event of ABRAHAM Lincoln's election to the sovereignty and independence of South Presidency, a convention of the people of Carolina." the State be immediately called to consider Jan. 3d, 1861. South Carolina Commis. and determine for themselves the mode and sioners left Washington. measure of redress. He expressed the 4th. Convention appointed T. J. Withers, opinion that the only alternative left is the L. M. Keitt, W.W. Boyce, Jas. Chesnut, Jr., "secession of South Carolina from the Fed. R. B. Rhett, Jr., R. W. Barnwell, and C. G. eral Union."
Memminger, delegates to Southern Con7th. United States officials resigned at gress. Charleston.
5th. Convention adjourned, subject to the 10th. U. S. Senators JAMES H. HAMMOND call of the Governor. and JAMES CHESNUT, Jr., resigned their seats 14th. Legislature declared that any atin the Senate. Convention called to meet tempt to reinforce Fort Sumter would be Dec. 17th. Delegates to be elected Dec. 6th. considered an open act of hostility and a
13th. Collection of debts due to citizens declaration of war. Approved the Govof non-slaveholding States stayed. Francis ernor's action in firing on the Star of the W. Pickens elected Governor, who appointed West. Accepted the services of the Catawba a cabinet consisting of A. G. Magrath Sec- Indians. retary of State, David F. Jamison Secretary 27th. Received Judge Robertson, Comof War, C. G. MEMMINGER Secretary of Treas- missioner from Virginia, but rejected the ury, W. W. HARLLEE P. M. General, ALBERT proposition for a conference and co-operative C. GarlingTON Secretary of Interior. action. *
17th. Ordinance of Secession adopted unanimously.
21st. Commissioners appointed (BARN- Rexolved unanimously, that the General Assembly of WELL, Adams, and Onr) to proceed to Wash- South Carolina tenders to the Legislature of Virginia their
acknowledgment of the friendly motives which inspired ington to treat for the possession of U. S. the mission entrusted to Hon. Judge Robertson, her ComGovernment property within the limits of South Carolina. Commissioners appointed the long-continued sympathy and respect which has sub
Resoloed unanimously, That candor, which is due to to the other Slaveholding States. Southern sisted between Virgiuia and South Carolina, induces the Congress proposed.
Assembly to declare with fraukness that they do not deen
it advisable to initiate negotiations, when they have no 24th. Representatives in Congress with desire or iutentive to promote the ultimate object in view. drew.
That object is declared, in the resolution of the Virginis
Legislature, to be the procurement of amendments to, or Gov. Pickens issued a proclamation
new guarantees in, the Constitution of the United States.
* The resolutions are:
March 26th. Convention met in Charles
November 26th, 1860. Legislature met April 3d. Ratified “Confederate" Consti- Nov. 26th, and adjourned Nov. 30th. Electucion-yeas 114, nays 16. (See p. 398) tion for Convention fixed for Dec. 20th, Con
8th. Transferred forts, etc. to " Confeder- vention to meet Jan. 7th. Convention bills ate" government.
and secession* resolutions passed unaniGEORGIA
mously. Commissioners appointed to other November 8th, 1860. Legislature met pur- ation in effecting measures for their common
Slaveholding States to secure “their co-opersuant to previous arrangement. 18th. Convention called. Legislature ap
defence and safety."
Jan. 7th, 1861. Convention assembled. propriated $1,000,000 to arm the State. Dec. 3d. Resolutions adopted in the Leg: 84, nays 15.
9th. Ordinance of Secession passed-yeas islature proposing a Conference of the Southern States at Atlanta, Feb. 20th.
In the ordinance the people of the State January 17th, 1861. Convention met. Re- of Mississippi express their consent to form ceived Commissioners from South Carolina have seceded or may secede from the Union
a federal union with such of the States as and Alabama. 18th. Resolutions declaring it the right basis of the present Constitution of the
of the United States of America, upon the and duty of Georgia to secede, adopted United States,'except such pats thereof as yeas 165, nays 130. 19th. Ordinance of Secession passed
embrace other portions than such seceding
States. Feas 208, nays 89.
10th. Commissioners from other States 21st. Senators and Representatives in Con
received. Resolutions adopted, recognizing gress withdrew.
South Carolina as sovereign and independent. 24th. Elected Delegates to Southern Con
Jan. 12th. Representatives in Congress gress at Montgomery, Alabama.
withdrew. 28th. Elected. Commissioners to other Slaveholding States.
19th. The committee on the Confederacy 29th. Adopted an address “to the South
in the Legislature reported resolutions to and the world."
provide for a Southern Confederacy, and to
establish a provisional government for seMarch 7th. Convention reassembled. 16th. Ratified the “Confederate" Consti- ceding States and States hereafter seceding. tution—-yeas 96, nays 5.
21st. Senators in Congress withdrew.
March 30th. Ratified “Confederate" Con20th. Ordinance passed authorizing the
stitution-yeas 78, nays 7. "Confederate" government to occupy, use and possess the forts, navy yards, arsenals,
FLORIDA. and custom houses within the limits of said November 26th, 1860. Legislature met. State.
Governor M. S. Perry recommended immeApril 26th. Governor Brown issued a diate secession. proclamation ordering the repudiation by Dec. 1st. Convention hill passed. the citizens of Georgia of all debts due Jan. 3d, 1861. Convention met.
7th. Commissioners from South Carolina
and Alabama received and heard. Resolved unanimously, That the separation of South 10th. Ordinance of Secession passedCarolina from the Federal Union is final, and she has no further interest in the Constitution of the United States; yeas 62, nays 7. (See p. 399. and that the only appropriate negotiations between her 18th. Delegates appointed to Southern and the Federal Government are as to their mutual re- Congress at Montgomery. lations as foreign States. Resolved unanimously, That this Assembly further
21st. Senators and Representatives in swes it to her friendly relations with the State of Virginia Congress withdrew. to declare that they have no confidence in the Federal Government of the United States; that the most solemn
Feb. 14th. Act passed by the Legislature pledges of that government have been disregarded ; that declaring that after any actual collision bebarn attempted to be introduced into one of the fortresses tween Federal troops and those in the emof this State, concealed in the hold of a vessel of com. ploy of Florida, the act of holding office merce, with a view to subjugate the people of South Car- under the Federal government shall be de olina, and that even since the authorities at Washington clared treason, and the person convicted have been informed of the present mediation of Virginia, & verkel of war has been sent to the South, and troops and shall suffer death. Transferred control of munitions of war concentrated on the soil of Virginia.
Resolved unanimously, That in these circumstances government property captured, to the “Conthis Assembly, with renewed assurances of cordial re- federate” government. spect and esteeta for the people of Virginia, and high consideration for her Commissioner, decline entering into the
LOUISIANA. Degotiations proposed. The Charleston Mercury of an earlier date thus alluded December 10th, 1860. Legislature met. to Border Stale embassies :
11th. Convention called for Jan. 23d. Mila "Hear them, if you please ; treat them with civility; feed them, and drench them in champagne and let thema itary bill passed. of Let ns act as if they had never come, as if they 12th. Commissioners from Mississippi had not spoken, as if they did not exist ; and let them tek to preserve their Treasury pap through some more received and heard. Gorernor instructed supple agency than ours. The time has gone by when to communicate with Governors of other dore, should be heard in the land of a patriotic people." southern States.
January 23d, 1861. Convention met and yeas 87, nays 6. Transferred control of forts organized. Received and heard Commis- arsenals, etc., to " Confederate" Government sioners from South Carolina and Alabama. 25th. Ordinance of Secession passed
ARKANSAS. yeas 113, nays 17. Convention refused to January 16th, 1861. Legislature passed submit the ordinance to the people by a vote Convention Bill. Vote of the people on the of 84 to 45.
Convention was 27,412 for it, and 15,826 The statement in the first edition that this action was
against it 10-tonsiilored, and the Ordinance submitted, is incorrect. February 18th. Delegates elected. It was not voted upon by the people.
March 4th. Convention met. Feb. 5th. Senators withdrew from Con- 18th. The Ordinance of Secession de gress, also the Representatives, except John feated-yeas 35, nays 39. The Convention E. Bouligny. State flag adopted. Pilots at effected a compromise by agreeing to submit the Balize prohibited from bringing over the the question of co-operation or secession to bar any United States vessels of war. the people on the 1st Monday in August. March 7th. Ordinance adopted in secret
May 6th. Passed Secession Ordinancesession transferring to “ Confederate” States yeas 69, nays 1. Authorized her delegates government $536,000, being the amount of to the Provisional Congress, to transfer the bullion in the U.S. mint and customs seized arsenal at Little Rock and hospital at Napoby the State. *
leon to the “ Confederate" Government. 16th. An ordinance voted down, submit
TEXAS. ting the “Confederate” Constitution to the January 21st, 1861. Legislature met. people--yeas 26, nays 74.
28th. People's State Convention met. 21st. Ratified the “Confederate" Consti- 29th. Legislature passed a resolution detution--yeas 101, nays 7. Governor au- claring that the Federal Government has no thorized to transfer the arms and property power to coerce a Sovereign State after she captured from the United States to the has pronounced her separation from the “ Confederate" Government.
Federal Union. 27th. Convention adjourned sine die. February 1st. Ordinance of Secession
passed in Convention-yeas 166, nays 7. ALABAMA.
Military Bill passed. January 7th, 1861. Convention met. 7th. Ordinance passed, forming the foun
8th. Received and heard the Commissioner dation of a Southern Confederacy. Dele. from South Carolina.
gates to the Southern Congresso elected, 11th. Ordinance of Secession passed in Also an act passed submitting the Ordinance secret session-yeas 61, nays 39. Proposi- of Secession to a vote of the people. tion to submit ordinance to the people lost 23d. Secession Ordinance voted on by --yeas 47, nays 53,
the people; adopted by a vote of 34,794 in 14th. Legislature inet pursuant to previous favor, and 11,235 against it. action.
March 4th, Convention declared the State 19th. Delegates elected to the Southern out of the Union. Gov. Houston issued a Congress.
proclamation to that effect. 21st. Representatives and Senators in Con- 16th. Convention by a vote of 127 to 4 gress withdrew,
deposed Gov. Houston, declaring his seat 26th. Commissioners appointed to treat vacant. Gov. Houston issued a proclamawith United States Government relative to tion to the people protesting against this the United States forts, arsenals, etc., within action of the Convention. the State.
20th. Legislature confirmed the action of The Convention requested the people of the Convention in deposing Gov. Houston the States of Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, by a vote of 53 to 11. Transferred forts, etc., North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, to “ Confederate” Government. Georgia, Mississippi. Louisiana, Texas, Ar- 23d. Ratified the “ Confederate" Constikansas, Tennessee, Kentucky and Missouri tution-yeas 68, nays 2. to meet the people of Alabama by their delegates in Convention, February 4th, 1861,
NORTH CAROLINA. at Montgomery, for the purpose of consult- November 20th, 1860. Legislature met. ing as to the most effectual mode of securing Gov. Ellis recommended that the Legislature concerted or harmonious action in whatever invite a conference of the Southern States, measures may be deemed most desirable or failing in that, send one or more delegates for their common peace and security.- to the neighboring States so as to secure Military Bill passed. Commissioners ap- concert of action. He recommended a pointed to other Slaveholding States. thorough reorganization of the militia, and
March 4th. Convention re-assembled. the enrolment of all persons between 18 and 13th. Ratified Confederate” Constitution, 45 years, and the organization of a corps of
ten thousand men; also, a Convention, to as
semble immediately after the proposed con+ March 14th, 1861. The "Confederate" Congress passed sultation with other Southern States shall a resolution accepting these funds, with “a high sepse of tbe patriotic liberality of the State of Louisiana." have terminated.
December 9th. Joint Committee on Federal | Passed the Senate, yeas 14, nays 6, absent
17th. Bill appropriating $300,000 to arm 15, absent and not voting, 18.* Also a De-
claration of Independence and Ordinance 18th. Senate passed above bill-yeas 41, dissolving the Federal relations between
Tennessee and the United States, and an or20th. Commissioners from Alabama and dinance adopting and ratifying the ConfederMississippi received and heard—the latter, ate Constitution, these two latter to be voted J. Thompson, by letter.
on by the people on June 8th, were passed. 22d. Senate Bill to arm the State failed to June 24th. Gov. Isham G. Harris declared pass the House.
Tennessee out of the Union, the vote for 22d. Adjourned till January 7th.
Separation being 104,913 against 47,238. January 8th, 1861. Senate Bill arming the State passed the House, yeas 73, nays 26.
VIRGINIA. 30th. Passed Convention Bill-election to January 7th, 1861. Legislature convened. take place February 28th. No Secession Or- 8th. Anti-coercion resolution passed. dinance to be valid without being ratified by 9th. Resolution passed, asking that the a majority of the qualified voters of the State, status quo be maintained.
31st. Elected Thos. L. Clingman United 10th. The Governor transmitted a des States Senator.
patch from the Mississippi Convention, anFebruary 13th. Commissioners fromi Geor- nouncing its unconditional secession from gia publicly received.
the Union, and desiring on the basis of the 20th. Mr. Hoke elected Adjutant General old Constitution to form a new union with of the State. Military Bill passed.
the seceding States. The House adopted28th. Election of Delegates to Convention yeas 77, nays 61,--an amendment submit
ting to a vote of the people the question of 28th. The vote for a Convention was 46,671; referring for their decision any action of against 47,333—majority against a Conven- the Convention dissolving Virginia's contion 661.
nection with the Union, or changing its May lst. Extra session of the Legislature organic law. The Richmond Enquirer met at the call of Gov. Ellis. The same day denounced "the emasculation of the Conthey passed a Convention Bill, ordering the vention Bill as imperilling all that Virginians election of delegates on the 13th.
hold most sacred and dear." 2d. Legislature adjourned.
16th. Commissioners Hopkins and Gil13th. Election of delegates to the Conven- mer of Alabama received in the Legislature.
17th. Resolutions passed proposing the 20th. Convention met at Raleigh.
Crittenden resolutions as a basis for adjust21st. Ordinance of Secession passed; also ment, and requesting General Government to the “Confederate” Constitution ratified. avoid collision with Southern States, Gov.
June 5th. Ordinance passed, ceded the Letcher communicated the Resolutions of arsenal at Fayetteville, and transferred the Legislature of New York, expressing magazines, etc., to the “ Confederate” Go- the utmost disdain, and saying that “the vernment.
threat conveyed can inspire no terror in
freemen." The resolutions were directed to TENNESSEE.
be returned to the Governor of New York. January 6th, 1861. Legislature met.
18th, $1,000,000 appropriated for the 12th. Passed Convention Bill.
defence of the State. 30th. Commissioners to Washington ap
19th. Passed resolve that if all efforts pointed.
to reconcile the differences of the country February 8th. People voted no Convention: 67,360 to 54,156.
* The following is the vote in the Senate on the adoption May 1st. Legislature passed a joint resolu- of the league: tion authorizing the Governor to appoint
YEAB.--Messrs. Allen, llorn, Hunter, Johnson, Lane, Commissioners to enter into a military Thompson, Wool, and Speaker Stovall. Nay! -- Messrs.
Mionis, McClellan, McNeilly, Payne, Peters, Stanton, league with the authorities of the “Confed- Bord, Bradford, Wieretb, Nish, Richardson, and Stokes. erate" States.
Absent and not unting.-Messrs. Bumpass, Mickley, New
man, Stokely, and Trimble, Tth. Legislature in secret session ratified
The following is the vote in the Ilouse : the league entered into by A. 0. W.
1. Totton, YEAS. --Messrs. Baker of Perry, Baker of Weakley, Gustavus A. Henry, Washington Barrow, Davis, Dulley. Ewins, Farley, Farrelly, Ford, Frazier,
Bayless, Bicknell, Bledsoe, Cheatham, Cowdeu, Davidson, Commissioners for 'Tennessee, and Henry Gantt, Guy, Ilavron. lurt, Ingram, Joues, Kenner, W. Hilliard, Commissioner for “Confed- McCabe, Morphiss, Nall, Pickett, Porter, Richardson, erate" States, stipulating that Tennessee moro, Woods, and Speaker Whitthorne Nars.--Messrs
. until she became a member of the Con- Armstrong, Brazelton, Butler, Caldwell, Gorman, Greene, federacy placed the whole military
force of Morris. Norman, Russells senter, Shrewsbury, white of the State under the control of the President Absent and not voting. --Messrs. Barkadalo, Beaty, Benof the “Confederate" States, and turned over
nett, Britton, Critz, Doak, East, Gillespie, Harris, Hebb,
Johnson, Kincaid of Anderson, Kincaid of Claiborne, to the “Confederate” States all the public Trevitt, White of Dickson, Williams of Franklin, Williams property, naval stores and munitions of war.
of Hickman, and Williamgoo.
tion took place.